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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 400050 matches for " Jorge López Cárdenas "
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Distribución Espacial de Vectores de la Enfermedad de Chagas en el Estado de Guanajuato 1998-2000 Distribución Espacial de Vectores de la Enfermedad de Chagas en el Estado de Guanajuato 1998-2000
Jorge López Cárdenas,Francisco Ernesto González Bravo,Paz María Salazar Schettino
Acta Universitaria , 2012,
Abstract: This study has been perfomed in order to verify the existence and location of vectors of Chagas disease in the entities of Guanajuato state to limit the territories and risk areas. Determining the infection of Trypanosoma cruzi in the vectors, evaluates the risk to human population. This research has been conducted evaluating the information of the labeled triatominos obtained by the field personnel of the Secretaria de Salud del estado de Guanajuato, and classified by the Laboratorio Estatal de Salud del Estado de Guanajuato. The information was obtained from 1998 to 2000 in the entities where work brigades are located and the reported abscence of vectors probably is due the absence of search on them. The index of infestation was not performed due the different search intensity across the territory and the sample method. Just the location of every studied specie to the collecting area was established. Triatoma mexicana, T. barberi, T. longipennis, T. pallidipennis y T. dimidiata, was present in 162 places of 25 entities of the states; at heighs of 870 to 2200 meters above sea level. Inside the house is the site where T. mexicana was present in a major frecuency, for T. barberi was the yard, for T. longipennis inside the house, as well as the T. pallidipennis and the ninphs, T. dimidiata which was collected once, did not reported collect site. El presente estudio se realizó con la finalidad de llevar a cabo la verificación de la existencia y la ubicación de los vectores de la enfermedad de Chagas en los municipios del Estado de Guanajuato y a través de esto, delimitar áreas de distribución espacial de las especies dentro de este territorio, contribuyendo así, a establecer zonas de riesgo y al determinar la infección del Trypanosoma cruzi en los vectores, se conocerá el riesgo para la población humana. Esta investigación se realizó a través de la información del envío etiquetado de triatominos obtenidos por personal de campo de la Secretaría de Salud de Guanajuato y enviados para su clasificación taxonómica al Laboratorio Estatal de Salud Pública del mismo estado. Se recabó información de tres a os (1998 - 2000) de los municipios donde se encuentran brigadas de trabajo y la ausencia reportada de vectores en algunos de ellos, probablemente se debe a la falta de búsqueda en los mismos. No se realizó el índice de infestación de vectores debido a que el método de búsqueda no tuvo la misma intensidad en todo el territorio, ni el método de muestreo lo permitió; sólo se estableció la localización de cada una de las especies según el área de donde fue colectada.
Máscara laríngea en la emergencia pediátrica. Presentación de un caso Laryngeal mask in pediatric emergencies. Presentation of a case
Israel González del Pino Ruz,Orlando López Torres,Antonio J García Cárdenas,Jorge L Valladares Milián
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2011,
Abstract: La intubación endotraqueal es el método ideal para abordar la vía aérea durante la reanimación cardiopulmonar. Sin embargo, en ocasiones, esta resulta imposible de efectuarla, aun por manos experimentadas. Por tal motivo, se realizó esta presentación de caso, que tuvo como objetivo describir la conducta ante un lactante que no pudo ser intubado mediante laringoscopia directa, y necesitaba una vía aérea artificial. Se revisó la literatura y se consideró las opiniones de varios autores. Se concluyó que la máscara laríngea es una alternativa para la ventilación y oxigenación durante la reanimación cardiopulmonar pediátrica cuando no se puede intubar la tráquea, a menos que existan contraindicaciones para ello. The endotracheal intubation is an ideal method to reach the aerial way during the cardiopulmonary reanimation. Nevertheless, sometimes it is impossible to make, even for the most experienced hands. For that reason, we prepared this presentation of a case, aimed to describe the behavior with a young child who could not be intubated through direct laryngoscopy, and needed to have an artificial aerial way. We reviewed the literature and took into consideration the opinions of some authors. We concluded that laryngeal mask is an alternative for ventilation and oxygenation during pediatric cardiopulmonary reanimation when it is impossible to intubate the trachea when there are not contraindications for that.
Triatoma mexicana (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Guanajuato, Mexico: house infestation and seasonal variation
Salazar Schettino, Paz María;Rosales Pi?a, José Santiago;Rojas Wastavino, Gloria;Cabrera Bravo, Margarita;Vences Blanco, Mauro;López Cárdenas, Jorge;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762007005000118
Abstract: triatoma mexicana was described by herrich-schaeffer in 1848. in 1940, a male specimen was found in hidalgo. in 1970, this species was recorded in the state of queretaro. later, it was registered in guanajuato and san luis potosi. in the present paper we performed an investigation in 545 dwellings from three counties in the state of guanajuato, mexico, from march 2003 to may 2004. the search and capture of triatomines were seasonally performed indoors and outdoors. entomological indexes were calculated. the risk and no risk relations between triatomine presence and housing construction materials were analyzed. fourteen triatomines were collected indoors and 151 outdoors. the vectors were collected in houses built with either risky and non-risky materials. adults go indoors but do not settle there, hence, no relationship was found between the building materials and infestation of houses. conventional interventions like house improvement or insecticide spraying are not efficient for the control of t. mexicana, because its developmental cycle is accomplished outdoors in the area surrounding the houses.
La economía del la salud: ¿debe ser de interés para el campo sanitario?
Collazo Herrera,Manuel; Cárdenas Rodríguez,Justo; González López,Roxana; Abreu,Rolando Miyar; Gálvez González,Ana María; Casulo,Jorge Cosme;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892002001100014
Abstract: this paper addresses the most important features of health economics, especially its scope and applications within the sphere of health. health economics is a field of study which allows countries to gear their health policies toward making more rational use of their resources and expanding and improving their health care services. such policies should, on the other hand, aim to generate strategies for adequately managing human, technical, economic, and financial resources so as to reap the finest health benefits possible. a knowledge of how economics can be applied to health will enable health professionals to introduce an economics culture into their daily work. in other words, it will allow them to keep in mind the scope of their various working tools?health planning, national health accounts and accounting, and economic assessment methods, which include health and pharmaceutical technology assessment and pharmacoeconomics?as well as the place that economics has in health research. hopefully, a knowledge of these aspects of economic analysis will provide decision-makers with one more tool they can apply in selecting more efficient options and attaining the highest health benefits at the lowest possible cost for the national health system.
Máscara laríngea en la emergencia pediátrica. Presentación de un caso
González del Pino Ruz,Israel; López Torres,Orlando; García Cárdenas,Antonio J; Valladares Milián,Jorge L; Dávila Ramírez,Ramón; Reboredo Rodríguez,Yamilet;
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2011,
Abstract: the endotracheal intubation is an ideal method to reach the aerial way during the cardiopulmonary reanimation. nevertheless, sometimes it is impossible to make, even for the most experienced hands. for that reason, we prepared this presentation of a case, aimed to describe the behavior with a young child who could not be intubated through direct laryngoscopy, and needed to have an artificial aerial way. we reviewed the literature and took into consideration the opinions of some authors. we concluded that laryngeal mask is an alternative for ventilation and oxygenation during pediatric cardiopulmonary reanimation when it is impossible to intubate the trachea when there are not contraindications for that.
Clinical-epidemiological study of leptospirosis in humans and reservoirs in Yucatán, México
VADO-SOLíS, Ignacio;CáRDENAS-MARRUFO, María F.;JIMéNEZ-DELGADILLO, Bertha;ALZINA-LóPEZ, Alejandro;LAVIADA-MOLINA, Hugo;SUAREZ-SOLíS, Víctor;ZAVALA-VELáZQUEZ, Jorge E.;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652002000600008
Abstract: a leptospirosis clinical-epidemiological study was made in humans and reservoirs in the state of yucatán, méxico. interviews and serological analyses were made on 400 persons from an open population, 439 probable cases of leptospirosis and 1060 animal reservoirs (cows, pigs, dogs, rats and opossums). igm leptospira dipsticktm and microscopic agglutination test (mat) was used to detect human antibodies to leptospiras and serovar respectively. leptospirosis incidence in humans was 2.2/100,000 inhab. in 1998, 0.7/100,000 in 1999 and 0.9/100,000 in 2000. overall seroprevalence was 14.2%, relatively unchanged from seroprevalences observed 20 years ago. highest seropositivity was found in people over 56 years of age, predominating males over females. predominant serovars in the open population were tarassovi, hardjo, pomona and panama. leptospirosis cases were most frequent in rural areas, and the anicteric course predominated over the icteric. the panama, icterohaemorrhagiae and pomona serovars predominated in both anicteric and icteric courses. dogs, pigs and rodents had the highest seropositivity among the reservoirs. contact with rodents and natural water sources were significant factors (p £ 0.05). human cases (74%) occurred during the rainy season. it is concluded that leptospirosis is still a serious illness with important clinical and epidemiological implications in the state of yucatán, mexico.
Escrutinio público de propuestas de candidatos durante la campa?a presidencial de 2006
López, Alejandro;Cárdenas, Enrique;
Política y gobierno , 2009,
Abstract: 2006 was the first election for president in mexico that took place under an administration that was not controlled by the pri, and these elections were characterized by a hard-fought competition and the strong presence of the candidates in mass media. three citizens' organizations, dialogues for mexico, citizens' magnifying glass, and evaluate and decide stood out because they tried to limit the tendency of the candidates and parties to exaggerate their electoral promises. the proposed initiatives of these groups included first, reducing the negative consequences of sloppy party platforms (improvisation); and second, offering information that would promote a more reasoned decision on the part of the voter by following through on the electoral promises so that they could answer questions such as, "are these solid proposals? did they improve?" the objective of this project is to allow citizens and political actors to evaluate the performance of elected officials in the next elections. because of this experience and by examining the initiatives to be able to influence general policies, these citizen-based groups were able to present suggestions for civic organizations to monitor more effectively representative institutions in mexico.
Aproximación a un estándar de reparación integral en procesos colectivos de violación a los derechos humanos. Jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
López-Cárdenas,Carlos-Mauricio;
Estudios Socio-Jurídicos , 2009,
Abstract: this article makes an approach to a standard to provide reparations for gross collective human rights violations. for this purpose, from the perspective of the jurisprudence of the inter-american court of human rights, the paper examines the concept of victim, individually and collectively, and reparation mechanisms (restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non repetition).
Sobre la pertinencia de las categorías culturales en la elaboración de las Representaciones de los Nuevos Movimientos Sociales
Castro, Manuel Cárdenas;López, Roberto Rodríguez;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822007000300012
Abstract: this paper presents a study of the social representations on the anti-globalization movement (agm) elaborated from a sample of spanish workers. a method of free association of words as stimuli and an image of movement survey (that takes the form of a semantic differential) were used for the analysis of these representations. the results obtained by free association of words were analyzed by multivariated methods (hierarchical cluster analysis, multidimensional scaling and correspondences analysis). the results on the image survey were summarized in seven principal factors. the averages of these factors were compared according to the criterion of political self-categorization. the principal effect observed was a rejection, from a part of the subjects of the sample, in using the cultural categories that in other studies appeared as the most pertinent fo the elaboration of social representations about the anti-globalization movement (amg).
DETERMINANTES Y CARACTERíSTICAS DE LA OFERTA DE COCAíNA EN COLOMBIA (1989 - 2006)
SANDOVAL,LUIS EDUARDO; LóPEZ,áNGELA; CáRDENAS,CAMILO;
Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas: Investigación y Reflexión , 2009,
Abstract: one of the main problems of colombia since the end of xxth century has been illegal drug trafficking of cocaine to the united states and the rest of the world. this has led to devastating consequences for colombian population, such as maintenance of armed conflict and forced displacement. the coca eradication has been made through the implementation of different methods, but unfortunately, none of them has been totally effective. at this point, it is essential to outline the importance of colombian supply over foreign demand of cocaine, considering that, in order to provide a solution from the inside of the country, the determinants which affect supply of cocaine to the united states must be clear. therefore, the objective of this document is to study and analyze the characteristics of cocaine market between colombia and the united states due to its importance in social, economic and environmental issues in colombia.
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