Abstract:
We have studied the Kondo quantum dot coupled to two superconducting leads and investigated the subgap Andreev states using the NRG method. Contrary to the recent NCA results [Clerk and Ambegaokar, Phys. Rev. B 61, 9109 (2000); Sellier et al., Phys. Rev. B 72, 174502 (2005)], we observe Andreev states both below and above the Fermi level.

Abstract:
The microreversibility principle implies that the conductance of a two-terminal Aharonov-Bohm interferometer is an even function of the applied magnetic flux. Away from linear response, however, this symmetry is not fulfilled and the conductance phase of the interferometer when a quantum dot is inserted in one of its arms can be a continuous function of the bias voltage. Such magnetoasymmetries have been investigated in related mesoscopic systems and arise as a consequence of the asymetric response of the internal potential of the conductor out of equilibrium. Here we discuss magnetoasymmetries in quantum-dot Aharonov-Bohm interferometers when strong electron-electron interactions are taken into account beyond the mean-field approach. We find that at very low temperatures the asymmetric element of the differential conductance shows an abrupt change for voltages around the Fermi level. At higher temperatures we recover a smooth variation of the magnetoasymmetry as a function of the bias. We illustrate our results with the aid of the electron occupation at the dot, demonstrating that its nonequilibrium component is an asymmetric function of the flux even to lowest order in voltage. We also calculate the magnetoasymmetry of the current-current correlations (the noise) and find that it is given, to a good extent, by the magnetoasymmetry of the weakly nonlinear conductance term. Therefore, both magnetoasymmetries (noise and conductance) are related to each other via a higher-order fluctuation-dissipation relation. This result appears to be true even in the low temperature regime, where Kondo physics and many-body effects dominate the transport properties.

Abstract:
This paper presents a coupled channel model for transport in 2D semiconductor Majorana nanowires coupled to normal leads. When the nanowire hosts a zero mode, conspicuous signatures on the linear conductance are predicted. An effective model in second quantization allowing a fully analytical solution is used to clarify the physics. We also discuss the nonlinear current response ($dI/dV$)

Abstract:
Fluctuation relations are derived in systems where the spin degree of freedom and magnetic interactions play a crucial role. The form of the non-equilibrium fluctuation theorems relies in the assumption of a local balance condition. We demonstrate that in some cases the presence of magnetic interactions violates this condition. Nevertheless, fluctuation relations can be obtained from the micro-reversibility principle sustained only at equilibrium as a symmetry of the cumulant generating function for spin currents. We illustrate the spintronic fluctuation relations for a quantum dot coupled to partially polarized helical edges states.

Abstract:
We consider fluctuation relations between the transport coefficients of a spintronic system where magnetic interactions play a crucial role. We investigate a prototypical spintronic device (a spin-diode) which consists of an interacting resonant level coupled to two ferromagnetic electrodes. We thereby obtain the cumulant generating function for the spin transport in the sequential tunnelling regime. We demonstrate the fulfilment of the nonlinear fluctuation relations when up and down spin currents are correlated in the presence of both spin-flip processes and external magnetic fields.

Abstract:
We discuss out-of-equilibrium population imbalances between different orbital states due to applied thermal gradients. This purely thermoelectric orbital effect appears quite generically in nanostructures with a pseudospin degree of freedom. We establish an orbital Seebeck coefficient that characterizes the induced orbital bias in response to a temperature difference between reservoirs coupled to a quantum conductor. We analyze a two-terminal strongly interacting quantum dot with two orbital states and find that the orbital thermopower acts as an excellent tool to describe the transition between SU(4) and SU(2) Kondo physics. Our conclusions are reinforced from a detailed comparison with the charge thermopower using numerical renormalization group calculations.

Abstract:
We derive the frequency-resolved heat current expression in the linear response regime for a setup comprised of reservoir, interacting central site, and tunneling barrier under the action of a time dependent electrical signal. We exploit the frequency parity properties of response functions to obtain the heat current expression for interacting quantum conductors. Importantly, the corresponding heat formula, valid for arbitrary AC frequencies, can describe photon-assisted heat transport. In particular, we analyze the heat transfer for an interacting multilevel conductor (a carbon nanotube quantum dot) coupled to a single reservoir. We show that the electrothermal admittance can reverse its sign by properly tunning the AC frequency.

Abstract:
We present fluctuation relations that connect spin-polarized current and noise in mesoscopic conductors. In linear response, these relations are equivalent to the fluctuation-dissipation theorem that relates equilibrium current--current correlations to the linear conductance. More interestingly, in the weakly nonlinear regime of transport, these relations establish a connection between the leading-order rectification spin conductance, the spin noise susceptibility and the third cumulant of spin current fluctuations at equilibrium. Our results are valid even for systems in the presence of magnetic fields and coupled to ferromagnetic electrodes.

Abstract:
We discuss the low-frequency response of charge and heat transport to oscillatory voltage and temperature shifts in mesoscopic capacitors. We obtain within scattering theory generic expressions for the quantum admittances up to second order in the ac frequencies in terms of electric, thermoelectric and heat capacitances and relaxation resistances. Remarkably, we find that the thermocurrent can lead or lag the applied temperature depending on the gate voltage applied to a quantum $RC$ circuit. Furthermore, the relaxation resistance for cross terms becomes nonuniversal as opposed to the purely electric or thermal cases.

Abstract:
We study quantum dissipative dynamics of entanglement in the spin-boson model, described by the generalized master equation. We consider the two opposite limits of pure-dephasing and relaxation models, measuring the degree of entanglement with the concurrence. When the Markovian approximation is employed, entanglement is shown to decay exponentially in both cases. On the other hand, non-Markovian contributions alter the analytic structure of the master equation, resulting in logarithmic decay in the pure dephasing model.