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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1826 matches for " Jonas Delecave "
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O programa Morar Carioca e a urbaniza o de favelas da cidade do Rio de Janeiro
Ger?nimo Leit?o,Jonas Delecave
Boletín Científico Sapiens Research , 2011,
Abstract: This article intends to discuss the programs of slum upgrading that have been developed in recent decades in the city of Rio de Janei-ro, with emphasis on the recent program Morar Carioca , launched in 2010. Changes in the relationship between State and slum communities, between the 1960’s and 1990’s will be exhibit-ed at first. Afterwards Favela/Bairro program, that was developed during the 1990s, and Morar Carioca, which will be implemented from 2011 on, and will integrates the efforts to prepare the city of Rio de Janeiro for the 2016 Olympics and the 2014 World Cup Championship, will be presented. Finally, it'll be presented a con-clusion considering the challenges of this new program, that rep-resents a consequence of the slum’s consolidation as a legitimate habitat in the city, and must be target of urban projects and social improvement programs.
A Vila Getúlio Cabral e as ocupa es organizadas de terras urbanas no Rio de Janeiro
Ger?nimo Leit?o,Jonas Delecave
Boletín Científico Sapiens Research , 2012,
Abstract: This article discusses the occupation process of Getúlio Cabral Village, in Duque de Caxias, RJ, inserted into a organized occupation of unused land movement in Rio de Janeiro's Metropolitan Area, that took place between 1980 ―with Brazil's re-democratization process― and the mid-1990s. This kind of informal housing production sought to build settlements that, although arising from an illegal land occupation, could become, over time, an official neighborhood of the city, with a regular land situation and state investments in infrastructure. With the goal “to make housing policy with its own hands”, these movements organized not only the action of its participants in the occupation process, but also developed urban projects and ordered the land use regulation. Thus, partially respecting the existing urban legislations, and sometimes reserving spaces for the subsequent installation of public facilities, these occupied land would have facilitated their integration processes to the official city. Because this social movement has been approached by reduced specialized literature, in this study we chose to conduct field interviews, both with social leaders ―especially Luiz Cabral, key player in the Getúlio Cabral Village occupation― as with state government officials who worked with these movements, in order to facilitate the subsequent settlement of occupied land. We also used photographic documentation produced by the very leaders of this occupation process. With this reflection, we intend to contribute to the understanding of a movement that forced the state to take a stand facing a real situation: the occupation of urban land to ensure housing access, facing a lack of housing public policy that could meet lower income segments of the population.
Hydrological Science and Its Connection to Religion in Ancient Egypt under the Pharaohs  [PDF]
Jonas Eliasson
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2013.23019
Abstract: The history of water management in the Fertile Crescentis closely related to the religion. This is most clear in ancientEgyptin pharaonic time. The class of priests serving under the pharaoh had also many other administrative duties, they had good skill in science, collected hydrological and astronomical data and used it to levy taxes and predict the floods that irrigated the arable land. The special hydrological features of the riverNilemake it rather predictable in behavior compared to other major rivers of the region. In this social position the priests had great influence and could use it to stop the pharaoh Ikhnaton in his attempt to establish a monotheistic religion by ousting Amon-Ra and replacing him with Aton. Social life was very colorful at pharaohs’ court and the various arts and festivals flourished. The most remarkable of these was the Opet festival where pharaoh himself was the leading figure together with the statues of the gods. The festival was to last 10 days and during that time the riverNilewas to change color from grayish to reddish and thereby mark the beginning of the life-giving flood and bear witness to the good relations between the king and the divine powers. This kind of event, an annual prayer by the king to the gods for good harvest was well known in many societies, but it shows the remarkable skills of the Amon-Ra priest that they were ready to predict the onset of theNileflood within ten days and get away with it.
What Reasons Might the Other One Have?—Perspective Taking to Reduce Psychological Reactance in Individualists and Collectivists  [PDF]
Christina Steindl, Eva Jonas
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312A170

Previous research has demonstrated a considerable amount of negative consequences resulting from psychological reactance. The purpose of this study was to explore opportunities to reduce the amount of reactance. Using the method of perspective taking as an intervention, the current study of 196 Austrians and 198 Filipinos examined whether reactance could be reduced and whether individualists and collectivists differ concerning reactance and their perspective taking abilities. Our results indicated that participants who took the perspective of the person who threatened them experienced less reactance than participants who did not take this approach. This was the case for people from both cultural backgrounds. Nevertheless, comparisons among the two cultural groups yielded different reactions to restrictions. This indicates that individualists are more sensitive to a self-experienced restriction than collectivists, but less sensitive to a restriction of another person. Consequently, we consider culture to be a crucial determinant in predicting the amount of reactance.

Is US Bank Lending Sensitive to Exchange Rates? A Panel Data Investigation  [PDF]
Michael R. Jonas
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.58078

The goal of this paper is to examine the sensitivity of US bank lending to movements in the exchange rate. Using a panel of quarterly bank-level balance sheet observations, I show that there exists significant and meaningful exchange rate sensitivity of cross-border lending activity and total domestic loans. This relationship operates through traditional net export channels, as well as mechanisms specific to banks engaged in international lending. Further, I show that exchange rate innovations represent a source of long run lending volatility equivalent to monetary policy shocks for small banks. Lastly, exchange rate movements are shown to be associated with a four-fold increase in growth of non-performing loans for small banks, providing direct evidence of transfer risk for cross-border banks.

Conceptualization of Hypersexual Disorder with the Behavioral-Cognitive Inhibition Theory  [PDF]
Nenad Paunovi?, Jonas Hallberg
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.52024

Hypersexual disorder is conceptualized with the behavioral-cognitive inhibition (BCI) theory. The current article focuses on the following aspects: (a) triggers of dysfunctional sexual behaviors and fantasies, (b) dysfunctional beliefs of excessive sexual behaviors and fantasies, (c) negative interpretations of triggers of sexual behaviors and fantasies, (d) excessive sexual behaviors and fantasies as avoidance behaviors, (e) consequences of excessive sexual behaviors and fantasies vs. healthy coping strategies, (f) sexual behaviors as inhibitors of distressing memories associated with negative beliefs, (g) sexual fantasies and other valued memories as inhibitors of dysfunctional memories associated with negative beliefs, and (h) behavioral activation of valued activities as inhibitors of sexual behaviors and distressing memories. Some important issues are discussed.

Trends in Biodiversity Research — A Bibliometric Assessment  [PDF]
Hendrik Stork, Jonas J. Astrin
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2014.47033

Research on biodiversity has grown considerably during the last decades. The present study applies bibliometric methods to evaluate efforts in this field of study. We retrieved roughly 69,000 bibliographic records from the Web of Science database that matched the word biodiversity (and derivatives) in keywords, title or abstract. Article contributions and number of involved authors and journals increased exceptionally fast since the 1980s, when the term biodiversity was coined. But since the year 2008, a decelerated growth rate leads to an average rate of knowledge generation. Using the frequency of terms extracted from publication titles, we inferred that the community-level focus has increased in biodiversity studies, while molecular biodiversity is still not strongly represented. Climate-related topics are rapidly gaining importance in biodiversity research. The geographical imbalance between allocation of research efforts and distribution of biological diversity is apparent.

Interaction of Architecture and Society: Public Procurement as Tool to Improve Local Economy and Architecture
Jonas Jakaitis
Town Planning and Architecture , 2008, DOI: 10.3846/1392-1630.2008.32.17-27
Abstract: One of the main tasks of public authorities is to find ways how, in the course of the development of urban architecture, to manage and create assumptions for the public to become a new-type, active and cooperative civic society taking part in urban development processes. The research of these problems is important seeking to ensure sustainability in natural, economic-social environment and urban architecture. Assessing the features for application of democratic principles in planning in Lithuania the main objective of this paper is to try to reveal the problems of quality in the development of urban architecture in the context of public procurement of services and to assess the efficiency of procedures defined by legal acts from the viewpoint of architectural quality. Interdisciplinary, comparative analysis methods are used to achieve this objective by revealing the particularity of momentary events. The paper is prepared on the basis of URBACT/LCS (Leveraging City Services) conference of November 2007 (Hudson 2007) (Jakaitis 2007); besides, analysis by S. Mockaitis of Vilnius City Municipality practical experience was used.
Kolokacijos Metodo IR S lygini Lyg i Taikymas GPS Matavim Rezultatams Apdoroti
Jonas Skeivalas
Geodesy and Cartography , 2008, DOI: 10.3846/1392-1541.2008.34.12-18
Abstract: Analizuojami pseudoatstum ir ne lio fazi matavim rezultat apdorojimo metodai, kai duomenys gauti naudojant dviej ne lio da ni GPS imtuvus. Taikoma kolokacijos metodas, pseudoatstum ir ne lio fazi s lygin s lygtys su papildomais parametrais. Lygtys sudaromos kiekvienai epochai pagal kiekvieno palydovo signal matavimo rezultatus. Siūlomu metodu galima patikimiau eliminuoti atsitiktines ir sisteming sias matavim klaidas, kuri pagrindinis altinis - jonosferos ir troposferos taka.
Where are We going? Overview of Major Collaborative Conservation Research Projects and Implications for the Future Preservation of Collections
Jonas Palm
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2005,
Abstract: In this paper I will tell you about some research and strategic projects, some of them at the end of their time and some just started. Although digitisation seems to have been a major topic in archives and libraries since the mid 1990s the vast majority of the collections are still based on traditional, i.e. analogue, media. The preservation problems much discussed prior to this still exist and still present some major hazards. What differs today from yesterday is that the technological progress has given us new means within reasonable costs to perform research and develop new tools as well as improve the monitoring of decay.
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