Abstract:
Since the advent of Drinfel’d’s double construction, Hopf algebraic structures have been a centrepiece for many developments in the theory and analysis of integrable quantum systems. An integrable anyonic pairing Hamiltonian will be shown to admit Hopf algebra symmetries for particular values of its coupling parameters. While the integrable structure of the model relates to the well-known six-vertex solution of the Yang–Baxter equation, the Hopf algebra symmetries are not in terms of the quantum algebra Uq(sl(2)). Rather, they are associated with the Drinfel’d doubles of dihedral group algebras D(Dn).

Abstract:
A new construction is given for obtaining R-matrices which solve the McGuire-Yang-Baxter equation in such a way that the spectral parameters do not possess the difference property. A discussion of the derivation of the supersymmetric U model is given in this context such that applied chemical potential and magnetic field terms can be coupled arbitrarily. As a limiting case the Bariev model is obtained.

Abstract:
An extension of the supersymmetric U model for correlated elctrons is given and integrability is established by demonstrating that the model can be constructed through the Quantum Inverse Scattering Method using an R-matrix without the difference property. Some general symmetry properties of the model are discussed and from the Bethe ansatz solution an expression for the energies is presented.

Abstract:
We study the ground state of the attractive one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model, and in particular the nature of the crossover between the weak interaction and strong interaction regimes for finite system sizes. Indicator properties like the gap between the ground and first excited energy levels, and the incremental ground-state wavefunction overlaps are used to locate different regimes. Using mean-field theory we predict that there are two distinct crossovers connected to spontaneous symmetry breaking of the ground state. The first crossover arises in an analysis valid for large L with finite N, where L is the number of lattice sites and N is the total particle number. An alternative approach valid for large N with finite L yields a second crossover. For small system sizes we numerically investigate the model and observe that there are signatures of both crossovers. We compare with exact results from Bethe ansatz methods in several limiting cases to explore the validity for these numerical and mean-field schemes. The results indicate that for finite attractive systems there are generically three ground-state phases of the model.

Abstract:
We show that integrability of the BCS model extends beyond Richardson's model (where all Cooper pair scatterings have equal coupling) to that of the russian doll BCS model for which the couplings have a particular phase dependence that breaks time-reversal symmetry. This model is shown to be integrable using the quantum inverse scattering method, and the exact solution is obtained by means of the algebraic Bethe ansatz. The inverse problem of expressing local operators in terms of the global operators of the monodromy matrix is solved. This result is used to find a determinant formulation of a correlation function for fluctuations in the Cooper pair occupation numbers. These results are used to undertake exact numerical analysis for small systems at half-filling.

Abstract:
A t-J model for correlated electrons with impurities is proposed. The impurities are introduced in such a way that integrability of the model in one dimension is not violated. The algebraic Bethe ansatz solution of the model is also given and it is shown that the Bethe states are highest weight states with respect to the supersymmetry algebra gl(2/1)

Abstract:
Exactly solvable models provide a unique method, via qualitative changes in the distribution of the ground-state roots of the Bethe Ansatz equations, to identify quantum phase transitions. Here we expand on this approach, in a quantitative manner, for two models of Bose--Einstein condensates. The first model deals with the interconversion of bosonic atoms and molecules. The second is the two-site Bose--Hubbard model, widely used to describe tunneling phenomena in Bose--Einstein condensates. For these systems we calculate the ground-state root density. This facilitates the determination of analytic forms for the ground-state energy, and associated correlation functions through the Hellmann--Feynman theorem. These calculations provide a clear identification of the quantum phase transition in each model. For the first model we obtain an expression for the molecular fraction expectation value. For the two-site Bose--Hubbard model we find that there is a simple characterisation of condensate fragmentation.

Abstract:
We introduce an integrable Hamiltonian which is an extended d+id-wave pairing model. The integrability is deduced from a duality relation with the Richardson-Gaudin (s-wave) pairing model, and associated to this there exists an exact Bethe ansatz solution. We study this system using the continuum limit approach and solve the corresponding singular integral equation obtained from the Bethe ansatz solution. We also conduct a mean-field analysis and show that results from these two approaches coincide for the ground state in the continuum limit. We identify instances of the integrable system where the excitation spectrum is gapless, and discuss connections to non-integrable models with d+id-wave pairing interactions through the mean-field analysis.

Abstract:
We introduce a Hamiltonian for two interacting $su(2)$ spins. We use a mean-field analysis and exact Bethe ansatz results to investigate the ground-state properties of the system in the classical limit, defined as the limit of infinite spin (or highest weight). Complementary insights are provided through investigation of the energy gap, ground-state fidelity, and ground-state entanglement, which are numerically computed for particular parameter values. Despite the simplicity of the model, a rich array of ground-state features are uncovered. Finally, we discuss how this model may be seen as an analogue of the exactly solvable $p+ip$ pairing Hamiltonian.

Abstract:
A new model for a spin 1/2 ladder system with two legs is introduced. It is demonstrated that this model is solvable via the Bethe ansatz method for arbitrary values of the rung coupling J. This is achieved by a suitable mapping from the Hubbard model with appropriate twisted boundary conditions. We determine that a phase transition between gapped and gapless spin excitations occurs at the critical value J_c=1/2 of the rung coupling.