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Power factor correction is a major issue for all industries, since a typical industrial load is causing current delays, as well as higher order current harmonics. Power factor correction is often mandatory from the power companies, usually by charging the reactive power that the company consumes. Many solutions for power factor correction have been presented in the bibliography; in this paper, the most significant power factor correction topologies will be reviewed and simulated with SABER RD software. Finally, a prototype design will be presented, based on a mass/cost analysis of the selected topologies and with an aim to manufacture 10 kW modules. The main outcome of this work is the feasibility for an SME to manufacture a competitive modular power factor correction product for industrial applications.
The East Alligator River drains a 7000 km2 catchment in northern Australia comprised largely of Aboriginal land and has a
very low average population density of about 0.15 persons per km2.
River reaches were classified according to geomorphic features on both the East
Alligator River and its major tributary, Magela Creek, next to which is located
the Ranger uranium mine. Sixteen reaches were described for the 241.4 km of the
East Alligator River and ten reaches were described for the 118.8 km of Magela
Creek. The dominant river types on the East Alligator River were various types
of anabranching rivers, sandstone gorges and cuspate tidal meanders. On Magela
Creek the dominant river types were wetlands and channel billabongs, island
anabranching and sandstone gorges. It is unusual for anabranching rivers and
gorges to be so dominant. Current river classification schemes could not
accommodate all the various river types and need to be modified so that tidal
channels are covered in more detail and so that the classification of
anabranching rivers recognises that sand-bed varieties occur in partly confined
For centuries and on every continent discrete shapes of lights with unusual motions have preceded earthquakes. The numbers of these lights per interval within a region have been strongly correlated with the amount of seismic energy subsequently released within that region. These temporal intervals range between 3 months and 6 months for areas more than 500 kmin radius and less than a month for smaller radii. Other analyses have shown that the same tectonic strain associated with earthquakes is also associated with the display of luminous events before those earthquakes. This strain can be precipitated by injections of fluids into the crust, natural changes in hydrological loads on rivers, or, purposeful displacement of water into reservoirs. The strengths of the associations are sufficient to allow modest forecasting of earthquakes within the boundaries of the region and the temporal interval of analysis. More accurate utilization of these phenomena as prognosticators of specific earthquakes will require a re-evaluation of the manner by which these data are systematically recorded and interpreted.
In this paper, we investigate the optimization of mutual proportional reinsurance—a mutual reserve system that is in- tended for the collective reinsurance needs of homogeneous mutual members, such as P&I Clubs in marine mutual in- surance and reserve banks in the US Federal Reserve, where a mutual member is both an insurer and an insured. Compared to general (non-mutual) insurance models, which involve one-sided impulse control (i.e., either downside or upside impulse) of the underlying insurance reserve process that is required to be positive, a mutual insurance differs in allowing two-sided impulse control (i.e., both downside and upside impulse), coupled with the classical proportional control of reinsurance. We prove that a special band-type impulse control (a, A, B, b) with a=0 and a<A<B<b, coupled with a proportional reinsurance policy (classical control), is optimal when the objective is to minimize the total maintenance cost. That is, when the reserve position reaches a lower boundary of a=0, the reserve should immedi- ately be raised to level A; when the reserve reaches an upper boundary of b, it should immediately be reduced to a level B. An interesting finding produced by the study reported in this paper is that there exists a situation such that if the up-