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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33515 matches for " John Walsh "
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Climatological Characteristics of Historical and Future High-Wind Events in Alaska  [PDF]
Soumik Basu, John E. Walsh
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2018.84025
Abstract: High winds cause waves, storm surge, erosion and physical damage to infrastructure and ecosystems. However, there have been few evaluations of wind climatologies and future changes, especially change in high-wind events, on a regional basis. This study uses Alaska as a regional case study of climatological wind speed and direction. Eleven first-order stations across different subregions of Alaska provide historical data (1975-2005) for the observational climatology and for the calibration of Coupled Model Inter comparison Project (CMIP5) simulations, which in turn provide projections of changes in winds through 2100. Historically, winds exceeding 25 and 35 knots are most common in the Bering Sea coastal region of Alaska, followed by northern Alaska coastal areas. Autumn and winter are the seasons of most frequent high-wind occurrences in the coastal sites, while there is no distinct seasonal peak at the interior stations where high-wind events are less frequent. An examination of the sea level pressure pattern associated with the highest-wind event at each station reveals the presence of a strong pressure gradient associated with an extratropical cyclone in most cases. Northern coastal regions of Alaska are projected to experience increased frequencies of high-wind events during the cold season, especially late autumn and early winter, when reduced sea ice cover in the late century will leave coastal regions increasingly vulnerable to flooding and erosion.
The Vietnamese in Thailand: a History of Work, Struggle and Acceptance
John Walsh
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Oeconomica , 2011,
Abstract: Although Vietnamese have been migrating to Thailand for many centuries, the situationwhich they faced in terms of living and working changed significantly in 1945. This resulted from theattempt by the French to recolonise the Indochina region, which led to many Vietnamese seeking toflee the fighting and oppression by moving to Thailand. The experiences of this generation of peopleand their activities in the labour market are the main focus of this paper. It is shown that thisgeneration of Yuon Op Pha Yop represents a unique set of people in Thailand. Their experiences areset against the labour market experiences of other sets of Vietnamese migrants in Thailand.
Labour Market And Corruption Issues In Chiang Rai, Thailand
Review of Economic and Business Studies (REBS) , 2010,
Abstract: Lack of application of the rule of law in Thailand has various negative impacts on labour market and business environment. Lax policing of minimum wage legislation and unknown numbers of migrant workers contribute to depression of wages as whole and reduced incentives to add value to production. Instead, short-term competitiveness through low labour-cost manufacturing is prioritized. Although individual transactions which may be deemed corrupt are small scale in nature, they appear to be repeated very regularly and therefore have a significant impact upon the income generating possibilities for local workers and for their future prospects, not to mention the overall competitiveness of the country. The corrupt activities also lead to lower levels of safety in the workplace and for such issues as collective bargaining and freedom of association. The paper attempts to identify the major issues involved and some possible solutions.
Book Review: Ian Storey. Southeast Asia and the rise of China: The search for security.London and New York: Routledge 2011.
John Walsh
Journal of International and Global Studies , 2012,
Impacts of the current economic crisis on Southeast Asian labour markets
John Walsh
Business and Economic Horizons , 2010,
Abstract: The current economic crisis has caused most of the western world to fall into recession because of the credit crunch and the collapse of much of the under-regulated and over-confident banking industry. However, in most of Asia, especially developing Asia, the crisis has affected manufacturing and, hence, employment rather than the finance sectors, especially because the latter had already been restructured following the 1997 Asian Crisis. This paper considers the impact of the crisis on the range of labour markets across the region and assesses the ongoing relevance of the development model that is posited on low labour cost manufacturing aimed at assisting export industries. Impacts considered include migration flows of labour, the possibility of augmenting added value to existing production and the need to upgrade skills and competencies.
Robert Gordon and the Rubies of Mogok: Industrial Capitalism, Imperialism and Technology in Conjunction
John Christopher Walsh
Asian Culture and History , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ach.v3n1p94
Abstract: Robert Gordon’s trip to the Mogok ruby mines in northern Burma, as reported in his testament to the Royal Geographical Society in 1888, represents one of the most blatant uses of travel as empire building in the Mekong Region. While European explorers and adventurers had been travelling to and along the region for centuries, most had been intent on mapping, surveying and categorizing its contents for purposes of their own profit, in one way or another. Gordon, while of course not unmindful of his own career, represents the traveller aiming to be of service to the greater power. He was strongly motivated by the desire to bring the ruby mines of Mogok into the reach of the British Empire through the building of a railway and the necessary infrastructure to pacify the countryside and its people, thereby enabling the enclosure of another type of commons.
The Contribution of International Business to the Economic Development of Yunnan Province
John Christopher Walsh
International Business Research , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v4n1p112
Abstract: Yunnan province is the closest part of China to mainland Southeast Asia and represents an important commercial link between the two separate markets. Its capital, Kunming, is becoming linked to Bangkok and other cities through the provision of transportation infrastructure and trade is increasing. However, it is not clear whether the business conditions within Yunnan are yet appropriate for the kind of trade and investment that international businesspeople wish to transact there. Using a program of qualitative research featuring in-depth personal interviews, the authors investigate the actual business conditions in Kunming principally but also in the remainder of the province. They find that much economic development is taking place as a result of large-scale state activity that is able to take advantage of economies of scope and scale. Meanwhile, much international business is hampered by the weak nature of institutions supporting the business infrastructure and the nature of a number of informal and unofficial barriers to entry and development.
Competition and Management Issues of SME Entrepreneurs in Laos: Evidence from Empirical Studies in Vientiane Municipality, Savannakhet and Luang Prabang
John Walsh,Nittana Southiseng
Asian Journal of Business Management , 2010,
Abstract: This study analyses competition and management issues of Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) entrepreneurs in three provinces of Laos: Vientiane Municipality (the capital city), Savannakhet (an important economic development zone) and Luang Prabang province (a famous historical site and tourist destination). Competition and management have changed dramatically after the introduction of the New Economic Mechanism in 1986, which moved the economy from central planning to market-based economic management. Qualitative research was used, with 52 in-depth personal interviews conducted and combined with behavioural observation and content analysis of secondary sources of data. R esults indicate the importance of SM Es in the Lao economy, with some 74% of total enterprises being family-owned SMEs. These concentrate on food processing, garment production, construction materials, wooden furniture, tourism, education, trading, transportation, internet services and others. Increases in the SME sector have contributed to job growth and overall GDP growth. Findings also showed increased competition in the sector as substitute products are introduced, with significant bargaining power for buyers and a high rate of new entrants into a limited range of product/service markets, without much competition in terms of price and quality of goods and services. Entrepreneurs find it difficult to access modern technology and finance, have limited resources in terms of capital and skill and must also negotiate unfair treatment by officials. Management styles usually focused on short-term day-to-day objectives and few were able to consider longer-term considerations or business sustainability. Skills management and capacity building in these SMEs were narrowly conceived and required to be profit-based. Training and development of human resources was seen as a cost rather than an investment. Recommendations are made for enhancement of SME productivity and capacity.
Street Vendors and the Dynamics of the Informal Economy: Evidence from Vung Tau, Vietnam
John Christopher Walsh
Asian Social Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v6n11p159
Abstract: The role of the informal economy in promoting genuine economic development remains a contested one: optimists believe potential entrepreneurs are capable of supporting themselves and their families, perhaps with the assistance of interventions; pessimists, meanwhile, see such individuals as being subject to the forces of global capitalism with which they cannot contend and who must survive increasingly difficult housing, living and environmental conditions which threaten their security. Previous research of street vendors in Bangkok indicated some support for both points of view and this paper extends the research to Vung Tau in Vietnam, which is an oil industry centre and emerging tourist resort. To what extent are vendors able to upgrade their products and business models to take advantage of the new demands available and what difficulties do they face in their work? To date, they have not been able to take advantage of such opportunities.
Cambodian Migrants in Thailand: Working Conditions and Issues
John Walsh,Makararavy Ty
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n7p23
Abstract: The significant differences in standards of living available across the Thai-Cambodian border are influential in encouraging large numbers of Cambodian migrants to travel for work in Thailand on a temporary or permanent basis. Demand for labour is generally in labour-intensive industries with low value added and the low wages provided act to depress overall earnings. This situation contributes to social tensions and means otherwise uncompetitive work is continued which would otherwise be discontinued because of lack of profitability. Using the findings from qualitative, in-depth interviews with 59 Cambodian migrant workers in Thailand, this paper investigates the types of work that Cambodian migrants are undertaking in Thailand and the conditions in which they live, which is partly determined by the type of work they undertake. Living conditions will in turn determine to some extent the ability of workers to modify their future prospects as remittances change their future prospects.
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