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THE SOUTH AFRICAN LAW ON "PRODUCTS LIABILITY" - QUO VADIS?
Johann Basson
South African Journal of Industrial Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Historically the term "products liability" has been confined to the law of delict, and is defined as the liability that arises when a product contains a defect which leads to damage such as to property (patrimonial loss), the death of a person, bodily harm, pain and suffering, shock, discomfort, deformity, loss of amenities or shortened life expectation. It is the author's view that the term "products liability" becomes a misnomer if limited to the law of delict. The author propagates the idea that "products liability" must mean liability arising when a person renders a product unsafe together with a reasonable foreseeable risk of another person(s) being exposed to the unsafe product under circumstances where reasonable precautions could have been taken to prevent it. Such liability arises irrespective as to whether such product actually causes damage, harm or death, and irrespective of whether the product is exposed to the public domain or not and irrespective as to whether the case is based on civil or criminal proceedings. Subsequently the question is investigated: "Has our law on products liability kept pace with technological, social and economic developments?" AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Histories is die begrip "produkte-aanspreeklikheid" beperk tot die terrein van die deliktereg. Dit word gedefinieer as die aanspreeklikheid wat ontstaan deurdat 'n produk 'n defek bevat wat aanleiding gegee het tot skade, soos aan eiendom, die dood van 'n persoon, liggaamlike beserings, pyn en lyding, skok, ongerief, verminking, verlies aan lewensgenietinge of 'n verkorte lewensverwagting. Dit is die outeur se siening dat die begrip "produkte-aanspreeklikheid" 'n verkeerde benaming word indien beperk tot die terrein van die deliktereg. Die outeur huldig die siening dat "produkte-aanspreeklikheid" moet beteken aanspreeklikheid wat volg wanneer 'n persoon 'n produk onveilig maak tesame met 'n redelike voorsienbare risiko dat 'n ander persoon(e) aan die onveilige produk blootgestel kan word onder omstandighede waar hy redelike stappe kon geneem het om dit te voorkom. Sodanige aanspreeklikheid ontstaan ongeag of sodanige produk inderdaad skade, besering of dood veroorsaak het, ongeag of the publiek aan die produk blootgestel word al dan nie, en ongeag of die saak gebaseer is op siviele of kriminele aksies. Vervolgens word die vraag behandel: "Ret ons reg betreffende produkte-aanspreeklikheid tred gehou met tegnologiese, sosiale en ekonomiese verwikkelings?"
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND PERSONAL LIABILITY IN TERMS OF SECTION 424(1) OF THE COMPANIES ACT OR SECTION 64(1) OF THE CLOSE CORPORATIONS ACT
Johann Basson
South African Journal of Industrial Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: ENGLISH ABSTRACT: TThe author poses the question: "In knowingly becoming a party to the conducting of corporate business, within which boundaries must I operate so as not to become personally liable for all or any of such debts or other liabilities of the corporation as the Court may direct in terms of section 424(1) of the Companies Act 61 of 1973 or section 64(1) of the Close Corporations Act 69 of 1984?" The answer to this question may prove to be of paramount importance to members of the scientific and engineering fraternity who become involved in corporate governance, whether in a technology advisory capacity, in a managerial capacity, or otherwise. AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die outeur stel die volgende vraag: "Indien ek wetens as 'n party betrokke raak by die bedryfvan 'n maatskappy, binne welke grense moet ek optree om persoonlike aanspreeklikheid te vermy vir al of enige van die skulde of ander verpligtinge van die maatskappy soos die Hof mag gelas ingevolge artikel 424(1) van die Maatskappywet, No. 61 van 1973 of artikel 64(1) van die Wet op Beslote Korporasies, No. 69 van 1984?" Die antwoord op hierdie vraag mag van groot belang wees vir lede van die wetenskap- en ingenieursberoepe wat op die een of ander manier betrokke raak by die bedryf van ' n maatskappy, hetsy in 'n tegnologie-adviserende hoedanigheid, in 'n bestuurshoedanigheid ofandersins.
Mapping a transformation from a traditional to an entrepreneurial organisation: A South African case
Septimus Serfontein,Johan S. Basson,Johann Burden
South African Journal of Human Resource Management , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v7i1.155
Abstract: This study conceptualises the transformation of a company within a corporate environment after facing a crisis precipitated by several internal and external factors. A modernist qualitative research methodology was followed in order to understand transformational change as a phenomenon and to establish a set of principles practitioners can apply. Multiple data sources were used and the case study approach was applied to capture and interpret the emergent principles of the change process during the transformation. Grounded theory was used in the analysis of data. The result was a high-performance company that meets the criteria of an entrepreneurial unit in a corporate environment. The study provides practical guidelines for the transformation of a company and the implementation of factors such as strategy, the redesign of structures, organisational culture, leadership and communication. How to cite this article: Serfontein, S., Basson, J.S., & Burden, J. (2009). Mapping a transformation from a traditional to an entrepreneurial organisation: A South African case. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 7(1), Art. #155, 14 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v7i1.155
“You are my rock and fortress”. Refuge metaphors in Psalm 31. a perspective from cognitive metaphor theory
A Basson
Acta Theologica , 2005,
Abstract: The psalms of lamentation are prayers of a beleaguered individual or nation. The one under constant attack of the enemy has no other option but to implore the deity to intervene on his behalf. Yahweh is invoked to save the supplicant and to destroy the adversaries. Apart from this recurrent plea, Yahweh is often depicted as one providing refuge to those in need. Psalm 31 is no exception. The competent reader will identify various refuge metaphors being employed by the psalmist. Through the application of images from the natural world, the poet accentuates the notion that Yahweh acts as a refuge to his people. By taking recourse to the cognitive theory of metaphor, this study endeavours to explicate the cognitive world underlying the use of the refuge metaphors is Psalm 31.
Die assimilasie van lidmate in die plaaslike geloofsgemeenskap
EF Basson
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The assimilation of church members into the local faith community In this article, the assimilation of members into the faith community is discussed. When a church has found its identity in being a ‘missional faith community’, the outcome is growth. Growth cannot take place if the church is unable to assimilate new members into church life. People are only assimilated into the faith community when they are interconnected through relationships, and experience a fundamental sense of belonging. This article discusses aspects of membership assimilation, namely intention, active participation, and culture. A model is proposed whereby leaders can evaluate the functional worth of people for the faith community at any level of assimilation. This model can also assist leaders in creating processes to assimilate members more effectively.
Interpreting an integrated curriculum in a non-racial, private, alternative secondary school in South Africa
R Basson
South African Journal of Education , 2004,
Abstract: Research into school curricula indicates an instability of focus. Curriculum may refer to a disciplinary perspective on a programme, to what practitioners 'do' in a programme, to programme content and its arrangement, to the hidden assumptions patterning thought and action and embedded in the discourse of a curriculum, to the historical and political context of curriculum, to the official curriculum, to the curriculum as curriculum-in-use, to combining academic disciplines in Learning Areas, school with community, or incorporating disability into the mainstream. As opposed to curriculum research being seen as an aspirant body of knowledge, it has been argued that curriculum studies may more usefully be seen as a social movement which focuses, in the first instance, on the unstable but usable arts of the practitioner, rather than on the systematic application of a discipline to elucidate programme purposes and effects and to reflect back on the discipline. South African Journal of Education Vol.24(1) 2004: 31-41
Nutrition management in the adult patient with Crohn’s disease
A Basson
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition , 2012,
Abstract: Malnutrition, nutrient deficiencies and osteoporosis are common in patients with Crohn’s disease, regardless of disease activity. While the role of diet in the pathogenesis of the disease remains inconclusive, upon diagnosis, nutrition therapy plays an integral role in patient care. Successful nutrition intervention involves appropriate nutritional assessment, supplemental nutrition and individualised counselling and support.
Not all seafood is equal
Janine Basson
South African Journal of Science , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/sajs.v107i5/6.718
Abstract:
WORK RESERVATION FOR THE SOUTH AFRICAN SCIENTIFIC AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONAL FRATERNITIES
J. Basson
South African Journal of Industrial Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The Council for the Built Environment Act, Act No. 43 of 2000, the Engineering Profession Act, Act No. 46 of 2000 and the Natural Scientific Professions Act, Act No. 27 of 2003 provide for, amongst others, the establishment of juristic persons known as councils for the registration of professional, candidate and certified natural scientists, the registration of professionals, candidates and specified categories in the engineering profession, and work reservation for all these categories of registered persons. The question arises: “Which criteria must be met for the scientific and engineering professions to claim the right to reserve identified work for the categories of registered persons without infringing the constitutional rights of any person in South Africa to choose and practice his or her trade, occupation or profession freely?” The criteria for identifying and defining work for reservation are discussed, and a few hypothetical examples are given to show that the whole topic is not a straightforward matter of passing legislation. AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die Wet op die Raad vir die Bou-omgewing 43 van 2000, die Wet op die Ingenieursprofessie 46 van 2000 en die Wet op Natuurwetenskaplike Professies 27 van 2003 maak onder meer voorsiening vir die skep van juridiese persone bekend as rade, vir die registrasie van professionele, kandidaat en gesertifiseerde natuurwetenskaplikes, die registrasie van professionele, kandidaat en spesifieke kategorie in die ingenieursprofessie, en vir werkvoorbehouding vir al hierdie kategorie van geregistreerde persone. Die vraag ontstaan: “Aan welke kriteria moet voldoen word alvorens die wetenskaplike- en ingenieursprofessies regtens aanspraak kan maak om bepaalde werke toe te e en vir die kategorie van geregistreerde persone sonder inbreukmaking op die menseregte van enige persoon in Suid-Afrika om sy of haar beroep of professie van eie keuse te kan beoefen?” Die kriteria vir die identifisering en beskrywing van die werk vir reservering word bespreek. ’n Aantal hipotetiese gevalle word bespreek om aan te dui dat die problem van werkreservering vele fasette het en nie bloot opgelos kan word deur die aanname van wetgewing nie.
Use of Affordable Materials to Improve Water Quality in Peri-Urban Settlements in Windhoek, Namibia  [PDF]
Pam Claassen, Marius Hedimbi, Kayeuna Basson
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2015.53018
Abstract: Water samples from Daan Viljoen dam, Avis dam and Goreangab dam were collected and filtered with burlap, cotton and polyester. The water samples were analyzed for the presence of total coliform, Escherichia coli, heterotrophic plate count (HPC), somatic coliphage, Clostridium perfringens, turbidity and conductivity. The bacteriological analysis was carried out by membrane filtration and pour plate techniques. The water from the three dams was found to contain high levels of microorganisms which indicated that it was not safe for human consumption. Turbidity was improved after filtration. Cotton filtered out the most microorganisms (p < 0.05) in all dams compared with the other two types of cloths.
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