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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 180330 matches for " Joelma Abadia Marciano de Paula "
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Analysis of the teaching of homeopathy in pharmacy courses of three High Learning Institutions (IES) in the State of Goi s. An lisis de la ense ±anza e homeopat -a en cursos de farmacia de tres Instituciones de Ense ±anza Superior (IES) del estado de Goi s. An lise do ensino da homeopatia em cursos de farm cia de tr as Institui § μes de Ensino Superior (IES) do Estado de Goi s.
Joelma Abadia Marciano de Paula,Fernanda Sardinha de Abreu,Juliana Soares de Morais
International Journal of High Dilution Research , 2007,
Abstract: Homeopathy is a medical approach fit to the principles that guide the Brazilian public health policy and agrees with the new paradigm in pharmaceutical education, with the focus on the human condition.Thence the importance of the teaching of homeopathy in pharmacy undergraduate courses. This study aimed to analyze the models for the teaching of homeopathy in three Institutions of Superior Education (IES) in the State of Goiás and to verify its reflection on the level of knowledge on homeopathy expressed by the students. The study programs of the IES were analyzed and questionnaires were applied to students who had already attended homeopathy courses. The results allowed to verify that mistaken ideas on homeopathy were mainly expressed by the students who learned homeopathy as a subtopic of another more general subject. This variability in the models of homeopathy teaching may lead to qualitative diversity in the homeopathic understanding of the pharmacy professionals in the State of Goiás.
Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial, Antinociceptive, and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Two Chemotypes of Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus (Myrtaceae)
Joelma Abadia Marciano de Paula,Maria do Rosário Rodrigues Silva,Maysa P. Costa,Danielle Guimar es Almeida Diniz,Fabyola A. S. Sá,Suzana Ferreira Alves,élson Alves Costa,Roberta Campos Lino,José Realino de Paula
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/420715
Abstract: Preparations from Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus (Gomes) L.R. Landrum (Myrtaceae) have been widely used in Brazilian folk medicine. This study aims to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the crude ethanol extracts, fractions, semipurified substances, and essential oils obtained from leaves of two chemotypes of P. pseudocaryophyllus and to perform the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory screening. The ethanol extracts were purified by column chromatography and main compounds were spectrally characterised (1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR). The essential oils constituents were identified by GC/MS. The broth microdilution method was used for testing the antimicrobial activity. The abdominal contortions induced by acetic acid and the ear oedema induced by croton oil were used for screening of antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities, respectively. The phytochemical analysis resulted in the isolation of pentacyclic triterpenes, flavonoids, and phenol acids. The oleanolic acid showed the best profile of antibacterial activity for Gram-positive bacteria (), followed by the essential oil of the citral chemotype (). Among the semipurified substances, Ppm5, which contained gallic acid, was the most active for Candida spp. () and Cryptococcus spp. (). The crude ethanol extract and fractions from citral chemotype showed antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects.
Aquecimento global: efeitos no crescimento, no desenvolvimento e na produtividade de batata
Fagundes, Joelma Dutra;Paula, Gizelli Moiano de;Lago, Isabel;Streck, Nereu Augusto;Bisognin, Dilson Ant?nio;
Ciência Rural , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782010005000091
Abstract: the concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gases, mainly the co2, has increased in the last decades due to anthropogenic activities. the atmospheric co2 concentration has increased from about 280 parts per million per volume (ppmv) in the pre-industrial period to the currently 380ppmv concentration. there are reports that during the xx century global average temperature increased 0.6±(0.2)°c and projections indicate a possible 1.1 to 6.4°c increase in temperature by the end of the xxi century, depending upon each region. the increase in atmospheric co2 concentration and air temperature directly affect plant physiological processes, such as photosynthesis and respiration, which may affect crops performance, including potato. the objective of this review was to assemble information from the literature on the possible effects of increasing atmospheric co2 concentration and air temperature on growth, development and yield of potato. in general, the increase in co2 concentration followed by an increase in air temperature will result in lower growth, reduction in the duration of the developmental cycle, lower yield and increase of potato diseases. a strategy to minimize the effects of a possible global warming on potato would be to develop cultivars that are tolerant to high temperatures, adapt planting time in each location, change management practices and even, expand growing areas to colder regions.
Chemical variability of the essential oils from fruits of Pterodon emarginatus in the Brazilian Cerrado
Suzana F. Alves,Leonardo Luiz Borges,Joelma A. M. de Paula,Roberto F. Vieira
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2013,
Abstract: Pterodon emarginatus Vogel, Fabaceae, is a tree species commonly known as "sucupira-branca". It is a popular medicinal plant in the Brazilian cerrado (Savanna). This study investigates the chemical variability of the essential oils from fruits of P. emarginatus. The fruits were collected from five sites in the Brazilian Cerrado and their essential oils were analyzed by GC/MS. The results obtained by Principal Component and Cluster Analysis identified two groups: cluster I containing β-caryophyllene and δ-elemene and cluster II containing α-copaene, β-cubebene, allo-aromadendrene, α-cubebene and γ-muurulene. The Canonical Discriminant Analysis was used to differentiate between clusters on the basis of essential oil composition. The results showed high variability in the composition of the essential oils from fruits of P. emarginatus, contributing to studies of domestication of this species.
Determina o de taninos e metilxantinas no guaraná em pó (Paullinia cupana Kunth, Sapindaceae) por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência Determination of tannins and methylxanthines in powdered guarana (Paullinia cupana Kunth, Sapindaceae) by high performance liquid chromatography
Sandra A. Sousa,Suzana F. Alves,Joelma A. M de Paula,Tatiana S. Fiuza
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2010,
Abstract: As sementes de guaraná (Paullinia cupana Kunth, Sapindaceae) s o utilizadas como estimulante e os principais constituintes químicos s o as metilxantinas e os taninos, tais como catequina e epicatequina. Este trabalho teve por objetivo investigar um método por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE) para quantificar, simultaneamente, cafeína, teofilina, teobromina, catequina e epicatequina em pó de guaraná. Os valores obtidos foram comparados com os resultados encontrados no método espectrofotométrico da Farmacopéia Brasileira IV ed. Pelo método cromatográfico, os teores de metilxantinas e taninos totais foram de 4,04% e 1,48%, respectivamente. Os teores de metilxantinas e taninos totais, obtidos pelo método espectrofotométrico, foram de 4,88% e 4,05%, respectivamente. Acredita-se que, nas condi es experimentais empregadas, o método espectrofotométrico n o foi específico, quantificando outras substancias fenólicas presentes no guaraná. Portanto, sugere-se o emprego desse método cromatográfico no controle de qualidade do guaraná em pó, por ser preciso, sensível, específico e rápido. The seeds of Paullinia cupana Kunth, Sapindaceae, are used as a stimulant and the main chemical constituents are the methylxanthines and tannins, as catechin and epicatechin. This study aimed to investigate a method by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to quantify both caffeine, theophylline, theobromine, catechin and epicatechin in powdered of P. cupana. The values obtained were compared with the results of the spectrophotometric method of the Brazilian Pharmacopoeia IV ed. For the chromatographic method, the levels of methylxanthines and total tannins were 4.04% and 1.48%, respectively. The levels of methylxanthines and total tannins obtained by the spectrophotometric method, were 4.88% and 4.05%, respectively. It is believed that, under our experimental conditions, the spectrophotometric method was not specific and quantified others phenolic substances present in the P. cupana. Therefore we suggest the use of this chromatographic method in quality control of P. cupana powder, to be accurate, sensitive, specific and fast.
Museum-school interactions: the importance of continuing education programs for teachers in municipalities away from urban centres Interaction musée-école : l’importance des programmes de formation continue des enseignants dans les municipalités éloignées des centres urbains Interacción museo-escuela : la importancia de los programas de formación continua de profesores en localidades alejadas de los centros urbanos
Grazielle Rodrigues Pereira,Kely Cristina Marciano Soares,Livia Mascarenhas de Paula,Robson Coutinho-Silva
Field Actions Science Reports , 2011,
Abstract: Due to a series of misconceptions about science, science centers and science museums have proposed projects to break the paradigm of science education focused on a small portion of the population. These centers and museums have developed strategies aimed at social inclusion in terms of their educational character, thereby investing in strategies to upgrade vocational education, among other actions. However, most of these areas are concentrated in large urban areas, preventing the participation of the poorest sectors of society. Thus, this study shows a report of a pilot teacher education program developed by the Espa o Ciência InterAtiva do IFRJ, a science museum located in a suburban area of Rio de Janeiro, showing that a scientific exhibition can contribute to the inclusion of teachers in these areas of informal education, and to their ongoing training. En raison d’un ensemble de conceptions erronées sur la science, les centres et les musées des sciences se proposent actuellement de rompre avec l’image de la science réservée à une petite partie de la population. Ces espaces développent des activités qui, par leur caractère éducatif, favorisent l’intégration sociale, et investissent de cette fa on, entre autres actions, dans des stratégies de mise à niveau des professionnels de l’éducation. Toutefois, la plupart de ces espaces se concentrent dans les grands centres urbains, ce qui rend la participation des couches moins favorisées de la société bien plus difficile. Ainsi, ce travail porte sur l’exposé d’un programme pilote de formation continue des enseignants, développé par l’Espa o Ciência InterAtiva (Espace Science Interactive) de l’IFRJ1 - un musée des sciences situé dans une région périphérique de Rio de Janeiro, et démontre qu’une exposition scientifique peut contribuer à l’insertion d’enseignants dans ces espaces d’éducation non formelle ainsi qu’à leur formation continue. En virtud de una serie de conceptos equivocados respecto a la ciencia, los centros y museos de ciencias surgen con propuestas para romper con el paradigma de la ciencia accesible solo a una peque a parte de la población. Estos espacios desarrollan actividades con fines de inclusión social en función de su carácter educativo, y así invierten, entre otras acciones, en estrategias para la actualización de los profesionales de la educación. La mayor parte de estos espacios se concentran aún en los grandes centros urbanos, dificultando la participación de las clases sociales menos favorecidas. Este trabajo presenta un programa piloto de formación continua de profesores desarrollado
Intera o museu-escola : a importancia dos programas de forma o continuada de professores em municípios afastados dos centros urbanos Museum-school interactions: the importance of continuing education programs for teachers in municipalities away from urban centres Interaction musée-école : l’importance des programmes de formation continue des enseignants dans les municipalités éloignées des centr
Grazielle Rodrigues Pereira,Kely Cristina Marciano Soares,Livia Mascarenhas de Paula,Robson Coutinho-Silva
Field Actions Science Reports , 2011,
Abstract: Due to a series of misconceptions about science, science centers and science museums have proposed projects to break the paradigm of science education focused on a small portion of the population. These centers and museums have developed strategies aimed at social inclusion in terms of their educational character, thereby investing in strategies to upgrade vocational education, among other actions. However, most of these areas are concentrated in large urban areas, preventing the participation of the poorest sectors of society. Thus, this study shows a report of a pilot teacher education program developed by the Espa o Ciência InterAtiva do IFRJ, a science museum located in a suburban area of Rio de Janeiro, showing that a scientific exhibition can contribute to the inclusion of teachers in these areas of informal education, and to their ongoing training. En raison d’un ensemble de conceptions erronées sur la science, les centres et les musées des sciences se proposent actuellement de rompre avec l’image de la science réservée à une petite partie de la population. Ces espaces développent des activités qui, par leur caractère éducatif, favorisent l’intégration sociale, et investissent de cette fa on, entre autres actions, dans des stratégies de mise à niveau des professionnels de l’éducation. Toutefois, la plupart de ces espaces se concentrent dans les grands centres urbains, ce qui rend la participation des couches moins favorisées de la société bien plus difficile. Ainsi, ce travail porte sur l’exposé d’un programme pilote de formation continue des enseignants, développé par l’Espa o Ciência InterAtiva (Espace Science Interactive) de l’IFRJ1 - un musée des sciences situé dans une région périphérique de Rio de Janeiro, et démontre qu’une exposition scientifique peut contribuer à l’insertion d’enseignants dans ces espaces d’éducation non formelle ainsi qu’à leur formation continue. En virtud de una serie de conceptos equivocados respecto a la ciencia, los centros y museos de ciencias surgen con propuestas para romper con el paradigma de la ciencia accesible solo a una peque a parte de la población. Estos espacios desarrollan actividades con fines de inclusión social en función de su carácter educativo, y así invierten, entre otras acciones, en estrategias para la actualización de los profesionales de la educación. La mayor parte de estos espacios se concentran aún en los grandes centros urbanos, dificultando la participación de las clases sociales menos favorecidas. Este trabajo presenta un programa piloto de formación continua de profesores desarrollado
Análise comparativa entre dois angulos cervicais com a oclus o em crian as com e sem DTM Comparative analysis between two cervical angles with occlusion in children with and without TMD
Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez,Daniela Santos Silva,Joelma Magalh?es da Costa,Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes
Revista CEFAC , 2012,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: comparar dois angulos cervicais com as classifica es oclusais em crian as de 6 a 10 anos com e sem Disfun o Temporomandibular (DTM),identificar se há prevalência de DTM quanto ao gênero, e se há influencia da oclus o sobre os angulos estudados. MéTODO: realizou-se um estudo observacional transversal com 91 crian as de ambos os gêneros de uma Institui o de Ensino privado, dispostas em Grupo A (sem DTM) e Grupo B (com DTM). Todas as crian as foram avaliadas seguindo uma ficha cadastral constituída de dados referentes a sexo, idade, peso, altura e exame clínico intra-oral para classifica o oclusal de Angle. O diagnóstico e a severidade da DTM, foram verificados pelo questionário proposto por Fonseca. Para avalia o dos angulos cervicais (A1 e A2) foi utilizada a fotogrametria e o Software Alcimagem . RESULTADOS: entre as crian as avaliadas, 52 (57,14%) apresentaram maloclus o, sendo 29 com DTM e 23 sem DTM, 39 (42,85%) apresentaram normoclus o, sendo 18 sem DTM e 21 com DTM. Quando comparados os angulos (A1 e A2) a classe oclusal, foi encontrada diferen a significante entre as crian as normoclusivas e maloclusivas com o angulo A1 (p=0,04). CONCLUS O: esse estudo demonstrou que o angulo A1 (C7, ATM e ápice do Mento) foi estatisticamente significante quando associado com a condi o oclusal. N o foi encontrado associa o, na popula o estudada, entre angulo cervical e DTM. Além disso, também foi possível observar que, a prevalência de crian as do gênero feminino com DTM é significantemente maior que a do gênero masculino. Esse estudo demonstrou que a maloclus o pode alterar somente o angulo A1 e que a DTM n o interfere nos angulos cervicais estudados. PURPOSE: to compare two cervical angles with occlusal classifications in children between 6 and 10 years old with and without Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD), to identify if there is a prevalence of TMD according to gender, and if there is influence of occlusion on the studied angles. METHOD: it was conducted a cross sectional observational study with 91 children of both gender in Group A (without TMD) and Group B (TMD). All children were evaluated following a registration form consisted of sex, age, weight, height data and intra-oral clinical examination for occlusal classification of Angle. The diagnosis and severity of TMD were scanned by the questionnaire proposed by Fonseca. For the cervical angles evaluation (A1 and A2) it was used the photogrammetry and the Alcimagem software. RESULTS: among the evaluated children, 52 (57.14%) presented malocclusion, 29 with TMD and 23 without TMD. 39 (42
Determina??o de taninos e metilxantinas no guaraná em pó (Paullinia cupana Kunth, Sapindaceae) por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência
Sousa, Sandra A.;Alves, Suzana F.;Paula, Joelma A. M de;Fiuza, Tatiana S.;Paula, José R.;Bara, Maria T. F.;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000001
Abstract: the seeds of paullinia cupana kunth, sapindaceae, are used as a stimulant and the main chemical constituents are the methylxanthines and tannins, as catechin and epicatechin. this study aimed to investigate a method by high performance liquid chromatography (hplc) to quantify both caffeine, theophylline, theobromine, catechin and epicatechin in powdered of p. cupana. the values obtained were compared with the results of the spectrophotometric method of the brazilian pharmacopoeia iv ed. for the chromatographic method, the levels of methylxanthines and total tannins were 4.04% and 1.48%, respectively. the levels of methylxanthines and total tannins obtained by the spectrophotometric method, were 4.88% and 4.05%, respectively. it is believed that, under our experimental conditions, the spectrophotometric method was not specific and quantified others phenolic substances present in the p. cupana. therefore we suggest the use of this chromatographic method in quality control of p. cupana powder, to be accurate, sensitive, specific and fast.
Impacts of urban solid waste disposal on the quality of surface water in three cities of Minas Gerais - Brazil Impactos da disposi o de resíduos sólidos urbanos na qualidade da água superficial em três municípios de Minas Gerais - Brasil
Rosangela Francisca de Paula Vitor Marques,Ant?nio Marciano da Silva,Luciano dos Santos Rodrigues,Gilberto Coelho
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1413-70542012000600010
Abstract: The environmental impact of three different urban solid waste facilities (USWF) on the quality of the surface water. The studied areas were the Campo Belo sanitary landfill (Var es River), the controlled landfill of Santo Ant nio do Amparo (Fabiano River), and the closed dump of Elói Mendes (Mutuca River), which are cities located in southern Minas Gerais state, Brazil were evaluated. At each sampling point water samples were collected at five occasions in the raining season (October - March) and in the dry season (April - June) at three sampling points: (P1) upstream the solid waste facility, (P2) downstream nearby the point of influx from the sewage treatment plant in the sanitary landfill, or at the drainage point from the surface flow of the dump and controlled landfill, and (P3) downstream the solid waste facility. Physicochemical and bacteriological analyses were performed, and the results were analyzed based on descriptive statistics. The data were also compared with reference values from the National Environmental Council (CONAMA) Resolution 357/2005 and were used to calculate the water quality index (WQI). It was not possible to detect a significant effect of the solid waste facility on the water quality indicators. The water conditions were unsatisfactory due to violations of the concentrations of phosphorus, ammonia, fecal coliform, and the biochemical oxygen demand/chemical oxygen demand ratio (BOD/COD), probably related to other uses along the drainage area upstream the solid waste facility. These conditions were more critical in the Mutuca river, where the WQI was classified as bad during the entire period at all sampling points. Os impactos ambientais de três diferentes tipologias de áreas de disposi o de Resíduos Sólidos Urbanos - ADRSU, sobre a qualidade das águas superficiais situadas nas proximidades do aterro sanitário de Campo Belo (Córrego dos Var es), do aterro controlado de Santo Ant nio do Amparo (Córrego do Fabiano) e do lix o encerrado de Elói Mendes (Ribeir o Mutuca), municípios situados no Sul de Minas Gerais - Brasil foram avaliados. Para cada curso d'água foram coletadas 5 amostras de água no período chuvoso e 5 amostras no período seco, em três diferentes pontos para cada um dos três cursos d'água sendo: (P1) a montante das ADRSU, (P2) logo após o local de descarga da Esta o de Tratamento de Esgoto - ETE (no aterro sanitário, e nas outras tipologias, após ponto de lan amento do escoamento superficial proveniente das ADSRU, e (P3) à jusante das ADSRU. Realizaram-se análises físico-químicas e bacteriológicas, cujos result
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