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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13186 matches for " Joe Garcia "
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Indisciplina na escola: uma reflex o sobre a dimens o preventiva
Joe Garcia
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento , 1999,
Abstract: This article presents some considerations on school discipline problems at the elementary through high school levels. Initially it approaches the concept of discipline problems, examining their main forms of expression, as well as the current causes and characteristics. Then it explores some of the unique aspects of discipline problems that are currently being observed, emphasizing the importance of preventive practices as the most effective strategy for facing such problems. Finally, this article describes some schoolwide strategies of preventive discipline, highlighting the need for sharing attitudes on discipline problems, through a democratically constructed policy. Este artigo traz uma reflex o sobre a quest o da indisciplina escolar na educa o básica. Inicialmente discute o próprio conceito de indisciplina escolar, considerando suas principais formas de express o, explorando, a seguir, algumas das suas causas e características atuais. Destaca aspectos singulares da indisciplina escolar neste final de século e a importancia do enfoque preventivo como estratégia mais adequada para enfrentar o problema. Ao final, apresenta algumas considera es sobre encaminhamentos preventivos em nível de escola, enfatizando a necessidade de uma postura compartilhada em rela o à indisciplina, na forma de uma política definida, de bases democráticas.
Indisciplina, incivilidade e cidadania na escola/Indiscipline, incivility and citizenship at school
Joe Garcia
ETD : Educa??o Temática Digital , 2006,
Abstract: Este artigo discute algumas rela es entre indisciplina, incivilidade e cidadania na escola. Inicialmente abordamos algumas quest es sobre disciplina e educa o, e exploramos a no o de indisciplina como um modo de ruptura nas rela es pedagógicas. A seguir discutimos a no o de incivilidade, recorrendo ao pensamento do sociólogo francês Bernard Charlot. Buscamos tra ar uma rela o entre incivilidade e indisciplina na escola. Também abordamos o conceito de cidadania, explorando alguns dos seus significados no cenário educacional. Ao final, analisamos a possibilidade das incivilidades estarem a comunicar algo ao projeto educacional, civilizatório das escolas, e recorremos à no o de reconhecimento, a qual nos parece promissora para avan ar as no es de cidadania, respeito, civilidade, educa o e disciplina nas escolas. This paper debates some of the ties between indiscipline, incivility and education for citizenship in schools. Initially, some issues on discipline and education are considered, and the notion of indiscipline as a rupture in teacher-student relations is explored. Then, the notion of incivility is discussed from the perspective of French sociologist, Bernad Charlot. And the relation between incivility and indiscipline in schools is considered as well. The concept of citizenship is addressed and some of its meanings in the school scenario are considered. Finally, we analyze the possibility that acts of incivility may be communicating something about the school’s educational and civilizatory project, therefore we explore the notion of recognition, which seems to be a promising path for advancing the concepts of citizenship, respect, civility, education and discipline in schools.
Representa es dos professores sobre indisciplina escolar
Joe Garcia
Educa??o : Revista do Centro de Educa??o UFSM , 2009, DOI: 10.5902/19846444243
Abstract: Neste artigo analisamos um conjunto de representa es dos professores sobre indisciplina escolar, bem como suas implica es para as práticas pedagógicas particularmente relacionadas ao enfrentamento da indisciplina em sala de aula. Inicialmente exploramos três representa es dos professores em rela o à gênese da indisciplina. A primeira representa o considerada atribui destaque ao aluno como sujeito singular na produ o da indisciplina e sobre o qual vai estar centrada a interven o pedagógica. A segunda representa o atribui a gênese da indisciplina ao contexto próprio das rela es entre os sujeitos em sala de aula. A terceira representa o sugere que a indisciplina seria algo socialmente construído nas escolas, e estaria intrinsecamente relacionada à natureza e fun o social da escola, bem como imbricada em sua cultura institucional. Essa terceira representa o se distancia das anteriores e fornece um entendimento da indisciplina como mensagem cultural. Na segunda parte do artigo analisamos um conjunto de implica es das representa es dos professores em rela o a suas práticas pedagógicas. Ao final do texto, apresentamos considera es que destacam algumas quest es que nos parecem centrais no estudo das representa es dos professores sobre a indisciplina escolar em rela o aos papéis que estes supostamente deveriam exercer em cenários de indisciplina. Palavras-chave: Educa o. Indisciplina escolar. Representa es dos professores.
Case Study of Biodiesel-Diesel Blends as a Fuel in Marine Environment  [PDF]
Tianxi Zhang, Yapeng Chao, Nan Liu, Joe Thompson, Manuel Garcia, Brian B. He, Jon Van Gerpen, Shulin Chen
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2011.12011
Abstract: Formation of excessive sludge and fuel filter clogging were experienced in using biodiesel blends under marine environment. In this study, a field test was conducted in a marine ferry boat fueled by canola-based biodiesel blends. The sludge materials collected in the fuel purifier were characterized using inductively coupled plasma (ICP), pyrolysis-GC/MS (Py-GC/MS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Karl-Fischer titration. It was found that the sludge materials consisted of four distinctive fractions: organic materials derived from diesel and canola biodiesel (major fraction), ash (11-14% w/w), water (~17% w/w), and bacteria. The active bacteria were present in the sludge samples. It was suggested that bacterial contamination was one of the major factors in contribution to the sludge formation.
Mortalidade materna por eclampsia
Novo, Joe Luiz Vieira Garcia;Gianini, Reinaldo José;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292010000200008
Abstract: objective: to assess the factors associated with maternal mortality resulting from eclampsia. methods: a retrospective cohort study reviewing the medical records of deliveries carried out at the sorocaba hospital compound (between january 1995 and december 2005). the variables included were: year of delivery, social and demographic characteristics of mother, personal, family and obstetric history, characteristics of the pregnancy, delivery and puer-perium, the kind care given, the evolution of the case, and the conditions for release from hospital. the statistical analysis involved the use of fisher 's exact test, the pearson correlation and poisson 's multiple regression. results: 35 973 deliveries were registered, 179 of which involved cases of eclampsia, 52 of them with serious complications, twenty-three resulting in a longer stay in intensive care and eight in death. the incidence of eclampsia decreased over the period (from 0.90% to 0.37%; r= -0.746;p= 0.008), although the proportion of cases with serious complications remained unchanged (0.25% compared with 0.17%, r= - 0.45; p=0.162). the proportion of patients who died was larger among non-white patients (rr=9.10; ci95%= 1.83-45.23; p= 0.007) and lower among those treated with magnesium sulfate (rr=0.08; ci95%= 0.02-0.35; p= 0.001). conclusions: the incidence of eclampsia among deliveries performed at the sorocaba hospital compound decreased, although the disease still represents a significant cause of maternal death in the region. this study shows that it is essential that early diagnostic measures and treatment of preeclampsia and eclampsia be perfected by the health care system.
Genes Influenced by the Non-Muscle Isoform of Myosin Light Chain Kinase Impact Human Cancer Prognosis
Tong Zhou, Ting Wang, Joe G. N. Garcia
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094325
Abstract: The multifunctional non-muscle isoform of myosin light chain kinase (nmMLCK) is critical to the rapid dynamic coordination of the cytoskeleton involved in cancer cell proliferation and migration. We identified 45 nmMLCK-influenced genes by bioinformatic filtering of genome–wide expression in wild type and nmMLCK knockout (KO) mice exposed to preclinical models of murine acute inflammatory lung injury, pathologies that are well established to include nmMLCK as an essential participant. To determine whether these nmMLCK-influenced genes were relevant to human cancers, the 45 mouse genes were matched to 38 distinct human orthologs (M38 signature) (GeneCards definition) and underwent Kaplan-Meier survival analysis in training and validation cohorts. These studies revealed that in training cohorts, the M38 signature successfully identified cancer patients with poor overall survival in breast cancer (P<0.001), colon cancer (P<0.001), glioma (P<0.001), and lung cancer (P<0.001). In validation cohorts, the M38 signature demonstrated significantly reduced overall survival for high-score patients of breast cancer (P = 0.002), colon cancer (P = 0.035), glioma (P = 0.023), and lung cancer (P = 0.023). The association between M38 risk score and overall survival was confirmed by univariate Cox proportional hazard analysis of overall survival in the both training and validation cohorts. This study, providing a novel prognostic cancer gene signature derived from a murine model of nmMLCK-associated lung inflammation, strongly supports nmMLCK-involved pathways in tumor growth and progression in human cancers and nmMLCK as an attractive candidate molecular target in both inflammatory and neoplastic processes.
Are the ASISA Standards with Respect to Unit Trust Classification Representative of Homogeneous Risk Classes?  [PDF]
Joe Kainja
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2016.52008
Abstract: We examine the information content of South African (SA) equity unit trusts to investigate whether risk is heterogeneous between investment objective groups and homogeneous within groups because those characteristics are vital to proper investment decision making. We find risk differences within SA equity groups especially in the Equity-General and Equity-Growth. However, in the other categories, the systematic risk differences depended on the choice of benchmark. Those risk differences may have significant implications for investors. Examination of between-group risk revealed that not all the equity categories were heterogeneous. We also find that the choice of benchmark is critical when measuring and comparing performance characteristics of funds.
Science review: Searching for gene candidates in acute lung injury
Dmitry N Grigoryev, James H Finigan, Paul Hassoun, Joe GN Garcia
Critical Care , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/cc2901
Abstract: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common and devastating illness that most often occurs in the setting of sepsis [1]. Despite impressive technologic advances in our ability to monitor this critically ill population, ALI continues to carry an annual mortality rate of 30–50%. Recently, advances in the management of patients with ALI with low tidal volume ventilation offered hope that combined mechanistic and physiologically sound approaches to ALI may further reduce mortality from this illness [2]. Our understanding of the pathogenesis of sepsis and ALI recently improved with the appreciation that inflammation is a fundamental component of the pathophysiology and is exacerbated by conventional or high tidal volume ventilation [3]. Unfortunately, these insights have not fully been translated into novel and effective strategies designed to increase survival. Furthermore, our improved understanding of ALI at both the molecular and population levels has not provided an explanation for the heterogeneity in patient susceptibility and outcome. Clearly, both genetic and environmental factors must be involved. Although the genetic basis of ALI has not been fully established, an increasing body of evidence suggests that genetic predisposition contributes to disease susceptibility and severity [4-7]. Why do some patients with Gram-negative sepsis develop ALI whereas others do not? Why is low tidal ventilation of great benefit in some patients and not in others? What are the genetic determinants that convey risk for progression to multiorgan failure in patients with ALI? A complete understanding of the genetic basis of ALI susceptibility and disease severity would address these important questions.Because ALI is a complex illness, alterations in specific illness genes will probably not explain the physiologic derangements fully. Large phenotypic variance, incomplete penetrance, complex gene–environment interactions, and potential locus heterogeneity all make genetic evaluation of ALI
Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disease Mortality in the United States, 1999–2010: A Population-Based Comparative Study
Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Roberto F. Machado, Joe G. N. Garcia, Dean E. Schraufnagel
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091879
Abstract: Background Environmental nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms with which humans commonly interact. The epidemiologic characteristics of NTM diseases including mortality rate and its associated factors remain largely unknown. In this study, we explored the geographical area of exposure and mortality and comorbid conditions of affected persons to determine environment, host, and host-pathogen interactive factors. Methods We analyzed mortality related to nontuberculous mycobacterial infections from 1999 through 2010 by examining multiple-cause-of-death data from the National Center for Health Statistics. Among those who died with these diseases, we analyzed age-adjusted mortality rates, trends, associations with demographic variables, and comorbid conditions and correlated this information with similar data for tuberculosis-related mortality during the same time. Measurements and Mean Results From 1999 through 2010, nontuberculous mycobacterial disease was reported as an immediate cause of death in 2,990 people in the United States with a combined overall mean age-adjusted mortality rate of 0.1 per 100,000 person-years. A significant increase in the number of NTM related deaths was seen from 1999 through 2010 (R2 = 0.72, p<0.0001), but it was not significant after adjustment for age. Persons aged 55 years and older, women, those living in Hawaii and Louisiana, and those of non-Hispanic, white ethnicity had higher mortality rates. Compared to tuberculosis-related mortality, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchiectasis, HIV, interstitial lung diseases, and tobacco use were significantly more common in persons with nontuberculous mycobacteria-related deaths. Conclusions Nontuberculous mycobacteria-related death numbers are rising and are unevenly distributed. The strong association of nontuberculous mycobacterial disease with age suggests that its prevalence will increase as the United States population ages.
Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Intrapancreatic Common Bile Duct: Immunohistochemical Profile, Prognosis, and Review of the Literature
Adrienne E. Moul,Pablo A. Bejarano,Javier Casillas,Joe U. Levi,Monica T. Garcia-Buitrago
Case Reports in Pathology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/192458
Abstract: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the bile duct is a rare entity. Only one mucoepidermoid carcinoma from the common bile duct has been reported in the Korean literature. Herein, we present the first in the English literature. The tumor arose in the intrapancreatic (distal) common bile duct in an 83-year-old woman who presented with obstructive jaundice and elevated liver enzymes. The tumor invaded the underlying pancreas and peripancreatic adipose tissue and showed pagetoid spread into the extrapancreatic common bile duct and cystic duct. The tumor exhibited nests of malignant cells with diffuse CK7 and MUC1 positivity. The basal cells were p63 and CK5/6 positive. The luminal cells were stained with carcinoembryonic antigen, MUC5, and mucicarmine and were focally positive for CK20. There was focal MUC4 staining on the apical luminal border. The neoplastic cells were negative for MUC2 and HER2-neu. We discuss the clinical presentation, diagnostic features, immunohistochemical profile, and prognosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the common bile duct. The features of this neoplasm are further compared with mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the hepatobiliary system, adenosquamous carcinoma, and mucoepidermoid carcinoma of other organs. 1. Introduction Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) occurs in various organs including the salivary glands, lung, and pancreas [1–3]. Its presence in the biliary system is rare [4–16]. Only one case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising from the distal common bile duct has been reported in the Korean literature [10]. We present the first reported case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the common bile duct in the English literature and discuss the clinical presentation, diagnostic features, immunohistochemical profile, its prognosis when compared to mucoepidermoid carcinoma from other sites, and its most common differential, adenosquamous carcinoma. 2. Case Presentation An 83-year-old female was referred to our institution after being evaluated at an outside institution for obstructive jaundice with elevated liver function tests, where computed tomography (CT) imaging and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) revealed dilatation of the intra- and extrahepatic biliary system with an abrupt cutoff of the distal common bile duct. No congenital cysts were seen. The patient underwent a transhepatic cholangiogram and a transhepatic cholangiocatheter was placed for decompression. There was initial improvement to the patient’s symptoms. However, the direct bilirubin continued to be elevated at 6.68?mg/dL and the catheter later became
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