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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1052 matches for " Joanne Klevens "
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Violencia física contra la mujer en Santa Fe de Bogotá: prevalencia y factores asociados
Klevens,Joanne;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892001000200004
Abstract: objective. estimate the magnitude of the problem of violence in intimate relationships affecting women in santa fe de bogotá, colombia, and identify the factors related to the risk of being battered. methods. the data analyzed were collected between september 1998 and september 1999 from interviews with 3 971 women who had a child less than 6 months old. the women interviewed were ones using public health services in the suba area of bogotá, either for pediatric attention (well-baby services, vaccination, an ill child) or for childbirth. out of the 3 971 women, 10 of them declined to participate, and 804 of them were not in an intimate relationship and were excluded from the analyses. results. of the 3 157 participants, 26.5% of them reported that their current partner had slapped or pushed them, and 13.3% reported they had been hit with a fist, kicked, hit with some object, or beaten, or threatened with a knife or gun. in addition, 26.2% of the women said that their partner imposed some prohibition on them (on social activities, work, family planning, etc.). in the bivariate analyses, violence was significantly associated with: less schooling and lower income (p < 0.001), having more children (p < 0.001), a longer period of time living with the partner (p < 0.001), more frequent conflict with the partner (p <0.001), not having other family members living in the home (p < 0.01), a history of abuse in the family of origin (p < 0.001), and prohibitions imposed by the partner (p < 0.001). according to multivariate analysis, the two factors most strongly related with violence were frequency of conflict with the partner and prohibitions imposed by the partner. conclusions. public health services are a good place to identify victims of domestic violence, and early detection and intervention programs should be established there. services to support and protect victims should be expanded and strengthened in order to provide those persons with guidance, legal assistance, edu
Violencia física contra la mujer en Santa Fe de Bogotá: prevalencia y factores asociados
Klevens Joanne
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2001,
Abstract: Objetivos. Estimar la magnitud del problema de la violencia conyugal que afecta a las mujeres que acuden a los servicios de salud pública en Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia, e identificar los factores asociados con el riesgo de ser agredidas físicamente. Métodos. Se analizaron los datos recolectados desde septiembre de 1998 hasta septiembre de 1999 mediante entrevistas de las 3 971 mujeres con ni os menores de 6 meses de edad, que solicitaron consulta por diversas causas pediátricas (control del ni o sano, vacunación o morbilidad del menor) o fueron atendidas por parto en la red de servicios de salud pública en la localidad de Suba, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia. De la muestra indicada, 10 mujeres rehusaron participar y 804 no tenían compa ero, por lo cual se excluyeron de los análisis. Resultados. De las 3 157 participantes que convivían con un compa ero íntimo, 26,5% informaron que habían sido abofeteadas o empujadas por su compa ero actual y 13,3% que habían sido agredidas gravemente por medio de golpes con el pu o cerrado, patadas, golpes con algún objeto, "golpizas" y amenazas con un cuchillo o arma de fuego. Además de lo anterior, 26,2% de ellas indicaron que su compa ero les imponía alguna prohibición. En los análisis bivariados, la violencia se asoció significativamente con menos escolaridad y menores ingresos (P < 0,001), mayor número de hijos (P < 0,001), mayor tiempo de unión con el compa ero actual (P < 0,001), mayor frecuencia de conflicto con la pareja (P < 0,001), ausencia de otros familiares en el hogar (P < 0,01), historia de maltrato en la familia de origen (P < 0,001) y prohibiciones por parte del compa ero (P < 0,001). La frecuencia del conflicto con la pareja y las prohibiciones fueron los factores más fuertemente asociados con la violencia, según el análisis multivariado. Conclusiones. Los servicios de salud pública son un buen lugar para detectar a las víctimas de la violencia intrafamiliar. Deben establecerse en ellos programas de detección precoz y de intervenciones efectivas. Los servicios de apoyo y protección de las víctimas tienen que extenderse y fortalecerse para prestarles orientación, asistencia jurídica, y capacitación laboral y educativa. También es importante desarrollar servicios alternativos apropiados para los agresores.
Conductas socialmente indeseables asociadas a agresores y resilientes. Un estudio de casos y controles en Medellín, Colombia. 2003 - 2005
Duque,Luis F.; Klevens,Joanne; Montoya,Nilton E.;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: concurrent risky or deviant behaviors of serious offenders, resilient men and community controls were estimated through a case-control study carried out in medellin, colombia between 2003 and 2005. methodology: cases: serious offenders (n=62), men involved in violent quarrels or brawls (n=81), and members of autodefensas unidas de colombia -colombian paramilitary army- (auc), also known as paramilitaries (n=72) were compared to resilient men (n=59) and community controls (n=103). all were interviewed face to face in their communities. cases were interviewed at the site, day and hour agreed with the group leader. controls and resilient men were referred by respected and trusted persons of the community and interviewed in their own communities in a place chosen by them. results: antecedents of overt and covert aggression, deviant behaviors and oppositional behaviors, and substance abuse was higher among auc members (paramilitaries), serious offenders and men involved in quarrels than among community controls and resilient men. resilient men report a smaller number of concurrent deviant and risky behaviors compared to community controls. auc members (paramilitaries) are not different from serious offenders in their reports of concurrent risky and deviant behaviors.
Deviant behaviors associated with aggressors and resilient subjects. A case-control study in Medellin, Colombia. 2003–2005
Luis F. Duque,Joanne Klevens,Nilton E. Montoya
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: Concurrent risky or deviant behaviors of serious offenders, resilient men and community controls were estimated through a case-control study carried out in Medellin, Colombia between 2003 and 2005. Methodology: Cases: serious offenders (n=62), men involved in violent quarrels or brawls (n=81), and members of Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia –Colombian paramilitary army– (AUC), also known as paramilitaries (n=72) were compared to resilient men (n=59) and community controls (n=103). All were interviewed face to face in their communities. Cases were interviewed at the site, day and hour agreed with the group leader. Controls and resilient men were referred by respected and trusted persons of the community and interviewed in their own communities in a place chosen by them. Results: Antecedents of overt and covert aggression, deviant behaviors and oppositional behaviors, and substance abuse was higher among AUC members (paramilitaries), serious offenders and men involved in quarrels than among community controls and resilient men. Resilient men report a smaller number of concurrent deviant and risky behaviors compared to community controls. AUC members (paramilitaries) are not different from serious offenders in their reports of concurrent risky and deviant behaviors.
Lecciones del programa de prevención temprana de la violencia, Medellín, Colombia
Duque,Luis Fernando; Orduz,José Fernando; Sandoval,Juan de Jesús; Caicedo,Beatriz Elena; Klevens,Joanne;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892007000100003
Abstract: objective: to describe the components and development of the early prevention of violence program in the city of medellín, colombia, and to evaluate the results of its first phase, three years after implementation. methods: a before (2001) and after (2004) study of four variables-direct aggression, indirect aggression, prosocial behavior, and scholastic achievement-was conducted among a convenience sample of 339 program participants and their families. results: several program benefits were noted. decreases in both direct and indirect aggression were observed, though the latter was reduced only in girls and in those over 12 years old. prosocial behavior increased among children of all ages and both genders, including those who exhibited low levels of prosocial behavior in 2001. in addition, improved school performance was seen in the group as a whole. results may have been affected by some changes to the prevention program?s implementation and by the dangerous nature of the neighborhood, which limited the home visits. conclusions: the program seems to be an effective intervention for highly aggressive children, among whom a decline in direct aggression was observed. it also offers preventive benefits, as evidenced by the rise of prosocial behaviors in less aggressive children.
Prevención primaria en salud mental
Joanne Klevens,Luis Carlos De La Cruz,Patricia Arango,Hernán Rodríguez
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología , 1989,
Abstract: Primary prevention in mental health encompasses activities directed towards whole communities and especial1y high risk groups within a community to reduce the incidence of problems in mental health and promote wel1 being. According to Bloom, preventive actions should be directed towards those exposed to stressful life events to modify those factors that produce the undesireable consequences of those events. The Iiterature points to two types of factors: personality characteristics (pereeption of events, self-esteem, controlability, confidence in others, a sense of meaning in their actíons, and flexibility) and perceiued. social support
Female Headship and Life History Research: Using Emotional Turning Points  [PDF]
Joanne Cliffe
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.718258
Abstract: A natural line of enquiry for women studying women’s lives is to use life history. Life history helps us to know and understand a subject’s identity. It distinguishes what people are “trying to do” and provides a framework to comprehend a person’s actions so an individual is a dynamic, rather than reflexive participant in her own life. Life history reflects the lived experience of those being researched as they construct their identity through recounting their stories and gaining a deeper understanding of themselves. This paper draws on stories recounted by female headteachers with an emphasis on the rich tapestry of their life experiences and their associated learning through positive and/or negative events. It is the outcomes of these events where the focus lies; particularly how the headteachers made effective use of emotional “turning points” in their lives. Their subsequent actions provide insight and possible contributions to future headship preparation programmes. Findings from two studies provide the data from which the paper is based. The first explored the career paths of seven female secondary school headteachers making sole use of life history interviews; the second was a through five-year longitudinal investigation of another seven secondary school female headteachers with a focus on emotional intelligence which used a range of methods, including life history interviews and psychometric tests (including emotional intelligence tests).
Change in Hepatitis A Seroprevalence among U.S. Children and Adolescents: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2006 and 2007–2010
Deanna Kruszon-Moran,R. Monina Klevens,Geraldine M. McQuillan
Vaccines , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/vaccines1020105
Abstract: To examine changes in seroprevalence of antibodies to hepatitis A virus (HAV) during a period in which universal vaccine recommendations for all U.S. children were implemented, results from serologic testing from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2003–2010 were analyzed among 7,989 participants age 6–19 years, born in the U.S. in two birth cohorts (1986–1996 and 1997–2004). Overall prevalence increased over time from 24.4% in 2003–2006 to the highest ever reported (37.6%) in 2007–2010. Specifically, increases reached statistical significance in the birth cohort born in the years after implementation of vaccine recommendations (1997–2004), among those of race/ethnicity other than white, non-Hispanic, and among states where recommendations were implemented later. The greatest increase over time was among the subgroup of persons in states with early implementation who were of race/ethnicity other than white, non-Hispanic. Geographic region and birth cohort based on vaccine recommendations as well as race/ethnicity were the main predictors of seropositivity in 2007–2010. The increase in Hepatitis A seroprevalence occurred during a time of decreasing incidence and increasing vaccination, however race/ethnic disparities persist.
Parents of Gay Sons Redefining Masculinity  [PDF]
Joanne Cassar, Marthese Grima Sultana
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.58014
Abstract: Becoming a man often signifies adherence to social dictates that expect men to be physically strong, self-reliant, resilient, tough and emotionally detached even if this is achieved at the expense of close and meaningful relationships. Dissatisfaction with this type of traditional masculinity has mounted pressure to reevaluate what defines masculinity in efforts to address gender equality and assert the diverse needs of men and women. Perceptions around the masculinity of gay persons and the discourses that associate homosexuality with a “weak” manhood are also being questioned. We present a study that examines perceptions that Maltese parents of gay sons hold on masculinity and how these might affect their relationship with each other. The inquiry focuses on whether coming out has affected the perceptions of parents of gay sons on masculinity, as described by them. We deem this research question important because parents’ perceptions on masculinity might affect their relationship with their children. The findings that conveyed through qualitative interviews indicate that the embodiment of masculinity norms was accounted for in various family dynamics and relations and shaped how the parents reacted to their son’s coming out and eventual acceptance of his sexuality. Although some aspects of traditional masculinity were held in place even after coming out, the parents were able to shift their perceptions to include a more comprehensive idea about what “being a man” means. This implies that conceptualizations on lived masculinities are moving away from social constructs that define it as unitary, stable and uncontested.
Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA): An Ancient Nutrient for the Modern Human Brain
Joanne Bradbury
Nutrients , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/nu3050529
Abstract: Modern humans have evolved with a staple source of preformed docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the diet. An important turning point in human evolution was the discovery of high-quality, easily digested nutrients from coastal seafood and inland freshwater sources. Multi-generational exploitation of seafood by shore-based dwellers coincided with the rapid expansion of grey matter in the cerebral cortex, which characterizes the modern human brain. The DHA molecule has unique structural properties that appear to provide optimal conditions for a wide range of cell membrane functions. This has particular implications for grey matter, which is membrane-rich tissue. An important metabolic role for DHA has recently been identified as the precursor for resolvins and protectins. The rudimentary source of DHA is marine algae; therefore it is found concentrated in fish and marine oils. Unlike the photosynthetic cells in algae and higher plants, mammalian cells lack the specific enzymes required for the de novo synthesis of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), the precursor for all omega-3 fatty acid syntheses. Endogenous synthesis of DHA from ALA in humans is much lower and more limited than previously assumed. The excessive consumption of omega-6 fatty acids in the modern Western diet further displaces DHA from membrane phospholipids. An emerging body of research is exploring a unique role for DHA in neurodevelopment and the prevention of neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. DHA is increasingly being added back into the food supply as fish oil or algal oil supplementation.
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