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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 417271 matches for " Jo?o de Azevedo e Dias Duarte "
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Tempo e crise na teoria da modernidade de Reinhart Koselleck
Joo de Azevedo e Dias Duarte
História da Historiografia , 2012,
Abstract: Este artigo explora dois aspectos constitutivos da “teoria da modernidade” proposta pelo historiador alem o Reinhart Koselleck. O primeiro corresponde à sua interpreta o da emergência da no o de “tempo histórico”; e o segundo, a seu argumento acerca da crise sociopolítica que se instaura a partir da tendência moderna a recorrer a filosofias da história para sustentar programas de a o política. Procurar-se-á demonstrar que Koselleck, ao mesmo tempo em que saúda a descoberta/inven o – pelas filosofias da história do século XVIII – de uma “história humana”, condena a instrumentaliza o política dessas mesmas filosofias como o vetor de uma crise que se estende da Revolu o Francesa até a Guerra Fria. à guisa de conclus o, sugerem-se alguns pontos de aproxima o entre a vis o da modernidade de Koselleck e aquela da filósofa Hannah Arendt.
Factors associated with the successful aging of the socially-active elderly in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre
Moraes, Joo Feliz Duarte de;Souza, Valdemarina Bidone de Azevedo e;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462005000400009
Abstract: objective: to identify the factors associated with aging of the socially-active elderly in the metropolitan region of porto alegre. methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted involving a sample of 400 elderly subjects. through a conglomerate analysis using the combined results of the flanagan scale and the quality of life assessment instrument developed by the world health organization (whoqol-100), the subjects classified as presenting a higher quality of life were considered to have aged successfully. results: after having been adjusted for the variables gender, age, level of depression, despair, perceived health status, meaning that personal beliefs give to life, satisfaction with social activities and relations, the following factors maintained their independent and meaningful effect on successful aging: family relations and friendships (or = 4.93; 95% ci: 2.83-8.60), health and perceived well being (or = 1.66; 95% ci: 1.07-2.59), functional capacity (or = 23.70; 95% ci: 10.98-51.06) and psychosocial support (or = 7.36; 95% ci: 4.00-13.54). conclusions: independence in performing daily life activities and autonomy, as well as satisfaction with family relations and friendships, were independent predictive factors of successful aging for both men and women. for women in particular, there were various predictive factors: material comfort; feeling physically well; body image and appearance; self-esteem; positive feelings; interpersonal relationships; social support; participation in recreational activities; sexuality; spirituality; and beliefs. the elderly maintain a relationship with themselves, with others and with their beliefs. family is the main social support system.
Factors associated with the successful aging of the socially-active elderly in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre
Moraes Joo Feliz Duarte de,Souza Valdemarina Bidone de Azevedo e
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2005,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with aging of the socially-active elderly in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving a sample of 400 elderly subjects. Through a conglomerate analysis using the combined results of the Flanagan Scale and the quality of life assessment instrument developed by the World Health Organization (WHOQOL-100), the subjects classified as presenting a higher quality of life were considered to have aged successfully. RESULTS: After having been adjusted for the variables gender, age, level of depression, despair, perceived health status, meaning that personal beliefs give to life, satisfaction with social activities and relations, the following factors maintained their independent and meaningful effect on successful aging: family relations and friendships (OR = 4.93; 95% CI: 2.83-8.60), health and perceived well being (OR = 1.66; 95% CI: 1.07-2.59), functional capacity (OR = 23.70; 95% CI: 10.98-51.06) and psychosocial support (OR = 7.36; 95% CI: 4.00-13.54). CONCLUSIONS: Independence in performing daily life activities and autonomy, as well as satisfaction with family relations and friendships, were independent predictive factors of successful aging for both men and women. For women in particular, there were various predictive factors: material comfort; feeling physically well; body image and appearance; self-esteem; positive feelings; interpersonal relationships; social support; participation in recreational activities; sexuality; spirituality; and beliefs. The elderly maintain a relationship with themselves, with others and with their beliefs. Family is the main social support system.
Incapacidade funcional e idosos: um desafio para os profissionais de saúde = Functional incapacity and the aged: a challenge to health care professionals
Bonardi, Gislaine,Souza, Valdemarina Bidone de Azevedo e,Moraes, Joo Feliz Duarte de
Scientia Medica , 2007,
Abstract: Objetivo: apresentar e avaliar os conhecimentos atuais sobre incapacidade funcional e idosos. Fonte de dados: compila es de artigos científicos originais e de revis o, em revistas indexadas no PubMed, Capes e na Sociedade Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia. Síntese dos dados: ao invés de processos agudos que evoluem para cura ou óbito, s o predominantes nos idosos as doen as cr nico-degenerativas e suas complica es. Freqüentemente elas se sobrep em, sendo a presen a de multipatologias e plurimorbidades uma característica importante nos idosos, resultando em um declínio de múltiplos sistemas fisiológicos e levando à vulnerabilidade e à temível dependência funcional. Conclus es: a saúde n o é mais medida pela presen a ou n o de doen as, e sim pelo grau de preserva o da capacidade funcional. O declínio do estado fisiológico e psicológico, prevalente nos idosos, resulta na dificuldade de manter a homeostasia corporal em face à exacerba o das doen as cr nicodegenerativas. Um dos desafios dos profissionais de saúde é aprender a trabalhar de forma interacional e integrada na preven o e tratamento da incapacidade funcional em idosos. Aims: To present and to evaluate what is available on functional incapacity and the aged. Source of data: Compilation of literature on original scientific and review articles in indexed journals in PubMed, Capes and at the Brazilian Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology. Summary of the findings: Instead of acute processes that evolve to healing or death, the aged have mainly chronic diseases and their complications. As they are often superimposed, the presence of multiple pathologies and morbidities is a major characteristic in the aged, resulting in decline of multiple physiological systems, vulnerability, and the feared functional dependence. Conclusions: Health is no longer measured by the presence or absence of diseases, but by the degree of preservation of functional capacity. The decline in physiological and psychological state, prevalent in the aged, results in difficulty to maintain body homeostasis in the presence of the exacerbation of chronic diseases. One of the challenges for the health care professionals is learning to work in an interactional and integrated manner in the prevention and treatment of the functional incapacity of the aged.
EFFECT OF TIMING OF ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION ON THE FERTILITY AND SEX RATIO IN NELORE HEIFERS INFLUêNCIA DO MOMENTO DA INSEMINA O ARTIFICIAL SOBRE A FERTILIDADE E O SEXO DA CRIA DE NOVILHAS DA RA A NELORE
Artur Emilio Freitas e Silva,Miguel Joaquim Dias,Darci Silva de Oliveira Dias,Joo Batista Duarte
Ciência Animal Brasileira , 2008,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of timing of artificial insemination on the fertility and calf sex ratio in Nelore heifers (n = 200) submitted a protocol of timed artificial insemination (TAI). The heifers, distributed into five groups (GC, GT6, GT12, GT18 and GT24), presented a mean of 2.5 years old and 342 Kg of body weight. The inseminations were performed in the moments 0 (GC), 6 (GT6), 12 (GT12), 18 (GT18) and 24 (GT24) hours after the injection of GnRH. The conception rates were 87.5% (GC), 82.5% (GT6), 77.5% (GT12), 85.0% (GT18) and 77.5% (GT24). There was no statistical difference (p>0.05) in the conception rates between the five treatments. The percentage of calved males was 38.2% (GC), 48.5% (GT6), 45.2% (GT12), 55.9% (GT18) and 58.6% (GT24). The male/female ratio was 0.62 (GC), 0.94 (GT6), 0.82 (GT12), 1.27 (GT18) and 1.42 (GT24). Statistical difference was found (p<0.05) in the male/female ratio between the five treatments. The timing of artificial insemination has influence on the sex ratio, showing an increase in the proportion of calved males when the insemination is progressively delayed. Within of the measured interval of time (0-24h after GnRH), the fertility of Nelore heifers is not influenced by the moment of the artificial insemination. KEY WORDS: Beef cattle, management, pregnancy test, ultrasound, sexing. Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito do momento da insemina o artificial (IA) sobre a fertilidade e a propor o do sexo da cria de novilhas da ra a Nelore (n = 200) submetidas a protocolo de IATF. As novilhas, distribuídas em cinco tratamentos (GC, GT6, GT12, GT18 e GT24), apresentavam idade média de 2,5 anos e peso médio de 342 kg. Realizaram-se as insemina es nos momentos 0 (GC), 6 (GT6), 12 (GT12), 18 (GT18) e 24 (GT24) horas após a aplica o do GnRH. As taxas de concep o foram de 87,5% (GC), 82,5% (GT6), 77,5% (GT12), 85,0% (GT18) e de 77,5% (GT24). N o houve diferen a estatística (p>0,05) entre as taxas de concep o dos cinco tratamentos. A propor o de machos foi 38,2% (GC), 48,5% (GT6), 45,2% (GT12), 55,9% (GT18) e de 58,6% (GT24). A rela o macho/fêmea foi de 0,62 (GC), 0,94 (GT6), 0,82 (GT12), 1,27 (GT18) e de 1,42 (GT24). Houve diferen a significativa (p<0,05) na rela o macho/fêmea entre os cinco tratamentos. O momento da insemina o artificial exerce influência sobre a rela o macho/fêmea, aumentando a propor o de machos na medida em que as insemina es s o realizadas mais tardiamente. Dentro do intervalo de tempo avaliado (0 a 24h após GnRH), a fertilidade das novilhas da ra a Nelore n o é influenciada
Prevalência de sintomas do climatério em mulheres dos meios rural e urbano no Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil
Silveira, Inavan Lopes da;Petronilo, Patrícia Arboés;Souza, Maxwell de Oliveira;Silva, Thiago Demétrio Nogueira Costa e;Duarte, Joo Marcelo Brasil Pinheiro;Maranh?o, Técia Maria de Oliveira;Azevedo, George Dantas de;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032007000800006
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate climacteric symptoms and related factors in women living in rural and urban areas of rio grande do norte, brazil. methods: a cross-sectional study involving 261 women in the climacteric was performed. a total of 130 women from natal and mossoró (urban group) and 131 from urua?u, in s?o gon?alo do amarante (rural group), were studied. climacteric symptoms were assessed by the blatt-kupperman menopausal index (bkmi) and greene climacteric scale (gce). statistical analysis involved comparison of median between groups and logistic regression analysis. patients were defined as "very symptomatic" when the climacteric score was >20 for both questionnaires (dependent variable). independent variables were: age, living area, schooling, obesity and physical activity. results: the urban group had significantly higher scores than those of the rural group, both for bkmi (median of 26.0 and 17.0, respectively; p<0.0001) and for gce (median of 27.0 and 16.0, respectively; p<0.0001). for the entire sample, a total of 56.3% (n=147) of the women were classified as "very symptomatic". this prevalence was significantly higher in urban than in rural women (79.2 and 33.6%, respectively; p<0.05). logistic regression analysis showed that the likelihood of belonging to the group defined as "very symptomatic" was greater for urban women [adjusted odds ratio (or)=7.1; confidence interval at 95% (95%ci)=3.69-13.66] who were literate (or=2.19; 95%ci=1.16-4.13). individuals over the age of 60 years had less chance of having significant symptoms (or=0.38; 95%ci=0.17-0.87). conclusions: the prevalence of significant climacteric symptoms is less in women from a rural environment, showing that sociocultural and environmental factors are strongly related to the appearance of climacteric symptoms in our population.
Synthesis, antitumor and antimicrobial activity of novel 1-substituted phenyl-3-[3-alkylamino(methyl)-2-thioxo-1,3,4-oxadiazol-5-yl] β-carboline derivatives
Savariz, Franciele C.;Formagio, Anelise S. N.;Barbosa, Valéria A.;Foglio, Mary Ann;Carvalho, Joo E. de;Duarte, Marta C. T.;Dias Filho, Benedito P.;Sarragiotto, Maria Helena;
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-50532010000200014
Abstract: with the purpose of activity enhancement of 1-substituted phenyl-3-(2-thioxo-1,3,4-oxadiazol-5-yl) β-carbolines 1a-c, reported as potential antitumor agents in our previous study, herein we report the synthesis and antitumor activity evaluation of several novel mannich bases 2-7(a-c), by the introduction of different alkylamino(methyl) groups in the 1,3,4-oxadiazole unity of 1a-c. the antimicrobial activities of 1a-c and of 2-7(a-c) were also evaluated. additionally, an in silico study of the adme properties of novel synthesized β-carboline derivatives 2-7(a-c) was performed by evaluation of their lipinski's parameters and topological polar surface area (tpsa) and percentage of absorption (% abs) data.
Prote??o medular em cirurgia da aorta descendente com uso de "bio-pump" e exsangüina??o controlada
Murad, Henrique;Feitosa, José L;Giambroni Filho, Rubens;Azevedo, José Augusto de;Brito, Joo de Deus e;Palhares, Márcia S;Gomes, Eliane C;Nascimento, Francisco José do;Oliveira, Diniz Alves de;Fonseca, Maria Elisa G;Couto, Amauri Dias do;Sá, Mauro Paes Leme de;Pires, Juscileide M. de Araújo;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76381994000200005
Abstract: the authors have used for spinal cord protection during descending aortic surgery, partial extracorporeal circulation from left atrium to left femoral artery, low dose of heparin (1 mg/kg), centrifugal pump (bio-pump) and controlled exsanguination. they have operated upon with this methodology 4 patients without mortality, paraplegia or excessive bleeding.
Histological evaluation of alternative film for regenerative techniques: experimentalstudy in rat mandibles
Ranulfo Duarte de AZEVEDO NETO,Saulo Kfouri LOPES,Ulysses de ALMEIDA,Joo César ZIELAK
RSBO , 2009,
Abstract: Introduction:Today, Teflon is used for many biological applications in medicine and dentistry. In dentistry,it is used especially as a barrier,in the guided tissue regeneration (GTR) and guided bone regeneration(GBR)techniques, presenting different levels of success. Objective:The objective of the present study was to evaluate through histological analysis the use of a Teflon film placed over intra-oral bone defectssurgically created in rats. Material and methods:16 adult male rats(WISTAR) were divided in two groups:group T (test) and C(control.Two experimental monitoring periods were analyzed: one and threeweeks. Bone defects were surgically created in the right mandible, withthe use of a carbide bur (3 mm diameter),anterior to the mentonianregion.In T group, bone defect was covered with a film of Teflon(expanded polytetrafluoroethylene, e-PTFE).In C group, defect wasfilled only with blood clot.After monitoring periods went through,animals were euthanized. Results: Due to the high malleability Teflonfilm filled the experimental defects, which caused a local tissue response characterized by the presence of a chronicle and acute inflammatoryinfiltrate,either at 1 or 3 weeks T groups.In 3-week T group, it waspossible to observe the development of bone tissue with initial matrix mineralization only from the edges of the defect. Bone developmentfrom the edges also happened in C group,with absence of intenseinflammatory processes.However,maintenance of tissue volume was poor.Conclusion: In the presented experimental model it was possibleto conclude that filling bone defect with Teflon film was prejudicial tolocal bone repair.To use Teflon film for regenerative techniques it isnecessary to improve physical properties,diminishing its malleability.
Detection of Mycobacterium leprae infection in wild nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) using the rapid ML Flow test
Deps, Patrícia Duarte;Antunes, Joo Marcelo Azevedo de Paula;Tomimori-Yamashita, Jane;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822007000100019
Abstract: mycobaterium leprae infection was investigated in armadillos from the state of espírito santo, brazil. the ml flow test was performed on 37 nine-banded armadillos and positive results were found in 11 (29.7%). the ml flow test may be used to identify possible sources of mycobaterium leprae among wild armadillos.
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