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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 140007 matches for " Jo?o Rui Duarte Farias Nogueira "
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O envolvimento do pai na gravidez/parto e a liga??o emocional com o bebé
Nogueira,Joo Rui Duarte Farias; Ferreira,Manuela;
Revista de Enfermagem Referência , 2012,
Abstract: background: the emotional bond between father and child is crucial in the transition to parenthood and the baby’s development. objectives: our intention was to verify if there is a relationship between sociodemographic variables, involvement in the pregnancy or cutting the umbilical cord with the emotional bond between father and baby. methodology: we performed a cross-sectional, quantitative study descriptive and analytical in nature. we administered a questionnaire and the bonding scale validated for the portuguese population (figueiredo et al., 2005), at three different times (during labour, on the 1st and 3rd days after birth) to 222 parents between november 2010 and january 2011. results: we found that age (between 25 and 40 years), accompanying the pregnant woman to appointments for pregnancy surveillance, monitoring of the pregnancy in preparation for the birth of the baby, reading information about the developing baby involvement in the pregnancy and cutting the umbilical cord positively influence the emotional bond between father and baby. conclusion: the results indicate an improvement in the emotional bond between father and baby if health professionals promote fathers’ involvement during pregnancyand childbirth.
O envolvimento do pai na gravidez/parto e a liga o emocional com o bebé La participación del padre en el embarazo/parto y el vínculo emocional con el bebé Father’s involvement in pregnancy/childbirth and the emotional bond with the baby
Joo Rui Duarte Farias Nogueira,Manuela Ferreira
Revista de Enfermagem Referência , 2012,
Abstract: Enquadramento: a liga o emocional entre pai e filho é determinante na transi o para a paternidade e no desenvolvimento do bebé. Objetivos: pretendemos verificar se existe rela o entre as variáveis sóciodemográficas, o envolvimento na gravidez ou o corte do cord o umbilical com a liga o emocional do pai com o bebé. Metodologia: efetuámos um estudo transversal, quantitativo de caráter descritivo analítico. Aplicámos um questionário e a escala bonding validada para a popula o Portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005), em três momentos diferentes (durante o trabalho de parto, no 1o e no 3o dia após o parto) a 222 pais, entre novembro de 2010 e janeiro de 2011. Resultados: verificámos que a idade (entre 25 e 40 anos), o acompanhamento da grávida às consultas de vigilancia da gravidez, o acompanhamento da grávida nos preparativos para o nascimento do bebé, a leitura de informa o sobre o bebé em desenvolvimento, o envolvimento na gravidez e o corte do cord o umbilical influenciam positivamente a liga o emocional do pai com o bebé. Conclus o: os resultados apontam para uma melhoria na liga o afetiva entre o pai e o bebé se os profissionais de saúde promoverem o envolvimento do pai na gravidez e no parto. Marco: el vínculo emocional entre padre e hijo es crucial en la transición hacia la paternidad y el desarrollo del bebé.Objetivos: pretendemos verificar si existe una relación entre las variables sociodemográficas, la participación en el embarazo o el corte del cordón umbilical y el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé. Metodología: se realizó un estudio transversal, cuantitativo, de corte descriptivo-analítico. Se aplicó un cuestionario y la escala de Bonding validado para la población portuguesa (Figueiredo et al., 2005), en tres momentos diferentes (durante el parto, durante el primer y el tercer día después del parto) a 222 padres, entre noviembre 2010 y enero de 2011. Resultados: se comprobó que la edad (entre 25 y 40 a os), el acompa amiento con la mujer embarazada alas citas para la vigilancia del embarazo, el acompa amiento de la mujer embarazada en los preparativos para el nacimiento del bebé, la lectura de información sobre el desarrollo del bebé, la participación en el embarazo y el corte del cordón umbilical influyen positivamente en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé. Conclusión: los resultados indican una mejora en el vínculo emocional entre el padre y el bebé siempre y cuando los profesionales de la salud promuevan la participación del padre durante el embarazo y el parto. Background: the emotional bond between father and child
Undoubtable signs of CP-violation in Higgs decays at the LHC run 2
Duarte Fontes,Jorge C. Rom?o,Rui Santos,Joo P. Silva
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.055014
Abstract: With the discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider the high energy physics community's attention has now turned to understanding the properties of the Higgs boson, together with the hope of finding more scalars during run 2. In this work we discuss scenarios where using a combination of three decays, involving the 125 GeV Higgs boson, the Z boson and at least one more scalar, an indisputable signal of CP-violation arises. We use a complex two-Higgs doublet model as a reference model and present some benchmark points that have passed all current experimental and theoretical constraints, and that have cross sections large enough to be probed during run 2.
GENETIC VARIABILITY IN YOUNG PROGENIES OF A AIZEIRO
Joo Tomé de Farias Neto,Maria do Socorro Padilha de Oliveira,Ant?nio Agostinho Muller,Oscar Lameira Nogueira
CERNE , 2005,
Abstract: This work aimed at studying the genetic variability in young progenies of a aizeiro population. The experiment wasinstalled in the physical base of Tomé-A u of the Embrapa Eastern Amaz nia, involving the study of 25 progenies of half sibdelineated in látice 5 x 5. The experiment consisted of two repetitions and five plants per plot. Plant height (AP) and diameter (DFC),number of live leaves (NFV) and tillers (NP) were obtained twelve months after planting. The analyses of variance showed that,except plant height and number of leaves characteristics, it had significant differences 5 % of probability for diameter plant andnumber of tillers. Values estimated in the superior extremity of the interval of variation for the characteristic appraised point outpromising individuals to be selected for producing fruits, regarding diameter of the plant, due to the fact that these characters arecorrelated positively. The biggest estimates of genetic parameters had been gotten in relation to the characteristic number of tillers,followed by plant diameter.
Allele frequency distributions of six hypervariable loci (D1S80, APOB, D4S43, vW1, F13A and DYS19) in two African-Brazilian communities from the Amazon region
Vallinoto, Izaura Maria Vieira Cayres;Vallinoto, Antonio Carlos Rosário;Valente, Cristina Maria Duarte;Guerreiro, Joo Farias;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572003000300003
Abstract: the allele frequency distributions of three vntr (d1s80, apob and d4s43) and three str (vw1, f13a1 and dys19) loci were investigated in two afro-brazilian populations from the amazon: curiau and pacoval. exact tests for population differentiation revealed significant differences in allele frequency between populations only for the d1s80 and apob loci. a statistically significant deviation from the hardy-weinberg equilibrium was observed only in the d1s80 locus of the pacoval sample. a neighbor-joining tree was constructed based on da genetic distances of allele frequencies in four afro-brazilian populations from the amazon (pacoval, curiau, trombetas, and cametá), along with those from congo, cameroon, brazilian amerindians, and europeans. this analysis revealed the usefulness of these amp-flps for population studies - african and african-derived populations were closely grouped, and clearly separated from amerindians and europeans. estimates of admixture components based on the gene identity method revealed the prevalence of the african component in both populations studied, amounting to 51% in pacoval, and to 43% in curiau. the amerindian component was also important in both populations (37% in pacoval, and 24% in curiau). the european component reached 33% in curiau.
Allele frequency distributions of six hypervariable loci (D1S80, APOB, D4S43, vW1, F13A and DYS19) in two African-Brazilian communities from the Amazon region
Vallinoto Izaura Maria Vieira Cayres,Vallinoto Antonio Carlos Rosário,Valente Cristina Maria Duarte,Guerreiro Joo Farias
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2003,
Abstract: The allele frequency distributions of three VNTR (D1S80, APOB and D4S43) and three STR (vW1, F13A1 and DYS19) loci were investigated in two Afro-Brazilian populations from the Amazon: Curiau and Pacoval. Exact tests for population differentiation revealed significant differences in allele frequency between populations only for the D1S80 and APOB loci. A statistically significant deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed only in the D1S80 locus of the Pacoval sample. A neighbor-joining tree was constructed based on DA genetic distances of allele frequencies in four Afro-Brazilian populations from the Amazon (Pacoval, Curiau, Trombetas, and Cametá), along with those from Congo, Cameroon, Brazilian Amerindians, and Europeans. This analysis revealed the usefulness of these Amp-FLPs for population studies - African and African-derived populations were closely grouped, and clearly separated from Amerindians and Europeans. Estimates of admixture components based on the gene identity method revealed the prevalence of the African component in both populations studied, amounting to 51% in Pacoval, and to 43% in Curiau. The Amerindian component was also important in both populations (37% in Pacoval, and 24% in Curiau). The European component reached 33% in Curiau.
Caffeine Consumption Prevents Diabetes-Induced Memory Impairment and Synaptotoxicity in the Hippocampus of NONcZNO10/LTJ Mice
Joo M. N. Duarte, Paula M. Agostinho, Rui A. Carvalho, Rodrigo A. Cunha
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021899
Abstract: Diabetic conditions are associated with modified brain function, namely with cognitive deficits, through largely undetermined processes. More than understanding the underlying mechanism, it is important to devise novel strategies to alleviate diabetes-induced cognitive deficits. Caffeine (a mixed antagonist of adenosine A1 and A2A receptors) emerges as a promising candidate since caffeine consumption reduces the risk of diabetes and effectively prevents memory deficits caused by different noxious stimuli. Thus, we took advantage of a novel animal model of type 2 diabetes to investigate the behavioural, neurochemical and morphological modifications present in the hippocampus and tested if caffeine consumption might prevent these changes. We used a model closely mimicking the human type 2 diabetes condition, NONcNZO10/LtJ mice, which become diabetic at 7–11 months when kept under an 11% fat diet. Caffeine (1 g/l) was applied in the drinking water from 7 months onwards. Diabetic mice displayed a decreased spontaneous alternation in the Y-maze accompanied by a decreased density of nerve terminal markers (synaptophysin, SNAP25), mainly glutamatergic (vesicular glutamate transporters), and increased astrogliosis (GFAP immunoreactivity) compared to their wild type littermates kept under the same diet. Furthermore, diabetic mice displayed up-regulated A2A receptors and down-regulated A1 receptors in the hippocampus. Caffeine consumption restored memory performance and abrogated the diabetes-induced loss of nerve terminals and astrogliosis. These results provide the first evidence that type 2 diabetic mice display a loss of nerve terminal markers and astrogliosis, which is associated with memory impairment; furthermore, caffeine consumption prevents synaptic dysfunction and astrogliosis as well as memory impairment in type 2 diabetes.
A comunica??o e a altera??o de comportamentos
Ricou,Miguel; Salgado,Joo; Alves,Cristiana; Duarte,Ivone; Teixeira,Zélia; Barrias,José; Nunes,Rui;
Psicologia, Saúde & Doen?as , 2004,
Abstract: the aim of this study it's to try to learn more about the behaviour changing processes. we know that for prevention we need to inform people. on the other hand, knowing the facts is not enough to change behaviours. so, in primary health care, an important prevention field, what are the best ways to promote the adoption of healthy behaviours? using as example the alcohol consumption during pregnancy, we've tried to access the knowledge of 295 pregnant women, followed in several primary health care centres in the north of portugal, about the effects of alcohol during pregnancy, as well as about their drinking habits. we also asked about the sources of the information, assuming that the gp should be the best person to inform these women on how to improve their knowledge. although this seems to be true, we didn't find a desirable change of the drinking patterns. we believe that, beside the addictive nature of alcohol, the lack of a trust relationship to discuss with people about their habits and their difficulties to change them is one of the major causes that explain the changing behaviour resistance. the promotion of specialists to work in the primary health practices, like health psychologists, it's one of the solutions proposed by the authors.
Desempenho de vacas da ra?a Holandesa em pastagem de coastcross
Vilela, Duarte;Lima, Josiane Aparecida de;Resende, Joo Cesar de;Verneque, Rui da Silva;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982006000200031
Abstract: the productive performance of holstein cows grazing fertilized coastcross (cynodon dactylon (l.) pears) pasture, strategically irrigated and supplemented with either 3 or 6 kg of concentrate/cow/day, was evaluated in this trial. the data were collected for three years (october/2000 to october/2003), involving 108 lactations. a completely randomized block design with two treatment replications was adopted, with nine animals per paddock. the pasture was strip grazed at a stocking rate of five cows per hectare, with rest periods of 25 and 35 days in the rainy and dry seasons, respectively. the pasture was irrigated in the months of lowest rainfall and fertilized with npk broadcast at six applications/year. the pre-grazing pasture masses were 7,280 kg/ha and 6,167 kg/ha with post-grazing residuals of 4,885 kg/ha and 3,994 kg/ha, in the rainy (spring/summer) and dry (fall/winter) seasons, respectively. during part of the experimental period, a few morphogenic characteristics of the pasture were evaluated. leaf blade growth rates of 83.9, 125.6 and 89.5 kg dm/ha/day were recorded in the spring, summer and fall season, respectively. the average daily milk yields were 15.5 and 19.1 kg/day/cow with 3.5% of fat and 77.80 and 94.00 kg/ha, for either 3 or 6 kg of concentrate/cow/day, respectively. it was concluded that fertilized coastcross pasture adequately managed enables high milk yields per cow and per hectare.
Diabetic and Prediabetic Profile of Patients in a Family Health Care Unit of Salvador, Northeastern Brazil  [PDF]
Joo Zallio Coelho, Pedro Juli?o Zallio Coelho, Sanchela Raiane Pereira de Oliveira, Alex Farias Soares, Jacqueline Novais Santana, Paulo Ricardo Bacelar Macedo, Juliana Silveira de Freitas, Danilo Guimar?es Nogueira Andrade, Mirella Hansen de Almeida, Denise Rosso Tenório Wanderley Rocha, Alberto Krayyem Arbex
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2016.61009
Abstract: Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world. In Brazil, 8.7% of the population between 20 and 79 years of age has diabetes, estimating 11.6 million diabetics. It is commonly associated with other co-morbidities such as hypertension, dyslipidemia and obesity, which put these patients into a high cardiovascular risk profile. This study was performed using the medical records of enrolled population attending a Family Health Unit of Alto do Coqueirinho, Salvador, Northeastern Brazil, consisting of one doctor, one nurse, one dentist, one nursing technician and six community health workers. Medical records and data provided by the system of the Primary Care Information (SIAB), showed total of 2495 patients. Considering the prevalence morbidities in this population, hypertension was present in 9.8% of patients and Type 2 Diabetes in only 3.6%. Since the prevalence of morbidities is the key indicator to the development of public health policies, it seems important a better knowledge on the prevalence rates of diabetes, prediabetes and its co-morbidities of this population. Future plans and projects for health professionals will be based on a consistent medical record.
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