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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 140999 matches for " Jo T "
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The effects of different preservation methods on the quality of nunu, a locally fermented Nigerian dairy product
JO Nebedum, T Obiakor
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2007,
Abstract: Biochemical and microbial analyses were carried out on fresh and preserved nunu for seven days. Fresh nunu contained protein, carbohydrates, lipids, calcium and other nutrients. Fresh samples had an initial pH of 4.4, microbial load of 4.2 x 103 cfu/ml and free fatty acid level of 2.21 mg/g of sample. Unpreserved sample showed appreciable degree of lipolysis, proteolysis and lactose fermentation. Preservation was by physical and chemical means. Physical methods included pasteurization and refrigeration. Pasteurization proved to be the least effective method of preservation. There was an appreciable level of increase in microbial count and biochemical changes. The chemical preservatives used were sodium benzoate and benzoic acid (1% concentration, w/v of sample). Sodium benzoate proved to be the most effective of all methods of preservation. The microbial count was significantly reduced (p < 0.05) and there were very slight biochemical changes. Benzoic acid was also effective, but less than sodium benzoate. Nunu, if well preserved, can thus be a very refreshing and nourishing beverage that is affordable to many.
IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY ON ENVIRONMENT AND FOOD SECURITY UTJECAJ POLJOPRIVREDNE BIOTEHNOLOGIJE NA OKOLI I SIGURNOST HRANE
Marijan Jot
Poljoprivreda (Osijek) , 2003,
Abstract: The application of modern biotechnology in agricultural production processes has generated new ethical, economic, social and environmental dilemmas confronting scientists all over the world. While current knowledge is insufficient for assessing the promised benefits and possible risks of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), the principle of “substantial equivalence” in comparing GM and conventional food is profoundly flawed and scientifically insupportable. The current generation of GMOs provide small benefits except corporate profit and marginally improved grower returns. The TRIPS agreement has allowed worldwide patenting of genes and microorganisms, as well as genetically engineered organisms. Granting patents on life encourages biopiracy and the theft of genetic resources belonging to the local community. At the same time, the patented products are sold at relatively high prices to developing countries – the same countries from which the product originated.
Implementation of Network Intrusion Detection System Using Soft Computing Algorithms (Self Organizing Feature Map and Genetic Algorithm)  [PDF]
Jo?l T. Hounsou, Thierry Nsabimana, Jules Degila
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2019.101001
Abstract: In today’s world, computer network is evolving very rapidly. Most public or/and private companies set up their own local networks system for the purpose of promoting communication and data sharing within the companies. Unfortunately, their data and local networks system are under risks. With the advanced computer networks, the unauthorized users attempt to access their local networks system so as to compromise the integrity, confidentiality and availability of resources. Multiple methods and approaches have to be applied to protect their data and local networks system against malicious attacks. The main aim of our paper is to provide an intrusion detection system based on soft computing algorithms such as Self Organizing Feature Map Artificial Neural Network and Genetic Algorithm to network intrusion detection system. KDD Cup 99 and 1998 DARPA dataset were employed for training and testing the intrusion detection rules. However, GA’s traditional Fitness Function was improved in order to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the algorithm in classifying network attacks from KDD Cup 99 and 1998 DARPA dataset. SOFM ANN and GA training parameters were discussed and implemented for performance evaluation. The experimental results demonstrated that SOFM ANN achieved better performance than GA, where in SOFM ANN high attack detection rate is 99.98%, 99.89%, 100%, 100%, 100% and low false positive rate is 0.01%, 0.1%, 0%, 0%, 0% for DoS, R2L, Probe, U2R attacks, and Normal traffic respectively.
Methodology for Studying the Ecological Quality of Furniture
Leon Oblak,Matej Jot
Drvna Industrija , 2011,
Abstract: Decisions for environment-friendly production and environmentally acceptable products are becoming a necessity and one of very important objectives of timber companies next to already existing economic criteria. Individual products and their manufacture have different infl uences on the pollution of the environment. Therefore it is necessary to determine the ecological quality of individual products, which means analyzing their ecological suitability during their life cycle. In our research we developed the methodology for establishing the ecological quality of furniture, based on three scientific methods: the method of life cycle analysis, ABC analysis, modified for our case, and the multi-criteria decision-making method. We analyzed the ecological quality of three kitchens of a well-known manufacturer. The results of the research are the basis for developing an optimal business strategy from the viewpoint of determining a production assortment. The used methodology is also suitable for studying other furniture products and for accepting optimal environmentally acceptable decisions in wood companies.
Dynamic change in respiratory resistance during inspiratory and expiratory phases of tidal breathing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Yamauchi Y, Kohyama T, Jo T, Nagase T
International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S30399
Abstract: amic change in respiratory resistance during inspiratory and expiratory phases of tidal breathing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Original Research (2242) Total Article Views Authors: Yamauchi Y, Kohyama T, Jo T, Nagase T Published Date April 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 259 - 269 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S30399 Received: 31 January 2012 Accepted: 04 March 2012 Published: 11 April 2012 Yasuhiro Yamauchi1,2, Tadashi Kohyama2, Taisuke Jo2, Takahide Nagase2 1Division of Health Promotion Center, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Background and objective: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation consisting of airway obstruction and parenchymal emphysema, with loss of elastic recoil. The forced oscillation technique can detect impairment of lung function by measuring lung impedance during normal tidal breathing. Respiratory resistance (Rrs) in COPD has been well-studied, but the differences in Rrs in the inspiratory and expiratory phases between mild and moderate COPD remain poorly understood. Since airway obstruction in COPD is known to change dynamically during tidal breathing and might affect Rrs, the differences in Rrs during tidal breathing between mild and moderate COPD were evaluated. Methods: Mild (n = 13) and moderate (n = 13) COPD patients were recruited at Tokyo University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan). Rrs was measured using MostGraph-01 (Chest MI, Inc, Tokyo, Japan), which depicted Rrs in a frequency- and respiratory cycle-dependent manner in three-dimensional graphics. Rrs was evaluated at 4–35 Hz during tidal breathing. Results: Rrs changed dynamically during tidal breathing in COPD. The mean Rrs values were significantly greater in the moderate COPD group than in the mild group. The maximal and minimal Rrs values at higher frequencies in the respiratory cycle were significantly greater in moderate COPD. In inspiratory–expiratory breath analysis, the maximal and minimal Rrs values at 20 Hz and 35 Hz were significantly greater in the moderate group, whereas at 4 Hz they did not differ significantly between the groups. Conclusion: Rrs changed dynamically during tidal breathing in patients with COPD. The Rrs values at higher frequencies were greater in moderate COPD than in mild COPD. Rrs at higher frequencies might reflect the degree of airway obstruction in tidal breathing in patients with COPD and might be a useful marker for evaluation of airway obstruction at an early stage of COPD.
Dynamic change in respiratory resistance during inspiratory and expiratory phases of tidal breathing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Yamauchi Y,Kohyama T,Jo T,Nagase T
International Journal of COPD , 2012,
Abstract: Yasuhiro Yamauchi1,2, Tadashi Kohyama2, Taisuke Jo2, Takahide Nagase21Division of Health Promotion Center, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, JapanBackground and objective: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation consisting of airway obstruction and parenchymal emphysema, with loss of elastic recoil. The forced oscillation technique can detect impairment of lung function by measuring lung impedance during normal tidal breathing. Respiratory resistance (Rrs) in COPD has been well-studied, but the differences in Rrs in the inspiratory and expiratory phases between mild and moderate COPD remain poorly understood. Since airway obstruction in COPD is known to change dynamically during tidal breathing and might affect Rrs, the differences in Rrs during tidal breathing between mild and moderate COPD were evaluated.Methods: Mild (n = 13) and moderate (n = 13) COPD patients were recruited at Tokyo University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan). Rrs was measured using MostGraph-01 (Chest MI, Inc, Tokyo, Japan), which depicted Rrs in a frequency- and respiratory cycle-dependent manner in three-dimensional graphics. Rrs was evaluated at 4–35 Hz during tidal breathing.Results: Rrs changed dynamically during tidal breathing in COPD. The mean Rrs values were significantly greater in the moderate COPD group than in the mild group. The maximal and minimal Rrs values at higher frequencies in the respiratory cycle were significantly greater in moderate COPD. In inspiratory–expiratory breath analysis, the maximal and minimal Rrs values at 20 Hz and 35 Hz were significantly greater in the moderate group, whereas at 4 Hz they did not differ significantly between the groups.Conclusion: Rrs changed dynamically during tidal breathing in patients with COPD. The Rrs values at higher frequencies were greater in moderate COPD than in mild COPD. Rrs at higher frequencies might reflect the degree of airway obstruction in tidal breathing in patients with COPD and might be a useful marker for evaluation of airway obstruction at an early stage of COPD.Keywords: COPD, airflow limitation, respiratory resistance, forced oscillation technique
Laboratory evaluation of four medicinal plants as protectants against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Mots)
ST Arannilewa, T Ekrakene, JO Akinneye
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2006,
Abstract: The petroleum ether extract of four medicinal plants; Aristolochia ringens (Vahl), Allium sativum (L), Ficus exasperata (L) and Garcinia kola (H), were evaluated as grain protectant against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Mots) in the laboratory at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% (w/v) concentrations. Parameters assessed were adult mortality, rate of adult emergence, grain damage effect and weevil peforation index (WPI). There was increase in adult mortality with days of exposure in all concentrations. Ar. ringens followed by Al. sativum were most potent both in adult mortality and adult emergence. This study reveals Ar. ringens to be a potent bioinsecticide for protecting maize grains from S. zeamais infestation and damage. The details of the bioassay procedure used and the results obtained are reported.
Maxillary brown tumour: unusual presentation of parathyroid carcinoma
T Hannah, JO Jones, JA Akoh
Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa , 2011,
Abstract: This is a report of a maxillary brown tumour caused by primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) secondary to parathyroid carcinoma. A 62-year-old man presented with a large swelling in the right maxilla, which caused right-sided nasal obstruction, intermittent bleeding and diplopia. A computed tomography scan demonstrated an expansible, destructive soft tissue mass centred on the right ethmoid sinus, extending from the maxilla to the orbital floor. Histology showed a central giant cell granuloma of bone, thought to be a brown tumour of HPT and this was supported by serum calcium of 3.0 mmol/l and serum parathyroid hormone of 880 ng/l (normal 7 to 40 ng/l). Parathyroid imaging was consistent with a left lower parathyroid adenoma. The patient underwent removal of the parathyroid gland, left hemithyroidectomy and central node dissection. Histology confirmed parathyroid carcinoma. Surgical removal of the brown tumour was offered but declined. The symptoms improved and the maxillary swelling gradually reduced in size. The management of brown tumours is controversial, but a pragmatic approach is essential to a successful outcome. The general consensus seems to be adequate treatment of the HPT and surgical excision of the brown tumour only if the mass effect of the lesion is troublesome.
EFFECT OF POWDERY MILDEW (Erysiphe graminis D.C. f.sp. tritici Marchal) ATTACK ON YIELD AND PHISICAL PARAMETERS OF WHEAT (Triticum aestivum ssp. vulgare) GRAIN QUALITY
Vesna Samobor,Marija Vukobratovi?,Marijan Jot
Poljoprivreda (Osijek) , 2005,
Abstract: Evaluation of yield and phisical grain quality parameters of fungicidaly (Duett) treated and nontreated variantswere taken in Krizevci during the three years (1999-2001) on 25 divergent wheat genotypes. Depending on the intensity of attack, the average grain yield in the three year testing period and 25 genotypes of nontreted variants decreased by 8.1%, the average hectolitre weight decreased by 1.2% and the average TKW by 5.1%.The average decrease of the most sensitive cultivar (Marija) was 20.8% for yield, 2.6% for hectolitre weight and 13.1% for TKW. During a strong attack of powdery mildew this decrease for the most sensitive cultivar was 36.4% for yield in 1999, 3.8% for hectoliter weight in 2001, and 20.2% for TKW in 2001.Average differences were nonsignificant for the tested properties in the completely resistant genotype KS92WGRC21 (0.7%, 0.5 and 0.2% respectively).
Dubins Traveling Salesman Problem with Neighborhoods: A Graph-Based Approach
Jason T. Isaacs,Jo?o P. Hespanha
Algorithms , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/a6010084
Abstract: We study the problem of finding the minimum-length curvature constrained closed path through a set of regions in the plane. This problem is referred to as the Dubins Traveling Salesperson Problem with Neighborhoods (DTSPN). An algorithm is presented that uses sampling to cast this infinite dimensional combinatorial optimization problem as a Generalized Traveling Salesperson Problem (GTSP) with intersecting node sets. The GTSP is then converted to an Asymmetric Traveling Salesperson Problem (ATSP) through a series of graph transformations, thus allowing the use of existing approximation algorithms. This algorithm is shown to perform no worse than the best existing DTSPN algorithm and is shown to perform significantly better when the regions overlap. We report on the application of this algorithm to route an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) equipped with a radio to collect data from sparsely deployed ground sensors in a field demonstration of autonomous detection, localization, and verification of multiple acoustic events.
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