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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1963 matches for " Jitong Lou "
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Evaluation of China’s Financial Risk Using Projection Pursuit Clustering Model and Its Positive Research
Jitong Lou,Wengao Lou,Xiurong Yu
Journal of Economics, Business and Management , 2014, DOI: 10.7763/joebm.2014.v2.114
Abstract: The evaluation index system for China’s financial risk (CFR) and its single-index assessment criteria were used to generate sufficient samples. The projection pursuit clustering (PPC) model with a new objective function is applied to evaluate the CFR during 1994 to 2012. Four rules for establishing valid PPC model are put forward in this paper, and the real optimal projection vector coefficients as well as others parameters are obtained by applying artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm. Positive research shows that PPC model is suited to evaluate CFR, and a valid PPC model as well as six sub-system models for six aspects of CFR is established. The CFR level during 1994 to 2012 generally lies on Proper-safety level except that in 2008 belongs to Risk level. In terms of the six aspects of CFR, the bank risk is the greatest and the second is the risk of economic growth.
Structural Dilemma in Health System Reform in the Chinese Mainland and Emerging of Structure-Based Bioethics Paradigm  [PDF]
Liu Jitong, Zhang Dongqi
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2013.23022
Abstract: After reviewing the historical development of ethics and individual-based bioethics in Western countries, and comparing that in China, this paper starts from the extreme Beijing Tongren Case and the dilemma in the reform of health system in the Chinese mainland, and puts forward the topics of bioethics and medical professionalism under the circumstances of globalization, global health, and global health system reform. It compares the individual-based bioethics in Western countries and the structure-based bioethics in the Chinese mainland, and discusses the lessons of structure-based bioethics for other countries. The historical experience of health system reform in the Chinese mainland indicates that the health care system is welfare in nature, which is crucial; that the welfare health care system is the systematic foundation of medical professionalism; that there should not be direct economic interest generated in doctor-patient relationship since the marketization of health financing may lead to not only the structure intension of doctor-patient relationship, but also a total collapse of the medical professionalism. Therefore the Health Finance rather than Health Economics should be the material foundation of medical professionalism. The paper also points out that the main determinants of medical professionalism are not individual medical professionals, but the outcome of interaction between socio-cultural institutions and individual professionals, in which the sociality and structure are the most important components.
Do You Know where Your Money Is? Product Disclosure Statements for Discretionary Investment Services  [PDF]
Emily Lou
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.41006

New Zealand capital markets currently do not serve retail investors well, creating investor skepticism regarding participation. A recent Reader’s Digest survey rated financial advisers among the least trustworthy of professions. This article maps the legal implications of the new measures introduced by the Financial Markets Conduct Bill 2011 to guard investor interests in relation to financial products and services. The paper provides a useful critique of the proposed reforms, in particular, whether the “Product Disclosure Statement” (PDS) and the new licensing of fund managers will give retail investors confidence in investing through financial intermediaries. The paper concluded with recommendation for New Zealand regulator to obtain inspiration from overseas model.

An Empirical Study of Content-Based Instruction Applied in Non-English-Majored Graduate English Teaching in the Post-Massification  [PDF]
Yougen Lou
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.614158
Abstract: In the post-massification period, it is a beneficial attempt to the reform of English Teaching based on subject content for non-English-majored graduate students. Content-Based Instruction (CBI) has been defined as “the teaching of content information in the language being learned with little or no direct or explicit effort to teach the language itself separately from the content being taught”, which can make non-English-majored graduate students not only learn subject knowledge but also improve their foreign language (English) ability in learning content. Results in this study showed that: in the post-massification period, content-based English teaching could improve the level of motivation and English language ability of students in their English learning, but CBI was not suitable for poor English learners with no good foreign language (English) basis.
An Effective Algorithm for Quadratic Optimization with Non-Convex Inhomogeneous Quadratic Constraints  [PDF]
Kaiyao Lou
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2017.74018
Abstract: This paper considers the NP (Non-deterministic Polynomial)-hard problem of finding a minimum value of a quadratic program (QP), subject to m non-convex inhomogeneous quadratic constraints. One effective algorithm is proposed to get a feasible solution based on the optimal solution of its semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation problem.
Optimisation of an oviposition protocol employing human chorionic and pregnant mare serum gonadotropins in the Barred Frog Mixophyes fasciolatus (Myobatrachidae)
Clulow John,Clulow Simon,Guo Jitong,French Andrew J
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7827-10-60
Abstract: Background Protocols for the hormonal induction of ovulation and oviposition are essential tools for managing threatened amphibians with assisted reproduction, but responses vary greatly between species and even broad taxon groups. Consequently, it is necessary to assess effectiveness of such protocols in representative species when new taxa become targets for induction. The threatened genus Mixophyes (family Myobatrachidae) has amongst the highest proportion of endangered species of all the Australian amphibians. This study developed and optimised the induction of oviposition in a non-threatened member of this taxon, the great barred frog (Mixophyes fasciolatus). Methods Gravid female M. fasciolatus were induced to oviposit on one or more occasions by administration of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) with or without priming with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG). Treatments involved variations in hormone doses and combinations (administered via injection into the dorsal lymph sacs), and timing of administration. Pituitary homogenates from an unrelated bufonid species (Rhinella marina) were also examined with hCG. Results When injected alone, hCG (900 to 1400 IU) induced oviposition. However, priming with two time dependent doses of PMSG (50 IU, 25 IU) increased responses, with lower doses of hCG (200 IU). Priming increased response rates in females from around 30% (hCG alone) to more than 50% (p = 0.035), and up to 67%. Increasing the interval between the first PMSG dose and first hCG dose from 3 to 6 days also produced significant improvement (p<0.001). Heterologous pituitary extracts administered with hCG were no more effective than hCG alone (p = 0.628). Conclusions This study found that M. fasciolatus is amongst the few amphibian species (including Xenopus (Silurana) and some bufonids) that respond well to the induction of ovulation utilising mammalian gonadotropins (hCG). The optimal protocol for M. fasciolatus involved two priming doses of PMSG (50 IU and 25 IU) administered at 6 and 4 days respectively, prior to two doses of hCG (100 IU), 24 hours apart. This study is also the first to demonstrate in an amphibian species that responds to mammalian gonadotropins that an increase in the ovulation rate occurs after priming with a gonadotropin (PMSG) with FSH activity.
A Survey on English Majors’ Dynamic Trends of Dictionaries Using  [PDF]
Xixiang Lou, Liping Li
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2012.22010
Abstract: English dictionaries are the necessary tools for English learning, because a good dictionary is a stable resource of language knowledge. Proper dictionary using can stimulate students’ interest, and cultivate their self-autonomy in language learning. With the development of dictionary compiling technology, a variety of dictionaries have come into existence. The most-often-used dictionaries are paper dictionaries and electronic ones. It is assumed by some that the habit of dictionary using can influence the efficiency of the students’ language learning. This article reports on a survey of the diachronic trends of English major seniors (415) in their choice of dictionaries in the course of English learning from junior middle school to the college education. The investigation is to get some information about the subjects’ habits in dictionary-using at different stage of schooling
Integrating Internet-Based Language Laboratory in Teaching Intensive Reading at Non-English-Majored-Graduate Level  [PDF]
Yougen Lou, Pei Xu
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.614162
Abstract: This paper reviewed a one-term experiment on integrating internet-based language laboratory (IBLL) in teaching intensive reading to first-year non-English-majored graduate students from Yangtze University. Subjects in this study consisted of 58 non-English-majored graduate students in the control group (CG) and 58 non-English-majored graduate students in the experimental group (EG). The results showed that 1) compared with a teacher-dominated approach for CG, internet-based language laboratory English instruction method for EG did a better job in enhancing students’ productive skills; 2) there were significant differences between males in CG and EG, and females in CG and EG.
A Study of Word Meaning Acquisition of Polysemous Words for English Majors  [PDF]
Xiaoxu Wei, Yougen Lou
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.618204
Abstract: This study investigates the word meaning acquisition of polysemous words for English majors by the way of questionnaire and two word meaning tests. The conclusions are drawn as follows: providing primary meaning to students can help them guess the extended meaning of unfamiliar polysemous words than providing the other extended meanings; the English majors at different language proficiency level show similar acquisition effects in primary meaning but different acquisition effects in the extended meanings. Therefore, in vocabulary instruction, if the word meaning acquisition sequence can be followed and the connections of word meanings can be cherished, the word meaning instruction outcome will be more efficient.
The Impact of Strategy Training on Vocabulary Comprehension  [PDF]
Yougen Lou, Pei Xu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.43014
Abstract: This article focuses on a study of the effect of strategy training on vocabulary comprehension. 112 sophomore English-majored students at Yangtze University were chosen as participants in a strategies-based instructional treatment or comparison group students receiving the regular vocabulary course. Data were gained through the performance of a set of two vocabulary tasks on a prepost basis by both groups and were analyzed by the tool SPSS17.0. The subsample of 24 students also provided verbal report data to show their cognitive insights into strategy use and the instruction itself. The findings showed that 1) Chinese English-majors used a variety of English vocabulary learning strategies in vocabulary learning, including metacognitive, cognitive and social/affective strategies. 2) The increased use of vocabulary strategies contributed positively to vocabulary and article comprehension.
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