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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 413 matches for " Jitendra Lakhani "
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Subconjunctival adult bancroftian filarial worm
Nanavaty Mayank,Nanavaty Ambarish,Lakhani Jitendra,Lakhani Sucheta
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2001,
Sickle cell hemoglobinopathy protection against malaria: is it changing?
Arti Prasad Muley,Jitendra Lakhani, Maulik Parikh
International Journal of Biological and Medical Research , 2011,
Abstract: Sickle cell hemoglobinopathy has a world wide occurrence, although more concentrated in some specific areas and tribes. It has been thought to originate in malaria endemic areas e.g; Africa and central parts of India for protection from malarial parasite. Reports of association of malaria (vivax or falciparum) with sickle cell anemia are available from South Africa but surprisingly rare from other parts of the world. The first detailed report on the importance of malaria as a cause of morbidity and mortality in patients living with SCA was published in January 2010.We, at west coast of India, came across 5 cases of sickle cell anemia (both trait and disease) which were infected with malarial parasites (4 with falciparum and 1 with vivax). All were complicated irrespective of the degree of parasitemia and species of parasite. We report these cases to highlight the severity of malaria in cases of sickle cell hemoglobinopathy ( which is known to have evolved as a protection against malaria) and to emphasise upon the need for detailed research to find out association between SCA and severity of malaria.
Rare case of dystrophia myotonica with mega cisterna magna
Hetal Pandya,Jitendra Lakhani,Jigar Mehta,Jimmy Dodhania
Australasian Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Myotonic dystrophy is also known as dystrophia myotonica (DM). The condition is composed of at least two clinical disorders with overlapping phenotypes and distinct molecular genetic defects: myotonic dystrophy type 1, the classic disease originally described by Steinert, and myotonic dystrophy type 2, also called proximal myotonic myopathy (PROMM). Mega cisterna magna is thought to be an anatomic variant with no clinical significance. We report a rare case of type 1 dystrophia myotonica in combination with mega cisterna magna.
Origin and Regional Setting of Metropolises in India  [PDF]
Jitendra Kumar
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.23018
Abstract: The present study has examined in geographic perspective of origin and regional setting of me-tropolises that constitute an important component of Indian urban system. These are the spatial expression of urban perspective and have acted as focal points on the cultural landscape of India. They continue to play a major role in India’s emergence as a premier industrial and political power in the world. The origin of the 52 cities that have acquired the status of metropolises in 2011 ranges from 600 BC (Varanasi) to 1960 (Durg-Bhilainagar). These are located in the four physical regions, namely, the great plains of India, the peninsular plateau, the coastal plains and the Himalayan Mountains. Their concentration was relatively high in the northern plains along the river banks and coastal areas in the early historical period. The physical configuration determined their initial location and economic factors their later growth. The medieval period of Indian history was significant from the view point of urban centres. Most of the towns which are metropolises had appeared as administrative, defence and trade points during the medieval period. The new developments in the field of industry, commerce, transport and information technology will be the driving forces in the growth of new metropolises in future.
Economics of Decision Making: Exploring Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP)  [PDF]
Jitendra Sharma
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.814195
Abstract: Decision making in any field, like all other economic issues, involves allocating scarce resources to meet various needs. Since ages decision making has always intrigued the mankind. A host of research study has been conducted in past few decades on economics of decision making. A number of very effective decision tools have been suggested which falls under the category of multiple criteria decision making. The paper presents one such decision making tool called Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP), a technique for complex decision making used for large-scale, multi-party, multi-criteria decision analysis. AHP converts comparative evaluations to numerical values that can be processed and weighed over the entire range of the problem. A numerical weight or priority is derived for each element of the hierarchy, allowing diverse and often incommensurable elements to be compared to one another in a rational and consistent way. The objectives of the article are to understand the interrelationship between considered criteria and available alternatives, to grasp the basics of decision making and decision analysis and to use decision making and decision analysis in assessing the scope for cost-reduction (economics of decision making). The outcome of the study is a mathematical solution to the perennial subjective decision making process in the form of a structured methodology culled out from varied disciplines of economics, psychology and mathematics. The applicability of the AHP Model is demonstrated with an illustrative real life example.
Molecular pathology of breast cancer
SR Lakhani
Breast Cancer Research , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/bcr464
A Simulated Novel Approach for Identifying Black Hole Attack in AODV based MANET
Kanika Lakhani
International Journal of Computers & Technology , 2013,
Abstract: Security is an essential requirement in mobile ad hoc networks to provide protected communication between mobile nodes. Due to unique characteristics of MANETS, it creates a number of consequential challenges to its security design. To overcome the challenges, there is a need to build a powerful, multifeatured security solution that achieves both broad protection and desirable network performance. MANETs are vulnerable to various attacks, blackhole, is one of the possible attacks. Black hole is a type of routing attack where a malicious node advertise itself as having the shortest path to all nodes in the environment by sending fake route reply. By doing this, the malicious node can deprive the traffic from the source node and can be implemented as a denial-of-service attack where the packets can be dropped later on. In this paper, a solution is proposed to identify the malicious node and implanting security against the threats of blackhole by notifying other nodes in the network of the incident. The simulation of the proposed algorithm demonstrates that the solution prevents the nodes in the network from blackhole attack and also improves the overall performance of AODV in the presence of black hole attack.
The GIT Compactification of Quintic Threefolds
Chirag Lakhani
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: In this article, we study the geometric invariant theory (GIT) compactification of quintic threefolds. We study singularities, which arise in non-stable quintic threefolds, thus giving a partial description of the stable locus. We also give an explicit description of the boundary components and stratification of the GIT compactification.
Urban Growth and Its Impact on Cityscape: A Geospatial Analysis of Rohtak City, India  [PDF]
Nina Singh, Jitendra Kumar
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.41002
Abstract: Rohtak is one of the eight priority towns (Regional Centres) of National Capital Region (NCR) Regional Plan 2001. It lies 70 kms north-west from Delhi, the National Capital of India. Located at 28?41'1'' North latitude and 76?12'42'' East longitude in the NCR region of Haryana state on National Highway No. 10, it spreads over 100.57 km2. Its population was projected to grow to 500,000 by 2001. Despite its nearness to the national capital it did not attract investment and the rate of urbanization remained low. Rohtak city grew slower than the state of Haryana in the three decades ending in 2001. On being declared as Municipal Corporation in 2010 urban growth of Rohtak took place in the form of extension in territorial jurisdiction and inclusion of urbanized eight villages. The new economic environment demands sustainable land management. Spatial information of land use/land cover types and their change detection in time series are important means for city planning and undertaking development activities. The present work is undertaken in that spirit. It has analyzed the relationship between urban growth and land use changes and their impact on Rohtak city. The period of focus is from 1983 to 2010. Both primary and secondary sources of data have been used for the present study. Secondary sources of data—guide map, topographical sheet and high resolution satellite imageries have been used to detect land use/land cover changes from the study area whereas primary source of data include ground truth and photographs from the field.
The pathology of familial breast cancer: Morphological aspects
Sunil R Lakhani
Breast Cancer Research , 1999, DOI: 10.1186/bcr10
Abstract: Within the developed countries breast cancer is the commonest malignancy in women. It is estimated that approximately one in 12 women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime.The majority of breast cancers (95%) are sporadic; only a small proportion, particularly those diagnosed in young women, are due to a highly penetrant autosomal-dominant trait. Over the past 5 years there has been considerable progress in the identification and localization of the genes responsible for hereditary breast cancer. Two in particular have grabbed the headlines; these are BRCA1 and BRCA2 [1,2].For more than 50 years, researchers have been fascinated by the association of histopathological cancer type with a positive family history of breast cancer. Certain types, including medullary carcinoma, tubular carcinoma, lobular carcinoma in situ and invasive lobular carcinoma (Fig. 1a1b1c1d), have been reported [3,4,5,6,7] to be found more commonly in association with a positive family history of breast cancer than have other subtypes. Some of the reported studies have been difficult to interpret because of the small number of samples, the differing criteria for a positive family history and the controversies surrounding the classification of breast cancer. The histopathological classification of breast disease is subjective and, despite an attempt to provide clear guidelines, the interobserver variability is known to be high [8**]. Because of the subjective nature of histological examination and the factors outlined above, no clear agreement has emerged that any particular phenotype is more commonly associated with a positive family history than any other. Nonetheless, in a histological review of the population-based series of 4071 breast cancers diagnosed in women between the ages of 20 and 54 years in the Cancer and Steroids Hormone study [9], lobular carcinoma in situ showed a strong association with familial risk. In the Utah population database [10], invasive lobular carcinoma has
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