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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6598 matches for " Jingru Hou "
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Does the Pay Gap in the Top Management Team Incent Enterprise Innovation?—Based on Property Rights and Financing Constraints  [PDF]
Jingru Hou
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.85088
Abstract: Using the patent applications data of listed firms in China from 2005 to 2014, this paper examines how the pay gap in the top management team influences enterprise innovation. The result shows that the number of patent applications especially the number of patents for invention increases significantly when the pay gap enlarges. It means the enlargement of the pay gap in the top management team could incent executives to make innovation decisions, to promote outputs of high-quality patents for invention. Finally the quality of enterprise innovation has been improved. Especially, the incentive effect of the pay gap in the top management team is more significant in private enterprises and enterprises with strong financing constraints. Therefore, enterprises in these two groups have better innovation behaviors.
Can “Zombie Enterprises” Find Self-Help Road through Technological Innovation?  [PDF]
Jingru Liang
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2017.63017
Abstract: “Cutting overcapacity” is the primary task of supply-side structural reform in China, which focuses on “disposing and eliminating zombie enterprises firmly”. “Zombie enterprises” usually refer to those who fall into a financial crisis but rely on the support of the government or the bank to survive. At present, the research of “zombie enterprise” by scholars at home and abroad is mainly concentrated in the macro level. But this paper argues that the enterprise is a specific market player, therefore, if you want to crack the “zombie enterprise” problem fundamentally, you should ultimately start from the enterprise, promoting the efficient use of resources through technological innovation, which helps enterprises to establish core competitiveness and drives the sustainable development of enterprises.
Targeting RNA Polymerase Primary σ70 as a Therapeutic Strategy against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus by Antisense Peptide Nucleic Acid
Hui Bai, Guojun Sang, Yu You, Xiaoyan Xue, Ying Zhou, Zheng Hou, Jingru Meng, Xiaoxing Luo
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029886
Abstract: Background Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causes threatening infection-related mortality worldwide. Currently, spread of multi-drug resistance (MDR) MRSA limits therapeutic options and requires new approaches to “druggable” target discovery, as well as development of novel MRSA-active antibiotics. RNA polymerase primary σ70 (encoded by gene rpoD) is a highly conserved prokaryotic factor essential for transcription initiation in exponentially growing cells of diverse S. aureus, implying potential for antisense inhibition. Methodology/Principal Findings By synthesizing a serial of cell penetrating peptide conjugated peptide nucleic acids (PPNAs) based on software predicted parameters and further design optimization, we identified a target sequence (234 to 243 nt) within rpoD mRNA conserved region 3.0 being more sensitive to antisense inhibition. A (KFF)3K peptide conjugated 10-mer complementary PNA (PPNA2332) was developed for potent micromolar-range growth inhibitory effects against four pathogenic S. aureus strains with different resistance phenotypes, including clinical vancomycin-intermediate resistance S. aureus and MDR-MRSA isolates. PPNA2332 showed bacteriocidal antisense effect at 3.2 fold of MIC value against MRSA/VISA Mu50, and its sequence specificity was demonstrated in that PPNA with scrambled PNA sequence (Scr PPNA2332) exhibited no growth inhibitory effect at higher concentrations. Also, PPNA2332 specifically interferes with rpoD mRNA, inhibiting translation of its protein product σ70 in a concentration-dependent manner. Full decay of mRNA and suppressed expression of σ70 were observed for 40 μM or 12.5 μM PPNA2332 treatment, respectively, but not for 40 μM Scr PPNA2332 treatment in pure culture of MRSA/VISA Mu50 strain. PPNA2332 (≥1 μM) essentially cleared lethal MRSA/VISA Mu50 infection in epithelial cell cultures, and eliminated viable bacterial cells in a time- and concentration- dependent manner, without showing any apparent toxicity at 10 μM. Conclusions The present result suggested that RNAP primary σ70 is a very promising candidate target for developing novel antisense antibiotic to treat severe MRSA infections.
A Research on Service Recognition  [PDF]
Shuliang Wang, Jingru Tian, Shanshan Zou
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.31010
Abstract: Service exists in the service provider and the service receiver. They can produce the contractual relationship which is value and trust mutually. People can obtain the different intension of service with different knowledge background and technique. In this paper, service is recognized in the views of 12 levels. Through the description and analysis of these 12 levels, the method for existing services is summarized. Thereby the important impact on service science is elaborated in the modern economy.
Computing the Rectilinear Center of Uncertain Points in the Plane
Haitao Wang,Jingru Zhang
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper, we consider the rectilinear one-center problem on uncertain points in the plane. In this problem, we are given a set $P$ of $n$ (weighted) uncertain points in the plane and each uncertain point has $m$ possible locations each associated with a probability for the point appearing at that location. The goal is to find a point $q^*$ in the plane which minimizes the maximum expected rectilinear distance from $q^*$ to all uncertain points of $P$, and $q^*$ is called a rectilinear center. We present an algorithm that solves the problem in $O(mn)$ time. Since the input size of the problem is $\Theta(mn)$, our algorithm is optimal.
The Distribution and Morphology Alterations of Microfilaments and Microtubules in Mesophyll Cells and Root-Tip Cells of Wheat Seedlings under Enhanced Ultraviolet-B Radiation  [PDF]
Limei Gao, Yongfeng Li, Aihua Guo, Jingru Zhai, Rong Han
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.522358
The distribution and morphology alterations of microfilaments and microtubules in the mesophyll cells and root-tip cells of wheat seedlings, which had been radiated by enhanced ultraviolet-B (10.08 KJ·m-2·d-1), were examined through the confocal laser scanning microscope (Model FV1000, Olympus, Japan). Microtubule was labeled with an indirect immunofluorescence staining method, and microfilament was labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate-phalloidin (FITC-Ph) as probes. The results indicated that microtubules in mesophyll cells, compared with the controls, would be depolymerized significantly, and dispersed randomly showing some spots or short rods in the cytoplasm, under the enhanced UV-B radiation condition. The microtubule bundles tended to be diffused, and the fluorescence intensity of that significantly decreased. The distribution pattern of microfilaments, which usually arranged parallelly in control cells, was broken up by enhanced UV-B radiation. We further investigated the distribution and morphology of microtubules in root-tip cells during every stage of cell division, and found that these aberrant phenomena of microtubules were often associated with abnormal cell division. Our findings suggested that the distribution, morphology and structure of cytoskeleton in mesophyll cells and root-tip cells of wheat seedlings would be affected by enhanced UV-B radiation, which might be related to abnormal cell division caused by enhanced UV-B radiation as an extracellular signal.
Suggestions Regarding Veterinary Education Based on the National Standard Veterinaran Qualification Examination in China  [PDF]
Jianfa Wang, Xu Zhang, Donghua Guo, Jingru Guo, Rui Wu, Dongbo Sun
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.612126
Abstract: The national standard veterinarian qualification examination, which starts running in 2010 in China, is a major reform about management system of veterinary practitioners. The veterinary education is subjected to a new requirement due to the performance of the national standard veterinarian qualification examination. In the current review, the overview of veterinary education in Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University (HBAU) was described, and some positive suggestions were provided about the veterinary clinical diagnostics course, which is an important compulsory course undertaken by undergraduate, based on the national standard veterinarian qualification examination in China.
Lossy-to-Lossless Compression of Hyperspectral Image Using the 3D Set Partitioned Embedded ZeroBlock Coding Algorithm  [PDF]
Ying Hou
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2009.22013
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a three-dimensional Set Partitioned Embedded ZeroBlock Coding (3D SPEZBC) lossy-to-lossless compression algorithm for hyperspectral image which is an improved three-dimensional Embedded ZeroBlock Coding (3D EZBC) algorithm. The algorithm adopts the 3D integer wavelet packet transform proposed by Xiong et al. to decorrelate, the set-based partitioning zeroblock coding to process bitplane coding and the con-text-based adaptive arithmetic coding for further entropy coding. The theoretical analysis and experimental results demonstrate that 3D SPEZBC not only provides the same excellent compression performances as 3D EZBC, but also reduces the memory requirement compared with 3D EZBC. For achieving good coding performance, the diverse wave-let filters and unitary scaling factors are compared and evaluated, and the best choices were given. In comparison with several state-of-the-art wavelet coding algorithms, the proposed algorithm provides better compression performance and unsupervised classification accuracy.
Spectral Analysis and Variable Structural Control of an Elastic Beam  [PDF]
Xuezhang Hou
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2013.15015

An elastic beam system formulated by partial differential equations with initial and boundary conditions is investigated in this paper. An evolution equation corresponding with the beam system is established in an appropriate Hilbert space. The spectral analysis and semigroup generation of the system operator of the beam system are discussed. Finally, a variable structural control is proposed and a significant result that the solution of the system is exponentially stable under a variable structural control with some appropriate conditions is obtained.

CL and FTIR analysis on the diamonds in Wafangdian, Liaoning Province
Meihua Chen,Fengxiang Lu,Jingru Di,Jianping Zheng
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/BF02909693
Abstract: The CL images show that the internal structures of the diamonds in Wafangdian, Liaoning Province is classified as three types: simple growth girdle zone, multi-stage growth complex girdle zone, and rare agate-like structure. These internal features reflect the complexity of growth processes of the diamonds. The FTIR analyses in micro area on diamond plates reveal the heterogeneity of the impurities of nitrogen and hydrogen. The variety of nitrogen contents and nitrogen aggregation states have been revealed not only in different diamonds from one kimberlite pipe but also in different zones of one diamond. The extent of conversion A defects to the aggregated B form is a function of the nitrogen aggregation temperature (T NA), mantle residence time (t MR), and nitrogen concentration of diamond. The interval of 0.6–0.7Ga from core to rim of diamond growth is obtained by using the FTIR curves and some geological data. The long period of diamond growth is identical with the feature in CL image.
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