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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13796 matches for " Jingbo Fan "
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The Impact of Economic Capital, Social Capital and Cultural Capital: Chinese Families’ Access to Educational Resources  [PDF]
Jingbo Fan
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2014.44028
Abstract: Family background can influence an individual’s access to educational resources. Specifically, an advantaged family background can promote an individual’s access to educational resources. This study constructs a model to analyze the impact of the economic, social and cultural capital of Chinese families on their children’s education. The results show that all three types of capital have significant effects on individual education but a family’s cultural capital has the strongest effect. Furthermore, the father’s background influences a child’s education more than the mother’s for all three types of capital. The present study affirms the importance of the resource-centered conception of economic, social and cultural capital that significantly influences inequality as a predominant issue in China.
A Study of the Perception of Health Risks among College Students in China
Chenggang Zhang,Jingbo Fan
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10062133
Abstract: The present survey was designed to investigate the perception of health risks among college students in China. The data are the responses of a sample of 3,069 college students at one university to surveys that include measures of several dimensions of public judgments about fifteen specific hazards. Chinese college students conveyed their concerns as falling into three broad categories: Environmental (e.g., global warming, natural catastrophes, the ozone hole, air pollution, chemical pollution, pesticides in food), Technological (e.g., nuclear power stations, thermal power, genetically modified food, medical X-rays), and Social (cigarette smoking, drinking alcohol, overtime study or work, mental stress, motor vehicle accidents). The data were collected with a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to illustrate the levels of perceived risk according to the percent of “high risk” responses as well as the mean response values. Generally, the hazards that were perceived as posing the greatest health risk were those belonging to the social health risks; items related to technology risks received the lowest percentage of “high health risk” rankings. Traditional environmental risks such as natural catastrophes, pollution issues (chemical pollution, air pollution), and pesticides in food were ranked as being relatively high risks. The respondents were less concerned about new emerging issues and long-term environmental risks (global warming). In this survey, motor vehicle accidents were considered to be a “high health risk” by the greatest percentage of respondents. Generally speaking, the female respondents’ degree of recognition of health risks is higher than that of male respondents. Only for the item of smoking was the male respondents’ degree higher than that of females. There is also a geographic imbalance in the health risk perceptions. The degree of recognition of health risks from respondents in municipalities is generally lower than that of respondents from other areas except for items such as natural disasters, smoking, medical X-rays, and mental stress, which are exceptions.
Longitudinal residual strain and stress-strain relationship in rat small intestine
Yanling Dou, Yanhua Fan, Jingbo Zhao, Hans Gregersen
BioMedical Engineering OnLine , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1475-925x-5-37
Abstract: The longitudinal zero-stress state was obtained by cutting tissue strips parallel to the longitudinal axis of the intestine. The longitudinal residual stress was characterized by a bending angle (unit: degrees per unit length and positive when bending outwards). Residual strain was computed from the change in dimensions between the zero-stress state and the no-load state. Longitudinal stresses and strains were computed from stretch experiments in the distal ileum at luminal pressures ranging from 0–4 cmH2O.Large morphometric variations were found between the duodenum and ileum with the largest wall thickness and wall area in the duodenum and the largest inner circumference and luminal area in the distal ileum (p < 0.001). The bending angle did not differ between the duodenum and ileum (p > 0.5). The longitudinal residual strain was tensile at the serosal surface and compressive at the mucosal surface. Hence, the neutral axis was approximately in the mid-wall. The longitudinal residual strain and the bending angle was not uniform around the intestinal circumference and had the highest values on the mesenteric sides (p < 0.001). The stress-strain curves fitted well to the mono-exponential function with determination coefficients above 0.96. The α constant increased with the pressure, indicating the intestinal wall became stiffer in longitudinal direction when pressurized.Large longitudinal residual strains reside in the small intestine and showed circumferential variation. This indicates that the tissue is not uniform and cannot be treated as a homogenous material. The longitudinal stiffness of the intestinal wall increased with luminal pressure. Longitudinal residual strains must be taken into account in studies of gastrointestinal biomechanical properties.The residual stress is the stress remaining in an organ when external forces are removed (no-load state) and residual strain is the deformation from the no-load state to the zero-stress state (the residual stress r
Fluid inclusions in whiteschist in the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic belt of Dabie Shan, China
Hongrui Fan,Jingbo Liu,Jinghui Guo,Kai Ye,Bolin Cong
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2002, DOI: 10.1007/BF02907576
Abstract: Hualiangting whiteschist in the Dabie Shan ultrahigh-pressure eclogite complex is a specific Mg-Al- rich metamorphic rock. Its protolith was a felsic dyke, which suffered replacement by high-pressure fluids during eclogite-facies metamorphism. Based on fluid inclusion results in whiteschist, primary high-pressure fluids are CO2-bearing aqueous solutions. Those prove that there exists CO2-H2O fluid during the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism. Pseudosecondary H2O inclusions were trapped during ultrahigh-pressure exhumation, whereas secondary H2O inclusions were related to the latest evolutionary stage of the ultrahigh-pressure exhumation.
Coesite inclusions in zircon from gneisses identified by laser Raman microspectrometer in ultrahigh pressure zone of Dabie Mountains, China
Jingbo Liu,Kai Ye,Bolin Cong,Maruyama Shegnori,Hongrui Fan
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2001, DOI: 10.1007/BF02901171
Abstract: The mineral inclusions in zircon from gneisses in ultra-high pressure (UHP) zone of the Dabie Mountains were identified by using a laser Raman microspectrometer. Coesite occurs as inclusions in zircons from all types of gneiss. Other important minerals, such as jadeite, omphacite, aragonite, barite, and anhydrite were also found as inclusion minerals. These discoveries indicate that (i) gneissic country rocks had metamorphosed at the same time as the enclosed eclogites; and (ii) SO 4 2 -bearing fluids were present in the UHP metamorphic process, which is manifested by occurrence of barite and anhydrite coexisting with coesite.
Fluid inclusions in whiteschist in the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic belt of Dabie Shan, China

FAN Hongrui,LIU Jingbo,GUO Jinghui,YE Kai,CONG Bolin,

科学通报(英文版) , 2002,
Abstract: Hualiangting whiteschist in the Dabie Shan ultrahigh-pressure eclogite complex is a specific Mg-Al- rich metamorphic rock. Its protolith was a felsic dyke, which suffered replacement by high-pressure fluids during eclogite-facies metamorphism. Based on fluid inclusion results in whiteschist, primary high-pressure fluids are CO2-bearing aqueous solutions. Those prove that there exists CO2-H2O fluid during the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism. Pseudosecondary H2O inclusions were trapped during ultrahigh-pressure exhumation, whereas secondary H2O inclusions were related to the latest evolutionary stage of the ultrahigh-pressure exhumation.
The Arabidopsis IDD14, IDD15, and IDD16 Cooperatively Regulate Lateral Organ Morphogenesis and Gravitropism by Promoting Auxin Biosynthesis and Transport
Dayong Cui,Jingbo Zhao,Yanjun Jing,Mingzhu Fan,Jing Liu,Zhicai Wang,Wei Xin,Yuxin Hu
PLOS Genetics , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003759
Abstract: The plant hormone auxin plays a critical role in regulating various aspects of plant growth and development, and the spatial accumulation of auxin within organs, which is primarily attributable to local auxin biosynthesis and polar transport, is largely responsible for lateral organ morphogenesis and the establishment of plant architecture. Here, we show that three Arabidopsis INDETERMINATE DOMAIN (IDD) transcription factors, IDD14, IDD15, and IDD16, cooperatively regulate auxin biosynthesis and transport and thus aerial organ morphogenesis and gravitropic responses. Gain-of-function of each IDD gene in Arabidopsis results in small and transversally down-curled leaves, whereas loss-of-function of these IDD genes causes pleiotropic phenotypes in aerial organs and defects in gravitropic responses, including altered leaf shape, flower development, fertility, and plant architecture. Further analyses indicate that these IDD genes regulate spatial auxin accumulation by directly targeting YUCCA5 (YUC5), TRYPTOPHAN AMINOTRANSFERASE of ARABIDOPSIS1 (TAA1), and PIN-FORMED1 (PIN1) to promote auxin biosynthesis and transport. Moreover, mutation or ectopic expression of YUC suppresses the organ morphogenic phenotype and partially restores the gravitropic responses in gain- or loss-of-function idd mutants, respectively. Taken together, our results reveal that a subfamily of IDD transcription factors plays a critical role in the regulation of spatial auxin accumulation, thereby controlling organ morphogenesis and gravitropic responses in plants.
The Revelation of Administrative Case System in Taiwan to the Transformation of Administrative Case Guidance System in Mainland China
Jingbo ZHAO
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020110703.100
Abstract: Compared with legal systems in other countries and regions, Cross-Strait legal systems are more portable and referential to each other because of the impact of civil law and the homology of law culture. The administrative case guidance system in mainland China is facing a need of transformation and reformation. The administrative case system in Taiwan has played an important role in the development, improvement and innovation of the administrative law theory. It will delineate a revelation to the construction of administrative case guidance system in mainland China, including mode selection, properties, efficacy and other aspects. Key words: Adminis trat ive case system; Administrative case guidance system; Cross-Strait Résumé Le système juridique du détroit, basée sur l’impact de la loi civile et la culture juridique de l’homologie, par rapport à d’autres pays et régions, le système juridique plus portable et peut apprendre de la nature. Système de guidage administratif en Chine fait face à la nécessité de changement et de transformation. Système de Taiwan le droit administratif dans la théorie le cas du développement administratif, l’amélioration et l’innovation a joué un r le énorme, il sera en Chine du mode de sélection des cas le système administratif, la nature, l’efficacité et d’autres aspects de la construction de notre inspiration. Mots-clés: Système de décision d’administratif; Système de Guidage des affaires administrativen; Détroit
People’s Mediation System Perfection and Reform Under the Multipartite
Jingbo ZHAO
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020120803.2940
Abstract: Chinese primary level people’s mediation system plays very important role in maintaining Chinese society stable, promoting economic society development, and other aspects due to its consistency of autonomy and coordination and convenience in disputes resolving process. However, the traditional people’s mediation which is in the transformation period has formed a distinctive and flexible multipartite mediation mode by continuous exploration and innovation. This paper analyzes the current “N+1” linked-mediation mechanism and its related reform by practically examined the people’s mediation reform and system innovation and gives further ideas in improving and perfecting people’s mediation system. Key words: Multipartite mediation; People’s mediation; System innovation; Mediation concept
On Humanity in Legislation
Jingbo Zhao
Asian Social Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v6n12p182
Abstract: The development history of law and human society clearly tells the importance of good law. But what is good law? What is its criterion? People orientation is the logical starting point and objective of legislation. By analyzing the humanity in the existing legislation, this paper proposes that legislation should be people-oriented and take meeting the basic needs of people as the starting point and legislation should reflect the concept of humanity.
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