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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22572 matches for " Jing Pang "
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Variance Window Based Car License Plate Localization  [PDF]
Jing Pang
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2014.29009

In this paper, a new method for discovering the candidate car license plate locations is presented. First, the image is decomposed using a Haar wavelet to get the HL band with vertical edges. Then, the HL band image is binarized using an Otsu threshold. Next a black top-hat algorithm is applied to reduce the effects of interfering large continuous features other than the license plate. At this time, a moving window based modified variance score calculation is made for areas with white pixels. This work found that the top 3 detected rectangle windows correctly locate the license plate regions with a success rate of about 98.2%. Moreover, the proposed method is robust enough to locate the plates in cases where the rough vehicle position has not been previously discovered and the cars are not centered in the image.

Multispectral Imaging for Authenticity Identification and Quality Evaluation of Flos carthami  [PDF]
Cuiying Hu, Qingxia Meng, Ji Ma, Qichang Pang, Jing Zhao
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.33037

The identification and quality evaluation of Flos carthami were studied using tunable liquid spectral imaging instrument, to discuss the application range and advantages of spectral imaging technology in Chinese medicine identification and quality control field. The Flos carthami was indentified by extracting the normalized characteristic spectral curves of Flos carthami, Crocus sativus and Dendranthema morifolium, which were standard samples supplied by National Institute for Drug Control. The qualities of Flos carthamies collecting from different pharmacies were evaluated by extracting their normalized characteristic spectral curves. The imaging spectrum testing system was designed independently. The spectral resolution was 5 nm, and the spectral range was from 400 nm to 680 nm. The results showed that the normalized characteristic spectral curve of Flos carthami was significantly different from those of Crocus sativus and Dendranthema

Application of Multispectral Imaging Method in Rapid Identification and Analysis of Chinese Herbal Medicine Powders  [PDF]
Cuiying Hu, Qingxia Meng, Qichang Pang, Ji Ma, Jing Zhao
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.32024

Five kinds of traditional flower Chinese medicine powders (TFCMD) were identified using tuneable liquid spectral imaging instrument, to discuss the application range and advantages of spectral imaging technology in Chinese medicine identification and analysis field. The testing system is the liquid crystal multispectral imaging system designed by ourselves. All the tests are standard samples supplied by National Institute for Drug Control. The spectral cubes of Campsis grandiflora, Carthamus tinctorius, Albizzia julibrissin, Dendranthema morifolium, and Dendranthema indicum were captured, and then the normalized characteristic spectral curves of them were picked up. The spectral resolution is 5 nm, and the spectral range is 400 nm - 650 nm. The result shows that different TFCMD has different normalized characteristic fluorescence spectral curve. Spectral imaging technology can be used to identify TFCMD, and the testing course is convenient, quick, noninvasive and without pre-treatment.

Spectrum Requirements Estimation for the Future IMT Systems: Current Work and Way Forward  [PDF]
Jing Pang, Tan Wang, Jingchun Li, Biao Huang
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2086

In order to satisfy the spectrum requirements of the future international mobile telecommunication (IMT) systems, to realize scientific allocation and usage of spectrum resources and to avoid spectrum waste brought by allocation in advanced, there is a need to make a reasonable estimation for the spectrum demands of future IMT systems. The estimation results can also provide guidelines for the subsequent spectrum planning and assignment work. This paper gives a description of study progress of related spectrum estimation for future IMT systems. From the analysis of current work and practical situation, the key factors in the estimation methodology are summarized to provide a reference for the following work.

Specificity and sensitivity of visual evoked potentials P100 latency to different events exercise  [PDF]
Jing-Guo Zhao, Shu-Juan Pang, Guang-Wei Che
Health (Health) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/health.2009.11009
Abstract: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are a series of signals about visual occipital cortex in response to visual stimuli and can be used as one of ob-jective non-invasive neuro-physiological pa-rameters to reflect the visual organs and central visual pathway’s functional integrity. Previous studies have shown that acute and chronic ex-ercise could affect VEPs independent from body temperature and other physiological parameters. VEPs may well be used as neuro-physiological criteria in defining the performances of the ath-letes. Different sports training have different effects on VEPs, but the results are not consis-tent. P100 latency is the representative compo-nent of VEPs and it is of high, steady amplitude and of slight intra- and inter-individual variabil-ity so that the index is most commonly used. The purpose of this study was to investigate the specificity and sensitivity of P100 latency to dif-ferent physical activities. The neural electricity device of NDI-200 was used to measure the pattern reversal VEPs of all subjects, including the values of the resting state before and after different events exercise. Different events exer-cise contained an aerobic cycloergometric ex-ercise (7 subjects were conducted to a Bruce Graded Exercise Test on the Monark Ergomedic 839E cycloergometer, THR (target heart rate) = 85% HRmax, 3 times/week, about 10 minutes once time, 6 weeks), tennis training (16 volun-teers, 2 hours/day, 3 days/week, 8 weeks), aerobic Latin exercise (7 subjects, 1 hour/day, 3 days/week, 6 weeks) and the Baduanjin of Health Qigong training (6 subjects, 1 hour/day, 3 days/week, 6 weeks). The VEPs recordings of the control groups obtained synchronized with the experimental groups. SPSS 11.5 for win-dows was used for statistical analysis. A level of P﹤0.05 was accepted as statistically significant. The VEPs P100 latency of post-exercise of all experimental groups except Baduanjin group became shorter significantly compared with those of pre-exercise (P﹤0.05). No significant difference was found between pre-and post- exercise for the control groups. This study showed that exercise could shorten the P100 la-tency significantly. Moreover, it also indicated that VEPs were sensitive to exercise to a certain extent. We concluded that VEPs might well be used as neuro-physiological criteria in defining the performances of the athletes. It was found that the VEPs P100 latency became shorter after most training programs; furthermore, it demon-strated that P100 latency of VEPs had little specificity to different events.
Generalized Variational Oscillation Principles for Second-Order Differential Equations with Mixed-Nonlinearities
Jing Shao,Fanwei Meng,Xinqin Pang
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/539213
Abstract: Using generalized variational principle and Riccati technique, new oscillation criteria are established for forced second-order differential equation with mixed nonlinearities, which improve and generalize some recent papers in the literature.
Estimation of Land Surface Temperature under Cloudy Skies Using Combined Diurnal Solar Radiation and Surface Temperature Evolution
Xiaoyu Zhang,Jing Pang,Lingling Li
Remote Sensing , 2015, DOI: 10.3390/rs70100905
Abstract: Land surface temperature (LST) is a key parameter in the interaction of the land-atmosphere system. However, clouds affect the retrieval of LST data from thermal-infrared remote sensing data. Thus, it is important to determine a method for estimating LSTs at times when the sky is overcast. Based on a one-dimensional heat transfer equation and on the evolution of daily temperatures and net shortwave solar radiation (NSSR), a new method for estimating LSTs under cloudy skies (T cloud) from diurnal NSSR and surface temperatures is proposed. Validation is performed against in situ measurements that were obtained at the ChangWu ecosystem experimental station in China. The results show that the root-mean-square error (RMSE) between the actual and estimated LSTs is as large as 1.23 K for cloudy data. A sensitivity analysis to the errors in the estimated LST under clear skies (T clear) and in the estimated NSSR reveals that the RMSE of the obtained T cloud is less than 1.5 K after adding a 0.5 K bias to the actual T clear and 10 percent NSSR errors to the actual NSSR. T cloud is estimated by the proposed method using T clear and NSSR products of MSG-SEVIRI for southern Europe. The results indicate that the new algorithm is practical for retrieving the LST under cloudy sky conditions, although some uncertainty exists. Notably, the approach can only be used during the daytime due to the assumption of the variation in LST caused by variations in insolation. Further, if there are less than six T clear observations on any given day, the method cannot be used.
G-Quadruplex DNAzyme Molecular Beacon for Amplified Colorimetric Biosensing of Pseudostellaria heterophylla
Zhenzhu Zheng,Jing Han,Wensheng Pang,Juan Hu
Sensors , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/s130101064
Abstract: With an internal transcribed spacer of 18 S, 5.8 S and 26 S nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA ITS) as DNA marker, we report a colorimetric approach for authentication of Pseudostellaria heterophylla (PH) and its counterfeit species based on the differentiation of the nrDNA ITS sequence. The assay possesses an unlabelled G-quadruplex DNAzyme molecular beacon (MB) probe, employing complementary sequence as biorecognition element and 1:1:1:1 split G-quadruplex halves as reporter. In the absence of target DNA (T-DNA), the probe can shape intermolecular G-quadruplex structures capable of binding hemin to form G-quadruplex-hemin DNAzyme and catalyze the oxidation of ABTS 2? to blue-green ABTS ?? by H 2O 2. In the presence of T-DNA, T-DNA can hybridize with the complementary sequence to form a duplex structure, hindering the formation of the G-quadruplex structure and resulting in the loss of the catalytic activity. Consequently, a UV-Vis absorption signal decrease is observed in the ABTS 2?-H 2O 2 system. The “turn-off” assay allows the detection of T-DNA from 1.0 × 10 ?9 to 3.0 × 10 ?7 mol·L ?1 (R 2 = 0.9906), with a low detection limit of 3.1 × 10 ? 10 mol·L ?1. The present study provides a sensitive and selective method and may serve as a foundation of utilizing the DNAzyme MB sensor for identifying traditional Chinese medicines.
Moving Object Detection in Video Using Saliency Map and Subspace Learning
Yanwei Pang,Li Ye,Xuelong Li,Jing Pan
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Moving object detection is a key to intelligent video analysis. On the one hand, what moves is not only interesting objects but also noise and cluttered background. On the other hand, moving objects without rich texture are prone not to be detected. So there are undesirable false alarms and missed alarms in many algorithms of moving object detection. To reduce the false alarms and missed alarms, in this paper, we propose to incorporate a saliency map into an incremental subspace analysis framework where the saliency map makes estimated background has less chance than foreground (i.e., moving objects) to contain salient objects. The proposed objective function systematically takes account into the properties of sparsity, low-rank, connectivity, and saliency. An alternative minimization algorithm is proposed to seek the optimal solutions. Experimental results on the Perception Test Images Sequences demonstrate that the proposed method is effective in reducing false alarms and missed alarms.
Research and Practice on the Cultivation of Engineering Competence for Software Talents in Universities  [PDF]
Xiyu Pang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.32020
Abstract: This paper analyzes the phenomenon that companies are in need of talents, yet students have difficulty in finding jobs. It proposes new solutions for “Bridging the gap between university education and social demand and cultivating qualified talents for software companies”, that is, to cultivate the students’ competence for software engineering in curriculum design. Besides, it gives a scheme for cultivating the students’ competence for software engineering in curriculum design, and delivers good results in practice.
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