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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 57514 matches for " Jin-bin Han "
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Advances in Smoothened-targeting therapies for pancreatic cancer: implication for drug discovery from herbal medicines
Jin-bin Han
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2012,
Abstract: ABSTRACT: Smoothened (SMO) is a member of sonic hedgehog homology (SHH) signaling pathway. It plays a key role as a bridge between patched-1 (PTCH-1) and Gli. Aberrant SHH expression can be detected in various malignant tissues, and the expression in pancreatic cancer stem cells is higher apparently. SHH signals are closely associated with self-duplication of cancer stem cells, formation of tumor vessels as well as matrixes. SMO antagonists such as cyclopamine, GDC-0449 and so on show potential to inhibit activity of SHH signaling, and arrest the growth as well as metastases of tumors. Recently, a few of SMO antagonists have been studied in phase Ⅰ clinical trials and some are in phase Ⅱ, meanwhile, phase Ⅰ or Ⅱ trials of SMO antagonists to treat pancreatic cancer are performed currently. As the classical SMO antagonist, cyclopamine is extracted from a medicinal plant. Perhaps researchers may be able to determine more effective SMO-targeting drugs from herbal medicines in the future.
Repeated 100 Hz TENS for the Treatment of Chronic Inflammatory Hyperalgesia and Suppression of Spinal Release of Substance P in Monoarthritic Rats
Hong-Xiang Liu,Jin-Bin Tian,Fei Luo,Yu-Hui Jiang,Zu-Guo Deng,Liang Xiong,Cheng Liu,Jin-Shu Wang,Ji-Sheng Han
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nel056
Abstract: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been shown to be an effective measure for pain relief. The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal intensity and interval of repeated 100 Hz TENS for the treatment of chronic inflammatory hyperalgesia in a monoarthritic pain model of the rat, and to assess the changes of the spinal substance P (SP) release in response to TENS treatment. A reliable, reproducible chronic monoarthritic pain model was produced by intra-articular injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) at single ankle joint. The efficacy of 100 Hz TENS treatments with different frequencies and intensities was compared. In the acute period (within 3 weeks) of monoarthritis, twice-a-week schedule of TENS reduced the swelling of the inflamed ankle significantly. In the stable period (4–9 weeks), however, once-a-week schedule produced a significantly better therapeutic effect on both inflammation and arthritic hyperalgesia than that of twice- or five-times-a-week schedule. Using three levels of intensity of TENS, we found that the weaker (1-1-2 mA) stimulation produced significantly better therapeutic effects. Repeated TENS produced a reduction of SP content in spinal perfusate in parallel with the progressive reduction of the arthritic pain scores. Our results suggest that (i) consecutive TENS treatments produced cumulative effect for chronic hyperalgesia, (ii) for chronic inflammatory hyperalgesia, a weaker intensity and more sparsely arranged treatment schedule may produce better therapeutic effect and (iii) a decrease in SP release may serve as one of the possible neurochemical mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of multiple TENS treatments on chronic inflammatory hyperalgesia.
Effect of green tea on blood glucose levels and serum proteomic patterns in diabetic (db/db) mice and on glucose metabolism in healthy humans
Tsuneki Hiroshi,Ishizuka Mitsuyo,Terasawa Miki,Wu Jin-Bin
BMC Pharmacology , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2210-4-18
Abstract: Background Green tea is widely consumed in Asian countries and is becoming increasingly popular in Western countries. Epidemiologically, it has been suggested that green tea consumption prevents type 2 diabetes. The present study was aimed at providing evidence of improvement in glucose metabolism in diabetic mice and healthy humans upon green tea consumption. Results Green tea promoted glucose metabolism in healthy human volunteers at 1.5 g/body in oral glucose tolerance tests. Green tea also lowered blood glucose levels in diabetic db+/db+ mice and streptozotocin-diabetic mice 2–6 h after administration at 300 mg/kg without affecting serum insulin level, whereas no effect was observed in control mice (+m/+m and normal ddY mice). The serum protein profiles of db+/db+ and +m/+m mice were analyzed for the first time by SELDI (surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization)-TOF (time-of-flight)-MS (mass spectrometry), and then compared to investigate any effects of oral green tea administration on serum proteins. The protein profiles in db+/db+ mice showed that the spectral peak intensities at the mass/charge ratios (m/z) of 4119, 4203, 4206, 4211, 4579, 9311 and 18691 were >3 times lower, and those of 13075, 17406, 17407, 17418, 17622, 18431 and 26100 were >3 times higher than respective peak intensities in +m/+m mice. When green tea was administered to db+/db+ mice, the peak intensities were markedly decreased at m/z 11651 and 11863, and slightly decreased at m/z 4212. The peak intensities at 7495, 7595, 7808, 14983, 15614, 31204 were markedly increased after the administration. Conclusion The present study provides evidence that green tea has an antidiabetic effect. Although we could not find simple reversed effect of green tea on the diabetes-induced modifications of the levels of several serum proteins, we found that the 4211 (4212) Da protein level that was decreased in the diabetic state was further decreased after green tea administration. This is the first report demonstrating that a certain serum protein may be involved in the antihyperglycemic effect of green tea. The contribution of this protein should be further studied.
Lauglin-type wavefunction of two-dimensional electrons in the tilted magnetic field
Shi-JIe Yang,Yue Yu,Jin-Bin Li
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.65.073302
Abstract: We study the fractional quantum Hall states in the tilted magnetic field. A many-particle wavefunction of the ground state, which is similar to that of Laughlin's, is constructed in the Landau gauge. We show that in the limit of thermodynamics, the concept of composite fermion is still valid in presence of the in-plane field.
Flemingia macrophylla Extract Ameliorates Experimental Osteoporosis in Ovariectomized Rats
Hui-Ya Ho,Jin-Bin Wu,Wen-Chuan Lin
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nep179
Abstract: Flemingia macrophylla (Leguminosae), a native plant of Taiwan, is used as folk medicine. An in vitro study showed that a 75% ethanolic extract of F. macrophylla (FME) inhibited osteoclast differentiation of cultured rat bone marrow cells, and the active component, lespedezaflavanone A (LDF-A), was isolated. It was found that oral administration of FME for 13 weeks suppressed bone loss in ovariectomized rats, an experimental model of osteoporosis. In addition, FME decreased urinary deoxypyridinoline concentrations but did not inhibit serum alkaline phosphatase activities, indicating that it ameliorated bone loss via inhibition of bone resorption. These results suggest that FME may represent a useful remedy for the treatment of bone resorption diseases, such as osteoporosis. In addition, LDF-A could be used as a marker compound to control the quality of FME.
SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATION SYNDROME
重症急性呼吸系统综合症的研究现状与展望

YAN Xi-yun,ZHANG Jin-bin,
阎锡蕴
,张锦彬

生物物理学报 , 2003,
Abstract: Since severe acute respiration syndrome (SARS) was first identified in Guangdong Province of China, it has rapidly spread to almost thirty countries in the world. Scientists from all over the world are carrying out intensive research into the origin and pathogenicity of the SARS virus, in order to establish means of prevention and treatment for SARS. The latest progress in research and prospects for a breakthrough in the fight against SARS is reviewed.
Simulation of two-dimensional many-particle hardcore bosons by using the quantum Monte Carlo method
大粒子数二维硬核玻色子系统的量子蒙特卡罗模拟

Xu Ying,Li Jin-Bin,
许莹
,李晋斌

物理学报 , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, the stochastic series expansion quantum Monte Carlo method is employed to investigate the thermodynamic properties of hardcore Bose-Hubbard model in two-dimensional space. The two-dimensional hardcore Bose-Hubbard model can be mapped into the two-dimensional antiferromagnetic quasi-Heisenberg model under transform of bosonic operators. There is an additional term which is proportional to the total number of sites compared with real Heisenberg model and it is difficult for simulation. Using a nonlocal “operator-loop update”, it allows one to simulate thousands of sites. Our simulation results show that, first, energy decreases with the increase of density of particles in a range from 0 to 0.5, and finally approaches to a fixed value. Moreover, with the size of square lattice increasing, energy also increases. Second, when we fix the system size, energy and magnetization increase with temperature, but not with of chemical potential. When we increase the system size, energy increases, while, the magnetization decreases. Third, specific heat is independent of chemical potential, but it dramatically increases with temperature and approaches to a peak, then decreases slowly. According to Landau theory of superfluidity, the tends of curve for energy and specific heat fit the research of He II in the Landau two-fluid model. Fourth, different square lattice linear system sizes have a little influence on tiny differences to the reciprocal of uniform susceptibility. There are small fluctuations in a range from 0 to 0.5(J/kB), where J is the coupling energy, kB is the Boltzmann constant, but the reciprocal of uniform susceptibility increases with temperature increasing in a range from 0.5 to 2(J/kB). The tends of curve are similar to those of Kondo effect.
Formability and Thermal Stability of Ce62Al15Fe8Co15 Bulk Metallic Glass

WANG Zhi-Xin,LU Jin-Bin,YANG Wei-Tie,

中国物理快报 , 2010,
Abstract:
A KINETIC MODEL FOR THE INITIAL GROWTH OF DIAMOND FILMS

LIU QIU-XIANG,WANG JIN-BIN,YANG GUO-WEI,YOU JIAN-QIANG,

中国物理 B , 1998,
Abstract: Based on a surface reaction mechanism for diamond deposition from the gas phase, a kinetic model is developed to describe diamond nucleation sites and the initial stage of diamond growth in chemical vapor deposition. The timein dependent solutions to the rate equations, which describe the steady-state growth of diamond films, is obtained analytically for the case of small ratio of car bon flux to atomic hydrogen flux. The time-dependent solutions obtained by nume rical methods for large ratio of carbon to atomic hydrogen flux describe the nucleation and initial gorwth stage of diamond films. This model suggests some general predictions for diamond nucleation and growth and can be used to explain several important experimental phenomena observed by others.
Cell Suspension Culture of Eriobotrya japonica Regulates the Diabetic and Hyperlipidemic Signs of High-Fat-Fed Mice
Chun-Ching Shih,Jiun-Lin Ciou,Cheng-Hsiu Lin,Jin-Bin Wu,Hui-Ya Ho
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules18032726
Abstract: The present study investigates the anti-hyperlipidemic and antihyperglycemic effects and mechanism in high-fat (HF)-fed mice of cell suspension culture of Eriobotrya japonica (TA), which contains a great number of pentacyclic terpenoids. Firstly, C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into two groups: the control (CON) group was fed with a low-fat diet (n = 9), whereas the experimental group was fed a 45% HF diet for 8 weeks. Afterwards, the CON group was treated with vehicle, whereas the HF group was subdivided into five groups and was orally given TA or rosiglitazone or not for 4 weeks. Blood and visceral adipose tissue, liver tissue and skeletal muscle were examined. Treatment with TA reduced body weight gain, weights of white adipose tissue (WAT) (including epididymal, perirenal, mesenteric WAT and visceral fat), and hepatic triacylglycerol content significantly without affecting food intake in diet-induced diabetic mice. TA effectively prevented HF diet-induced increases in the levels of blood glucose, insulin, leptin and HOMA-IR index ( p < 0.001, p < 0.05, p < 0.05, p < 0.01, respectively) and attenuated insulin resistance. Treatment with TA, adipocytes in the visceral depots showed a reduction in size. TA effectively significantly increased the protein contents of phosphorylation of AMPK-α (Thr172) both in liver and adipose tissue. It is shown that TA exhibits hypolipidemic effect in HF-fed mice by decreasing gene expressions of fatty acid synthesis, including acyl-coenzyme A: diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) 2, which catalyzes the final step in the synthesis of triglycerides, and antidiabetic properties occurred as a result of decreased hepatic glucose production via phosphenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) down- regulation, improved insulin sensitization and TA (at 1.0 g/kg dose) decreased expression of hepatic and adipose 11-β-hydroxysteroid dehydroxygenase (11β-HSD1) gene, which contributed in attenuating diabetic state. Futhermore, TA at doses of 0.5 and 1.0 g/kg had serum lipid-lowering action characterized by the inhibition of DGAT 1 expression. Thus, amelioration of diabetic and dyslipidemic state by TA in HF-fed mice occurred by regulation of PEPCK, DGAT2 and AMPK phosphorylation.
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