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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 60501 matches for " Jin Tae Hong "
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Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Growth Factor Receptor Bound-Protein in Clonorchis sinensis
Xuelian Bai, Ji-Yun Lee, Tae Im Kim, Fuhong Dai, Tae-Jin Lee, Sung-Jong Hong
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085577
Abstract: Background Clonorchis sinensis causes clonorchiasis, a potentially serious disease. Growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (Grb2) is a cytosolic protein conserved among animals and plays roles in cellular functions such as meiosis, organogenesis and energy metabolism. In the present study, we report first molecular characters of growth factor receptor bound-protein (CsGrb2) from C. sinensis as counter part of Grb2 from animals and its possible functions in development and organogenesis of C. sinensis. Methodology/Principal Findings A CsGrb2 cDNA clone retrieved from the C. sinensis transcriptome encoded a polypeptide with a SH3-SH2-SH3 structure. Recombinant CsGrb2 was bacterially produced and purified to homogeneity. Native CsGrb2 with estimated molecular weight was identified from C. sinensis adult extract by western blotting using a mouse immune serum to recombinant CsGrb2. CsGrb2 transcripts was more abundant in the metacercariae than in the adults. Immunohistochemical staining showed that CsGrb2 was localized to the suckers, mesenchymal tissues, sperms in seminal receptacle and ovary in the adults, and abundantly expressed in most organs of the metacercariae. Recombinant CsGrb2 was evaluated to be little useful as a serodiagnostic reagent for C. sinesis human infections. Conclusion Grb2 protein found in C. sinensis was conserved among animals and suggested to play a role in the organogenesis, energy metabolism and mitotic spermatogenesis of C. sinensis. These findings from C. sinensis provide wider understanding on diverse function of Grb2 in lower animals such as platyhelminths.
Anti-inflammatory and arthritic effects of thiacremonone, a novel sulfurcompound isolated from garlic via inhibition of NF-κB
Jung Ban, Ju Oh, Tae Kim, Dae Kim, Heon-Sang Jeong, Sang Han, Jin Hong
Arthritis Research & Therapy , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/ar2819
Abstract: The anti-inflammatory and arthritis effects of thiacremone in in vivo were investigated in 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced ear edema, carrageenan and mycobacterium butyricum-induced inflammatory and arthritis models. Lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide (NO) production was determined by Griess method. The DNA binding activity of NF-κB was investigated by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. NF-κB and inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) transcriptional activity was determined by luciferase assay. Expression of iNOS and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) was determined by western blot.The results showed that topical application of thiacremonone (1 or 2 μg/ear) suppressed the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced (1 μg/ear) ear edema. Thiacremonone (1-10 mg/kg) administered directly into the plantar surface of hind paw also suppressed the carrageenan (1.5 mg/paw) and mycobacterium butyricum (2 mg/paw)-induced inflammatory and arthritic responses as well as expression of iNOS and COX-2, in addition to NF-κB DNA-binding activity. In further in vitro study, thiacremonone (2.5-10 μg/ml) inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 μg/ml)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production, and NF-κB transcriptional and DNA binding activity in a dose dependent manner. The inhibition of NO by thiacremonone was consistent with the inhibitory effect on LPS-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and COX-2 expression, as well as iNOS transcriptional activity. Moreover, thiacremonone inhibited LPS-induced p50 and p65 nuclear translocation, resulting in an inhibition of the DNA binding activity of the NF-κB. These inhibitory effects on NF-κB activity and NO generation were suppressed by reducing agents dithiothreitol (DTT) and glutathione, and were abrogated in p50 (C62S)-mutant cells, suggesting that the sulfhydryl group of NF-κB molecules may be a target of thiacremonone.The present results suggested that thiacremonone exerted its anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic propert
Is It Effective to Perform Two More Prostate Biopsies According to Prostate-Specific Antigen Level and Prostate Volume in Detecting Prostate Cancer? Prospective Study of 10-Core and 12-Core Prostate Biopsy
Byung Il Yoon,Tae Seung Shin,Hyuk Jin Cho,Sung-Hoo Hong
Urology Journal , 2012,
Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of 2 more core prostate biopsy protocol in detecting the prostate cancer (PCa) by comparing 10-core prostate biopsy with 12-core according to the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level and the prostate volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 474 men with elevated serum levels of PSA between 2.5 and 20.0 ng/mL, regardless of abnormal finding on digital rectal examination and transrectal ultrasonography, received transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies. The patients were prospectively randomized to undergo 10-core (group 1, n = 351) or 12-core (group 2, n = 123) biopsy. The PCa detection rates were assessed and compared according to the serum level of PSA and prostate volume. RESULTS: Of 474 men, 128 (27.0%) were diagnosed with PCa. The PCa detection rates of 10-core and 12-core biopsies were 26.4% and 28.4%, respectively (P = .378). There was no difference in cancer detection rates according to PSA level in both groups. Comparing the cancer detection rates according to the prostate volume (< 40 mL and ≥ 40 mL), the patients with prostate volume ≥ 40 mL showed higher cancer detection rates in 12-core biopsy group (26.9%) compared with 10-core biopsy group (16.4%) (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The overall cancer detection rates showed no differences in both groups. But the 12-core biopsy was a more efficient method in men with a prostate volume of ≥ 40 mL, compared to the 10-core biopsy.
Inhibitory Effect of Inflexinol on Nitric Oxide Generation and iNOS Expression via Inhibition of NF- Activation
Jae Woong Lee,Moon Soon Lee,Tae Hun Kim,Hwa Jeong Lee,Seong Su Hong,Young Hee Noh,Bang Yeon Hwang,Jai Seup Ro,Jin Tae Hong
Mediators of Inflammation , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/93148
Abstract: Inflexinol, an ent-kaurane diterpenoid, was isolated from the leaves of Isodon excisus. Many diterpenoids isolated from the genus Isodon (Labiatae) have antitumor and antiinflammatory activities. We investigated the antiinflammatory effect of inflexinol in RAW 264.7 cells and astrocytes. As a result, we found that inflexinol (1, 5, 10 μM) suppressed the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) as well as the production of nitric oxide (NO) in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and astrocytes. Consistent with the inhibitory effect on iNOS and COX-2 expression, inflexinol also inhibited transcriptional and DNA binding activity of NF-κB via inhibition of IκB degradation as well as p50 and p65 translocation into nucleus. These results suggest that inflexinol inhibits iNOS and COX-2 expression through inhibition of NF-κB activation, thereby inhibits generation of inflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 cells and astrocytes, and may be useful for treatment of inflammatory diseases.
Ethanol Extract of the Flower Chrysanthemum morifolium Augments Pentobarbital-Induced Sleep Behaviors: Involvement of Cl? Channel Activation
Jae-Wook Kim,Jin-Yi Han,Jin Tae Hong,Rihua Li,Jae Soon Eun,Ki-Wan Oh
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/109164
Abstract: Dried Chrysanthemum morifolium flowers have traditionally been used in Korea for the treatment of insomnia. This study was performed to investigate whether the ethanol extract of Chrysanthemum morifolium flowers (EFC) enhances pentobarbital-induced sleep behaviors. EFC prolonged sleep time induced by pentobarbital similar to muscimol, a GABAA receptors agonist. EFC also increased sleep rate and sleep time when administrated with pentobarbital at a subhypnotic dosage. Both EFC and pentobarbital increased chloride (Cl−) influx in primary cultured cerebellar granule cells. EFC increased glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) expression levels, but had no effect on the expression of α1-, β2-, and γ2-subunits of the GABAA receptor in the hippocampus of a mouse brain. This is in contrast to treatment with pentobarbital, which showed decreased α1-subunit expression and no change in GAD expression. In conclusion, EFC augments pentobarbital-induced sleep behaviors; these effects may result from Cl− channel activation.
Enhancement of electron energy to multi-GeV regime by a dual-stage laser-wakefield accelerator pumped by petawatt laser pulses
Hyung Taek Kim,Ki Hong Pae,Hyuk Jin Cha,I Jong Kim,Tae Jun Yu,Jae Hee Sung,Seong Ku Lee,Tae Moon Jeong,Jongmin Lee
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.165002
Abstract: Laser wakefield acceleration offers the promise of a compact electron accelerator for generating a multi-GeV electron beam using the huge field gradient induced by an intense laser pulse, compared to conventional rf accelerators. However, the energy and quality of the electron beam from the laser wakefield accelerator have been limited by the power of the driving laser pulses and interaction properties in the target medium. Recent progress in laser technology has resulted in the realization of a petawatt (PW) femtosecond laser, which offers new capabilities for research on laser wakefield acceleration. Here, we present a significant increase in laser-driven electron energy to the multi-GeV level by utilizing a 30-fs, 1-PW laser system. In particular, a dual-stage laser wakefield acceleration scheme (injector and accelerator scheme) was applied to boost electron energies to over 3 GeV with a single PW laser pulse. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations corroborate the multi-GeV electron generation from the dual-stage laser wakefield accelerator driven by PW laser pulses.
Snake venom toxin from Vipera lebetina turanica induces apoptosis in colon cancer cells via upregulation of ROS- and JNK-mediated death receptor expression
Mi Hee Park, Mi Ran Jo, Dohee Won, Ho Sueb Song, Sang Bae Han, Min Jong Song, Jin Tae Hong
BMC Cancer , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-12-228
Abstract: We used cell viability assays, DAPI/TUNEL assays, as well as western blot for detection of apoptosis related proteins and DRs to demonstrate that snake venom toxin-induced apoptosis is DR4 and DR5 dependent. We carried out transient siRNA knockdowns of DR4 and DR5 in colon cancer cells.We showed that snake venom toxin inhibited growth of colon cancer cells through induction of apoptosis. We also showed that the expression of DR4 and DR5 was increased by treatment of snake venom toxin. Moreover, knockdown of DR4 or DR5 reversed the effect of snake venom toxin. Snake venom toxin also induced JNK phosphorylation and ROS generation, however, pretreatment of JNK inhibitor and ROS scavenger reversed the growth inhibitory effect of snake venom toxin, and reduced the snake venom toxin-induced upregulation of DR4 and DR5 expression.Our results indicated that snake venom toxin could inhibit human colon cancer cell growth, and these effects may be related to ROS and JNK mediated activation of death receptor (DR4 and DR5) signals
The bone morphogenetic protein antagonist gremlin 1 is overexpressed in human cancers and interacts with YWHAH protein
Hong Namkoong, Seung Shin, Hyun Kim, Seon-Ah Ha, Goang Cho, Soo Hur, Tae Kim, Jin Kim
BMC Cancer , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-6-74
Abstract: We used the differential display (DD) RT-PCR method using normal cervical, cervical cancer, metastatic cervical tissues, and cervical cancer cell lines to identify genes overexpressed in cervical cancers and identified gremlin 1 which was overexpressed in cervical cancers. We determined expression levels of gremlin 1 using Northern blot analysis and immunohistochemical study in various types of human normal and cancer tissues. To understand the tumorigenesis pathway of identified gremlin 1 protein, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen, GST pull down assay, and immunoprecipitation to identify gremlin 1 interacting proteins.DDRT-PCR analysis revealed that gremlin 1 was overexpressed in uterine cervical cancer. We also identified a human gremlin 1 that was overexpressed in various human tumors including carcinomas of the lung, ovary, kidney, breast, colon, pancreas, and sarcoma. PIG-2-transfected HEK 293 cells exhibited growth stimulation and increased telomerase activity. Gremlin 1 interacted with homo sapiens tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein, eta polypeptide (14-3-3 eta; YWHAH). YWHAH protein binding site for gremlin 1 was located between residues 61–80 and gremlin 1 binding site for YWHAH was found to be located between residues 1 to 67.Gremlin 1 may play an oncogenic role especially in carcinomas of the uterine cervix, lung, ovary, kidney, breast, colon, pancreas, and sarcoma. Over-expressed gremlin 1 functions by interaction with YWHAH. Therefore, Gremlin 1 and its binding protein YWHAH could be good targets for developing diagnostic and therapeutic strategies against human cancers.The identification of molecular alterations in cancerous and pre-cancerous cells has provided insight into the role of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in tumor initiation and progression [1]. Oncogenes are derived from highly conserved proto-oncogenes that are altered by chromosomal point mutations, gene amplifications, or gene rearrangements
Enhancement of Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Aloe vera Adventitious Root Extracts through the Alteration of Primary and Secondary Metabolites via Salicylic Acid Elicitation
Yun Sun Lee, Hyun Kyoung Ju, Yeon Jeong Kim, Tae-Gyu Lim, Md Romij Uddin, Yeon Bok Kim, Jin Hong Baek, Sung Won Kwon, Ki Won Lee, Hak Soo Seo, Sang Un Park, Tae-Jin Yang
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082479
Abstract: Aloe vera (Asphodeloideae) is a medicinal plant in which useful secondary metabolites are plentiful. Among the representative secondary metabolites of Aloe vera are the anthraquinones including aloe emodin and chrysophanol, which are tricyclic aromatic quinones synthesized via a plant-specific type III polyketide biosynthesis pathway. However, it is not yet clear which cellular responses can induce the pathway, leading to production of tricyclic aromatic quinones. In this study, we examined the effect of endogenous elicitors on the type III polyketide biosynthesis pathway and identified the metabolic changes induced in elicitor-treated Aloe vera adventitious roots. Salicylic acid, methyl jasmonate, and ethephon were used to treat Aloe vera adventitious roots cultured on MS liquid media with 0.3 mg/L IBA for 35 days. Aloe emodin and chrysophanol were remarkably increased by the SA treatment, more than 10–11 and 5–13 fold as compared with untreated control, respectively. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry analysis identified a total of 37 SA-induced compounds, including aloe emodin and chrysophanol, and 3 of the compounds were tentatively identified as tricyclic aromatic quinones. Transcript accumulation analysis of polyketide synthase genes and gas chromatography mass spectrometry showed that these secondary metabolic changes resulted from increased expression of octaketide synthase genes and decreases in malonyl-CoA, which is the precursor for the tricyclic aromatic quinone biosynthesis pathway. In addition, anti-inflammatory activity was enhanced in extracts of SA-treated adventitious roots. Our results suggest that SA has an important role in activation of the plant specific-type III polyketide biosynthetic pathway, and therefore that the efficacy of Aloe vera as medicinal agent can be improved through SA treatment.
Red Ginseng Extract Attenuates Kainate-Induced Excitotoxicity by Antioxidative Effects
Jin-Yi Han,Sun-Young Ahn,Eun-Hye Oh,Sang-Yoon Nam,Jin Tae Hong,Ki-Wan Oh,Mi Kyeong Lee
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/479016
Abstract: This study investigated the neuroprotective activity of red ginseng extract (RGE, Panax ginseng, C. A. Meyer) against kainic acid- (KA-) induced excitotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. In hippocampal cells, RGE inhibited KA-induced excitotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner as measured by the MTT assay. To study the possible mechanisms of the RGE-mediated neuroprotective effect against KA-induced cytotoxicity, we examined the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and [Ca2
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