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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1868 matches for " Jimmy; Jacobs "
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User fees, health staff incentives, and service utilization in Kabarole District, Uganda
Kipp,Walter; Kamugisha,Jimmy; Jacobs,Phil; Burnham,Gilbert; Rubaale,Tom;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862001001100006
Abstract: objective: to determine the impact of user fees on the utilization of health services in a community-based cost-sharing scheme in kabarole district, western uganda. methods: of the 38 government health units that had introduced user-fee financing schemes, 11 were included in the study. outpatient utilization was assessed as the median number of visits per month before and after cost sharing began. findings: after the introduction of cost sharing, overall utilization of general outpatient services, assessed by combining the data from all the participating units, dropped by 21.3%. utilization increased, however, in facilities located in remote areas, while it decreased in those located in urban or semi-urban areas. the increased utilization in remote facilities was considered to be largely attributable to health workers' incentive payments derived from cost-sharing revenues. conclusions: incentive payments led the health workers to offer improved services. other factors may also have been influential, such as an improved drug supply to health facilities and increased public identification with community projects in remote areas.
User fees, health staff incentives, and service utilization in Kabarole District, Uganda
Kipp Walter,Kamugisha Jimmy,Jacobs Phil,Burnham Gilbert
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2001,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of user fees on the utilization of health services in a community-based cost-sharing scheme in Kabarole District, western Uganda. METHODS: Of the 38 government health units that had introduced user-fee financing schemes, 11 were included in the study. Outpatient utilization was assessed as the median number of visits per month before and after cost sharing began. FINDINGS: After the introduction of cost sharing, overall utilization of general outpatient services, assessed by combining the data from all the participating units, dropped by 21.3%. Utilization increased, however, in facilities located in remote areas, while it decreased in those located in urban or semi-urban areas. The increased utilization in remote facilities was considered to be largely attributable to health workers' incentive payments derived from cost-sharing revenues. CONCLUSIONS: Incentive payments led the health workers to offer improved services. Other factors may also have been influential, such as an improved drug supply to health facilities and increased public identification with community projects in remote areas.
VISUALISASI PETA KONTUR DALAM SUDUT PANDANG TIGA DIMENSI
Jimmy Jimmy
Jurnal Informatika , 2006,
Abstract: A Contour map is commonly displayed in two dimensional view, where the earth's contours captured from above the earth. A Two dimensional contour map often difficult to express the earth's surface velocity. The problem arose when trying to visualize a contour map in three dimension environment, is about how to connect each contour lines that exist within the two dimensional contour map. In order to solve that problem, writer creates an algorithm that able to convert earth's coordinate data into a collection of polygonal mesh data. Conversion process is done by using a square polygon web. At the beginning, the square polygon web was set flat at the height of 0 meter. Then, every vertex on the square polygon web must be altered to the same height as the height of the contour map at the same coordinate. Experiments conducted shows that the square polygon web, which the height has been altered, able to display earth's contours in three-dimensional view. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pada umumnya peta kontur disajikan dalam sudut pandang dua dimensi, dimana kontur dilihat dari atas permukaan bumi. Penyajian peta kontur secara dua dimensi sering kali sulit memberikan gambaran mengenai ketinggian dari permukaan bumi yang sedang diamati. Permasalahan yang muncul ketika akan melakukan visualisasi peta kontur secara tiga dimensi adalah bagaimana cara menghubungkan garis kontur yang satu dengan yang lain. Permasalahan tersebut muncul karena sering kali data peta kontur yang didapat hanya berupa data koordinat bumi dari tiap kontur yang ada. Untuk memecahkan permasalahan tersebut, penulis membuat sebuah algoritma yang dapat meng-konversi kumpulan data koordinat bumi menjadi kumpulan data koordinat mesh polygon yang merupakan komponen penyusun objek tiga dimensi. Pembentukan data koordinat mesh polygon dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan sebuah jaringan poligon bujur sangkar yang menutupi seluruh daerah peta kontur. Pertama-tama, jaringan poligon bujur sangkar diletakkan mendatar pada ketinggian 0 meter. Kemudian tiap vertex pada jaringan poligon bujur sangkar akan diubah ketinggiannya sesuai dengan ketinggian peta kontur pada koordinat sumbu X dan Y yang sama dengan koordinat X dan Y vertex. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa jaringan poligon, yang ketinggian tiap vertexnya telah disesuaikan dengan ketinggian peta kontur, dapat menggambarkan kontur permukaan bumi secara tiga dimensi. Kata kunci: peta kontur, koordinat bumi, konversi, mesh polygon, tiga dimensi.
Acute necrotizing pancreatitis as first manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism
Jeroen I Lenz, Jimmy M Jacobs, Bart Op de Beeck, Ivan A Huyghe, Paul A Pelckmans, Tom G Moreels
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: We report the case of a female patient with severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis associated with hypercalcemia as first manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism caused by a benign parathyroid adenoma. Initially the acute pancreatitis was treated conservatively. The patient subsequently underwent surgical resection of the parathyroid adenoma and surgical clearance of a large infected pancreatic pseudocyst. Although the association of parathyroid adenoma-induced hypercalcemia and acute pancreatitis is a known medical entity, it is very uncommon. The pathophysiology of hypercalcemia-induced acute pancreatitis is therefore not well known, although some mechanisms have been proposed. It is important to treat the provoking factor. Therefore, the cause of hypercalcemia should be identified early. Surgical resection of the parathyroid adenoma is the ultimate therapy.
Asymmetric Impact of Financial Integration to International Nonsynchronous Trading Effects in Developed and Emerging Equity Markets  [PDF]
KiHoon Jimmy Hong
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.47065
Abstract:

This paper investigates the impact of the international equity market integration to the international nonsynchronous trading effects (INTE). The paper finds that the financial market integration would increase INTE, in general, and the impact monotonically decreases over the lag length. However empirical evidence suggests that the increase is asymmetric among developed and emerging markets. Further theoretical investigation reveals that the level of volatility and autocorrelation are positively related to the increase in INTE. The paper concludes that the relatively higher level of volatility and autocorrelation in emerging markets could mitigate the increase in INTE from financial market integration.

Social Representations and Public Policy: Influence of the Distance from the Object on Representational Valence  [PDF]
Jimmy Bordarie, Sandrine Gaymard
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.39038
Abstract:

Theory: Our research is based on the social representations theory (Moscovici, 1961) [1] as an interpretation grid to understand reality. These representations constitute a way to defend social positions towards a social object. We are interested in the concept of distance from the object (Abric, 2001) [2] to study individuals’ feelings towards a social object. People can feel concerned and close to it, or not concerned and distant from it. We assume this link impacts the representational elements’ valence. By applying it to the urban mobility public policy of 30 kph, we inscribe it into an applied approach with the aim of helping urban planners, politicians and associations to understand social acceptability of this measure. Method: 129 young French drivers (mean age: 22.4; SD: 3.8; 78% are women and 22% are men) replied to a questionnaire to determine the individuals’ distance from the object and the social representation of 30 kph. Results: A T test highlights the significant influence of the distance from the object on the representational elements’ valence. Depending on individuals’ feelings, social representation is focused upon pro-social or negative aspects. Gender seems to have a minor impact, whereas the regular mode of transport seems to influence the representation. Applications: Our results clearly give information to build efficient awareness campaigns (Bordarie & Gaymard, 2015) [3]. They can also provide indications for urban planners to implement 30 kph zones, highlighting the flexibility of practices (Bordarie & Gaymard, 2015) [4].

Durational Therapeutic Dose of Fansidar: A Functional Index in Its Antidiabetic Properties  [PDF]
E. O. Jimmy
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2019.71003
Abstract: Effects of fansidar in alloxan-induced diabetes were investigated in thirty (30) male and female albino rats for 28 days. The results showed a steady weekly decrease in blood glucose concentration in induced diabetic rats after fansidar treatment. In week 1, i.e. 7 days, there was significant difference in the blood glucose levels between the control and diabetic rats (P < 0.05) i.e. high glucose concentration, same in week II i.e. 14 days. However, in day 21 i.e. week III there was a significant reduction in the blood glucose concentration compared with control P < 0.05. The same results were obtained in week IV i.e. in 28 days treatment. The result has shown that fansidar has antidiabetic potentials on long term durational administration.
Patient Medication Adherence: Measures in Daily Practice
Beena Jimmy,Jimmy Jose
Oman Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Adherence to therapies is a primary determinant of treatment success. Failure to adherence is a serious problem which not only affects the patient but also the health care system. Medication non adherence in patients leads to substantial worsening of disease, death and increased health care costs. A variety of factors are likely to affect adherence. Barriers to adherence could be addressed as patient, provider and health system factors, with interactions among them. Identifying specific barriers for each patient and adopting suitable techniques to overcome them will be necessary to improve medication adherence. Health care professionals such as physicians, pharmacists and nurses have significant role in their daily practice to improve patient medication adherence.
Admissibility of the Defendant’s Criminal Records at Trial  [PDF]
James B. Jacobs
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.43015
Abstract:

The jury trial, which is a hallmark of the Anglo-American adversary system, requires close attention to the evidence that it is permissible for the lay jurors to hear. No evidentiary issue has proved more contentious than the admissibility of witnesses’, especially defendants’, prior criminal history because of concern that the lay jurors might prejudicially infer present guilt from past criminality. This article explains the complex evidentiary rules for admitting criminal history to prove guilt and to impeach witness credibility. It suggests that inquisitorial trial procedure, which historically has been unconcerned that judges know about the defendant’s prior criminal history while they are determining present guilt may have to restrict admissibility of such evidence as lay juries become more common.

The Impact of Asset Price Bubbles on Credit Risk Measures  [PDF]
Michael Jacobs Jr.
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2015.44019
Abstract: This study presents an analysis of the impact of asset price bubbles on standard credit risk measures, including Expected Loss (“EL”) and Credit Value-at-Risk (“CVaR”). We present a styled model of asset price bubbles in continuous time, and perform a simulation experiment of a 2 dimensional Stochastic Differential Equation (“SDE”) system for asset value determining Probability of Default (“PD”) through a Constant Elasticity of Variance (“CEV”) process, as well as a correlated a Loss-Given-Default (“LGD”) through a mean reverting Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (“CIR”) process having a long-run mean dependent upon the asset value. Comparing bubble to non-bubble economies, it is shown that asset price bubbles may cause an obligor’s traditional credit risk measures, such as EL and CVaR to decline, due to a reduction in both the standard deviation and right skewness of the credit loss distribution. We propose a new risk measure in the credit risk literature to account for losses associated with a bubble bursting, the Expected Holding Period Credit Loss (“EHPCL”), a phenomenon that must be taken into consideration for the proper determination of economic capital for both credit risk management and measurement purposes.
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