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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 81122 matches for " Jihong Liu "
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Characterizing Subzero-Temperature Thermal Properties of Seasonally Frozen Soil in Alpine Forest in the Western Sichuan Province, China  [PDF]
Hui Sun, Shuai Liu, Jihong Qin
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.85048
Abstract: Seasonally frozen soil in alpine and subalpine zones in the mountains of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is particularly sensitive to global climate change. Therefore, a better understanding of the thermal properties of frozen soil is crucial for predicting the responses of frozen soils to soil warming. In this study, thermal properties of frozen soil with different moisture contents under subzero temperature (0°C - 20°C) in an alpine forest in western Sichuan were analyzed by KD2 Pro in its cooling and heating processes, respectively. Our results reveal that the soil apparent volumetric specific heat capacity (Cv) and apparent thermal conductivity (K) under the same water content show similar response patterns to changing temperature lower than -2°C in both heating and cooling processes. Moreover, ice content of frozen soils can be well predicted by Logistic model in cooling and heating processes. The Cv and K tend to increase along with increasing soil moisture contents. Remarkably, asymptotic characters of the value of Cv and K are at the vicinity of the initial temperature of phase transitions, indicating that both Cv and K are particularly sensitive to changing soil temperature at the range of -2
Logarithmical Blow-up Criteria for the Nematic Liquid Crystal Flows
Qiao Liu,Jihong Zhao
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We investigate the blow-up criterion for the local in time classical solution of the nematic liquid crystal flows in dimension two and three. More precisely, $0
A regularity criterion for the solution of the nematic liquid crystal flows in terms of $\dot{B}^{-1}_{\infty,\infty}$-norm
Qiao Liu,Jihong Zhao
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate regularity criterion for the solution of the nematic liquid crystal flows in dimension three and two. We prove the solution $(u,d)$ is smooth up to time $T$ provided that there exists a positive constant $\varepsilon_{0}>0$ such that (i) for n=3, |(u,\nabla d)|_{L^{\infty}(0,T;\dot{B}^{-1}_{\infty,\infty})}\leq \varepsilon_{0}, and (ii) for $n=2$, |\nabla d|_{L^{\infty}(0,T;\dot{B}^{-1}_{\infty,\infty})}\leq \varepsilon_{0}.
Logarithmically Improved Blow-up Criteria for a Phase Field Navier-Stokes Vesicle-Fluid Interaction Model
Jihong Zhao,Qiao Liu
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper, we study a hydrodynamical system modeling the deformation of vesicle membrane under external incompressible viscous flow fields. The system is in the Eulerian formulation and is governed by the coupling of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with a phase field equation. In the three dimensional case, we establish two logarithmically improved blow-up criteria for local smooth solutions of this system in terms of the vorticity field only in the homogeneous Besov spaces.
Well-posedness and decay for the dissipative system modeling electro-hydrodynamics in negative Besov spaces
Jihong Zhao,Qiao Liu
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In \cite{GW12} (Y. Guo, Y. Wang, Decay of dissipative equations and negative Sobolev spaces, Commun. Partial Differ. Equ. 37 (2012) 2165--2208), Y. Guo and Y. Wang developed a general new energy method for proving the optimal time decay rates of the solutions to dissipative equations. In this paper, we generalize this method in the framework of homogeneous Besov spaces. Moreover, we apply this method to a model arising from electro-hydrodynamics, which is a coupled system of the Navier-Stokes equations and the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations through charge transport and external forcing terms. We show that the negative Besov norms are preserved along time evolution, and obtain the optimal temporal decay rates of the higher-order spatial derivatives of solutions by the Fourier splitting approach and the interpolation techniques.
Health Improvements Have Been More Rapid and Widespread in China than in India: A Comparative Analysis of Health and Socioeconomic Trends from 1960 to 2011
Gopal K. Singh, PhD,Jihong Liu, ScD
International Journal of MCH and AIDS , 2012,
Abstract: ObjectivesWe examined differences between China and India in key health and socioeconomic indicators, including life expectancy, infant and child mortality, non-communicable disease mortality from cancer, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and diabetes, Human Development Index, Gender Inequality Index, material living conditions, and health expenditure.MethodsData on health and social indicators came from various World Health Organization and United Nations databases on global health and development statistics, including the GLOBOCAN cancer database. Mortality trends were modeled by log-linear regression, and differences in rates and relative risks were tested for statistical significance.ResultsAlthough both countries have made marked improvements, India lags behind China on several key health indicators. Differential rates of mortality decline during 1960-2009 have led to a widening health gap between China and India. In 2009 the infant mortality rate in India was 50 deaths per 1,000 live births, 3 times greater than the rate for China. Sixty-six out of 1,000 Indian children died before reaching their 5th birthday, compared with 19 children in China. China’s life expectancy is 9 years longer than India’s. Life expectancy at birth in India increased from 42 years in 1960 to 65 years in 2009, while life expectancy in China increased from 47 years in 1960 to 74 years in 2009. Major health concerns for China include high rates of stomach, liver, and lung cancer, CVD, and smoking prevalence. Globally, India ranked 90th and China 102nd in life satisfaction.Conclusions and Public Health Implications:India’s less favorable health profile compared to China is largely attributable to its higher rates of mortality from communicable diseases and maternal and perinatal conditions. Further health gains can be achieved by reducing social inequality, greater investments in human development and health services, and by prevention and control of chronic-disease risks such as hypertension, smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity.
Predictions of Overbreak Blocks in Tunnels Based on the Wavelet Neural Network Method and the Geological Statistics Theory
Sun Shaorui,Liu Jiaming,Wei Jihong
Mathematical Problems in Engineering , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/706491
Eruption of the magnetic flux rope in a fast decayed active region
Shangbin Yang,Wenbin Xie,Jihong Liu
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: An isolated and fast decayed active region (NOAA 9729) was observed when passing through solar disk. There is only one CME related with it that give us a good opportunity to investigate the whole process of the CME. Filament in this active region rises up rapidly and then hesitates and disintegrates into flare loops. The rising filament from EIT images separates into two parts just before eruption. A new filament reforms several hours later after CME and the axis of this new one rotates clockwise about 22 degrees comparing with that of the former one. We also observed a bright transient J-shaped X-ray sigmoid immediately appears after filament eruption. It quickly develops into a soft X-ray cusp and rises up firstly then drops down. Two magnetic cancelation regions have been observed clearly just before filament eruption. Moreover, the magnetic flux rope erupted as the magnetic helicity approach the maximum and the normalized helicity is -0.036 when the magnetic flux rope erupted, which is close to the prediction value based on the theoretical non-linear force-free model.
Global Existence and Stability for a Hydrodynamic System in the Nematic Liquid Crystal Flows
Jihong Zhao,Qiao Liu,Shangbin Cui
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper we consider a coupled hydrodynamical system which involves the Navier-Stokes equations for the velocity field and kinematic transport equations for the molecular orientation field. By applying the Chemin-Lerner's time-space estimates for the heat equation and the Fourier localization technique, we prove that when initial data belongs to the critical Besov spaces with negative-order, there exists a unique local solution, and this solution is global when initial data is small enough. As a corollary, we obtain existence of global self-similar solutions. In order to figure out the relation between the solution obtained here and weak solution of standard sense, we establish a stability result, which yields in a direct way that all global weak solutions associated with the same initial data must coincide with the solution obtained here, namely, weak-strong uniqueness holds.
Existence of Solutions for the Debye-Hückel System with Low Regularity Initial Data
Jihong Zhao,Qiao Liu,Shangbin Cui
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper we study existence of solutions for the Cauchy problem of the Debye-H\"{u}ckel system with low regularity initial data. By using the Chemin-Lerner time-space estimate for the heat equation, we prove that there exists a unique local solution if the initial data belongs to the Besov space $\dot{B}^{s}_{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ for $-3/2
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