Publish in OALib Journal
APC: Only $99
This article is a brief description of some innovative approaches presented in Chapter 6 of a book entitled “Solar Cell Research Progress”. One approach is a novel superficial modification technique which offers a new opportunity to fabricate low cost solar cells by using silicon materials with the lowest possible purity. The other approach is a V-shaped module (VSM) technique which enables an obvious increase of the efficiencies for silicon solar cells.
The spatial resolution of the gamma-rays camera was measured on a60Co gamma-rays source with edge method. The gamma-rays camera is consisting with rays-fluorescence convertor, optical imaging system, MCP image intensifier, CCD camera, electronic control system and other devices, and is mainly used in the image diagnostics of the intense pulse radiation sources . Due to the relatively big quantum detective efficiency (DQE) and quantum gain of the gamma-rays, etc., the experimental data were processed by averaging multiple images and fitting curves. According to the experimental results, the spatial resolution MTF (modulation transfer function) at the 10% intensity was about 2lp/mm. Meanwhile, because of the relatively big dispersion effects of the fluorescence transmissions in the scintillator and the optical imaging system, the maximal single-noise ratio (SNR) of the camera was found to be about 5:1. In addition, the spatial resolution of the camera was measured with pulse X-rays with 0.3MeV in average energy and exclusion of the effects of secondary electrons from consideration. Accordingly, the spatial resolution MTF at the 10% intensity was about 5lp/mm. This could be an additional evidence to verify the effects of secondary electrons induced by the 1.25MeV gamma-rays in the scintillator upon the spatial resolution. Based on our analysis, the dispersion sizes of the secondary electrons in the scintillator are about 0.4mm-0.6mm. Comparatively, as indicated by the detailed analysis of the spatial resolutions of the MCP image intensifier and CCD devices, both of them have little effect on the spatial resolution of the gamma-rays camera that could be well neglected.