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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11461 matches for " Jesus Shao "
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Sleep Deficiency and Sleep Health Problems in Chinese Adolescents
Victor Kang,Jesus Shao,Kai Zhang,Martha Mulvey
Clinical Medicine Insights: Pediatrics , 2012,
Sleep Deficiency and Sleep Health Problems in Chinese Adolescents
Victor Kang, Jesus Shao, Kai Zhang, Martha Mulvey, Xue Ming and George C. Wagner
Clinical Medicine Insights: Pediatrics , 2012, DOI: 10.4137/CMPed.S8407
Abstract: A survey of sleep schedules, sleep health, and the impact on school performance was conducted in 585 adolescents in a high school in China. A high level of early and circadian-disadvantaged sleep/wake schedules during weekdays was observed. Significantly shorter sleep duration on weekdays was reported (P < 0.0001). Older teenagers slept significantly less than the younger teenagers (P < 0.0001). Complaints of inadequate sleep and sleepiness during weekdays were prevalent. Night awakenings were reported in 32.2% of students. Students with a sleep length of less than 7 hours, complaint of inadequate sleep, or excessive daytime sleepiness during weekdays were more likely to report an adverse effect of poor sleep on performance. The present observations are qualitatively similar to those reported in our study in American adolescents, particularly with respect to Chinese adolescents exhibiting a similar sleep deficiency on weekdays. We concluded that sleep deficiency and sleep health problems were prevalent in the participating adolescents in China, and were perceived to adversely affect school performance.
Recent Developments in the Nasal Immunization against Anthrax  [PDF]
Sandra Jesus, Olga Borges
World Journal of Vaccines (WJV) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wjv.2011.13008
Abstract: Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax, a bacterial infection with a high mortality rate [1-3]. Although anthrax infection can be cutaneous, gastrointestinal or pulmonary, the pulmonary form is the most deadly [2,3]. Thus, the release of Bacillus anthracis spores that can be inhaled represents a potent bioterrorism threat; the capacity of B. anthracis spores to act as a bioterrorism weapon was demonstrated in 2001, with the intentional infection of 22 persons in the U.S.A. [2,4]. Until recently, the available vaccines were developed to confer protection against cutaneous infection; despite this, these vaccines demonstrated experimental efficacy against pulmonary infection in multiple animal models [1,2]. Nevertheless, there are many limitations for these vaccines to be considered successful and effective vaccine, including the intensity of the required vaccination schedule, the administration route and the presence of local adverse effects experienced after vaccination [1,3,5,6]. To develop more efficient vaccines against pulmonary anthrax, intranasal formulations with adjuvant have been studied. These formulations have advantages because they are easy to administer and because they are expected to induce both systemic and respiratory tract mucosal immune responses. Therefore, the main goal of this review is to compare the different experimental adjuvants used with anthrax antigens and the different approaches regarding the vaccination schedule and consecutive boosters.
The messier objects as a tool in teaching astronomy  [PDF]
Jesus Rodrigo F. Torres
Natural Science (NS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.53044

The French astronomer Charles Messier (1730- 1817) compiled a catalogue [1] of astronomical objects which reached109 innumber after additions by later astronomers were added. The catalogue contains galaxies, emission nebulae, a supernova remnant, a double star, globular clusters, open clusters, an asterism, a star cloud, and planetary nebulae. While the objective of Messier in compiling the catalogue was to guide comet hunters not to be confused by his objects which he thought looked like comets [2], the Messier Catalogue as it later became known became a standard guide to astronomers for a study of the sky’s “greatest hits” or the best samples of objects which can be observed and studied. This paper explores the value of the Messier Catalogue in the teaching of Astronomy and Earth Science. The range of objects is wide and contains some of the best examples of their type. The teaching method I propose is the actual observations of the objects through a telescope, with the corresponding explanation. Some principles which will be covered through this process are stellar evolution from the birth and death of stars, galaxy types, formation of galaxies, galactic interactions, life in the Universe, cosmology, and our place in the Universe.

The evolution of influenza viruses  [PDF]
Huixun Shao
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.430153
Abstract: Influenza virus infection, one of the most common infectious diseases is a highly contagious airborne disease that causes an acute febrile illness and results invariable degrees of systemic symptoms, ranging from mild fatigue to respiratory failure and death. In addition to humans, influenza also infects a variety of animal species. Influenza A viruses also can infect domestic animals (pigs, horses, dogs, chickens and ducks) and some wild birds. Some of these influenza strains are species specific, but new strains of influenza may spread from other animal species to humans. These deadly strains produced 3 global pandemics in the last century, the worst of which occurred in 1918. Three pandemics of influenza have swept the world since the “Spanish” flu of 1918, the “Asian” flu pandemic of 1957, the “Hong Kong” flu pandemic of 1968, the “Swine” flu pandemic that began in April of 2009. The pandemic of 1957 probably made more people sick than the one of 1918, but the availability of antibiotics to treat the secondary infections that are the usual cause of death resulted in a much lower death rate. An influenza pandemic occurs only when the influenza virus mutates into something dangerously unfamiliar to our immune systems and yet is able to jump from human to human through a sneeze, cough or touch. Asia is the source of many outbreaks because swines, birds and humans live under the same roof, providing opportunity for viral mixing. The best way to prevent the sickness is to get yearly injections of a vaccine that prevents influenza.
Problems and Countermeasures of Local Emergency Management in China  [PDF]
Shiqi Shao
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.55006
Abstract: Local government is the primary perception and responder in emergency management, and their ability to deal with emergencies and the response to the level of good or bad, is directly related to the organization that can effectively reduce the economic losses caused by the incident and casualties. Therefore, it is very important to find out the problems in the emergency management of the local and take corresponding countermeasures to improve the emergency management level of the local government. Based on the theoretical framework of cross-organizational cooperation and the empirical research, this paper describes the inter-organizational cooperation situation of local government emergency management and finds out the key factors that affect the cross-organization cooperation of local government. Finally, some suggestions are put forward for the emergency management of local government in China.
Analysis of Internet Insurance Financial Return Rate and Its Influencing Factors  [PDF]
Guanshang Shao
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.102037
Abstract: This paper takes Internet insurance wealth management products as the research object, and selects the products of China Life Jiatian Tiantianying as the representative, and studies the influencing factors of the yield of such products through relevant time series empirical methods. The results show that the interbank lending rate, bond market, exchange rate, securities secondary market and insurance institution strength have different degrees of impact on the rate of return. The research in this paper will help to improve the theoretical methods of Internet wealth management products, especially in the insurance sector. At the same time, it can better help investors rationally choose the right products for investment and supervision to prevent market risks.
Jesus Soria
International Journal of English Studies (IJES) , 2002, DOI: 10.6018/ijes.2.1.48601
Abstract: This article attenlpts to define the intimate relationship that is intended between c1assroon1-based and laboratory-based activities, between private study and language class, between individual and collective effort and between computer-centered and teacher-led learning. We tend to take it as an axiom o€ CALL that the place of IT is beside the teacher, its function complementary or suplementary. Typically. the teacher's role is usually one (occasionally just a couple) of these: designer, author, editor, tester, provider, trainer, checker or supervisor. Except when in a supervisory role, the teacher's role is taken over by the computer when the teacher's own activity stops. This is what we tend to call computer-aided instruction. In the vast majority of cases, the role of IT is extrinsic to the teacher's own activity. I shall try to demonstrate here that the aid that the coMputer is able to provide can be effectively brought right into the classroom as an integral, intrinsic part of the teacher's own activity and that, by doing so, it can enhance not only the teacher's activity but also the complementary role which is traditionally assigned to the computer. The processes described here were developed with a specific situation in mind, not atypical in, at least, British Higher Education: increased mixed ability and reduced teaching time. In a pedagogical context that, in spite of mission statement protestations, usually attempts to make the most of the average, they specifically target the lower and higher ability student ranges. New funding has been secured to continue with this research from September 2002.
Ramses III: un faraón guerrero a finales del segundo milenio a.C.
Trello, Jesus
Gladius , 2000, DOI: 10.3989/gladius.2000.63
Abstract: The irruption in the history of the so called Sea Peoples profoundly altered the evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean civilizations. Pharaoh Ramses III was the individual figure who rose up to confront them and stopped their devastating path of destruction at the very border of Egypt. We shall try to give a current view of this historical figure, using the images and the contemporary texts related to this king. La irrupción en la historia de los llamados pueblos del mar alteró profundamente la evolución de las civilizaciones del mediterráneo oriental. Frente a ellos se alzó una figura individual, el faraón Ramses III, que detiene su estela devastadora ante las mismas puertas de Egipto. Pretendemos una visión actualizada de esta figura histórica, a la vista de las imágenes y los textos contemporáneos del rey.
Evidence of high longevity in an Island lacertid, Teira dugesii (Milne-Edwards, 1829). First data on wild specimens
José Jesus
Acta Herpetologica , 2012,
Abstract: Using the technique of capture, mark and recapture, here is reported a case of high longevity in the Madeiran lizard, Teira dugesii. It is one of the highest reported values for lacertid lizards (16 years or more) in a wild population.
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