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Heidegger: Being and Time and the Care for the Self  [PDF]
Jesús Adrián Escudero
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.32047
Abstract: The secret of Being and Time and of its constant cultural and philosophical presence lies in its unusual hermeneutical richness. Being and Time becomes, so to speak, a precise seismometer capable of detecting the slips and falls of the contemporary era with surprising accuracy. It offers us an exact scan of the ethical and moral conscience of our time. Being and Time does not develop a philosophical theory among others, rather it faces the challenge of thoroughly reflecting upon the dilemma that is constantly present in philosophy, namely the question of human being and its relation to being in general. From this point of view, I would like to consider the possibility of reading this fundamental work of Heidegger as an ethics of the care, that is, as book that promotes a cultivation of the self and the other.
Symbolic Deterritorialization: The Case of Gabriel Orozco  [PDF]
Jesús Segura Caba?ero
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2015.31001
Abstract:
In a global context the artistic production has developed its critical processes from the inclusion and participation of audience in the works of art. Somehow the expansion and compression of space-time is reflected in the characteristics of many artists whose work is based on the occupying, mapping and reinterpreting of the spaces that they appropriate. This article tries to analyze the spatial and temporal turn defined by the works of artist Gabriel Orozco, The individual and collective memories, spaces of history, politics and culture are signified by the act of symbolic deterrito-rialization and reterritorialization. The article also analysed the phenomenological and material treatment of objects of Gabriel Orozco in his temporal frequency and perceptual reinterpretation in the context of cultural and political globalization in order to confront symbolic deterritorialization as a resource of his artistic production.
Surface Tension and Foam Stability Prediction of Polydimethylsiloxane-Polyol Systems  [PDF]
Oscar Arciniega Saavedra, Jesús Gracia Fadrique
Open Journal of Physical Chemistry (OJPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpc.2012.24026
Abstract: The Gibbs elasticity modulus represents an important tool to predict the foamability for transient and permanent foams like polyurethane flexible systems. Elasticity is related to foamability and so is used as a synonymous for the purpose of this paper. In this article we propose a method and a thermodynamic model to analyze the espumability of silicone surfactants in polyol binary mixtures using surface tension data. The present work describes foamability through the Gibbs elasticity modulus expressed in terms of first and second derivatives of surface pressure vs bulk composition. Furthermore, the Gibbs adsorption equation and the corresponding novel surface equation of state based on a modification of the Langmuir isotherm resulted in an elasticity equation with analytical solution. It is shown that according to foam model systems of surfactant solution in polyol used at commercial processes, optimum concentration level of surfactant obtained at this article by Gibbs adsorption equation and maximus on elasticity modulus finally match.
Heavy Crude Oil Upgrading: Jazmin Crude  [PDF]
Jesús Alirio Carrillo, Laura Milena Corredor
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2013.34A1007
Abstract: The Jazmin crude oil is located at the heart of Middle Magdalena in Colombia. It is heavy and sour crude oil with 43 wt.% of vacuum bottoms. It cannot be processed at the conventional refinery without being mixed with other lighter crudes, and should be upgraded to produce synthetic crude with higher concentration of distillates and lower acidity and carbon content. In this paper eight upgrading alternatives are presented. The alternatives include the processing of the crude, reduced crude and vacuum bottoms of the Jazmin crude oil using the following technologies: Distillation, solvent deasphalting, visbreaking, Delayed Coking, and Hydrotreating. The experiments were conducted at pilot scale, and there were used standard analysis techniques such as ASTM. In this study it was found that Jazmine crude oil and its heavy components produce high distillate yields when they were processed with thermal conversion processes. In addition those processes reduce the products acidity. Within the analyzed scheme the one corresponding to the visbreaking of the crude oil and the Delayed Coking of the vacuum bottoms from the visbreaking is perhaps the most attractive, giving 5.9 wt.% of gas, 78.2 wt.% of distillates and 15.9 wt.% of coke.
Replacement of Soybean Meal with Lupin or Chickpea Seed Meal in Diets for Fattening Iberian Pigs Promotes a Healthier Ileal Microbiota Composition  [PDF]
Luis A. Rubio, M. Jesús Peinado
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.49055
Abstract:

Five castrated male Iberian pigs (100 ± 2 kg b.w.) fitted with T-shaped ileal cannulas at the terminal ileum were used to determine the effects of legume feeding on intestinal microbiota composition. The diets were based on defatted soybean (Glycine max), lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) or chickpea (Cicer arietinum) seed meals and contained similar amounts of digestible energy (14.2 - 15.1 MJ·kg-1) and protein (107 g·kg-1). A hydrolyzed casein diet was used to determine the bacterial counts in pigs fed on a vegetable-free diet. The composition of the intestinal microbiota at the terminal ileum was analysed by q-PCR. Higher (P < 0.05) lactobacilli log10 number of copies was determined in the ileal contents of pigs fed on lupin- or chickpea-based diets with respect to those fed on the soybean-based diet. Bacteroides and the Clostridium coccoides/Eubacterium rectale group log10 number of copies was lower (

Habilidades informativas: convergencia entre ciencias de información y comunicación Information Skills: Conceptual Convergence between Information and Communication Sciences
Jesús Lau,Jesús Cortés
Comunicar , 2009, DOI: doi:10.3916/c32-2009-02-001
Abstract: La información se constituye, en la época actual, en uno de los principales recursos para el desarrollo y bienestar de los individuos, por lo que su distribución y aprovechamiento debe constituirse en una prioridad social. Por ello, es necesario establecer estrategias para que las personas aprendan a utilizar estos recursos. Por otra parte, el avance científico y los paradigmas educativos actuales hablan de la importancia de la transdisciplinaridad; las ciencias de la información y las de la comunicación son por naturaleza complementarias, una se enfoca al medio informativo y la otra al proceso comunicativo; es deseable, por ende, que exista una mayor claridad y consistencia conceptual en algunos temas de relevancia común. Este trabajo constituye un esfuerzo, desde la perspectiva de la bibliotecología y las ciencias de la información, para identificar algunos posibles puntos de encuentro entre estas disciplinas, en lo que respecta al estudio y desarrollo de las competencias necesarias para manejar adecuadamente la información. Nowadays, information is one of the main resources for an individual’s development and wellbeing, therefore distributing and using information must be a top priority for society. This entails establishing strategies so people can learn to use this resource. Furthermore, scientific progress and present-day educational paradigms stress trans-disciplinary learning. Information and communication sciences are complementary by nature –one focusing on the medium and the other on the process– so there must be greater clarity and conceptual consistency in a number of key shared areas. This document is an effort, from the perspective of library science and information science, to identify some possible meeting-points between these disciplines, regarding the study and development of the necessary competencies to handle information adequately.
Interfaces cerebro-máquina, un gran paso hacia la Inteligencia Artificial
Jesús Cortés
Ciencia Cognitiva : Revista Electrónica de Divulgación , 2009,
Abstract: Dentro de la Neurociencia Computacional, la Neuro-ingeniería desarrolla sistemas de comunicación entre una máquina y alguna parte del sistema nervioso. Sin lugar a dudas, estos sistemas constituyen un gran reto científico, ingenieril y ético. Sin embargo, su correcto funcionamiento todavía plantea muchos problemas.
La Neurociencia Computacional hoy: I. Qué es y por qué es difícil su estudio
Jesús Cortés
Ciencia Cognitiva : Revista Electrónica de Divulgación , 2009,
Abstract: La Neurociencia Computacional es una disciplina consolidada, con más de 20 a os de desarrollo, y que emplea técnicas muy diversas para entender diferentes computaciones cerebrales. Aquí se introduce brevemente mediante dos artículos. En el primero, “Qué es y por qué es difícil su estudio”, se introducen de forma muy general cuáles son sus objetivos como ciencia y los problemas con los que se encuentra. En el segundo, mediante “Un ejemplo muy representativo en el campo” abordamos su metodología y destacamos la trascendencia que la Neurociencia Computacional está teniendo y tendrá dentro de las Neurociencias.
La Neurociencia Computacional hoy: II. El Proyecto Blue Brain, un ejemplo muy representativo en el campo
Jesús Cortés
Ciencia Cognitiva : Revista Electrónica de Divulgación , 2009,
Abstract: La Neurociencia Computacional es un campo reciente, pero bien establecido dentro de las Neurociencias. En un primer artículo (Cortés, 2009, http://www.cienciacognitiva.org/?p=55), “Qué es y por qué es difícil su estudio”, explico su principal paradigma: todo proceso mental que tiene lugar en nuestro cerebro tiene un circuito o cableado físico que lo sustenta. En este artículo comento un ejemplo muy representativo en el campo: el macro-proyecto de simulación a gran escala y en tiempo real de procesos en la corteza cerebral, el famoso Blue Brain Project.
Calculation of the Gravitational Constant G Using Electromagnetic Parameters  [PDF]
Jesús Sánchez
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology (JHEPGC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jhepgc.2017.31012
Abstract: In this paper, we will derive the following formula for the value of the gravitational constant G: \"\" (1). This equation has only 0.81% error compared to the common accepted value \"\" [1]. The parameters in the equation are the following: \"\" the fine structure constant, q the elementary charge, \"\" the mass of the electron, \"\" the permittivity of the free space, e the exponential function and \"\" the relation between a circumference and its diameter. Values attached: \"\" [2], \"\"</span
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