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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1422 matches for " Jeroen Warner "
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Multi-stakeholder platforms: integrating society in water resource management?
Warner, Jeroen;
Ambiente & Sociedade , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-753X2005000200001
Abstract: multi-stakeholder platforms are a currently popular concept in the international water world. it is however not a very well defined phenomenon. the present article unpacks the concept, proposes to see platforms as networks, and identifies two ′schools of thought′: social learning and negotiation. it attempts a preliminary typology of platforms encountered in real life, in which the comités de bacia in brazil, for all their shortcomings, come out as a relatively influential type. in closing, the article then identifies reasons for non-participation, suggesting that it is an inevitable corollary of organised participation.
Contested hydrohegemony: Hydraulic control and security in Turkey
Jeroen Warner
Water Alternatives , 2008,
Abstract: The article seeks to expand the understanding of the emerging concept of hydrohegemony (Zeitoun and Warner, 2006). Illustrated by Turkey’s strategy with respect to the Euphrates-Tigris it looks at the layered nature of water-related political strategies at different levels. The article therefore introduces hegemony as a layered phenomenon whose multi-level interactions impinge on each other. It zooms in on Turkish hegemony in its hydraulic control and security strategies, and the international repercussions of that strategy.The present analysis suggests that Turkey’s basin and regional hegemony is contested and constrained from different sides, not least at home. Its water projects are a flashpoint of domestic, basin as well as global politics. It argues that the need to access capital in the international market to realise these ambitions necessitated a 'passive revolution' in Turkey which opened a window of opportunity utilized by the internationalised counter-hegemonic moves against Turkey’s dam projects in Southeast Anatolia, notably the ongoing Ilisu dam on the Tigris.
The politics of vulnerability and resilience
Frerks, Georg;Warner, Jeroen;Weijs, Bart;
Ambiente & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-753X2011000200008
Abstract: much conceptual confusion exists over the concepts of vulnerability and (social) resilience, reinforced by the different paradigms (the article identifies four) and disciplinary traditions underlying their use. while since the 1980s the social construction of "vulnerability" as a driver for disaster received considerable attention, in recent years we have seen increased attention to people's capacities and resilience. the currently popular "complexity" approach to risk moreover appears to offer ways of breaking through entrenched vulnerabilities. resilience however is also a political project which, we argue, also has its dark, conservative overtones and overlooks structural sources of vulnerability that continue to affect hazard-prone actors. we may therefore need to conceive resilience as the potential for social transformation after disaster.
A hidropolítica e o federalismo: possibilidades de constru o da subsidiariedade na gest o das águas no Brasil? Hydropolitics and federalism: possibilities of building subsidiarity in Brazilian water management?
Sandra Inês Baraglio Granja,Jeroen Warner
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122006000600009
Abstract: Este artigo pretende mostrar como a hidropolítica do país se relaciona com o federalismo brasileiro e como construir um modelo de subsidiariedade na gest o das águas no território nacional, considerando os 26 estados e os mais de 5.500 municípios e o Distrito Federal, ou seja, a rela o entre o recorte administrativo-político e o do gerenciamento de recursos hídricos. O artigo discute como o sistema político do país se relaciona com os fóruns da água, essencialmente com representa es de prefeitos e agências governamentais, eleitas democraticamente e que ir o ocupar os assentos de comitês de bacia. Diante de tamanho desafio, considerando que a água é um bem público de primeira necessidade que afeta a vida cotidiana de milh es de pessoas no Brasil, que variáveis devem ser levadas em conta nesse debate? O artigo aposta na necessidade de constru o de um federalismo de coopera o que alavancará a subsidiariedade na gest o das águas. This article reflects on how Brazil's water policy can be reconciled with its federalist setup, and on how the model of subsidiarity in national water management can be developed, considering that the boundaries of the mandates of the administrative patchwork of 26 states, over 5,500 local authorities and the Federal District do not coincide with the logical boundaries of water management (basins). It discusses how the political system relates to the basin management forums, essentially as democratically elected representatives of government agencies, who sit on of the basin committee. Given that water is a basic necessity in the daily lives of millions of Brazilians, which key variables need to be taken into consideration in this debate? The article advocates a cooperative kind of federalism as a lever for subsidiarity in water management.
The fine art of boundary spanning: Making space for water in the east Netherlands
Jeroen Warner,Kris Lulofs,Hans Bressers
Water Alternatives , 2010,
Abstract: The desire to comply with the European Water Framework Directive, which seeks to promote Integrated Water Management, has led to a large number of proposed projects that in turn make huge demands on the financial and administrative capacity of water managers, who need to combine multiple fields of interest and participation such as agricultural interests, regional economic development, natural values, water safety and water quality issues to complete each project. To achieve these goals, water managers will often need to negotiate and strike alliances with actors in other policy areas such as spatial planning and local and regional economic development. The article first introduces 'boundary spanning' in a water management context. The concept builds on the concept of 'boundary work' as a strategy to arrive at organisational goals – to reduce uncertainty and deal with complexity in the organisational environment. The contribution then discusses briefly two recent innovative regional water projects, both located in the East Netherlands: a retention basin project on the river Vecht and the planning of a new channel, the Breakthrough. It further analyses strategies pursued by 'boundary spanners' and integrates the analysis with that of a focus group workshop and interviews held with Dutch boundary spanners working for Dutch regional Water Management Boards. The cases show that it is preferable to apply boundary spanning strategies earlier rather than later, and that opponents are also aware of this option.
Opponents and supporters of water policy change in the Netherlands and Hungary
Saskia E. Werners,Jeroen Warner,Dik Roth
Water Alternatives , 2010,
Abstract: This paper looks at the role of individuals and the strategies that they use to bring about or oppose major policy change. Current analysis of the role that individuals or small collectives play in periods of major policy change has focussed on strategies that reinforce change and on the supporters of change. This paper adds the perspective of opponents, and asks whether they use similar strategies as those identified for supporters. Five strategies are explored: developing new ideas, building coalitions to sell ideas, using windows of opportunity, playing multiple venues and orchestrating networks. Using empirical evidence from Dutch and Hungarian water policy change, we discuss whether individuals pursued these strategies to support or oppose major policy change. Our analysis showed the significance of recognition of a new policy concept at an abstract level by responsible government actors, as well as their engagement with a credible regional coalition that can contextualise and advocate the concept regionally. The strategies of supporters were also used by opponents of water policy change. Opposition was inherent to policy change, and whether or not government actors sought to engage with opponents influenced the realisation of water policy change.
Finding practical approaches to Integrated Water Resources Management
John Butterworth,Jeroen Warner,Patrick Moriarty,Stef Smits
Water Alternatives , 2010,
Abstract: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has often been interpreted and implemented in a way that is only really suited to countries with the most developed water infrastructures and management capacities. While sympathetic to many of the criticisms levelled at the IWRM concept and recognising the often disappointing levels of adoption, this paper and the series of papers it introduces identify some alternative ways forward in a developmental context that place more emphasis on the practical in-finding solutions to water scarcity. A range of lighter, more pragmatic and context-adapted approaches, strategies and entry points are illustrated with examples from projects and initiatives in mainly 'developing' countries. The authors argue that a more service-orientated (WASH, irrigation and ecosystem services), locally rooted and balanced approach to IWRM that better matches contexts and capacities should build on such strategies, in addition to the necessary but long-term policy reforms and river basin institution-building at higher levels. Examples in this set of papers not only show that the 'lighter', more opportunistic and incremental approach has potential as well as limitations but also await wider piloting and adoption.
Pathways: Augmenting interoperability across scholarly repositories
Simeon Warner,Jeroen Bekaert,Carl Lagoze,Xiaoming Liu,Sandy Payette,Herbert Van de Sompel
Computer Science , 2006, DOI: 10.1007/s00799-007-0016-7
Abstract: In the emerging eScience environment, repositories of papers, datasets, software, etc., should be the foundation of a global and natively-digital scholarly communications system. The current infrastructure falls far short of this goal. Cross-repository interoperability must be augmented to support the many workflows and value-chains involved in scholarly communication. This will not be achieved through the promotion of single repository architecture or content representation, but instead requires an interoperability framework to connect the many heterogeneous systems that will exist. We present a simple data model and service architecture that augments repository interoperability to enable scholarly value-chains to be implemented. We describe an experiment that demonstrates how the proposed infrastructure can be deployed to implement the workflow involved in the creation of an overlay journal over several different repository systems (Fedora, aDORe, DSpace and arXiv).
Requirements Analysis: Evaluating KAOS Models  [PDF]
Faisal Almisned, Jeroen Keppens
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.39101
Abstract: Wigmore’s charts and Bayesian networks are used to represent graphically the construction of arguments and to evaluate them. KAOS is a goal oriented requirements analysis method that enables the analysts to capture requirements through the realization of the business goals. However, KAOS does not have inbuilt mechanism for evaluating these goals and the inferring process. This paper proposes a method for evaluating KAOS models through the extension of Wigmore’s model with features of Bayesian networks.
Facilitation strategies to improve the use of evidence in integrated stroke care
Grace Warner
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2008,
Abstract:
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