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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3475 matches for " Jenith Leal "
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Presencia de rabia urbana en el estado Zulia, Venezuela: A os 1996-2006 Presence of urban rabies in Zulia state, Venezuela: Years 1996-2006
Belkis Fuentes,Amelia Panunzio,Yraima Larreal,Jenith Leal
Investigación Clínica , 2008,
Abstract: La rabia es una enfermedad viral zoonótica y en el estado Zulia constituye un problema de salud pública de alto impacto social, debido al reporte de casos en humanos. En este estudio se determinó la presencia de rabia urbana en el estado Zulia y se identificó su distribución según municipios y especies afectadas durante los a os 1996 -2006. En el marco de un estudio descriptivo, se realizó revisión documental de los registros de la Coordinación Regional de Zoonosis del estado Zulia para el período en estudio. Se observó una ocurrencia total de 1033 casos de rabia, de los cuales 1017 fueron en animales y 16 en humanos. La mayor incidencia fue para los Municipios Maracaibo (31,40%) y San Francisco (15,68%). El tipo de rabia predominante fue la urbana, el principal reservorio y transmisor fue el canino (91,60%). De los casos reportados en humanos la mayor incidencia fue en el Municipio Maracaibo (37,5%) y el grupo etario más afectado fueron menores de 15 a os (81,2%). Se presentó un bajo porcentaje en la cobertura de vacunación (33%). Se evidencia una alta incidencia de rabia en el estado Zulia a pesar de ser ésta una enfermedad inmunoprevenible. Se determinó una correlación positiva entre el número de ingresos y de casos (rs=0,948 p < 0,01). Es necesario implementar un abordaje efectivo de los focos de infección y mantener una cobertura mínima de vacunación del 80% en caninos; además, implementar programas de educación comunitaria, para disminuir el riesgo de infección y la ocurrencia de casos. Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease and in Zulia State, it constitutes a public health problem of a high social impact, due to the report of cases in human beings. In this study, the presence of urban rabies was determined in Zulia’s State and its distribution was identified according to municipalities and affected species during 1996-2006. In the scope of a descriptive study, a documented revision of Zulia’s State Zoonosis Regional Coordination registries for the period in study was carried out. A total occurrence of 1.033 rabies cases was observed, 1.017 were in animals and 16 in human beings. The biggest incidences were for Maracaibo (31,40%) and San Francisco (15,68%) municipalities. The type of predominant rabies was the urban one; the principal reservoir and transmitter was the canine one (91,60%). Of the reported cases in human beings, the biggest incidence was in in Maracaibo Municipality (37,5%) and the most affected age group was < 15 years (81,2%). A low percentage in the coverage of vaccination was presented (33%). A high incidence of rabies is demonstra
Presencia de rabia urbana en el estado Zulia, Venezuela: A?os 1996-2006
Fuentes,Belkis; Panunzio,Amelia; Larreal,Yraima; Leal,Jenith; Villarroel,Francis; Parra,Irene; Velasco,Doris; Prieto,Yelitza;
Investigación Clínica , 2008,
Abstract: rabies is a zoonotic viral disease and in zulia state, it constitutes a public health problem of a high social impact, due to the report of cases in human beings. in this study, the presence of urban rabies was determined in zulia?s state and its distribution was identified according to municipalities and affected species during 1996-2006. in the scope of a descriptive study, a documented revision of zulia?s state zoonosis regional coordination registries for the period in study was carried out. a total occurrence of 1.033 rabies cases was observed, 1.017 were in animals and 16 in human beings. the biggest incidences were for maracaibo (31,40%) and san francisco (15,68%) municipalities. the type of predominant rabies was the urban one; the principal reservoir and transmitter was the canine one (91,60%). of the reported cases in human beings, the biggest incidence was in in maracaibo municipality (37,5%) and the most affected age group was < 15 years (81,2%). a low percentage in the coverage of vaccination was presented (33%). a high incidence of rabies is demonstrated in zulia?s state in spite of this being a preventable immune disease. a positive correlation was determined between the number of admissions and cases (rs=0,948 p< 0,01). it is necessary to implement an effective control of the sources of infection and to support a minimal coverage of vaccination of 80% in canines and furthermore, to implement community education programs, to diminish the risk of infection and the occurrence of cases.
Tradu??o e transgress?o em Artaud e Herberto Helder
Leal, Izabela;
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-106X2006000100004
Abstract: herberto helder, in the book doze nós numa corda, publishes edgar allan poe's poem as well as mallarmé's and artaud's translations, adding, finally, his own. we will try to evaluate the meaning of this gesture of inscribing his own name next to those of other poets with whom the task of translating is shared, observing some points of contact between his poetics and artaud's. the search for a renovation of language will also be, for both, the area for a release from the linguistic automatisms, which implies the conception of poetry as a living, transgressive force, able to act upon the crystallized structures of the discourse.
PAULINA MONTA?O DEMANDA SU LIBERTAD. APROXIMACIóN A UNA ETNOGRAFíA PERFORMATIVA DE UN PLEITO JUDICIAL, CHOCó, 1738
LEAL,BERNARDO;
Revista Colombiana de Antropología , 2010,
Abstract: this article is based on the legal action that the slave paulina monta?o filed against her master juan de caysedo, in the colonial chocó, between 1738 and 1739. i examine how much input and influence the slaves could have had in the making of the files and the chances they had in getting a balanced and fair trial against their masters. i also examine the procedures that followed in order to obtain their freedom. in this case, my support comes from the methodology "ethnography of performance" which provides the tools for a different kind of reading of the judicial process.
DISPUTAS POR TAGUA Y MINAS: RECURSOS NATURALES Y PROPIEDAD TERRITORIAL EN EL PACíFICO COLOMBIANO, 1870-1930
LEAL,CLAUDIA;
Revista Colombiana de Antropología , 2008,
Abstract: at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, the pacific lowlands of colombia diverged from national trends: local conflicts did not center on land, but on the access to vegetable ivory, gold and platinum. by studying these conflicts, this article helps explain why much of the land in this region was not titled at the time when land titling took off in other parts of the country. in this way, the article helps us understand the particular history of the pacific lowlands, which allowed the rural population to gain title to communal land as defined by the 1991 constitution
La salud revolucionaria: El caso Barrio Adentro
Leal,Morelva;
Revista Venezolana de Economía y Ciencias Sociales , 2007,
Abstract: this article is a first approximation to an anthropological analysis of the mission ?barrio adentro?, the organizational strategy that, since 2003, has tried to respond to the serious deficiencies of the national health system. within the framework of the new national project expressed in the 1999 constitution, the author describes the principal characteristics of the new system, utilizing the evidence proportioned by field work in the municipalities maracaibo and san francisco in the state of zulia. it is assumed that the triad health - disease - attention constitutes a social and culturally conditioned system and that changes as well as resistances will find expression in day-to-day experience. the first results indicate that the most important change is the accessibility of the majority of the population in situation of poverty to doctors and medicine within the framework of primary health care, together with the conformation of a local network of relations based on the doctor's consulting room.
Recordando a Saturio. Memorias del racismo en el Choc?3 (Colombia)
Leal,Claudia;
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 2007,
Abstract: this article analyzes the construction of the memory of manuel saturio valencia, a renowned ???gure in choc?3, the quintessentially black department in colombia. valencia was a black man who was able to become a judge in a society that, though mostly black, was dominated by a small white elite. in 1907, he was executed by ???ring squad after having been found guilty of trying to burn down the department capital. between 1953 and 1992, three of the most prominent choc?3 intellectuals published books on his life and tragic death, showing different ways of addressing the delicate topic of racism in a country that had constructed a mestizo identity tied to the idea of racial harmony. the article analyzes the process of building this ???gure into a regional hero, different strategies of referring to racial discrimination, and suggests that the memories of valencia help af???rm a black regional identity.
Genetics of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy and the Costa Rican contribution
Leal,Alejandro;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (hmsn) or charcot-marie-tooth disease (cmt) is the most common hereditary illness of the peripheral nervous system. the genetics and the physiopathological aspects of the disease clarified until know, are here summarized. more than twenty genes and ten additional loci have been related with hmsn. these findings contribute to understand the metabolism of peripheral nerves and give the basis for molecular diagnostics and future therapy. several costa rican families with cmt have been identified, specially with axonal forms. two families present mutations in the myelin protein zero gene (mpz). in addition, linkage have been found between the disease and locus 19q13.3 in an extended family, and a mutation segregating with the disease is present in a candidate gene of the critical interval. costa rica has several advantages for genetical studies, that can contribute importantly in the generation of knowledge in the neurogenetical field. rev. biol. trop. 52(3): 475-483. epub 2004 dic 15.
Barbara Freitag: as margens da vida e obra
Sayonara Leal
Sociedade e Estado , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/s0102-69922005000300010
Abstract:
Rese as: Andrews, George Reid. Afro-Latinoamérica, 1800-2000. Madrid: Iberoamericana - Frankfurt: Vervuert, 2007.
Claudia Leal.
Historia Crítica , 2008,
Abstract:
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