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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6466 matches for " Jeffrey; "
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Pretense Theory and the Imported Background  [PDF]
Jeffrey Goodman
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2011.11004
Abstract: Kendall Walton’s pretense theory, like its rivals, says that what’s true in a fiction F depends in part on the importation of background propositions into F. The aim of this paper is to present, explain, and defend a brief yet straightforward argument–one which exploits the specific mechanism by which the pretense theory says propositions are imported into fictions–for the falsity of the pretense theory.
Cavernous Hemangioma of the Nasal Cavity  [PDF]
Peter Kalina, Jeffrey Rykken
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2011.12007
Abstract: A 22 year old six month pregnant female presented with right eye tearing, proptosis and nasal congestion. CT revealed a large right nasal cavity mass with involvement of the ethmoids, right maxillary sinus, lamina papyracea, cribriform plate and nasal septum. There was significant remodeling of the right cribriform plate with mild extra-axial intracranial and mild intraorbital extension. Transnasal endoscopic excision confirming the diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma of the nasal cavity. Hemangiomas are benign slow-growing vascular neoplasms classified as capillary, cavernous or mixed. Hemangiomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are very rare with only a few reported cases. The occurrence and growth of these lesions during pregnancy may be related to increased blood volume or hormonal factors. The most common therapeutic option is complete surgical resection via transnasal endoscopic approach. Pre-operative embolization may be utilized in some cases to decrease the risk of intraoperative bleeding.
System-on-a-Chip (SoC) Based Hardware Acceleration for Video Codec  [PDF]
Xinwei Niu, Jeffrey Fan
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.32B028

Nowadays, from home monitoring to large airport security, a lot of digital video surveillance systems have been used. Digital surveillance system usually requires streaming video processing abilities. As an advanced video coding method, H.264 is introduced to reduce the large video data dramatically (usually by 70X or more). However, computational overhead occurs when coding and decoding H.264 video. In this paper, a System-on-a-Chip (SoC) based hardware acceleration solution for video codec is proposed, which can also be used for other software applications. The characteristics of the video codec are analyzed by using the profiling tool. The Hadamard function, which is the bottleneck of H.264, is identified not only by execution time but also another two attributes, such as cycle per loop and loop round. The Co-processor approach is applied to accelerate the Hadamard function by transforming it to hardware. Performance improvement, resource costs and energy consumption are compared and analyzed. Experimental results indicate that 76.5% energy deduction and 8.09X speedup can be reached after balancing these three key factors.

System Verification of Hardware Optimization Based on Edge Detection  [PDF]
Xinwei Niu, Jeffrey Fan
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2013.43040
Abstract: Nowadays, digital camera based remote controllers are widely used in people’s daily lives. It is known that the edge detection process plays an essential role in remote controlled applications. In this paper, a system verification platform of hardware optimization based on the edge detection is proposed. The Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) validation is an important step in the Integrated Circuit (IC) design workflow. The Sobel edge detection algorithm is chosen and optimized through the FPGA verification platform. Hardware optimization techniques are used to create a high performance, low cost design. The Sobel edge detection operator is designed and mounted through the system Advanced High-performance Bus (AHB). Different FPGA boards are used for evaluation purposes. It is proved that with the proposed hardware optimization method, the hardware design of the Sobel edge detection operator can save 6% of on-chip resources for the Sobel core calculation and 42% for the whole frame calculation.
Improving Model Specifications When Estimating Treatment Effects across Alternative Medical Interventions  [PDF]
Yawen Jiang, Jeffrey McCombs
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2014.410081
Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this paper is to critique the list of independent variables commonly used in observational research and test the impact of variables for prior use and treatment history on estimates of treatment effects. Methods: Using data from the California Medicaid program, this study generated a series of OLS estimates of the effect of atypical antipsychotic medications on costs and duration of therapy to illustrate the impact of alternative model specifications on treatment effects. The first sequence of estimates consisted of six model specifications, the last of which included variables reflecting the type of episode defined according to prior treatment history and compliance. The second sequences repeated the specification of the first 6 models but were carried out separately by episode type to examine the heterogeneity of treatment effect. The second sequence of models documented the impact of additional drug history variables. Results: Estimates of the impact of atypical antipsychotic use on total costs and duration on initial drug were statistically significant in the first 6 models. Estimates changed significantly when dummy variables indicating prior use of inpatient service and nursing home care were included in the model specification. Estimated effects changed substantially when prior total cost was included in cost analysis, or when prior treatment duration was included in duration analysis. Significant variation also existed in estimated effects across episode types, and it was particularly pronounced before controlling for prior cost/duration. Conclusion: It is important to add prior measures of the outcome variable to control for unobserved bias in retrospective studies. Also, the accuracy and utility of results to clinicians can be improved significantly if analyses are performed by episode type.
Effects of Short Term Administration of Genistein on Hypothalamic and Anterior Pituitary Hormones in Ovariectomized Gilts  [PDF]
Jeffrey Clapper, Carolyn Paulson
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2015.52019
Abstract: Administration of genistein to barrows increased anterior pituitary (AP) concentrations of IGF-I and LH and increased expression of AP IGF receptor. Whether similar changes occur in gilts remains to be determined. The objective of this experiment was to determine if short term administration of genistein increased expression of components of the AP IGF system and hypothalamic hormones and receptors involved in gonadotropin synthesis and/or release in the gilt. Sixteen crossbred gilts of similar weight (97.7 kg) were ovariectomized and assigned to either control (C; n = 8) or genistein (G; n = 8) groups. Genistein pigs received 800 mg of genistein in DMSO while C pigs received an equal volume of DMSO i.m. on day 0, 1, 2, and 3. Blood samples were obtained on day 0, 1, 2, and 3. Pigs were slaughtered on d 4 when blood, AP, and medial basal hypothalami (MBH) were collected. No difference was detected (P > 0.05) in AP concentrations of IGF-I or serum concentrations of IGF-I in C and G pigs. Anterior pituitary concentrations of LH were greater (P < 0.05) in G pigs compared with C pigs. Relative expression of AP IGF-I was greater (P < 0.05) in G pigs than C pigs. Relative expression of AP IGF-IR, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 did not differ (P > 0.05) in C and G pigs. Relative expression of AP IGFBP-5 and GnRHR was increased (P < 0.05) in G pigs compared with C pigs. Relative expression of AP LHβ did not differ between C and G pigs. Relative expression of MBH kisspeptin was greater (P < 0.01) in G pigs than C pigs. These data provided evidence that short term administration of genistein increased expression of hypothalamic and hypophyseal hormones in gilts which could influence subsequent reproduction.
RETRACTED: Pros and Cons of General Anaesthesia on Total Knee Angioplasty (TKA) and Total Hip Angioplasty (THA)  [PDF]
Jeffrey Y. Tsai
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2015.54009

Short Retraction Notice

The paper does not meet the standards of \"Open Journal of Orthopedics\".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Dr. Samer El Hage (EB of OJO)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

Potential for Biomass and Biofuel through Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture and Reduction of Food Losses and Waste  [PDF]
Jeffrey Skeer, Shunichi Nakada
Natural Resources (NR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2016.71002
Abstract: Substantial potential exists to expand supplies of biomass for energy applications through more systematic collection of agricultural residues, more intensive cultivation of croplands, and reduced waste and losses in the food chain. This study aims to show how the potential can be calculated from public information sources, to put the potential in the context of global needs for liquid transport fuels, and to suggest some practical policy options for bringing part of the potential to market. It finds that if the theoretical potential is fully realized, enough liquid biofuel could be produced to displace the equivalent of all current global liquid fuel use for transport.
Geogenic versus Anthropogenic Metals and Metalloids  [PDF]
Jeffrey Hess, Mark Sorensen
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.95029
Abstract: Developing a successful strategy for investigating and remediating sites potentially impacted by metals (such as chromium [Cr], copper [Cu], lead [Pb], nickel [Ni], and zinc [Zn]) and metalloids (such as arsenic [As] and antimony [Sb]) can be challenging. These elements occur naturally and geologic materials can be enriched in these elements by natural processes. Conventional environmental investigative methods do not readily support evaluating whether metals and metalloids are geogenic (naturally occurring) or anthropogenic (from human action), or allow differentiating multiple anthropogenic sources. Geochemical methods can potentially determine whether metals and metalloids are geogenic or anthropogenic, and differentiate between possible anthropogenic sources. Conventional geo-chemical methods include whole-rock analysis using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) to yield elemental concentrations; optical petrography and powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) to determine mineral phases present; and electron microprobe (EMP) to confirm both mineral phases present and the distribution of elements within mineral phases and the rock matrix. These methods, with the exception of the EMP, can be performed in the field using portable equipment, allowing for relatively rapid assessment of sites. A case study is presented in which these techniques were successfully utilized to demonstrate, using multiple lines of evidence, that metals and metalloids present in subsurface fractured rock were geogenic and unrelated to recent industrial operations.
Ethical and Regulatory Issues with Residual Newborn Screening Dried Bloodspots  [PDF]
Erin Rothwell, Jeffrey R. Botkin
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.510045
Abstract: After newborn screening is completed, most states retain leftover dried bloodspots. These dried bloodspots are stored for varying lengths of time among different state newborn screening programs. Dried bloodspots are a unique and valuable resource for the development of new newborn screening tests, quality assurance and biomedical research. Recent changes to the 2014 Newborn Screening Reauthorization Saves Lives Act require explicit parental consent for the retention and use of dried bloodspots in federally funded research. This has raised several ethical and regulatory issues and highlighted the challenges of respecting individual autonomy and public health goals. This article provides an overview of these issues and discusses methods for obtaining parental consent. These issues may be applicable to consent for the storage and use of biospecimens among other settings according to proposed changes to the Common Rule.
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