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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 59167 matches for " Jeffrey Y. Tsai "
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RETRACTED: Pros and Cons of General Anaesthesia on Total Knee Angioplasty (TKA) and Total Hip Angioplasty (THA)  [PDF]
Jeffrey Y. Tsai
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2015.54009

Short Retraction Notice

The paper does not meet the standards of \"Open Journal of Orthopedics\".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Dr. Samer El Hage (EB of OJO)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

Introduction to the Special Issue on Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous and Trustworthy Computing
Jeffrey J. P. Tsai
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks , 2007, DOI: 10.1080/15501320701252771
Direct CP, T and/or CPT violations in the K^0-\bar{K^0} system - Implications of the recent KTeV results on $2π$ decays -
Y. Takeuchi,S. Y. Tsai
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.61.077302
Abstract: The recent results on the CP violating parameters Re(e'/e) and \Delta\phi = \phi_{00}-\phi_{+-} reported by the KTeV Collaboration are analyzed with a view to constrain CP, T and CPT violations in a decay process. Combining with some relevant data compiled by the Particle Data Group, we find Re(e_2-e_0) = (0.85 +- 3.11)*10^{-4} and Im(e_2-e_0) = (3.2 +- 0.7)*10^{-4}, where Re(e_I) and Im(e_I) represent respectively CP/CPT and CP/T violations in decay of K^0 and \bar{K^0} into a 2\pi state with isospin I.
More on Parametrization Relevant to Describe Violation of CP, T and CPT Symmetries in the $K^0-\bar{K^0}$ System
Y. Kouchi,Y. Takeuchi,S. Y. Tsai
Physics , 1999,
Abstract: To study violation of CP, T and/or CPT symmetries in the $K^0-\bar{K^0}$ systems, one has to parametrize the relevant mixing parameters and decay amplitudes in such a way that each parameter represents violation of these symmetries in a well-defined way. Parametrization is of course not unique and is always subject to phase ambiguities. We discuss these problems with freedom associated with rephasing of final (or intermediate) as well as initial states taken into account. We present a fully rephasing-invariant parametrization and a particular rephasing-dependent parametrization, and give a couple of comments related to these and other possible parametrizations.
Search for B^0-> p p-bar, Lambda Lambda-bar and B^+ -> p Lambda-bar at Belle
Y. -T. Tsai,P. Chang
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.111101
Abstract: We report on a new search for two-body baryonic decays of the B meson. Improved sensitivity compared to previous Belle results is obtained from 414 fb^-1 of data that corresponds to 449 million B B-bar pairs, which were taken on the Upsilon(4S) resonance and collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB e^+e^- collider. No significant signals are observed and we set the 90% confidence level upper limits: Br(B^0-> p pbar) <1.1X10^-7, Br(B^0-> Lambda Lambda-bar) < 3.2X10^-7 and Br(B^+-> p Lambda-bar) < 3.2X10^-7.
Globally symmetric topological phase: from anyonic symmetry to twist defect
Jeffrey C. Y. Teo
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Topological phases in two dimensions support anyonic quasiparticle excitations that obey neither bosonic nor fermionic statistics. These anyon structures often carry global symmetries that relate distinct anyons with similar fusion and statistical properties. Anyonic symmetries associate topological defects or fluxes in topological phases. As the symmetries are global and static, these extrinsic defects are semiclassical objects that behave disparately from conventional quantum anyons. Remarkably, even when the topological states supporting them are Abelian, they are generically non-Abelian and powerful enough for topological quantum computation. In this article, I review the most recent theoretical developments on symmetries and defects in topological phases.
Essential Roles of COUP-TFII in Leydig Cell Differentiation and Male Fertility
Jun Qin, Ming-Jer Tsai, Sophia Y. Tsai
PLOS ONE , 2008, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003285
Abstract: Chicken Ovalbumin Upstream Promoter-Transcription Factor II (COUP-TFII; also known as NR2F2), is an orphan nuclear receptor of the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily. COUP-TFII-null mice die during the early embryonic development due to angiogenesis and cardiovascular defects. To circumvent the early embryonic lethality and investigate the physiological function of COUP-TFII, we knocked out COUP-TFII gene in a time-specific manner by using a tamoxifen inducible Cre recombinase. The ablation of COUP-TFII during pre-pubertal stages of male development results in infertility, hypogonadism and spermatogenetic arrest. Homozygous adult male mutants are defective in testosterone synthesis, and administration of testosterone could largely rescue the mutant defects. Notably, the rescued results also provide the evidence that the major function of adult Leydig cell is to synthesize testosterone. Further phenotypic analysis reveals that Leydig cell differentiation is arrested at the progenitor cell stage in the testes of null mice. The failure of testosterone to resumption of Leydig cell maturation in the null mice indicates that COUP-TFII itself is essential for this process. In addition, we identify that COUP-TFII plays roles in progenitor Leydig cell formation and early testis organogenesis, as demonstrated by the ablation of COUP-TFII at E18.5. On the other hand, when COUP-TFII is deleted in the adult stage after Leydig cells are well differentiated, there are no obvious defects in reproduction and Leydig cell function. Taken together, these results indicate that COUP-TFII plays a major role in differentiation, but not the maintenance of Leydig cells.
Comparison of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Delivery Techniques for Early-Stage Lung Cancer Using Lung Toxicity Modeling  [PDF]
Chunhui Han, Timothy E. Schultheiss, Jeffrey Y. C. Wong
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2018.71001
Abstract: Purpose: Lung toxicity is a primary side effect in stereotactic radiotherapy (SBRT) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to use a set of radiobiological models to evaluate and compare modern IMRT delivery techniques with three-dimensional conformal techniques for SBRT treatment of NSCLC in terms of lung toxicity, and aimed to compare the results from different radiobiologcal models. Methods: Ten early-stage NSCLC patients treated with SBRT were retrospectively selected. Five treatment plans were generated to deliver 50 Gy in five fractions to the planning target volume for each case: a helical tomotherapy (HT) plan, two three-dimensional cofnromal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) plans using 6-MV and 10-MV photon beams respectively, and two volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans using one and two arc fields respectively. The lung RDV was calculated with three parallel functional sub-unit (FSU) models and two normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) models. Results: Both the HT and VMAT plans showed significantly higher contralateral mean lung dose and lower ipsilateral mean lung dose compared to the 3D-CRT plans. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of lung toxicities between the IMRT and 3D-CRT techniques using either the FSU models or the NTCP models. Based on both the FSU and the NTCP models, there was strong correlation between lung toxicity and the mean lung dose in SBRT treatment plans. Conclusions: Based on both the NTCP and parallel FSU models, both IMRT and traditional 3D-CRT delivery techniques could achieve comparable lung sparing inn SBRT treatment of early-stage lung cancer. However, the validity of the radiobiological model results should be checked by clinical data.
A Coordination Model for Improving Software System Attack-Tolerance and Survivability in Open Hostile Environments
Shangping Ren,Yue Yu,Kevin A. Kwiat,Jeffrey Tsai
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks , 2007, DOI: 10.1080/15501320701205068
Abstract: The role represents a group of actors that share the same set of behaviors declared by the role. Coordination and coordination constraints in the model are categorized into two classes: inter-role coordination and intra-role coordination. The coordinators are responsible for inter-role coordination; while the roles are not only abstractions for a set of behaviors they also coordinate the actors which share the same role. This setting implies that both the coordination constraints and coordination activities are decentralized and distributed among the coordinators and the roles. The decentralization not only shields the system from single point of failures, but also provides a foundation that survivable feedback loops can be built upon. The survivable feedback loops presented in the model resist the contamination of the system by faulty elements and thereby protect the whole system from being broken down by single failures.
FRET-Based Localization of Fluorescent Protein Insertions Within the Ryanodine Receptor Type 1
Shweta A. Raina, Jeffrey Tsai, Montserrat Samsó, James D. Fessenden
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038594
Abstract: Fluorescent protein (FP) insertions have often been used to localize primary structure elements in mid-resolution 3D cryo electron microscopic (EM) maps of large protein complexes. However, little is known as to the precise spatial relationship between the location of the fused FP and its insertion site within a larger protein. To gain insights into these structural considerations, F?rster resonance energy transfer (FRET) measurements were used to localize green fluorescent protein (GFP) insertions within the ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1), a large intracellular Ca2+ release channel that plays a key role in skeletal muscle excitation contraction coupling. A series of full-length His-tagged GFP-RyR1 fusion constructs were created, expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293T cells and then complexed with Cy3NTA, a His-tag specific FRET acceptor. FRET efficiency values measured from each GFP donor to Cy3NTA bound to each His tag acceptor site were converted into intermolecular distances and the positions of each inserted GFP were then triangulated relative to a previously published X-ray crystal structure of a 559 amino acid RyR1 fragment. We observed that the chromophoric centers of fluorescent proteins inserted into RyR1 can be located as far as 45 ? from their insertion sites and that the fused proteins can also be located in internal cavities within RyR1. These findings should prove useful in interpreting structural results obtained in cryo EM maps using fusions of small fluorescent proteins. More accurate point-to-point distance information may be obtained using complementary orthogonal labeling systems that rely on fluorescent probes that bind directly to amino acid side chains.
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