Abstract:
Percolation is one of the simplest and nicest models in probability theory/statistical mechanics which exhibits critical phenomena. Dynamical percolation is a model where a simple time dynamics is added to the (ordinary) percolation model. This dynamical model exhibits very interesting behavior. Our goal in thissurvey is to give an overview of the work in dynamical percolation that has been done (and some of which is in the process of being written up).

Abstract:
We obtain new results concerning poisoning/nonpoisoning in a catalytic model which has previously been introduced and studied. We show that poisoning can occur even when the arrival rate of one gas is smaller than the sum of the arrival rates of the other gases, and that poisoning does not occur when all gases have equal arrival rates.

Abstract:
Bezuidenhout and Grimmett proved that the critical contact process dies out. Here, we generalize the result to the so called contact process in a random evolving environment (CPREE), introduced by Erik Broman. This process is a generalization of the contact process where the recovery rate can vary between two values. The rate which it chooses is determined by a background process, which evolves independently at different sites. As for the contact process, we can similarly define a critical value in terms of survival for this process. In this paper we prove that this definition is independent of how we start the background process, that finite and infinite survival (meaning nontriviality of the upper invariant measure) are equivalent and finally that the process dies out at criticality.

Abstract:
The noise sensitivity of a Boolean function describes its likelihood to flip under small perturbations of its input. Introduced in the seminal work of Benjamini, Kalai and Schramm [Inst. Hautes \'{E}tudes Sci. Publ. Math. 90 (1999) 5-43], it was there shown to be governed by the first level of Fourier coefficients in the central case of monotone functions at a constant critical probability $p_c$. Here we study noise sensitivity and a natural stronger version of it, addressing the effect of noise given a specific witness in the original input. Our main context is the Erd\H{o}s-R\'{e}nyi random graph, where already the property of containing a given graph is sufficiently rich to separate these notions. In particular, our analysis implies (strong) noise sensitivity in settings where the BKS criterion involving the first Fourier level does not apply, for example, when $p_c\to0$ polynomially fast in the number of variables.

Abstract:
We study a class of stationary processes indexed by $\Z^d$ that are defined via minors of $d$-dimensional (multilevel) Toeplitz matrices. We obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for phase multiplicity (the existence of a phase transition) analogous to that which occurs in statistical mechanics. Phase uniqueness is equivalent to the presence of a strong $K$ property, a particular strengthening of the usual $K$ (Kolmogorov) property. We show that all of these processes are Bernoulli shifts (isomorphic to i.i.d. processes in the sense of ergodic theory). We obtain estimates of their entropies and we relate these processes via stochastic domination to product measures.

Abstract:
We consider two dynamical variants of Dvoretzky's classical problem of random interval coverings of the unit circle, the latter having been completely solved by L. Shepp. In the first model, the centers of the intervals perform independent Brownian motions and in the second model, the positions of the intervals are updated according to independent Poisson processes where an interval of length $\ell$ is updated at rate $\ell^{-\alpha}$ where $\alpha \ge0$ is a parameter. For the model with Brownian motions, a special case of our results is that if the length of the $n$th interval is $c/n$, then there are times at which a fixed point is not covered if and only if $c<2$ and there are times at which the circle is not fully covered if and only if $c<3$. For the Poisson updating model, we obtain analogous results with $c<\alpha$ and $c<\alpha+1$ instead. We also compute the Hausdorff dimension of the set of exceptional times for some of these questions.

Abstract:
Consider a monotone Boolean function $f:\{0,1\}^n\to\{0,1\}$ and the canonical monotone coupling $\{\eta_p:p\in[0,1]\}$ of an element in $\{0,1\}^n$ chosen according to product measure with intensity $p\in[0,1]$. The random point $p\in[0,1]$ where $f(\eta_p)$ flips from $0$ to $1$ is often concentrated near a particular point, thus exhibiting a threshold phenomenon. For a sequence of such Boolean functions, we peer closely into this threshold window and consider, for large $n$, the limiting distribution (properly normalized to be nondegenerate) of this random point where the Boolean function switches from being 0 to 1. We determine this distribution for a number of the Boolean functions which are typically studied and pay particular attention to the functions corresponding to iterated majority and percolation crossings. It turns out that these limiting distributions have quite varying behavior. In fact, we show that any nondegenerate probability measure on $\mathbb{R}$ arises in this way for some sequence of Boolean functions.

Abstract:
We study the volatility of the output of a Boolean function when the input bits undergo a natural dynamics. For $n = 1,2,\ldots$, let $f_n:\{0,1\}^{m_n} \ra \{0,1\}$ be a Boolean function and $X^{(n)}(t)=(X_1(t),\ldots,X_{m_n}(t))_{t \in [0,\infty)}$ be a vector of i.i.d.\ stationary continuous time Markov chains on $\{0,1\}$ that jump from $0$ to $1$ with rate $p_n \in [0,1]$ and from $1$ to $0$ with rate $q_n=1-p_n$. Our object of study will be $C_n$ which is the number of state changes of $f_n(X^{(n)}(t))$ as a function of $t$ during $[0,1]$. We say that the family $\{f_n\}_{n\ge 1}$ is volatile if $C_n \ra \iy$ in distribution as $n\to\infty$ and say that $\{f_n\}_{n\ge 1}$ is tame if $\{C_n\}_{n\ge 1}$ is tight. We study these concepts in and of themselves as well as investigate their relationship with the recent notions of noise sensitivity and noise stability. In addition, we study the question of lameness which means that $\Pro(C_n =0)\ra 1$ as $n\to\infty$. Finally, we investigate these properties for a number of standard Boolean functions such as the majority function, iterated 3-majority, the AND/OR function on the binary tree and percolation on certain trees at various levels of the parameter $p_n$.

Abstract:
We study several statistical mechanical models on a general tree. Particular attention is devoted to the classical Heisenberg models, where the state space is the d-dimensional unit sphere and the interactions are proportional to the cosines of the angles between neighboring spins. The phenomenon of interest here is the classification of phase transition (non-uniqueness of the Gibbs state) according to whether it is robust. In many cases, including all of the Heisenberg and Potts models, occurrence of robust phase transition is determined by the geometry (branching number) of the tree in a way that parallels the situation with independent percolation and usual phase transition for the Ising model. The critical values for robust phase transition for the Heisenberg and Potts models are also calculated exactly. In some cases, such as the q>=3 Potts model, robust phase transition and usual phase transition do not coincide, while in other cases, such as the Heisenberg models, we conjecture that robust phase transition and usual phase transition are equivalent. In addition, we show that symmetry breaking is equivalent to the existence of a phase transition, a fact believed but not known for the rotor model on Z^2.

Abstract:
One goal of this paper is to prove that dynamical critical site percolation on the planar triangular lattice has exceptional times at which percolation occurs. In doing so, new quantitative noise sensitivity results for percolation are obtained. The latter is based on a novel method for controlling the "level k" Fourier coefficients via the construction of a randomized algorithm which looks at random bits, outputs the value of a particular function but looks at any fixed input bit with low probability. We also obtain upper and lower bounds on the Hausdorff dimension of the set of percolating times. We then study the problem of exceptional times for certain "k-arm" events on wedges and cones. As a corollary of this analysis, we prove, among other things, that there are no times at which there are two infinite "white" clusters, obtain an upper bound on the Hausdorff dimension of the set of times at which there are both an infinite white cluster and an infinite black cluster and prove that for dynamical critical bond percolation on the square grid there are no exceptional times at which three disjoint infinite clusters are present.