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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 270 matches for " Jed Donoghue "
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The Sociology of Knowledge, Citizenship and the Purification of Politics  [PDF]
Jed Donoghue, Bob White
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31003

We reinterpret citizenship using Mannheim’s classical sociology of knowledge and through a more recent variant on them in Latour’s argument that “we have never been modern” (Latour, 1991). On that basis, we understand citizenship as a recursive effect of disputes over belonging and membership (Isin, 2002), where those disputes entail the three forms of political rationality or “thought styles” which Mannheim and Latour variously suggested: the linearly individual rationality of liberalism; dialectically collective socialism; and culturally collective conservatism. Marshall defines citizenship as a “status bestowed on those who are full members of a community” (Marshall, 1973). He presents an image of evolutionary progress, from civil to political rights and finally to the social form, in Britain. We argue that Marshall was entangled in evolutionary and teleological images of citizenship. We reinterpret citizenship using Mannheim’s classical sociology of knowledge. We suggest that sociologies of knowledge allow a re-reading of “citizenship” that can accommodate conceptual difficulties. Mannheim called into question the “progress” implied or stated in theories of “stages”. He stressed instead the continuing interaction between different ways of knowing social reality, or between what he called “thought styles”. We apply Mannheim to “citizenship” in order to lift two “purifications”, so that humanity is both natural and political.

American Outlaws in Australia
Bruce Tranter,Jed Donoghue
International Journal of Social Science Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.11114/ijsss.v1i2.158
Abstract: An aspect of the diffusion of American popular culture is examined in this research drawing upon national survey data. Measuring Australians’ knowledge of American and Australian outlaws, we found that Jesse James and Billy the Kid are better known in Australia than any of the local outlaws, or bushrangers, with the exception of Ned Kelly. While a relatively large proportion of Australians identified Ned Kelly, Ben Hall, Jesse James and Billy the Kid as outlaws, few identified other Australian ‘outlaws’. Social background and political ideology is associated with greater knowledge of outlaws. Men, baby boomers and their predecessors, those born in Australia or the UK, those with a basic secondary level education and those identifying as left on the political spectrum are the most knowledgeable. This Australian study suggests that outlaws such as Jesse James and Billy the Kid are not just national folk heroes, but recognised globally. Promoted by visual and print media they have transcended their outlaw heritage to represent romanticised notions of freedom, loyalty and the ‘underdog’, regardless of the historical facts surrounding their lives and deaths.
Social Inclusion in North Sydney LGA
Chris Taylor,Jed Donoghue
Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance , 2012, DOI: 10.5130/cjlg.v0i0.3059
Teaching civic engagement: Evaluating an integrative service-learning program
Jed Metzger
Gateways : International Journal of Community Research & Engagement , 2012,
Abstract: The demands on successfully teaching intervention skills in macro (community) environments are numerous and extend beyond the confines of any one academic discipline. In particular, when considering community, the compounding of the multiple factors of social economics, diversity, social policy, history and political agendas requires an integrative approach. This mixed-methods retrospective article analyses the use of service-learning in an advanced Master of Social Work community practice course. Special attention is given to the construction of academic and community experience that facilitates learning integration and understanding of the ways in which factors compound on community wellbeing. Specifically this project involved students in efforts constructed to address violence directed by and against inner-city youth in a mid-sized northeastern city in the United States that is beset with gang violence and has led its state in per capita murders for four of the past five years. Recommendations and lessons learned presented in this article are directed at exploring a construction of service-learning that could address integrative learning in community intervention courses. Keywords: Service-learning, teaching, macro practice, violence
Rectangular tileability and complementary tileability are undecidable
Jed Yang
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Does a given a set of polyominoes tile some rectangle? We show that this problem is undecidable. In a different direction, we also consider tiling a cofinite subset of the plane. The tileability is undecidable for many variants of this problem. However, we present an algorithm for testing whether the complement of a finite region is tileable by a set of rectangles.
Some NP-complete edge packing and partitioning problems in planar graphs
Jed Yang
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Graph packing and partitioning problems have been studied in many contexts, including from the algorithmic complexity perspective. Consider the packing problem of determining whether a graph contains a spanning tree and a cycle that do not share edges. Bern\'ath and Kir\'aly proved that this decision problem is NP-complete and asked if the same result holds when restricting to planar graphs. Similarly, they showed that the packing problem with a spanning tree and a path between two distinguished vertices is NP-complete. They also established the NP-completeness of the partitioning problem of determining whether the edge set of a graph can be partitioned into a spanning tree and a (not-necessarily spanning) tree. We prove that all three problems remain NP-complete even when restricted to planar graphs.
Exploring the Links between Employment Clusters and Economic Diversity in the British Urban System  [PDF]
Daniel O’Donoghue
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.77079
Abstract: A growing body of literature, built up over the years, has explored the cluster concept. In parallel, another body of literature has accumulated regarding the diversity and specialisation of cities. There has been little explicit linkage between these two bodies of literature. This study sets out to explore the potential link between these two representations of spatial patterns so that a better understanding of the relationship between the two might be established. The UK Annual Business Inquiry 2007 provides the employment data drawn from various aggregated levels of the SIC 2003 for 70 TTWAs that represent the British Urban System. The paper investigates the extent of spatial concentration of individual sectors, and provides an example of how clusters might be identified spatially. Further analysis, using data drawn from the SIC 1, 2 and 3 digit levels indicates the relationship levels diversity/specialisation have with the clustering of activities, particularly when various sub-sectors are examined. Specific locations, or groups of cities are identified, which reinforce previous understandings of some of the key concepts. The results indicate further analysis of the role of localisation and urbanisation economies and their relationship with diversity/specialisation is required with an added emphasis on occupational, rather than just industrial diversity.
Projective techniques in consumer research
S Donoghue
Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences /Tydskrif vir Gesinsekologie en Verbruikerswetenskappe , 2000,
Abstract: Projektiewe tegnieke behels 'n dubbelsinnige stimulus waarvolgens die subjek sy/haar persoonlikheid, houdings, opinies en selfkonsep - as integrale deel van die self - in ‘n situasie projekteer ten einde struktuur of betekenis daaraan te gee. Projektiewe tegnieke word in kwalitatiewe verbruikersgedrag- en bemarkingstudies gebruik om subjekte se onbewuste of "verskuilde" gevoelens, houdings en motiewe bloot te lê en om stereotipiese en sydige responspatrone uit te skakel. Projektiewe tegnieke word in kwalitatiewe verbruikersgedragnavorsing gebruik en aan die hand van die ontwerp en struktuur, verskillende tipes en die analise en interpretasie van data ontgin deur die gebruik van projektiewe tegnieke beskryf. Geldigheids- en betroubaarheidsoorwegings asook die nadele en voordele van projektiewe tegnieke word bespreek. Gevallestudies word beskryf om te toon hoe projektiewe tegnieke met ander kwalitatiewe data-insamelingsmetodes (diepteonderhoude en fokusgroeponderhoude) gekombineer kan word om meer insig oor die hoe, waarom en wat van verbruikers se gedrag te bekom.
The shallow shelf approximation as a "sliding law" in a thermomechanically coupled ice sheet model
Ed Bueler,Jed Brown
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2008JF001179
Abstract: The shallow shelf approximation is a better ``sliding law'' for ice sheet modeling than those sliding laws in which basal velocity is a function of driving stress. The shallow shelf approximation as formulated by \emph{Schoof} [2006a] is well-suited to this use. Our new thermomechanically coupled sliding scheme is based on a plasticity assumption about the strength of the saturated till underlying the ice sheet in which the till yield stress is given by a Mohr-Coulomb formula using a modeled pore water pressure. Using this scheme, our prognostic whole ice sheet model has convincing ice streams. Driving stress is balanced in part by membrane stresses, the model is computable at high spatial resolution in parallel, it is stable with respect to parameter changes, and it produces surface velocities seen in actual ice streams.
On exact solutions and numerics for cold, shallow, and thermocoupled ice sheets
Ed Bueler,Jed Brown
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: This three section report can be regarded as an extended appendix to (Bueler, Brown, and Lingle 2006). First we give the detailed construction of an exact solution to a standard continuum model of a cold, shallow, and thermocoupled ice sheet. The construction is by calculation of compensatory accumulation and heat source functions which make a chosen pair of functions for thickness and temperature into exact solutions of the coupled system. The solution we construct here is ``TestG'' in (Bueler and others, 2006) and the steady state solution ``Test F'' is a special case. In the second section we give a reference C implementation of these exact solutions. In the last section we give an error analysis of a finite difference scheme for the temperature equation in the thermocoupled model. The error analysis gives three results, first the correct form of the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy (CFL) condition for stability of the advection scheme, second an equation for error growth which contributes to understanding the famous ``spokes'' of (Payne and others, 2000), and third a convergence theorem under stringent fixed geometry and smoothness assumptions.
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