Abstract:
Let $(\tau_x)_{x \in \Z^d}$ be i.i.d. random variables with heavy (polynomial) tails. Given $a \in [0,1]$, we consider the Markov process defined by the jump rates $\omega_{x \to y} = {\tau_x}^{-(1-a)} {\tau_y}^a$ between two neighbours $x$ and $y$ in $\Z^d$. We give the asymptotic behaviour of the principal eigenvalue of the generator of this process, with Dirichlet boundary condition. The prominent feature is a phase transition that occurs at some threshold depending on the dimension.

Abstract:
We consider the model of a directed polymer pinned to a line of i.i.d. random charges, and focus on the interior of the delocalized phase. We first show that in this region, the partition function remains bounded. We then prove that for almost every environment of charges, the probability that the number of contact points in [0,n] exceeds c log(n) tends to 0 as n tends to infinity. Our proofs rely on recent results of Birkner, Greven, den Hollander (2010) and Cheliotis, den Hollander (2010).

Abstract:
Divergence-form operators with stationary random coefficients homogenize over large scales. We investigate the effect of certain perturbations of the medium on the homogenized coefficients. The perturbations that we consider are rare at the local level, but when occurring, have an effect of the same order of magnitude as the initial medium itself. The main result of the paper is a first-order expansion of the homogenized coefficients, as a function of the perturbation parameter.

Abstract:
For the random walk among random conductances, we prove that the environment viewed by the particle converges to equilibrium polynomially fast in the variance sense, our main hypothesis being that the conductances are bounded away from zero. The basis of our method is the establishment of a Nash inequality, followed either by a comparison with the simple random walk or by a more direct analysis based on a martingale decomposition. As an example of application, we show that under certain conditions, our results imply an estimate of the speed of convergence of the mean square displacement of the walk towards its limit.

Abstract:
Attributing a positive value \tau_x to each x in Z^d, we investigate a nearest-neighbour random walk which is reversible for the measure with weights (\tau_x), often known as "Bouchaud's trap model". We assume that these weights are independent, identically distributed and non-integrable random variables (with polynomial tail), and that d > 4. We obtain the quenched subdiffusive scaling limit of the model, the limit being the fractional kinetics process. We begin our proof by expressing the random walk as a time change of a random walk among random conductances. We then focus on proving that the time change converges, under the annealed measure, to a stable subordinator. This is achieved using previous results concerning the mixing properties of the environment viewed by the time-changed random walk.

Abstract:
In this short note, a criterion for a family of random distributions to be tight in local H\"older spaces of negative regularity is presented.

Abstract:
The article begins with a quantitative version of the martingale central limit theorem, in terms of the Kantorovich distance. This result is then used in the study of the homogenization of discrete parabolic equations with random i.i.d. coefficients. For smooth initial condition, the rescaled solution of such an equation, once averaged over the randomness, is shown to converge polynomially fast to the solution of the homogenized equation, with an explicit exponent depending only on the dimension. Polynomial rate of homogenization for the averaged heat kernel, with an explicit exponent, is then derived. Similar results for elliptic equations are also presented.

Abstract:
We consider the simple random walk on Z^d evolving in a potential of independent and identically distributed random variables taking values in [0, + \infty]. We give optimal conditions for the existence of the quenched point-to-point Lyapunov exponent, and for different versions of a shape theorem. The method of proof applies as well to first-passage percolation, and builds up on an approach of Cox and Durrett (1981). The weakest form of shape theorem holds whenever the set of sites with finite potential percolates. Under this condition, we then show the existence of the quenched point-to-hyperplane Lyapunov exponent, and give a large deviation principle for the walk under the quenched weighted measure.

Abstract:
We consider the random walk among random conductances on Z^d. We assume that the conductances are independent, identically distributed and uniformly bounded away from 0 and infinity. We obtain a quantitative version of the central limit theorem for this random walk, which takes the form of a Berry-Esseen estimate with speed t^{-1/10} for d < 3, and speed t^{-1/5} otherwise, up to logarithmic corrections.

Abstract:
Consider a discrete-time martingale, and let $V^2$ be its normalized quadratic variation. As $V^2$ approaches 1, and provided that some Lindeberg condition is satisfied, the distribution of the rescaled martingale approaches the Gaussian distribution. For any $p\geq 1$, (Ann. Probab. 16 (1988) 275-299) gave a bound on the rate of convergence in this central limit theorem that is the sum of two terms, say $A_p+B_p$, where up to a constant, $A_p={\|V^2-1\|}_p^{p/(2p+1)}$. Here we discuss the optimality of this term, focusing on the restricted class of martingales with bounded increments. In this context, (Ann. Probab. 10 (1982) 672-688) sketched a strategy to prove optimality for $p=1$. Here we extend this strategy to any $p\geq 1$, thereby justifying the optimality of the term $A_p$. As a necessary step, we also provide a new bound on the rate of convergence in the central limit theorem for martingales with bounded increments that improves on the term $B_p$, generalizing another result of (Ann. Probab. 10 (1982) 672-688).