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Knowledge Collaboration in Higher Educational Institutions in India: Charting a Knowledge Management Solution
Mamta Bhusry,Jayanti Ranjan
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: Knowledge management (KM) is an essential consideration in higher educational institutions (HEIs) to ensure that knowledge flows efficiently between the people and processes. A crucial aspect of KM in HEIs that has not been addressed adequately is the unstructured nature of knowledge management and varying degrees of conformance to KM mechanisms in the functional domains. The paper aims to propose a knowledge management framework for HEIs and evaluate the institutions for KM mechanisms in order to reiterate on the urgent need for knowledge management support in higher education. The evaluation of the framework indicated the nascent nature of knowledge management in higher educational institutions in India. The evaluation also indicated that KM in HEIs is highly unstructured and occurs in disparate activities of the institutions and identified the potential domains for improvement based on the K-ASD framework. The practical implications of KM initiatives in HEIs include the enhancement in the overall effectiveness and efficiency. A KM system should be integrated into the institutions processes and work environment.
ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE AYURVEDIC RECOMMENDATIONS ON LIFESTYLE (VIHAAR) AMONG URBAN AND RURAL COMMUNITY
Balpreet Singh,Jayanti Dutta
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Ayurveda aims at creating optimal health and well-being through a comprehensive approach that addresses mind, body, behavior and environment. Ayurveda has many simple lifestyle recommendations for maintaining one’s health. With the aim to assess knowledge about such Ayurvedic recommendations on lifestyle, a cross sectional study was conducted using questionnaire containing 14 questions in rural and urban areas of District Gurdaspur, Punjab, India. 188 persons responded to questionnaire. Statistical analysis was done by using the SPSS. Independent sample t test and one way ANOVA were used to compare means. After analysis of data, the mean knowledge score was found to be 9.1 with Standard Deviation of 1.76. Knowledge about Ayurvedic dietary recommendations differs significantly as per residential status and age of respondents. A large rural area in India is treasure of traditional Ayurvedic knowledge. This knowledge can improve nation’s health indicators quickly if channelized in appropriate way.
Cosmological parameter estimation using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)
Jayanti Prasad,Tarun Souradeep
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.123008
Abstract: Obtaining the set of cosmological parameters consistent with observational data is an important exercise in current cosmological research. It involves finding the global maximum of the likelihood function in the multi-dimensional parameter space. Currently sampling based methods, which are in general stochastic in nature, like Markov-Chain Monte Carlo(MCMC), are being commonly used for parameter estimation. The beauty of stochastic methods is that the computational cost grows, at the most, linearly in place of exponentially (as in grid based approaches) with the dimensionality of the search space. MCMC methods sample the full joint probability distribution (posterior) from which one and two dimensional probability distributions, best fit (average) values of parameters and then error bars can be computed. In the present work we demonstrate the application of another stochastic method, named Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), that is widely used in the field of engineering and artificial intelligence, for cosmological parameter estimation from WMAP seven years data. We find that there is a good agreement between the values of the best fit parameters obtained from PSO and publicly available code COSMOMC. However, there is a slight disagreement between error bars mainly due to the fact that errors are computed differently in PSO. Apart from presenting the results of our exercise, we also discuss the merits of PSO and explain its usefulness in more extensive search in higher dimensional parameter space.
FLAGCAL:A flagging and calibration package for radio interferometric data
Jayanti Prasad,Jayaram Chengalur
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s10686-011-9279-5
Abstract: We describe a flagging and calibration pipeline intended for making quick look images from GMRT data. The package identifies and flags corrupted visibilities, computes calibration solutions and interpolates these onto the target source. These flagged calibrated visibilities can be directly imaged using any standard imaging package. The pipeline is written in "C" with the most compute intensive algorithms being parallelized using OpenMP.
Maximum Entropy deconvolution of Primordial Power Spectrum
Gaurav Goswami,Jayanti Prasad
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.023522
Abstract: It is well known that CMB temperature anisotropies and polarization can be used to probe the metric perturbations in the early universe. Presently, there exist neither any observational detection of tensor modes of primordial metric perturbations nor of primordial non-Gaussianity. In such a scenario, primordial power spectrum of scalar metric perturbations is the only correlation function of metric perturbations (presumably generated during inflation) whose effects can be directly probed through various observations. To explore the possibility of any deviations from the simplest picture of the era of cosmic inflation in the early universe, it thus becomes extremely important to uncover the amplitude and shape of this (only available) correlation sufficiently well. In the present work, we attempt to reconstruct the primordial power spectrum of scalar metric perturbations using the binned (uncorrelated) CMB temperature anisotropies data using the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) to solve the corresponding inverse problem. Our analysis shows that, given the current CMB data, there are no convincing reasons to believe that the primordial power spectrum of scalar metric perturbations has any significant features.
Phosphate Solubilising Fungi from Mangroves of Bhitarkanika, Orissa
NIBHA GUPTA,SARITA JAYANTI DAS
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2008,
Abstract: Mangroves have evolved several adaptations to swampy and saline environments. It is situated at the inter-phase between marine and terrestrial environment, which is highly productive providing nutrients to surrounding micro biota. Similar adaptive characteristics in the form and function may occur with the associated microflora in such environments. Several free living and symbiotic microorganisms occurred in such saline habitats and some of them are reported for their beneficial activity in mangrove ecosystem like biomineralization of organic matter and bio-transformation of minerals. In view of this, 106 fungi isolated from rhizosphere and phyllosphere of mangrove plants grown in Bhitarkanika, Orissa were screened on plate culture containing Pikovaskaya medium for the phosphate solubilization. Selected fungi were evaluated for their phosphate solubilization potential under different cultural conditions. A total of 36 fungi were isolated that showed variable halo zone on medium containing tricalcium phosphate when grown under different pH and temperature. The highest zone was formed by Aspergillus PF8 (63 mm) and Aspergillus PF127 (46.5 mm). The observation on tricalcium phosphate solubilization activity of Paecilomyces, Cladobotrytis, Helminthosporium is rare. However, a detailed and elaborative studies are needed to confirm better mineral solubilization potential of these fungi.
Drug prices in India after GATT agreement,
Smt. Dr. Jayanti Vijaya Ratna
Pharmaceutical Reviews , 2004,
Abstract: “Intelligence is gifted to mankind to know God, not amass wealth” said one great man.It is a rare phenomenon to see an individual or an institution attain that height of maturity where intelligence is used for such a lofty purpose – but we can reasonably hope that people should use their intelligence to serve and uplift their society in addition to earning their livelihood. If this simple logic that inventions should benefit mankind while giving a degree of advantage to the inventor can be accepted by everyone all over the globe; the world would be a happy and healthy place.The central theme of Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is to ensure that the innovator’s rights are protected, even at the cost of learning millions of the poor to disease and death. There are five main differences between the regime being ushered in by TRIPS in January 2005 and the regime present now.
Nutritional Assessment of Leaves of Wild Edible Plant Urtica ardence
Jayanti, Kshitij Agarwal* and Prem Saini
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research , 2013,
Abstract: Considering the growing need to identify alternative bio-nutritional sources, wild edible leaves consumedin forest zone of Uttarakhand, India were evaluated for their nutritive value in order to prioritize edible wildplant suitable for domestication. The result showed significance of wild plant species as important sourceof nutrient for rural poor people. The nutritional value of leaves of wild plant Urtica ardence wereevaluated in terms of protein, carbohydrate, fat, fiber content, vitamin content, reducing sugars andminerals. Urtica ardence had a significant level of above nutrients and therefore was identified aspromising specie for promotion as backyard planting especially farming systems suffering from crop loss,food shortage and chronic malnutrition.
Economic impact of microfinance in Nepal: a case study of the Manamaiju Village Development Committee, Kathmandu
Dipak Bahadur Adhikari,Jayanti Shrestha
Economic Journal of Development Issues , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/ejdi.v15i1-2.11861
Abstract: The concept of micro-credit was developed to mobilize small savings of poor people to create deposit, which may be accessible to unreachable and un-bankable poor, especially women. The study has highlighted that microfinance is an effective tool for bringing positive impact on the economic status of the respondents along with their family members. It has helped to generate extra income for their family and their own use. The extra income allows the respondents family to buy nutritious food, access to modern health care services and they can afford to send their children to the school. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ejdi.v15i1-2.11861 Economic Journal of Development Issues Vol. 15 & 16 No. 1-2 , pp. 36-49
Mining Association Rule for Horizontally Partitioned Databases Using CK Secure Sum Technique
Jayanti Danasana,Raghvendra Kumar,Debadutta Dey
International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems , 2012,
Abstract: The security of the large database becomes a serious issue while sharing the data to the network againstunauthorised access. However in order to provide the security many researchers cited the issue ofSecured Multiparty Computation (SMC) that allows multiple parties to compute some function of theirinputs without disclosing the actual input to one another. Secure sum computation method is popularlyand widely accepted due to its simple and thorough solution. The outcomes of our proposed procedureprovide a significant result so that it becomes impossible for semi honest party to know the private data ofsome other sites
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