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Representation of Indigenous Nationalities and Minorities in Bank and Financial Institutions: A Study of Pokhara
Jas Bahadur Gurung
Himalayan Journal of Sociology and Anthropology , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/hjsa.v6i0.10688
Abstract: This study is carried out to explore the inclusive representation of Indigenous Nationalities and Minorities working in Bank and Financial Institutions (BFIs) in Pokhara. Both descriptive and explorative research design has been used in this study. Primary data have been collected constructing a set of well-structured questionnaire and used in this study. Representation of Indigenous Nationalities is poor i.e. only 32.59 percent in the total employment of BFIs. Madheshi represents only 0.62 percent and Dalits 1.62 percent in the total employment. There is no representation at all from Muslim community in BFIs in Pokhara. The representation of male employee is higher than that of female employees in BFIs even within the said ethnic groups. The level of job they employed is mostly lower levels i.e. assistants and other support staffs. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hjsa.v6i0.10688 ? Himalayan Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.6 2014: 51-63
Native fish conservation in Nepal: Challenges and opportunities
Tek Bahadur Gurung
Nepalese Journal of Biosciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njbs.v2i0.7492
Abstract: Habitat degradation and loss probably has been more responsible for the decline of native fish species. Nepalese fishes are one of main aquatic vertebrates which are yet to be studied for their occurrence, distribution and ecology, especially from western regions of the country. However, before complete understanding on native fishes, threat over their existence have been loomed by climate change, over fishing, pollution, alteration of natural habitats and poor understanding of fish ecology etc. Thus, publicizing the importance and knowledge of fish conservation has been one of the most important challenges. The other challenges are sustainability of quality and quantity of freshwaters which have been impacted. In such circumstance to overcome the problems, adoption of community or cooperative based conservation could be one of the best approaches for freshwaters and fish restoration. Optimistically, a national strategy on conservation of freshwater fish is desirable. Fish conservation has the opportunities to be used for multidimensional purposes. A success of single fish species might contribute substantially on local economy, if that could be used in aquaculture or angling for tourism industry. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njbs.v2i0.7492 Nepalese Journal of Biosciences 2 : 71-79 (2012)
Harnessing Fisheries Innovation for Transformational Impact in Nepal
Tek Bahadur Gurung
Hydro Nepal: Journal of Water, Energy and Environment , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/hn.v15i0.11295
Abstract: In Nepal, per capita fish production lags far below most of the world. To be on par with our neighbors, present fish production would need to be increased at least three- or fourfold. For fish production to have a transformational impact on Nepal’s economy, an increase of four- or fivefold would be needed within a decade before the climate change could impact severely the industry. As well, businesses and the government would need to move quickly to produce a more favorable environment for job creation. However, for this transformation to happen pronouncedly, we need to know what additional fisheries technologies would best suit to enhance substantial production under putative climate changes and stimulating socioeconomics for more job and income opportunities. In this paper, we propose several solutions keeping intact aquatic biodiversity. 1) Carp, catfish Pangasius spp, tilapia and rainbow trout would provide the best returns from the marketplace. 2) Recreational fisheries and further cold water aquaculture opportunities need to be improved, 3) Head and tail waters of Pico-, micro-, and mega-hydropower should be prioritized as an area of aquaculture concern for harnessing Nepal’s vertical gradient landscape. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hn.v15i0.11295 HYDRO Nepal Journal Journal of Water, Energy and Environment Volume: 15, 2014, July Page: 53-59
Rapid Cultural Change: A Case Study of Polyandry Marriage System among the Gurung Community from Upper Mustang, Nepal
Juddha Bahadur Gurung
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v6i0.8480
Abstract: Nepal is multi ethnic, multi lingual and multi cultural country. In Upper Mustang polyandry is practiced by Loba communities. However, the condition of polyandry is dying out at present. The young are not in favor of this system. Socio-economic, political, seasonal migration, tourism and developmental factors have played crucial role in this regards. From conservation perspective polyandry played crucial role to manage local resources and in population dynamics in the past. This paper is based on field survey carried out in two different time periods (1998 and 2008) in order to compare or understand changing pattern of polyandry. In last couple of years, polyandry system has changed very rapidly in Loba communities of Upper Mustang. Rising community awareness, multiple economic opportunities, improve communication, foreign employment, modern education, open tourism, road access and other visual and in visual forces has lead society from close to open and more wider side or increase the horizon of young generation. Polyandry system is directly affected. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/dsaj.v6i0.8480 Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6, 2012 75-106
FEM Approach for Transient Heat Transfer in Human Eye  [PDF]
Gokul K. C., Dil Bahadur Gurung, Pushpa Raj Adhikary
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.410A2003

In this paper, a bio-heat transfer model of temperature distribution in human eye is discussed using appropriate boundary conditions for cornea and sclera. Variational finite element method with Crank-Nicolson scheme is used to calculate the transient temperature distribution in normal human eye. The temperature with and without the effect of blood perfusion and metabolism on retina is simulated and compared for various ambient temperatures, evaporation rates and lens thermal conductivities. The obtained results are compared with experimental results and past results found in literatures. The results show that the steady state corneal temperature is achieved in around 31 and 45 minute of exposure at ambient temperatures 10 and 50 respectively. Steady state eye temperature is achieved earlier at higher evaporation rate. Similar result is achieved for higher lens thermal conductivity and also for lower ambient temperature.

Knowledge Of Child Abuse Among Parents Of Under 5 Years Children In Kathmandu, Nepal
Lekha Bahadur Gurung,Suraj Bahattarai
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences , 2015, DOI: 10.3126/jmmihs.v1i4.11995
Abstract: Child abuse and neglect is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims’ physical and mental health, well-being and development throughout their lives. Out of the many parental causes of child abuse, the important reason is lack of knowledge regarding it among them. We explored the knowledge of child abuse among the parent of under 5 children in urban setting of Kathmandu district of Nepal. This is descriptive cross sectional study which involved the parents of children under 5 years of age residing in Kalanki area of Kathmandu in order to identify their existing knowledge on child abuse and to explore the relationships between their knowledge scores and some selected variables by interviewing using a semi-structured questionnaire. Out of the total 95 participants, 50.53% had good knowledge and 48.4% had average knowledge on overall child abuse. None of the parents had poor knowledge in terms of child physical abuse, child neglect and child emotional abuse. However, 20% and 10.5% of the parents had poor knowledge on child sexual abuse and general child abuse respectively. The level of knowledge and the variables viz. age group and exposure to different source of information were significantly associated while no significant association was found with their educational status. The parents do have a satisfactory level of knowledge regarding child abuse. However, a significant proportion of parents still had poor knowledge in context of general child abuse and child sexual abuse. A nationwide study of such kind using qualitative tools as well as conducting awareness raising activities especially focusing on the general abuse and abuse of sexual nature is recommended. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jmmihs.v1i4.11995 Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences Vol. 1, Issue 4, 2015 Page : 9-13
Mathematical Study of Dengue Disease Transmission in Multi-Patch Environment  [PDF]
Ganga Ram Phaijoo, Dil Bahadur Gurung
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/am.2016.714132
Abstract: Dengue disease is the most common vector borne infectious disease transmitted to humans by infected adult female Aedes mosquitoes. Over the past several years the disease has been increasing remarkably and it has become a major public health concern. Dengue viruses have increased their geographic range into new human population due to travel of humans from one place to the other. In the present paper, we have proposed a multi patch SIR-SI model to study the host-vector dynamics of dengue disease in different patches including the travel of human population among the patches. We have considered different disease prevalences in different patches and different travel rates of humans. The dimensionless number, basic reproduction number R0 which shows that the disease dies out if R0 < 1 and the disease takes hold if R0 ≥ 1, is calculated. Local and global stability of the disease free equilibrium are analyzed. Simulations are observed considering the two patches only. The results show that controlling the travel of infectious hosts from high disease dominant patch to low disease dominant patch can help in controlling the disease in low disease dominant patch while high disease dominant becomes even more disease dominant. The understanding of the effect of travel of humans on the spatial spread of the disease among the patches can be helpful in improving disease control and prevention measures. In the present study, a patch may represent a city, a village or some biological habitat.
Determination of Heterotic Groups in Nepalese Yellow Maize Populations
Dil Bahadur Gurung,Maria Luz C. George,Quirino D. Delacruz
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/njst.v10i0.2802
Abstract: Assigning germplasms into different heterotic groups is fundamental for exploitation of heterosis for hybrid development. An experiment was conducted in order to establish heterotic groups of some maize populations. Line x tester design was used for making crosses. Ten open pollinated varieties were used as lines and four as testers. Forty crosses along with their parents were evaluated in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Three testers were open pollinated varieties and one tester was a NML-2, an inbred line developed by CIMMYT. Basis of grouping the germplasms into different heterotic groups was specific combining ability (SCA) effects for grain yield. Population 46C 1 , Rampur So3Eo2, and Rampur So3Fo2 showed positive SCA effects with NML-2, and negative with Arun-4. These germplasms were assigned into heterotic group A. Similarly, Upahar, Across 9331, Population 35C 5 and Narayani had positive SCA effects with Arun-4 and negative with NML-2 and grouped into heterotic group B. Likewise, Manakamana-2 and Hill Pool Yellow were placed into AB heterotic group, which displayed positive SCA effects with both testers. Khumal yellow had shown negative effects with both testers and put into undetermined group. This way, three heterotic groups were established based on the SCA effects. These heterotic groups are potential sources for inbred line development. Keywords: Lines; Testers; Heterotic effects; Specific combining ability effects; Heterotic groupings DOI: 10.3126/njst.v10i0.2802 Nepal Journal of Science and Technology Volume 10, 2009 December Page: 1-8
Tiger Conservation Initiatives in Nepal
Jhamak Bahadur Karki,Shanta Raj Jnawali,Ghana Gurung,Megh B Pandey,Gopal P Upadhyay
The Initiation , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/init.v4i0.5537
Abstract: Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is an icon of Asia’s natural heritage and ecological integrity. Tiger along with one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) and wild elephant (Elephas maximus) in the lowlands and snow leopard (Uncia uncia), musk deer (Muschus sp.) in mountain have been serving as a flagship species to derive worldwide conservation attention not only to benefit them but also to facilitate the survival of other associated species. However, their number is decreasing rapidly. Owing to this, various initiatives have been taken both at national and international level. This article reviews about the different initiatives taken so far and the ways forth. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/init.v4i0.5537 The Initiation Vol.4 2011 56-68
Review of Ischemic Heart Disease Patients admitted in Dhulikhel Hospital
Ram Bahadur Gurung,Pankaj Pant,Baburam Pokharel,Rajendra Koju,TRS Bedi
Nepalese Heart Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/njh.v7i1.8493
Abstract: The ischaemic heart disease is one of the most common cause of preventable deaths. The number of deaths due to ischaemic heart disease has been reported to be on the rise in the low and mid-dle income countries. Data on the prevalence and risk profile of ischaemic heart disease is scarce in Nepal. The aim of this study was to analyze the demographic and risk profile of patients with ischaemic heart disease admitted at Dhulikhel hospital. 115 patients in the period between 2008 to 2009 with the diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease were identified and analyzed. The mean age of patients with IHD was 62.9+/- 12.79 years and the youngest was aged 34 years. The number of male patients was greater (54.8%) than the females (45.2%). Among the risk factors hypertension and diabetes were more common in females, where-as smoking was more common in males. The study also showed more people with IHD came from rural than urban areas. In conclusion, the ischaemic heart disease is a rising public health problem affecting even the younger age groups and people from lower socioeconomic strata. Nepalese Heart Journal | Volume 7 | No.1 | November 2010 (special issue) | Page 1-4 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njh.v7i1.8493
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