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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2230 matches for " Jaquet Antoine "
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Short-term risk of anaemia following initiation of combination antiretroviral treatment in HIV-infected patients in countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia-Pacific, and central and South America
Zhou Jialun,Jaquet Antoine,Bissagnene Emmanuel,Musick Beverly
Journal of the International AIDS Society , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1758-2652-15-5
Abstract: Background The objective was to examine the short-term risk and predictors of anaemia following initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients from the Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, Asian-Pacific, and Caribbean and Central and South America regions of the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) collaboration. Methods Anaemia was defined as haemoglobin of < 10 g/dL. Patients were included if they started cART with three or more drugs, had prior haemoglobin of > = 10 g/dL, and had one or more follow-up haemoglobin tests. Factors associated with anaemia up to 12 months were examined using Cox proportional hazards models and stratified by IeDEA region. Results Between 1998 and 2008, 19,947 patients initiated cART with baseline and follow-up haemoglobin tests (7358, 7289, 2853, 471, 1550 and 426 in the Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, Asian-Pacific, and Caribbean and Central and South America regions, respectively). At initiation, anaemia was found in 45% of Western Africa patients, 29% of Eastern Africa patients, 21% of Southern Africa patients, 36% of Central Africa patients, 15% of patients in Asian-Pacific and 14% of patients in Caribbean and Central and South America. Among patients with haemoglobin of > = 10 g/dL at baseline (13,445), the risks of anaemia were 18.2, 6.6, 9.7, 22.9, 11.8 and 19.5 per 100 person-years in the Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, Asian, and Caribbean and Central and South America regions, respectively. Factors associated with anaemia were female sex, low baseline haemoglobin level, low baseline CD4 count, more advanced disease stage, and initial cART containing zidovudine. Conclusions In data from 34 cohorts of HIV-infected patients from sub-Saharan Africa, Central and South America, and Asia, the risk of anaemia within 12 months of initiating cART was moderate. Routine haemoglobin monitoring was recommended in patients at risk of developing anaemia following cART initiation.
Des Alpes à la mer : l’architecture d’André Gaillard.
Martine Jaquet
EspacesTemps.net , 2006,
Abstract: Conserver des fonds d’archives provenant de bureaux d’architectes dans une école d’architecture, comme le font les Archives de la construction moderne (Acm), n’est pas une fin en soi. Les préserver dans des conditions idoines peut assurer leur pérennité, mais demeure un exercice en circuit fermé. Le catalogage d’un fonds permet non seulement de prendre connaissance de sa nature, mais également de formuler les hypothèses de la recherche et de sa valorisation. Elles sont de ...
The Challenge of AIDS-Related Malignancies in Sub-Saharan Africa
Annie J. Sasco,Antoine Jaquet,Emilie Boidin,Didier K. Ekouevi,Fabian Thouillot,Thomas LeMabec,Marie-Anna Forstin,Philippe Renaudier,Paul N'Dom,Denis Malvy,Fran?ois Dabis
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008621
Abstract: With the lengthening of life expectancy among HIV-positive subjects related to the use of highly active antiretroviral treatments, an increased risk of cancer has been described in industrialized countries. The question is to determine what occurs now and will happen in the future in the low income countries and particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where more than two-thirds of all HIV-positive people live in the world. The objective of our paper is to review the link between HIV and cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, putting it in perspective with what is already known in Western countries.
The Spectrum of Cancers in West Africa: Associations with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Aristophane Tanon, Antoine Jaquet, Didier K. Ekouevi, Jocelyn Akakpo, Innocent Adoubi, Isidore Diomande, Fabien Houngbe, Marcel D. Zannou, Annie J. Sasco, Serge P. Eholie, Francois Dabis, Emmanuel Bissagnene, IeDEA West Africa collaboration
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048108
Abstract: Background Cancer is a growing co-morbidity among HIV-infected patients worldwide. With the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in developing countries, cancer will contribute more and more to the HIV/AIDS disease burden. Our objective was to estimate the association between HIV infection and selected types of cancers among patients hospitalized for diagnosis or treatment of cancer in West Africa. Methods A case-referent study was conducted in referral hospitals in C?te d’Ivoire and Benin. Each participating clinical ward enrolled all adult patients seeking care for a confirmed diagnosis of cancer and clinicians systematically proposed an HIV test. HIV prevalence was compared between AIDS-defining cancers and a subset of selected non-AIDS defining cancers to a referent group of non-AIDS defining cancers not reported in the literature to be positively or inversely associated with HIV. An unconditional logistic model was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of the risk of being HIV-infected for selected cancers sites compared to a referent group of other cancers. Results The HIV overall prevalence was 12.3% (CI 10.3–14.4) among the 1,017 cancer cases included. A total of 442 patients constituted the referent group with an HIV prevalence of 4.7% (CI 2.8–6.7). In multivariate analysis, Kaposi sarcoma (OR 62.2 [CI 22.1–175.5]), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (4.0 [CI 2.0–8.0]), cervical cancer (OR 7.9 [CI 3.8–16.7]), anogenital cancer (OR 11.6 [CI 2.9–46.3]) and liver cancer (OR 2.7 [CI 1.1–7.7]) were all associated with HIV infection. Conclusions In a time of expanding access to ART, AIDS-defining cancers remain highly associated with HIV infection. This is to our knowledge, the first study reporting a significant association between HIV infection and liver cancer in sub-Saharan Africa.
Risk Factors for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia in HIV-Infected Women on Antiretroviral Treatment in C?te d'Ivoire, West Africa
Antoine Jaquet, Apollinaire Horo, Didier K. Ekouevi, Badian Toure, Patrick A. Coffie, Benjamin Effi, Severin Lenaud, Eugene Messou, Albert Minga, Annie J. Sasco, Fran?ois Dabis, the IeDEA West Africa Collaboration
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090625
Abstract: Background Facing the dual burden of invasive cervical cancer and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, the identification of preventable determinants of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) in HIV-infected women is of paramount importance. Methods A cervical cancer screening based on visual inspection methods was proposed to HIV-infected women in care in Abidjan, C?te d'Ivoire. Positively screened women were referred for a colposcopy to a gynaecologist who performed directed biopsies. Results Of the 2,998 HIV-infected women enrolled, 132 (4.4%) CIN of any grade (CIN+) were identified. Women had been followed-up for a median duration of three years [IQR: 1–5] and 76% were on antiretroviral treatment (ART). Their median most recent CD4 count was 452 [IQR: 301–621] cells/mm3. In multivariate analysis, CIN+ was associated with a most recent CD4 count >350 cells/mm3 (OR: 0.3; 95% CI: 0.2–0.6) or ≥200–350 cells/mm3 (OR 0.6; 95% CI 0.4–1.0) (Ref: <200 cells/mm3 CD4) (p<10?4). Conclusions The presence of CIN+ is less common among HIV-infected women with limited or no immune deficiency. Despite the potential impact of immunological recovery on the reduction of premalignant cervical lesions through the use of ART, cervical cancer prevention, including screening and vaccination remains a priority in West Africa while ART is rolled-out.
Amenability and the Extension Property  [PDF]
Antoine Derighetti
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.519279
Abstract: Let G be a locally compact group, H a closed amenable subgroup and u an element of the Herz Figà-Talamanca algebra of H with compact support, we prove the existence of an extension of u to G, with a good control of the norm and of the support of the extension.
Monetary Policy Regulation for the Bank of Central African States (BEAC)  [PDF]
Antoine Ngakosso
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.89076
Abstract: This paper aims to put forward a reaction function concerning the behaviour of the Bank of the Central African States (BEAC) turned toward the future then increasing the exchange rate to ensure the internal and external balance in the countries of this monetary zone. Based on the CFA currency and US dollar equivalence, it comes out that there is a strong non linearity between the interest rate and the exchange rate gap. The optimal gap level of the exchange rate in long term (short term) beneath which the monetary authorities should try to reduce the nominal interest rate is 277 F CFA (260 F CFA) and beyond which they will increase to maintain internal and external balance of the economy of the countries in this zone. So, the exchange rate should be taken as a target whose drift should govern the adjustment of the monetary policy instruments notably the interest rate.
Fiscal Policy and Economic Cycles in Congo  [PDF]
Antoine Ngakosso
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.91011
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to respond on discretionary fiscal policy on economic cycles in Congo. A fiscal reaction function developed by Huart was thus estimated over the 1989-2015 period. It comes out from the results that the fiscal policies carried out during this period were both counter-cyclical and pro-cyclical expansionist. This resulted in instability of the public debt and an accumulation of payment arrears.
Mutiny en hadji-ordonnantie: ervaringen met 19e eeuwse bronnen
F.G.P. Jaquet
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1980,
Abstract:
Semantic-Communicative Structure and Word Order in Mandarin Chinese  [PDF]
Antoine Tremblay, David Beck
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2013.31010
Abstract:

In some languages more than in others, communicative considerations—such as what a message is about, what information is new or old, and whether this or that participant is in the Speaker’s focus of attention—constrain the structure of a sentence. The goal of the present paper is to describe how different Semantic-Communicative Structures affect word order in simple mono-transitive sentences without coverbs or adverbial phrases in Mandarin Chinese. The discussion is couched in the Meaning-Text framework, relevant parts of which are clarified at the onset of the paper. We argue that Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) sentences are communicatively unmarked in that they do not signal any particular communicative consideration. Other word orders, however, specifically encode certain communicative considerations. This is the case of Prolepsisi-Subjecti-Verb-Object (PiSiVO) and Object-Subject-Verb (OSV) sentences, which are discussed here.

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