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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 455 matches for " Jankovi? Janko "
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The association of demographic and socioeconomic determinants and self-perceived health
JankoviJanko,Simi? Sne?ana
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1202077j
Abstract: Introduction. Inequalities in health are evident in the whole world and present an important and consistent public health issue. The highest contribution to the inequality in heath is attributable to the demographic and socioeconomic determinants of health. Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between the demographic (gender, age, marital status and type of settlement) and socioeconomic determinants of health (education and Wealth Index), and self-perceived health. Methods. In the study the data from 2006 National Health Survey of the population of Serbia were used. The interview involved 14,522 adults aged ≥20 years. The association between the demographic and socioeconomic determinants of health as independent variables, and self-perceived health as dependent variable were examined using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. The minimum level of significance was p<0.05. Results. According to our study, the elderly and females significantly more often perceived their health as poor. Respondents living in rural settings were less likely to perceive their health as poor compared to those living in urban settings (odds ratio was 0.82 in males and 0.75 in females). Males with low education were three times more likely to perceive their health as poor (odds ratio was 3.46) in relation to males with high education. This association was more pronounced in females (odds ratio was 5.37). The same pattern was observed for Wealth Index. Conclusion. This study showed that demographic and socioeconomic inequalities in self-perceived health are present in Serbia. Comprehensive public health policies and interventions for reducing these inequalities are urgently needed with the primarily focus on the most disadvantaged socioeconomic groups.
Impact of some constitutional characteristics on the development of basal cell carcinoma
Ra?natovi? Milena,Maksimovi? Nata?a,JankoviJanko,Musi? Davor
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0706375r
Abstract: Background/Aim. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer in the white population. Increasing incidence of BCC imposes the requirement to identify the risk factors due to eventual preventive action. The aim of this study was to assess the role of some constitutional characteristics in development of BCC among the Montenegrin population. Methods. A case-control study was conducted at the Dermatology Department of Clinical Center of Montenegro in Podgorica from 2002 2003. The study group included 100 histopatologically confirmed BCC cases, while the control group consisted of 100 patients from the same department, who did not present skin cancer and who were individually matched to the cases by sex and age (±5 years). All participants were interviewed using an epidemiological questionnaire. For statistical analysis t test and McNemar χ2 test for matched pairs and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used. Results. The risk for development of BCC was increased among the persons with lighter hair color (t = 4.63; df = 99; p < 0.001), fair skin (t = 2.37; df = 99; p = 0.020), lighter eyes color (t = 2.86; df = 99; p = 0.005), with nevuses (OR = 13.13; p = 0.025; 95% IP = 1.39-12.03), and among those whose skin tone after sun exposure remained light (OR = 3.14; p = 0.001; 95%IP = 1.59-6.18). Conclusion. Our study confirmed the significance of constitutional characteristics such as lighter hair color, fair skin, lighter eyes color, and the presence of nevuses in the development of BCC. .
Oesophageal-cancer-derived death in the population of Belgrade in a period 1989-2006
JankoviJanko,Ratkov Isidora,?ipeti? Sandra,Marinkovi? Jelena
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0907534j
Abstract: Background/Aim. Oesophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of death from all malignant tumors in the world (fifth in men, eighth in women). This cancer was estimated to account for about 529 000 new cases and about 442 000 deaths in the year 2007. In the year 2002 the highest standardized mortality rates (per 100 000 habitants) of oesophageal carcinoma were noticed in the East Asia (men/women: 18.8/7.7) and East Africa (18.6/7.8), while the lowest were noticed in the Middle Africa (1.4/0.2) and West Africa (1.3/0.5). The aim of this descriptive epidemiologic study was to analyze epidemiologic situation of oesophageal cancer in Belgrade population during the period 1989-2006, using mortality data. Methods. Mortality data were collected from the City Organization for Statistics. In data analysis we used mortality rates which were standardized directly using those of the world population as the standard, and proportions. A denominator for mortality rates was calculated using the Belgrade population which was an average of the two latest register years (1991 and 2002). In order to analyze trend mortality from oesophageal cancer we used linear trend. Results. In Belgrade deaths from oesophageal cancer accounted for about 5.2% of all malignant tumors of intestinal system in male population, and 2.4% in female population. This cancer is, according to standardized mortality rates (per 100 000 habitants), on the fifth place in Belgrade population behind colorectal, stomach, pancreatic, liver and cholecystic cancer. During the period 1989-2006 in Belgrade 44 persons died from oesophageal carcinoma on the average each year, mainly men (75%), and the rest were women (25%). In male population during the same period we noticed a significant increase in trend mortality (y = 1.61 + 0.06x, p = 0.001), while in female population the increase of mortality was not significant. The male/female oesophageal cancer mortality ratio was 3:1. Mortality rates for oesophageal cancer rise with age in both sexes and they are highest in the age group of 70 and more years. Significant increase in mortality from oesophageal cancer was noticed in age groups 20-29 and over 70 in male population, and age group 40-49 in female population. Conclusion. Increasing trend in oesophageal mortality suggests the necessity for improving measures of primary prevention including education about risk factors for this carcinoma (smoking, alcohol consumption, hot food and drinks), early diagnosis, and treatment.
Exposure to sun radiation as a risk factor for the occurrence of basal cell carcinoma in the Montenegrian population
Maksimovi? Nata?a,Ra?natovi? Milena,Marinkovi? Jelena,JankoviJanko
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0607643m
Abstract: Backgound/aim: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent form of carcinomas in the whites. Among the environmental factors, the most important risk factor for its occurrence is the exposure to sun radiation. The aim of this study was to assess the role of the sun radiation in the development of basal cell carcinoma BCC in the Montenegrian population. Methods. A case-control study was conducted in a period from 2002-2003. The study group included 100 histopatologically confirmed cases with BCC, while the control group included 100 patients from the same population, who did not present skin cancer and who were individually matched with the cases from the study group by sex and age (± 5 years). All the participants were interviewed using an epidemiological questionnaire. For statistical analysis, the χ2 test and univariate logistic regression analysis were used. Results. The risk for development of BCC was increased in the persons: that always had burns with no tan during the exposure to sunlight (OR = 1.75; 95% CI = 1.20-2.55; p = 0.003); that developed sunburns after two hours of the exposure to sunlight (OR = 3.72; 95% CI = 2.39-5.79; p < 0.001) that kept light tan or remained without changes in childhood and adolescence after the repeated exposures to sunlight (OR = 2.92; 95% CI = 1.89-4.52; p < 0.001) that often had severe and painful sunburns (OR = 4.48; 95% CI = 2.74-7.33; p < 0.001). Conclusion. Our study confirmed the significance of sunlight exposure for the development of BCC.
Representations of content: psychological foundations and didactical background
Tomá? Janko
Pedagogicka Orientace , 2012,
Abstract: This theoretical study concerns the issue of representations. Representation is a concept used when analysing and explaining human perception, cognition, communication, and learning. Firstly, we introduce the psychological foundations of the concept. Secondly, we clarify the concept of representations and its division in cognitive psychology. We define two basic forms of external representations - verbal and visual. In social psychology, the concept is used for explaining of how much individual cognition is determined by socio-cultural factors. Further, we mention the concept of representations that draws on the Theory of social representations (Moscovici) and Vygotsky's ideas. The author seeks to develop a concept of representations usable in didactic discourse. The importance of representations for content-oriented didactics is clarified. We also define the levels on which a teacher reasons when using representations during instruction. Representations of curricular content, which are believed to play an important role when presenting the content to students, are also mentioned.
Epitaphios of Jovan, the Metropolitan of Skopje, in the treasury of the Hilandar monastery
Radovanovi? Janko
Zograf , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/zog0731169r
Abstract: The epitaphios of Jovan, the Metropolitan of Skopje, was created between 1346 and 1348. It is unique for its beauty and iconographic program and, at the same time, it is the oldest of the epitaphia preserved in our country. The epitaphios was worn in the course of Holy Liturgy, during the Great Entrance in the cathedral churches and the major monasteries. Metropolitan Jovan presented the epitaphios as a gift to Christ 'my life-giver.' Depicted on its central field is the Epitaphios Threnos (Lamentation at the Tomb). Added around it, at a later time it seems, are bands representing the fourteen scenes of Great Feasts and the officiating Church Fathers, in embroidery. Holy Liturgy is served by the greatest fathers and teachers of the Church and Metropolitan Jovan.
A teratological motif in the ceramoplastic decoration of the Virgin Ljevi ka in Prizren: Iconology of apsidal three-light window
Maglovski Janko
Zograf , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/zog0530119m
Abstract: The author draws attention to two ceramoplastic details, symmetrical in relation to the vertical axis of apsidal three-light window, created at the ends of the band of a series of identical ceramoplastic patterns. Those details were recognized in earlier literature as "two small fish" of baked clay and are considered to be a unique example of this kind of motive in ceramoplastic decoration in Byzantine architecture, and in architecture inspired by it. The author advocates the verbal definition of the image and indicates that the said details can scarcely be described as fish. He finds a new matrix, to which the images correspond, in the linearly depicted heads of snake-like and dragon-like monsters that appear in the repertoire of teratological ornamentation. The author indicates that the altar window of the church of Virgin Ljevi ka in Prizren is encircled by a double asp, a symbol of the evil of this world. He stresses that the design of this altar window is divided into two areas in the iconological sense like the western portals in Studenica and De ani The external represents this sinful world and the internal, symbolized by the victory cross of Christ (IG XC NH Kfl) represents the community of the faithful in Christ, i.e. the side of good. A comparison is drawn for the first time in the text, between the ceramoplastic decoration on the fa ade of the church and the teratological ornamentation on the pages of the book.
The loop and the spike: Toward the structure of interlaced ornaments of Morava school
Maglovski Janko
Zbornik Radova Vizantolo?kog Instituta , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/zrvi0643255m
Abstract: nema
New contribution to studying fresco of Holy Virgin Milkprofferer in Pe
Radovanovi? Janko
Balcanica , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/balc0233253r
Abstract: In the church dedicated to Holy Virgin Odigitria in the Patriarchate of Pe , the foundation of Archepiscope Danilo II, among several images of Virgin Mary the greatest attention of the researchers was attracted by Holy Virgin the Milkprofferer (Nurturer). Mother of God was painted on the southern wall of the narthex, sitting in the throne with the child Christ suckling in her lap. On the left and right side two angels are represented, showing their respect. To the right, three young women or girls approach, greeting her with their arms outstretched. The fresco was painted about 1330. Close links between the theological ideas expressed in the Akathist service (praise to Holy Virgin Odigitria) and the fresco of Holy Virgin the Milkprofferer are evident. Those ideas found their expression also in the fresco of Holy Virgin the Milkprofferer in the monastery Matejci near Kumanovo, painted a quarter of a century later.
Fragmentation Functions in Next-To-Leading Order QCD
Janko Binnewies
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: We present new sets of fragmentation functions in next-to-leading order QCD that are determined from e+e- annihilation data of inclusive particle production. In addition to the O(alpha_s) unpolarized cross section the longitudinal cross section is also used to extract the gluon fragmentation function from e+e- annihilation data. As the O(alpha_s) vanishes for longitudinal polarized photons (or Z bosons), the O(alpha_s^2) corrections are required to reduce the scale ambiguities. Recently, P.J. Rijken and W.L. van Neerven presented the longitudinal coefficient functions to next-to-leading order. We confirm part of their results in this thesis and complete the calculation by the results for the color class C_F*T_R that must be included for a consistent comparison with LEP1 data. The complete set of coefficient functions is then used together with novel data from ALEPH to determine the fragmentation functions for charged hadrons. This set, and also sets for charged pions, kaons, and D^* mesons as well as neutral kaons published previously, can then be employed to test QCD in e+e- annihilation, photoproduction, gamma-gamma collisions, p-p_bar scattering and DIS. Finally, we suggest how the improved knowledge on the fragmentation in particular of the gluon could be used to determine the gluon and charm content of the photon.
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