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A pilot study on the efficacy of Valeriana officinalis mother tincture and Valeriana officinalis 3X in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Radmila Razlog,Janice Pellow,Janice Pellow
Health SA Gesondheid , 2012,
Abstract: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an increasingly prevalent behavioural disorder characterised by inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Valeriana officinalis is a botanical medicine that has been found to be beneficial in the treatment of disorders characterised by restlessness. To date, no research has been conducted on homeopathic preparations of Valeriana officinalis for this condition. The aim of this three-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study was to determine the efficacy of homeopathic Valeriana officinalis mother tincture (MT) and 3X potency on ADHD. Thirty children between the ages of five and 11 years, pre-diagnosed with ADHD, were recruited. Valeriana officinalis MT (n = 10), 3X (n = 10) or placebo (n = 10) were administered orally three times a day for two weeks. Efficacy was assessed by the Barkley and DuPaul teacher rating scale, the children’s checking task and the parent symptom questionnaire scores on day 1 (prior to treatment), at the end of weeks two and three (with treatment), and then after the third week following no treatment. A statistically significant improvement was found in the participants’ behaviour in the MT and 3X groups, with particular reference to sustained attention, anxiety and impulsivity and/or hyperactivity. Preliminary findings suggested that Valeriana officinalis MT and 3X may have applications in the management of ADHD.Aandagsgebrek-hiperaktiwiteitsindroom (AGHS) is toenemend ’n algemene gedragsongesteldheid, wat gekenmerk word deur onoplettendheid, impulsiwiteit en hiperaktiwiteit. Daar is vasgestel dat Valeriana officinalis ’n plantaardige medisyne is wat voordelig kan wees in die behandeling van ongesteldhede wat gekenmerk word deur rusteloosheid. Tot op hede is geen navorsing uitgevoer op die gebruik van homeopatiese preparate van Valeriana officinalis vir hierdie ongesteldheid nie. Die doel van hierdie drieweeklange, dubbelblinde, troosmedisyne-gekontroleerde loodsstudie was om die effektiwiteit van homeopatiese Valeriana officinalis Moertinktuur (MT) en 3X sterkte vir die behandeling van AGHS te bepaal. Dertig kinders tussen die ouderdomme van 5 en 11 jaar, wat vantevore gediagnoseer is met OGHO, is gewerf. Valeriana officinalis MT (n = 10), 3X (n = 10) of troosmedisyne (n = 10) is mondeliks drie keer per dag vir twee weke toegedien. Effektiwiteit is gemeet op dag 1 (voor behandeling), aan die einde van weke twee en drie (tydens behandeling), en na die derde week sonder behandeling deur middel van tellings wat behaal is op die Barkley and DuPaul teacher rating scale, di
A Randomised Pilot Study on the Efficacy of Milking Cream and a Homeopathic Complex Topical Cream on Diaper Dermatitis
Janice Pellow,Marlo Swanepoel
Health SA Gesondheid , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v18i1.680
Abstract: Diaper dermatitis (DD) is an acute inflammation of the skin in the diaper area and is the most common cutaneous disease among infants and children. Calendula officinalis, Atropa belladonna and Sulphuricum acidum are homeopathic remedies which have been purported to be beneficial in wound healing and conditions affecting the skin, however, to date, no research has been conducted on the use of these remedies for DD. The aim of this seven-day, double-blind, controlled pilot study was to assess the efficacy of milking cream and a homeopathic complex cream as topical treatments for DD. Forty children between the ages of three to 24 months with DD were recruited. The homeopathic complex cream (n= 20) or unmedicated milking cream (n = 20) was applied after every nappy change for seven days. Efficacy on the severity of symptoms and the percentage of area affected was assessed by means of the 4-Point Grading Scale and the Modified Lund and Browder Charts respectively, on days 1, 2, 4 and 7. The results revealed that both groups showed statistically-significant improvements on rash severity and the percentage of area affected between consecutive visits, as well as over the entire research study period. Trends indicated that the treatment group had a faster resolution of symptoms and outperformed the control in certain affected body regions. Preliminary findings suggest that both milking cream and the homeopathic complex cream may be effective alternative treatment options for DD, and further investigation is warranted.
Social inequalities and environmental conflict
Pellow, David N.;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832006000100002
Abstract: this paper is organized around two points. the first concerns the literature on environmental justice (ej) studies and its lack of incorporation of social scientific theories and concepts concerning racism. this is surprising, given ej studies' strong interest in challenging a form of racism - environmental racism. this, in turn, allows for a critique of theories of racism for their lack of attention to the ways in which society-environment relations structure racist practices and discourses, and a critique of scholars who have understated the continuing impact of racism on communities of color. the second point concerns the degree to which modernization has led to an improvement in the environmental impacts associated with market economies and their production systems. drawing on ecological modernization, risk society, and the treadmill of production theories, i argue that, as with popular and scholarly views on racism, many scholars have overstated the level of progress society has made on this front. i also argue that this is largely because - via practices such as environmental racism and globalization - many of the worst dimensions of the market economy's externalities are out of sight and out of mind (due largely to spatial and residential segregation and international hazardous waste exports), making it possible to either ignore or dismiss claims to the contrary.
Response to How EPA research, policies, and programs can advance urban sustainability by Alan D. Hecht & William H. Sanders III
David N. Pellow
Sustainability : Science, Practice and Policy , 2007,
The role that oilseeds, including new hi-oleic varieties can play in improving the profile of fat intake by the UK population  [PDF]
Janice Irene Harland
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.53024

The production in the EU of the oilseeds, rapeseed and sunflower, has increased dramatically over the last 20 years. Much of the oil produced after crushing is used for culinary purposes; this enhanced intake of vegetable oil has led to a substantial change of fatty acid (FA) supply. This has been conclusively demonstrated by taking the UK oil supply data and by use of the FA profile of the key oils converting the supply data into a FA profile of the UK market place for 2008-2012. The most marked changes are a reduction in saturated fat (SFA) and an increase in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) available for consumption. Furthermore the introduction of varieties of hi-oleic sunflower oil can further affect the market FA profile. The fat profiles of rapeseed and sunflower oils are considered healthy and they can have a positive impact when included in the diet, particularly as a replacement for oils or fats rich in SFA. In the UK and much of Europe, adult SFA intake continues to exceed recommendations. While reductions in the UK population’s SFA intake have occurred over the last 20 years, these are modest and it may be timely to identify ways in which SFA intake can be further reduced. To do this, the UK market FA supply data has been analysed alongside the profile of FA intake from adults recording their intake in national dietary surveys in order to identify if the market supply affects overall FA consumption. There is an indication that market oil supply is reflected in adults dietary intake of the main groups of FA. Consequently changes made to the oil profile of oilseeds by plant breeders and use of the resulting healthier oils by food manufacturers could have important roles to play in helping adults to achieve the recommended intake of SFA and also improve the overall fat quality in their diet leading to enhanced long-term health and well-being. Thus changes made in pri

Economic Justice and the 2003-2010 Recession: Lessons Learned for Multi-Level Social Work Practice  [PDF]
Janice Gasker, Jia Yu
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.412030
Abstract: The pursuit of social justice is a defining value of the social work profession, and its economic component is widely perceived to be an essential component of this quest. Consequently, social workers will practice to their fullest capacities if they understand the contemporary economic phenomena needed to promote social justice on all levels of practice, and discipline-specific knowledge in an accessible format is required to do so. In response, this paper provides a social work perspective on the world-wide recession of 2003-2010 along with implications for micro, mezzo and macro practice.
The Difference in Calcium Levels in Aspergillus nidulans Grown on Glucose or Pectin  [PDF]
Janice Aparecida Rafael, Suraia Said
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2012.22016
Abstract: Understanding the growth regulatory mechanisms in filamentous fungi is very important for the production of medicines for antifungal therapies. It is well established that Ca2+ gradient is essential for hyphal growth and that one mechanism responsible for the Ca2+ cellular concentration starts with the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by receptor-regulated forms of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC). In the present study the levels of calcium in Aspergillus nidulans wild type (A26) and plcA-deficient mutant (AP27) growing in a carbon source readily assimilated, as glucose or pectin a non-readily assimilated carbon source was investigated. Intracellular calcium levels in A26 were higher in the presence of glucose than in pectin, but lower in AP27 independently of the carbon source and in AP27 the vesicular calcium distribution occurred mainly at the apex of the hyphae. Delay in nuclear division was also observed if A26 and AP27 were grown in pectin presence when compared with growth in glucose. For the first time, it is demonstrated that the levels of intracellular Ca2+ were higher when A. nidulans was growing in glucose than in a non readily assimilated carbon source as pectin. Further, it also showed that the plcA gene, although not essential, may be responsible for high-molecular weight carbon source recongnation, for the intracellular Ca2+ levels maintenance and consequently by the nuclear division in A. nidulans.
S?o Paulo de Ramos de Azevedo: da cidade colonial à cidade romantica
Theodoro, Janice;
Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-47141996000100016
Abstract: the a. analyses through the activily of ramos de azevedo the implicit links between s?o paulo's colonial past and the modernist movement, and the role played by the european "imaginaire" in america, as well as the tecno-scientific traditions with wich he was affiliated.
The Kindergarten Clinical Trial
Janice Weinberg
Open Access Journal of Clinical Trials , 2009, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAJCT.S7724
Abstract: dergarten Clinical Trial Commentary (5221) Total Article Views Authors: Janice Weinberg Published Date November 2009 Volume 2009:1(Default) Pages 23 - 26 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAJCT.S7724 Janice Weinberg Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: The author describes an imaginary clinical trial performed using her daughter’s kindergarten class in Arlington, Massachusetts as study subjects. The children are introduced to several age-appropriate concepts related to clinical trials including defining a study question and randomization. Basic concepts in clinical trials are introduced, the Kindergarten Clinical Trial is described, and possible additional activities with kindergarteners and older children are discussed.
Teaching Notes. Model Prisons: Simulations in a Corrections Class
Janice Rienerth
Sociation Today , 2005,
Abstract: The author describes how students are asked to design a model prison with goals and outcomes. Included are a number of Power Point slides showing the outcomes of the exercises outlined in article format.
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