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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1173 matches for " Janice Carrol Humphreys "
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Contribution of intimate partner violence exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms
Tobo Medina,Natalia; Canaval Erazo,Gladys Eugenia; Burgos Dávila,Delia Concepción; Carrol Humphreys,Janice;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract: objective. to assess the contribution of intimate partner violence (ipv) exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms. methodology. cross sectional descriptive study. 150 women with a past history of ipv who lived in the metropolitan area of the city of cali (colombia), and were over 18 years old participated in the study. data were collected between june of 2009 and march of 2010. ipv, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms and pain were measured with standard scales. information was analyzed using regression and multiple-scale analysis. results. more than 50% of the women from the sample were exposed to the typical types of violence: threatening, physical and sexual violence. usually a type of violence coexists with the other types. depressive symptoms and chronic pain were present in 72% and 74% of the patients respectively. conclusion. physical manifestations were not the ones that caused most of the effects over women?s health with ipv, but psychological manifestations as depressive symptoms and stress did. women exposed to ipv health approach should be conducted from a multidimensional view.
Contribution of intimate partner violence exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms Contribución de la exposición a violencia de pareja, otros eventos traumáticos en la vida y síndrome de estrés postraumático sobre el dolor crónico y los síntomas depresivos Contribui o da exposi o à violência contra a mulher, outros eventos traumáticos na vida e síndrome de estresse pós-traumático sobre a dor cr nica e os sintomas depressivos
Natalia Tobo Medina,Gladys Eugenia Canaval Erazo,Delia Concepción Burgos Dávila,Janice Carrol Humphreys
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2011,
Abstract: Objective. To assess the contribution of intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure, other traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder to chronic pain and depressive symptoms. Methodology. Cross sectional descriptive study. 150 women with a past history of IPV who lived in the metropolitan area of the city of Cali (Colombia), and were over 18 years old participated in the study. Data were collected between June of 2009 and March of 2010. IPV, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms and pain were measured with standard scales. Information was analyzed using regression and multiple-scale analysis. Results. More than 50% of the women from the sample were exposed to the typical types of violence: threatening, physical and sexual violence. Usually a type of violence coexists with the other types. Depressive symptoms and chronic pain were present in 72% and 74% of the patients respectively. Conclusion. Physical manifestations were not the ones that caused most of the effects over women’s health with IPV, but psychological manifestations as depressive symptoms and stress did. Women exposed to IPV health approach should be conducted from a multidimensional view. Objetivo. Examinar la contribución de la exposición a Violencia de Pareja (VP), otros eventos traumáticos en la vida y síndrome de estrés postraumático sobre el dolor crónico y los síntomas depresivos. Metodología. Dise o descriptivo de corte transversal con la participación de 150 mujeres mayores de 18 a os con historia de VP y residentes en el área metropolitana de la ciudad de Cali (Colombia). La recolección de la muestra se hizo de junio de 2009 a marzo de 2010. La VP, la exposición a trauma en la vida, el estrés postraumático, la sintomatología depresiva y el dolor, se midieron con escalas estandarizadas. Para el tratamiento de la información se hicieron análisis de regresión y de escalonamiento múltiple. Resultados. Más del 50% de la muestra sufrió los cuatro tipos de violencia: simbólica, amenaza, física y sexual; un tipo de violencia coexiste con la aplicación de los otros tipos de violencia. Los síntomas depresivos y el dolor crónico estuvieron presentes en el 74% y 42% de las participantes. Conclusión. Las manifestaciones físicas no fueron las que produjeron los mayores efectos sobre la salud de la mujer con VP, sino las manifestaciones psicológicas, como los síntomas depresivos y el estrés. El abordaje de la salud de la mujer expuesta a VP debe hacerse desde la mirada multidimensional. Objetivo. Examinar a contribui o da exposi o à Violência Contra a Mulher (VCM), out
Developing an educational framework for the teaching of simulation within nurse education  [PDF]
Melanie Humphreys
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.34049
Abstract:

The use of simulations as a teaching and learning tool within health care has increasing importance; simulations are seen as the major teaching method for practicing and assessing developing skills, knowledge, attitudes and meaningful decision-making within the field of nursing. Certainly the utilisations of simulations feature widely within many aspects of health care; a greater understanding of the key conceptual notions will serve to benefit all of those engaged within their application. This literature review has enabled the construction of a conceptual model for the teaching of simulation and can serve to promote the continued positive development of simulations within education. Through a consistent and insightful approach to teaching, dynamic learning will be assured within this very important aspect of engaging the nursing student within the learning process.

Violencia de pareja y salud de las mujeres que consultan a las comisarías de familia, Cali, Colombia
Canaval,Gladys E; González,Martha Cecilia; Humphreys,Janice; De León,Nileth; González,Shirley;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2009,
Abstract: partner's violence is a public health problem. symptom management is the theoretical framework guiding this study. the research question is: what is the effect of partner`s violence on women's mental health reporting it to the cali, colombia family commssaries? objective: to measure the effect of partner' s violence on women's mental health asking help to the family commissaries of cali, colombia. methodology: cross-sectional design with a sample of women that denounce their situation to the family commissaries of cali. the check list of symptom -scl-90r, the conflict resolution tactics and the resilience scales are applied. results: the sample comprises 100 women. the global distress index is 1.36; the distress index for positive symptom is 2.27; nine dimensions of symptoms obtain high scores. comparison with normative samples of psychiatric out-patients do not show statistical significant differences for most of the indexes; 60% of women present post-traumatic stress disorder. discussion: the findings are similar to normative samples from psychiatric out - patients. the partner's violence effect on mental health is considerable and calls for action. women have needs related with care. they need help to gain or develop personal skills and external resources to handle partner's violence.
Violencia de pareja y salud de las mujeres que consultan a las comisarías de familia, Cali, Colombia Partner violence and women's health reported to the family commissaries in Cali, Colombia
Gladys E Canaval,Martha Cecilia González,Janice Humphreys,Nileth De León
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2009,
Abstract: La violencia de pareja es un problema de salud pública y el modelo para manejo de síntomas fue el marco conceptual que guía este estudio. Objetivo: medir el efecto de la violencia de pareja sobre la salud mental de las mujeres que consultan a las comisarías de familia de Cali. Metodología: dise o analítico, transversal, con mujeres que denuncian violencia de pareja en las comisarías de familia de Cali, Colombia. Se aplican la Lista de Chequeo de Síntomas de Distres SCL-90R y las Escalas de Tácticas de Resolución de Conflictos y de Resiliencia. Resultados: la muestra de 100 mujeres adultas que denuncian violencia de pareja presentó un índice Global de Severidad de Síntomas de 1,36; un índice de Distrés de Síntomas Positivos de 2,27, y puntajes altos en las nueve dimensiones de síntomas psicológicos. En la comparación con muestras normativas de pacientes siquiátricas ambulatorias no se aprecian diferencias significativas para la mayoría de los índices. El 60% de las mujeres presentan síndrome de estrés postraumático. Discusión: los hallazgos son preocupantes por la similitud con las muestras normativas de pacientes siquiátricas ambulatorias; las mujeres de nuestro estudio presentan una necesidad de cuidado que les permita adquirir o desarrollar sus recursos personales y externos para salir adelante. Partner's violence is a public health problem. Symptom management is the theoretical framework guiding this study. The research question is: what is the effect of partner`s violence on women's mental health reporting it to the Cali, Colombia Family Commssaries? Objective: to measure the effect of partner' s violence on women's mental health asking help to the Family Commissaries of Cali, Colombia. Methodology: cross-sectional design with a sample of women that denounce their situation to the Family Commissaries of Cali. The Check List of Symptom -SCL-90R, the Conflict Resolution Tactics and the Resilience scales are applied. Results: the sample comprises 100 women. The Global Distress Index is 1.36; the Distress Index for Positive Symptom is 2.27; nine dimensions of symptoms obtain high scores. Comparison with normative samples of psychiatric out-patients do not show statistical significant differences for most of the indexes; 60% of women present post-traumatic stress disorder. Discussion: the findings are similar to normative samples from psychiatric out - patients. The partner's violence effect on mental health is considerable and calls for action. Women have needs related with care. They need help to gain or develop personal skills and external resources t
Resiliencia, espiritualidad, aflicción y tácticas de resolución de conflictos en mujeres Maltratadas
Jaramillo-Vélez,Diva E.; Ospina-Mu?oz,Doris E.; Cabarcas-Iglesias,Germán; Humphreys,Janice;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642005000300004
Abstract: objective: determining the relationship of resilience and spirituality in battered women to distress, the frequency and intensity of mistreatment and the severity of injury. materials and methods: a sample was taken of 199 women who consulted comisarías de familia de medellín, colombia (family police/counselling stations). resilience scales (rs), spiritual perspective (sps), scl-90r and conflict tactics (cts) were used. internal consistency, correlation and main exploratory components were measured. results: the scales revealed internal consistency. resilience was positively correlated to spirituality (r=0.22; p=0.0015) and negatively correlated to total positive distress symptoms (pst) (r=-0.39; p <0.0001), the global severity index (gsi) (r=-0.30; p=< 0.0001) and 9 dimensions of symptoms from scl-90r. conclusions: the scales used were reliable and valid for measuring the variables being studied. women with higher levels of resilience reported high levels of spirituality, a lower number of positive distress symptoms and less distress.
MALAYSIA'S POST-9/11 SECURITY STRATEGY: WINNING "HEARTS AND MINDS" OR LEGITIMISING THE POLITICAL STATUS QUO?
Andrew Humphreys
Kajian Malaysia , 2010,
Abstract: Since the Emergency, the Malaysian government has maintained a security policy which somewhat paradoxically combines the use ofcoercive, repressive legislation with a "hearts and minds" ideology.Following 9/11, I argue that the government has adapted this "heartsand minds" approach to the so-called War on Terror. The BarisanNasional governments of Mahathir Mohamad and Abdullah Badawi bothformulated ideological strategies designed to undermine the ideological strength of al-Qaeda and establish Malaysia as a leader of the Muslim world. Mahathir and Abdullah hinged their ideological approach on a state-constructed form of Islam and sought to portray Malaysia as a tolerant and moderate Muslim country. However, it will be shown that the use of ideology in Malaysia is often calibrated to ensure regime security rather than national security. The Malaysian government has used its ideology to promote elite interests and limit the discursive space for alternative and opposing viewpoints. Significantly, ideology has been used to justify crackdowns against genuine political opponents and to legitimise the political status quo.
Continuity in a Changing World: Malaysia’s Coercive Security Apparatus in the Age of Terror and Beyond
Andrew Humphreys
ASEAS : ?sterreichische Zeitschrift für Südostasienwissenschaften , 2009,
Abstract: The Malaysian government’s use of its repressive security legislation has had a significant impact on Malaysia’s modern political history. The focus of the present article is on the government’s use of its coercive security apparatus since the terrorist attacks of 9/11. My argument is that the apparatus is largely unchanged by the current global climate of the "War on Terror." Notably, Malaysia’s use of coercion has become increasingly less criticized by other governments, notably those in the West. Perhaps as a consequence, the government has become increasingly bold in its crackdowns against opposition elements. Following the political upheaval of the 2008 election, however, the future of the security apparatus is in question. --- Der Einsatz repressiver Sicherheitsgesetze durch die malaysische Regierung beeinflusste die moderne politische Geschichte Malaysias in nicht unerheblicher Weise. Dieser Beitrag analysiert den Einsatz des Sicherheitsapparates durch die malaysische Regierung seit den Terroranschla gen des 11. September 2001. Ich argumentiere, dass dieser Apparat im gegenwa rtigen weltweiten Klima des "Kriegs gegen den Terrorismus" gro tenteils unvera ndert blieb, dass jedoch gleichzeitig Malaysias Einsatz von Gewalt von anderen (vor allem westlichen) Regierungen weniger kritisiert wird als fru her. Eine mo gliche Konsequenz dessen ist die zunehmend ru cksichtslosere Vorgehensweise der Regierung gegen oppositionelle Stro mungen. Als Folge des politischen Umschwungs nach der Wahl 2008 steht die Zukunft des Sicherheitsapparates jedoch in den Sternen.
Masers
Elizabeth Humphreys
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: An astrophysical MASER (Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) is a source of stimulated spectral line emission. Maser emission is observed from the circumstellar envelopes of evolved stars, molecular clouds/star-forming regions, active galactic nuclei, supernova remnants, comets, and the Saturnian moons. It arises from molecules such as water (H2O), hydroxyl radicals (OH), methanol (CH3OH), formaldehyde (CH2O), silicon monoxide (SiO), ammonia (NH3), silicon sulphide (SiS), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), and from atomic hydrogen recombination lines. Masers are compact, of high brightness temperature, and often display narrow spectral line widths, polarized emission and variability. Free electron-cyclotron astrophysical masers additionally exist.
Probability theory and its models
Paul Humphreys
Mathematics , 2008, DOI: 10.1214/193940307000000347
Abstract: This paper argues for the status of formal probability theory as a mathematical, rather than a scientific, theory. David Freedman and Philip Stark's concept of model based probabilities is examined and is used as a bridge between the formal theory and applications.
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