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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 491 matches for " Janetta Roos "
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Knowledge about HIV and AIDS among Young Women  [PDF]
Catherine M. Ngoma, Janetta Roos, Seter Siziya
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.56059
Abstract: HIV and AIDS are a major health concern among women worldwide. It is important that women especially youths are educated about HIV and AIDS because they represent a window of opportunity for reversing HIV rates if effective prevention programs can reach them before they engage in risky sexual behaviour. Women are more vulnerable to HIV infection than men and play a central role in the concept of the family, in nurturing, protecting, and caring for the family. The aim of the study was to explore HIV and AIDS knowledge among young women. A qualitative exploratory approach using focus group discussions was used and content analysis was used to interpret the data. A total of 8 focus group discussions were conducted two study sites intervention and control site. The analysis revealed 6 themes namely definition of HIV and AIDS, seriousness of HIV and AIDS in the community, signs and symptoms, transmission of HIV, cure for HIV and AIDS and prevention. The findings showed that some participants had knowledge deficit on HIV and AIDS, therefore continued community sensitisation is essential.
Nurses' perceptions of difficult patients
Janetta H Roos
Health SA Gesondheid , 2005, DOI: 10.4102/hsag.v10i1.188
Abstract: The purpose of this article was to explain and describe how professional nurses in the health services experience difficult patients. Opsomming Die doel van hierdie artikel was om te verduidelik en te beskryf hoe professionele verpleegkundiges in gesondheidsdienste moeilike pasi nte ervaar. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
A descriptive study on health workforce performance after decentralisation of health services in Uganda
Lutwama George,Roos Janetta,Dolamo Bethabile
Human Resources for Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1478-4491-10-41
Abstract: Background Uganda, like many developing countries, is committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015. However, serious challenges prove to hamper the attainment of these goals, particularly the health related MDGs. A major challenge relates to the human resources for health. The health system in Uganda was decentralised in the 1990s. Despite the health sector reforms, the services have remained significantly deficient and performance of health workers is thought to be one of the contributing factors. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to investigate the performance of health workers after decentralisation of the health services in Uganda in order to identify and suggest possible areas for improvement. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive survey, using quantitative research methods was utilised. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data from 276 health workers in the districts of Kumi, Mbale, Sironko and Tororo in Eastern Uganda. The health workers included doctors, clinical officers, professional nurses and midwives. The sample was selected using stratified random sampling. The data was analysed using SPSS version 18.0 and included both univariate and bivariate analysis. The results were presented in tabular and text forms. Results The study revealed that even though the health workers are generally responsive to the needs of their clients, the services they provide are often not timely. The health workers take initiatives to ensure that they are available for work, although low staffing levels undermine these efforts. While the study shows that the health workers are productive, over half (50.4%) of them reported that their organisations do not have indicators to measure their individual performance. The findings indicate that the health workers are skilled and competent to perform their duties. In general, the results show that health workers are proficient, adaptive, proactive and client-oriented. Conclusion Although Uganda is faced with a number of challenges as regards human resources for health, the findings show that the health workers that are currently working in the health facilities are enthusiastic to perform. This may serve as a motivator for the health workers to improve their performance and that of the health sector.
HIV and AIDS knowledge and sexual behaviours amongst secondary school learners in Harare, Zimbabwe
Margaret Mlingo,Valerie J. Ehlers,Janetta Roos
Health SA Gesondheid , 2012,
Abstract: Efforts to stem the tide of the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic in Africa emphasise the necessity that learners should be able to make informed decisions. Although learners in Zimbabwe’s schools are taught about HIV and AIDS, the extent of their knowledge needed to be determined. The major objective was to assess the knowledge of secondary school learners in Harare, Zimbabwe, about HIV and AIDS. Structured interviews were conducted with 75 Grade 8 (Form 1) secondary school learners from four schools in Harare.Most learners had obtained their HIV and AIDS knowledge from schools, but some did so from their parents, community activities, the radio or television. No learner had commenced with sexual activities and all had heard about HIV, but not all knew what HIV was, and even fewer could define AIDS. Less than one-third of the learners could mention the three most important HIV preventive measures. Most learners were willing to undergo voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), but few had done so. As no learner had commenced sexual activities, opportunities existed to empower Grade 8 (Form 1) learners with adequate HIV and AIDS knowledge. Generally the learners’ HIV and AIDS knowledge levels were high but some misconceptions existed. Schools should engage with radio and television programmes to address misconceptions about HIV and AIDS. Learners should be enabled to access VCT services. More effective HIV prevention education in Zimbabwe’s schools, could enable more youth to remain HIV negative.
Compliance amongst asthma patients registered for an asthma disease risk-management programme in South Africa
Ntombombuso Opedun,Valerie J. Ehlers,Janetta H. Roos
Curationis , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/curationis.v34i1.8
Abstract: The study attempted to identify the factors that influence compliance amongst 1039 members and their dependants of a particular medical aid scheme in South Africa who were registered for an asthma disease risk-management (DRM) programme. The sample consisted of 200 systematically selected individuals or their dependants. A quantitative, exploratory, and descriptive study was undertaken. Questionnaires for completion were posted to the individuals or their dependants. The Statistica 7.1 computer program was used to analyse the data. Most asthma patients did not comply with the DRM programme because they lacked knowledge of the programme. Asthma patients’ compliance with the DRM programme can be enhanced by the sustained, positive attitudes of their health providers and case managers; better promotion of the programme; and by involving the patients to a greater extent in the long-term management of their disease. Asthma patients require education about healthy lifestyles that would empower them to successfully manage their condition, which would prevent or at least reduce asthma attacks and/or hospital admissions. How to cite this article: Opedun, N., Ehlers, V.J. & Roos, J.H., 2011, ‘Compliance amongst asthma patients registered for an asthma disease risk-management programme in South Africa’, Curationis 34(1), Art. #8,8 pages.doi:10.4102/Curationis.v34i1.8
Factors affecting the performance of professional nurses in Namibia
Magdalene H. Awases,Marthie C. Bezuidenhout,Janetta H. Roos
Curationis , 2013, DOI: dx.doi.org/10.4102/ curationis.v36i1.108
Abstract: Background: Professional nurses play a vital role in the provision of health care globally. The performance of health care workers, including professional nurses, link closely to the productivity and quality of care provision within health care organisations. It was important to identify factors influencing the performance of professional nurses if the quality of health care delivery was to improved.Objectives: The aim of the present study was to identify factors affecting the performance of professional nurses in Namibia.Method: A quantitative, descriptive survey was used to collect data by means of a questionnaire. A random sample of 180 professional nurses was selected from six hospitals in three regions of Namibia.Results: Factors affecting the performance of nurses negatively were identified such as: lack of recognition of employees who are performing well, quality performance outcomes and an absence of a formal performance appraisal system and poor working conditions. Various factors contribute to both the positive and negative performance of professional nurses in Namibia. Strategies were developed for addressing the negative factors that could positively affect the performance of professional nurses in Namibia.Conclusions: This study emphasises the importance of developing strategies to promote the performance of nurses; build knowledge and expertise; develop mechanisms for improving the performance of nurses; expand leadership and management capacity; and generate information and knowledge through research.
Astrophysical and Cosmological Probes of Dark Matter  [PDF]
Matts Roos
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.329150
Abstract: Dark matter has been introduced to explain substantial mass deficits noted at different astronomical scales, in galaxies, groups of galaxies, clusters, superclusters and even across the full horizon. Dark matter does not interact with baryonic matter except gravitationally, and therefore its effects are sensed only on the largest scales. Although it is still unknown whether dark matter consists of particles or of a field or has some other nature, it has a rich phenomenology. This review summarizes all the astrophysical and cosmological probes that have been used to produce evidence for its existence. The breadth of the subject does not permit details on the observational methods (the reference list then helps), thus the review is intended to be useful mainly to cosmologists searching to model dark matter.
Five Factor Model of Personality and the Use of Multiple Internet Functions  [PDF]
John Magnus Roos
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.510010
The purpose of this study is to explore how the Five Factor Model of Personality relates to the use of multiple internet functions. The personality traits included in the Five Factor Model of Personality are Openness to Experiences, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. This study builds on survey data from a sample that is representative of the Swedish population. In total, 3400 surveys were distributed with a response rate of 50 percentages (N = 1694). Our results indicate that use of multiple internet functions are positively related to Openness to Experiences and Extraversion, and nega-tively related to Neuroticism.
Identification of apomixis in the Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) using auxin test
Janetta Niemann,Andrzej Wojciechowski,Jowita Janowicz
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae , 2012, DOI: 10.5586/asbp.2012.020
Abstract: The effect of auxin treatment on the formation of apomictic – endospermless grains in Poa pratensis was investigated in the study. Four Polish cultivars: Skiz, Eska 46, Alicja, Ani as well as six breeding lines: POB 13, SK-W-33, SKW-15, SKW-35A, SK-W-35A and SK-W-35B were tested by embryological methods to reveal the reproduction pathway in greenhouse and field conditions. The obtained results showed that four genotypes, i.e. Alicja, Ani, Eska 46 and SK-W-35B are facultative apomictic and the other have formed seeds only on the apomictic way. In facultative apomicts it was found that in many cases both endospermless ovules containing embryo sacs with embryos or embryo sacs with well developed endosperm were formed. In the case of apomictic genotypes only endospermless seeds were observed.
Review: "Plaasmoord" (Karin Brynard)
H Roos
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2012,
Abstract: Plaasmoord. Karin Brynard. Kaapstad, Pretoria: Human & Rousseau, 2009. 510 pp. ISBN:978-0-7981-5116-0.
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