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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2106 matches for " Jana Maftei "
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Considerations on Judicial Liability of the Romanian Diplomatic and Consular Corps’ Members as Regulated by Law no. 269/2003
Jana MAFTEI
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2010,
Abstract: Judicial liability, as a form of social liability, has specific features in what concerns the members of the Romanian Diplomatic and Consular Corps following the special statute granted to thisprofessional group. In the following, we will make an analysis of the regulations referring to the judicial liability of the members of the Romanian Diplomatic and Consular Corps provisioned by lawno.269/2003 on the status of the Romanian Diplomatic and Consular Corps, underlining the flaws of this law determined by the inaccuracy of the legislator in drafting the provisions regarding thecondition for employing this type of liability in diplomatic and consular staff and the sanctions that should be applied, justifying thus the necessity of improving the legal frame in this matter. I have considered as opportune to first formulate some statements on the quality of being a member in the Romanian Diplomatic and Consular Corps, in order to be able to establish exactly the scope of the rules comprised in Law no. 169/2003 on judicial liability.
Aspects de la Codification du Droit Consulaire
Jana MAFTEI
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2009,
Abstract: Consular law contains rules that protect the economic, cultural, scientific, legal interests of the transmitter state and of the residence citizens. Consular legal norms are customary rules, most of them are encoded. Codification of consular law is important for studying and appliance of legal rules that govern the consular relations. The general rules accepted in international practice in the field of consular relations have been coded by the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. These norms provide a framework for concluding bilateral consular conventions between countries. The evolution of international relations, in general, and particularly consular ones, the emergence of new domains which it can occur consular protection, it is necessary to review the existing regulations on consular relations, taking into account the realities of our time.
EU’s Role in Fighting Terrorism
Jana Maftei
EIRP Proceedings , 2009,
Abstract: International terrorism, a phenomenon with constant development, is today acertainty and has dramatically marked the beginning of this century and millennium. Thisproblem has reached a global dimension and it represents a concern to the entire internationalcommunity. Over the time, numerous international and regional regulations have been framed, inorder to prevent and combat terrorism. The European Union condemns terrorist acts andrecognizes the central role of the United Nations, in fighting against terrorism and promotingsecurity, as well as the contribution of the new NATO in what concerns the defense and securitypromotion. Europe has to act more firmly in order to consolidate the defense against terrorismand the European Union’s borders. At the same time, the European Union considers that only aconcerted and firm action from all the states and the major actors on the international scenewould lead to the identification of the solutions which can contribute to the efficient fight againstterrorism and, by these means, provide for the international peace and security. The proportion ofthe danger terrorism represents has turned the fight against this phenomenon in an internationalcommunity’s desideratum.
Interpretation of Treaties
Jana Maftei,Varvara Coman
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2012,
Abstract: The treaty today represents the main tool used by states in their cooperation, in order to regulate the international relations, because of the clarity and precision with which there are ascertained the agreements concluded between the subjects of international law. Any author interested in the Law of Treaties has analyzed the problem of interpretation, a particularly important and complex issue. The legal interpretation is the foundation of law, the need for these operations lies in clarifying the meaning of legal norms for its correct application and it is required by the imprecision of used terms, the interaction and inter-conditioning of some regulations. The legal interpretation involves distinct meanings, generated by the specifics of each branch of law, and in this paper we showed the theoretical and practical interest of interpreting a treaty in the negotiation and drafting its text stage, both in its implementation phase or settling disputes concerning its execution. As research methods for the completion of the paper we used analysis and interpretation of legal regulations in the matter, in particular the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969, the doctrinal opinions of Romanian and foreign legal literature, the practice of states and jurisprudence in this area.
Considerations on the Legal Status of the Individual in Public International Law
Jana MAFTEI,Varvara Licuta COMAN
Acta Universitatis Danubius : Juridica , 2010,
Abstract: The problem regarding the quality of the subjects in international law relations occupies a central place in the researchers’ concerns, as the determination of the entities with international legalstatus with the aptitude of holding rights and obligations within the international judicial order is absolutely necessary. If traditionally it is considered that the main subjects of international law are the states, and the international intergovernmental organizations are derived subjects in publicinternational law, the recent doctrine developments record controversial opinions regarding the quality of international law subject of the individual. This paper aims at analyzing the contemporary doctrine and practice as well as determining the characteristics of the international status of the individual.
The Right to Life
Varvara Coman,Jana Maftei,Vasilica Negru?
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: In the present study, we set ourselves to analyze a subject, which, due to its importance andextreme complexity, generated many discussions and controversies both at national and international level:the right to life. The great evolution of the contemporary society and the progress registered in various fieldsbrought into the attention of the states, international organizations, specialists in the field and public opinionthe pressing problem of interpreting the content and limits of the human fundamental rights and liberties. Weset ourselves to analyze the main international instruments regulating the right to life and to identify thesituations where determining the content of this fundamental right in necessary. Without the intent of acomplete work, we understand, throughout this study, to highline the great importance of the right to liferespecting for the entire humanity.
The Reservation to Treaty
Jana Maftei,Vasilica Negru?,Varvara Licu?a Coman
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper we aimed at analyzing the reservation to the treaty, a theme involving issuesrelated to one of the most important areas of public international law, namely the Law of Treaties. Thereservation to the treaty is regarded as one of the most controversial issues in the international law, whichhas generated intense discussions and debates and it has been analyzed both by the doctrine and by theinternational states and organizations. We aim at interpreting and explaining the content of the articles ofthe 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties on the reservation to the Treaty in order to establishthe meaning and scope thereof, and at identifying the relationship between the reservation to the treatyand the states’ sovereignty. We do not believe that our analysis is exhaustive regarding the reservation tothe Treaty, but we have highlighted the importance of this institution relative to the conduct of relationsbetween states respecting the principles of international law.
The Global Dimension of Education
Vasilica Negru?,Jana Maftei,Varvara Licu?a Coman
EIRP Proceedings , 2012,
Abstract: The general objective of the paper was founded on a very current topic of great interest asglobalization is no longer a simple theoretical debate. It is a major process that clearly shapes the evolution ofthe contemporary world, opening new opportunities for development. In the information age it increases thetechnology importance of education, institutional performance, mass media. Not only the economy, but alsothe education is covered by profound changes caused by the information revolution and there have beensignificant, dramatic changes. Using content analysis, through a descriptive study research, this paper aims atshowing a new dimension of education, the global dimension, starting from the development of newtechnologies and their role in the global economic growth. We thus appreciate that ensuring quality educationfor all citizens it will enable the EU to face the challenges, namely the globalization and competitiveness ofnewly industrialized countries, the demographic structure, the rapidly evolving labor market and therevolution of information and communication technologies.
&D INTERNATIONALIZATION. AN OVERVIEW OF THE DRIVING FORCES
VIVIANA MAFTEI
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2007,
Abstract: Until recently, empirical studies had largely reflected the traditional market and demand-driven orientation of Research and Development (R&D) internationalization, as well as the strategic option for localizing the innovative activities in home and host countries found in the developed world. R&D, considered to be among the least internationalized functions of transnational corporations (TNCs), was undertaken in developing countries almost exclusively to adapt products and processes to local conditions. However, the recent changes in the competitive environment determined an acceleration of the R&D internationalisation phenomenon, notably in the newly industrialized economies, and an increasingly stronger correlation to the TNCs’ technology sourcing requirements. Against this background, the paper investigates the forces favouring centralization versus geographic decentralization of corporate research, with a view to offer a more comprehensive insight into the strategic aspects of the R&D internationalisation process, by identifying the key factors explaining the recent focus towards localizing corporate laboratories overseas and particularly in developing economies.
The main characteristics of the Romanian illegal drug markets
Loredana MAFTEI
Eastern Journal of European Studies , 2012,
Abstract: The main characteristics of the Romanian illegal drug marketsAbstract: Narcotics trade has known a real transformation over time, which is also due to the great influence of globalization. Placed among the most profitable businesses in the world, the illegal drugs market has evolved very much on the Romanian territory in the last years. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the current situation of Romanian illicit drugs market, the symbiosis between supply and demand, the general prices of the main drugs, as well as the consumption problem and transit routes. Based on theoretical aspects, on recent surveys and investigation launched by UNODC, EMCDDA and ANA, the article provides some relevant answers regarding the Romanian illicit drugs market. Compared to the European countries, Romania remains a small costumer, cannabis and SNPP being the most consumed drugs among young people. Despite the political and economic situation, Romanian authorities are better prepared, a position that may help in dealing with further drug changes.
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