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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20613 matches for " James Gana "
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Post Partum Care Practices among Postnatal Mothers in Tharu Community, Kailali District, Nepal
G Gana
Journal of Chitwan Medical College , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/jcmc.v3i2.8438
Abstract: Postnatal mothers are in high risk because most of the deaths occur in this period as compared to pregnancy and childbirth. The objectives of the research was to assess & find out the factors associated with post partum care practices among post-natal mothers and to suggest the measures for the utilization of post partum care services. A total of 175 respondents (all mothers having children below one year) were selected by using multi stage sampling technique from different wards of Dhangadi municipality, and Beladevipur, Geta, Phulbari, & Sripur VDCs of Kailali district from January to June, 2009. The data were statistically analyzed by using chi square test & Pearsons’ correlation test. Family income plays a significant role in Nutritious diet within 24 hours. Occupation had no effect on the frequency of postnatal visits. Education plays a signifi-cant role in changing perineal pad. Only 49.7% of respondents had done postnatal visit. Education plays significant role on colostrum feeding practices. Odds ratio = 4.09 (CI=32.06-55.34) at 95% confidence limit. Literate respondents have 4 times more practice of colostrum feeding as compared to illiterate. Distance plays a significant role in health facilities. Education of mothers play major role in postpartum care practices. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmc.v3i2.8438 Journal of Chitwan Medical College Vol.3(2) 2013 24-26
Osteometric Effects of Surgical Caponisation on Some Long Bones in Cockerel Chickens
Muhammad Abdullahi Mahmud,Peter Shaba,James Gana,Helen Yarubi Yisa,Ruth Ndagimba,Wosilat Abdulsalam,Silas Ndagi,Habiba Lami Abubakar
Advances in Zoology , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/645071
Abstract: The study was conducted to assess the osteometric effects of surgical caponisation on long bones of cockerel chickens. Sixty- (60-) day-old chicks were distributed into two experimental groups with thirty (30) cockerels per group. The birds were caponised at eight (8) weeks of age. The mean of final body weights of caponized groups was significantly higher ( ) than the uncaponised group. The weights of all long bones measured as well as lengths between the two groups were not statistically different ( ) from one another except the weight of femur of the caponized group and the lengths of tibia and tarsometatarsus ( ) that differed significantly from one another ( ). All the proximal, midshaft, and distal diameters of all the long bones measured between the two groups were not statistically different ( ) from one another except the midshaft diameter of ulna that was significantly higher ( ) in caponized group. It was concluded that caponisation of cockerel chickens at eight (8) weeks of age has no significant osteometric effects ( ) on almost all the long bones studied when they were normalised to the final body weights. 1. Introduction Surgical caponisation is defined as a process whereby the testes are artificially removed via a surgical operation on 6- to 12-week-old chickens [1]. It results in androgen deficiency and thus secondary male sexual characteristics such as the comb, the wattle, fighting behavior, and vocalisation degeneration [2]. It is well known that the abdominal fat pad is significantly increased in capons, regardless of the breed and the age of caponisation or slaughter [3, 4]. There are conflicting reports on the effects of caponisation on the growth of chickens. Several studies have demonstrated that caponisation enhanced chicken growth [5–7] and has no effects on growth [2, 8, 9] or even negative results [10]. Androgen has long been recognized as playing an important role in bone development, physiology, and metabolism [11, 12]; increased growth rate is often achieved after caponisation and likely as a result of androgen deficiency [2]. In humans, Manolagas et al. [13] reported that depressed androgen through exposure to chemicals, testectomy operation, or age has adverse effects on bone growth and development. In poultry, however, very few experiments conducted on the effects of caponisation on the bones of chickens have shown consistent results. For example, Hutt [14] found increased bone length on the caponised white leghorn while Chen et al. [1] and Landauer [15] found no significant effects of caponisation on bone length of
Pleomorphic adenoma of the nasal septum: a case report
Polycarp Gana, Liam Masterson
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-2-349
Abstract: We present the case of a 61-year-old man who presented with a 2-year history of left nasal obstruction, occasional epistaxis and facial pain. Radiological examination demonstrated well pneumatised paranasal sinuses and a soft tissue mass in the anterior aspect of the left nasal cavity. In this patient, an intranasal approach was used to achieve a wide local resection.Pleomorphic adenomas are rare tumours of the nasal cavity and have been shown to be misdiagnosed in over half of cases leading to more aggressive treatment than is necessary. If unilateral nasal obstruction is the main presenting complaint, we suggest consideration of this diagnosis. In view of the potential for tumour recurrence, long-term follow-up and careful examination of the nose with an endoscope are necessary.Salivary gland tumours constitute about 3% [1] of all neoplasms. The majority of these tumours are benign and about 70% are pleomorphic adenomas. A small minority (8%) are located in the oral cavity, neck and nasal cavity. We present a rare case of pleomorphic adenoma of the nasal septum.Several benign lesions of the septum such as leiomyoma, osteochondroma and transitional cell papilloma have been reported in literature. The other differential diagnoses may include malignant tumours such as melanoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The majority of these tumours arise from the mucosa of the bony and cartilaginous septum.Nasoseptal swell body is a discrete area of erectile tissue in the submucosa over the anterior nasal septum. In some individuals, it can present as a suspicious lesion. It does not have a significant relevance when considering the differential diagnosis in this patient given the enormous size of the septal mass. However, in smaller septal swellings, it could be given consideration.A 61-year-old man presented with a 2-year history of left nasal obstruction, occasional epistaxis and facial pain. There was no history of visual defect, atopy or previous tra
Development of a Light Dependent Automatic- Off Timer for House Holds Electronics
Jonathan Gana KOLO
Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies , 2008,
Abstract: This work was undertaken to design and construct a device that would be of use to persons who are in the habit of falling asleep while watching or listening to music. The scope of work ranges from the conceptualization of the idea and theories behind the operation of the device to the stage of packaging the design.The unit provides automatic disconnection of the appliances from the alternating current (AC) mains supply upon the expiration of a pre-set time delay period. The system works by detecting a transition from light to darkness in a room, which triggers the device into a time-out mode. During the time delay period, the appliance e.g. CD (Compact Disk) player is connected to the mains supply. Disconnection occurs after the pre-set time delay period elapses.
Macrophyte-Based Assessment of the Ecological Status of Lakes in Bulgaria
Gana M. Gecheva
Ecologia Balkanica , 2011,
Abstract: The aquatic macrophytes of lakes, situated in the whole territory of Bulgaria, were monitored during 2009. Six lake groups were established using differences in characteristics reflecting altitude, high calcium content and salinity, and altered hydromorphology and/or artificial origin. Abundance and species composition were assessed at each lake according to the requirements of the EU Water Framework Directive, using the assessment procedure of macrophyte-based assessment system, proposed by the Bavarian Environment Agency. The procedure included calculation of the ‘ecological quality ratio’ (EQR) for each of 78 water bodies, based on transect monitoring data. For 31 of these lakes, a macrophyte assessment system was applied, for the remaining 47 lakes macrophyte quantity was insufficient or depopulation was assessed. Ecological status classification of lakes is based on the calculation of a Reference Index value. The Reference Index quantifies the deviation of species composition and abundance from reference conditions and classifies sites as one of the five possible ecological quality classes specified in the Directive. The EQR indicating Good and High (Maximum) Ecological Status/Potential for macrophytes was achieved in 12 of the 31 lakes which fulfilled the criteria for assessment. The water quality parameters in lake types were discussed.
Partnership between and among the state and non-state actors in agricultural extension
Gana Pati OJHA
Social Research Reports , 2011,
Abstract: This study described the extension process of seven patterns of extension service provision and identified their effectiveness. The specific objectives were 1) to describe the dynamics of extension service provision of three individual extension patterns (IEP) and four interagency partnership extension patterns (IPEP) of government organizations (GOs), nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and private organizations (POs) to farmers in East Chitwan, Nepal in terms of implementing the extension activities; 2) to identify the effective institutional patterns in extending agricultural technologies to farmers in the study areas; and 3) to identify, describe, and explain the factors contributing to the effectiveness of patterns in the provision of extension services in the study areas. This study was conducted for 21 months and used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Rapid rural appraisals (RRAs) and participatory rural appraisals (PRAs) were used in the beginning of the research to determine the farmer-identified research problems, research sites, technologies, and partner agencies. There was a complete enumeration of 123 farmers who adopted the recommended varieties of hybrid maize or farmer-preferred rice or sunflower and 17 agency personnel who were directly involved in extending the related technologies at the study sites. The researcher collected information through observation, interview schedule, checklist, tape recorder, photography and diary. Descriptive statistics such as proportion, percentage difference, and mean were used to describe the process and effectiveness of the patterns. The Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between institutional factors and effectiveness. The study showed that GOs and NGOs extended recommended technologies through farmers' groups, whereas POs did so through individual farmers.When these agencies forged a partnership, they worked through their assigned responsibilities and attained a higher level of performance than IEP in terms of target achievement. With respect to effectiveness, IPEP was more effective than IEP. Among the IPEPs, GO+PO and GO+NGO were more effective than the others. The GO+PO was effective in extending high-cost imported technologies to large farmers, whereas the GO+NGO was effective in extending low-cost, locally available technologies to small farmers. This study identified the factors related to effectiveness. Such factors included institutional resources such as the agent’s time committed to the project and availability of extension materials; e
Cartas al Editor
Patricio Gana G
Revista Chilena de Radiología , 2004,
Appreciative inquiry approach to evaluation practices in South Asia
Gana Pati OJHA
Revista de Cercetare ?i Interven?ie Social? , 2010,
Abstract: Appreciative inquiry approach to evaluation is a recent development in the evaluation realm. Though some evaluators have used this approach independently, it has been used partially to complement other evaluation approaches in many cases. Similar to other evaluation it measures the changes, develops programme logic model, clarifies the evaluation purpose, identifies the stakeholders, determines the evaluation key questions, develops indicators and develops evaluation plan. Dissimilar to other evaluation approaches that lay emphasis on finding out the root causes of programme not meeting the set results, the appreciative approach focuses on what worked in the organisation, why it worked and how it worked. Unlike other evaluation where the evaluator plays major role in designing, conducting, and interpreting evaluation results, this approach involves all stakeholders into the evaluation cycle. The evaluation is complete only when the evaluation results are used for refining vision/goal/objective, redefining strategy and refining plan of work of programme being evaluated. Since evaluation results are used right way to improve the programme, this evaluation is considered as user-focused evaluation. These are the findings of the review of the literature and the author’s own experience regarding appreciative inquiry approach to evaluation.
Effect of High Temperature Treatment on Aqueous Corrosion of Low-Carbon Steel by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy  [PDF]
Samuel J. Gana, Nosa O. Egiebor, Ramble Ankumah
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.22011
Abstract: The corrosion behavior of 1020C carbon steel samples that had been subjected to oxidizing heat treatment at 550°C and 675°C were studied in sodium chloride electrolytes using a 3-electrode electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Experimental data were used to evaluate the corrosion behavior of the samples while optical microscopy was employed to investigate the surface characteristics of the samples before and after aqueous corrosion. The results showed that while the sample treated at 550°C revealed an increasing corrosion rate with time, the sample treated at 675°C indicated a higher initial corrosion rate, but the rate declined gradually over the 4-day experimental period. Optical microscopy revealed significant formation of surface corrosion products on both heat treated samples, but the complex plane diagrams indicated significant capacitive behavior for the heat treated samples relative to the untreated samples.
Integrated Assessment of the Ecological Status of Bulgarian Lowland and Semi-Mountain Natural Lakes  [PDF]
Gana Gecheva, Lilyana Yurukova, Svetoslav Cheshmedjiev, Emilia Varadinova, Detelina Belkinova
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.46A004

This work focuses on an integrated approach for lake ecological status assessment, elaborated according to the requirements of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). Data from five lowland and semi-mountain lakes in Bulgaria (Southeast Europe) collected from two years (2011-2012) form the basis for an integrated assessment and the definition of reference conditions. Several metrics were applied in combination, to classify lakes into five ecological status classes. Assemblages of aquatic organisms: phytoplankton, macrophytes and benthic macroinvertebrates, together with 11 supporting physico-chemical parameters were studied. The assessed unique conditions suggested that reference conditions of Bulgarian lakes have natural variability. This first baseline study illustrated specific cases within the lake types that should be assessed in details before providing standardized classification systems in compliance with the requirements of WFD.

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