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LA ACTIVIDAD FíSICA EN LOS Y LAS JóVENES MEXICANOS Y MEXICANAS: UN ANáLISIS COMPARATIVO ENTRE LAS UNIVERSIDADES PúBLICAS Y PRIVADAS
Jaime García Rodríguez,Carlos Fonseca Hernández
Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud , 2012,
Abstract: La actividad física en la historia aparece desde el momento mismo en que el ser humano surge en la faz de la tierra como un personaje con necesidad de movimiento, el cual se ha manifestado desde el principio de la humanidad en varias facetas tales como el movimiento mecánico, laboral y social. Esto ha evolucionado directamente en proporción al desarrollo humano, llegando hasta nuestros días a presentarse como parte vital dentro de la formación de los individuos y como un medio indispensable para alcanzar salud; sin embargo, existe también un sesgo en la práctica de dicha actividad física y deportiva, que ha originado un culto al cuerpo basado en un posmodernismo influenciado por los medios masivos de comunicación y estándares de una supuesta belleza física en ocasiones inalcanzable a la realidad humana; lo que ha ocasionado la presencia de problemas físicos, biológicos, pero de igual manera psicológicos, que repercuten en la autoestima y autoimagen de la población joven y adolescente, que se encuentra en busca de su identidad. Los y las jóvenes actualmente se encuentran influenciados por un estilo de vida dominado por la modernidad y los avances tecnológicos, lo que deriva en una vida sedentaria que produce efectos nocivos en todos los sentidos y todos los ámbitos; lo cual aunado a programas de un sistema institucional educativo y deportivo establecido con innumerables carencias, nos lleva a complicar más la situación, donde se a aden factores perjudiciales que abarcan desde la ignorancia, la incapacidad e intereses personales, que no nos ayudan para edificar alternativas que comiencen a funcionar. Es primordial el establecer una solución pronta y efectiva encaminada en la sistematización de una actividad física adecuada basada en argumentos científicos y métodos acordes, que nos puedan proveer de los diversos beneficios que su práctica otorga y nos ayuden a detener el proceso de deterioro físico al cual el ritmo de vida actual no arroja.
Beneficios de combinar métodos para analizar causas de muertes maternas, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Rodríguez Villamizar,Laura Andrea; Ruiz-Rodríguez,Myriam; Jaime García,María Leonor;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892011000400001
Abstract: objective: define critical points of change in the maternal care process, guide decision-making in this area, and support the strengthening of service delivery policies, with a view to achieving the millennium development goal of improving maternal health. methods: retrospective descriptive study of a series of cases of maternal deaths recorded in bucaramanga between 2004 and 2009. the study examined epidemiologic reporting cards, clinical histories, field visits, and the records of analysis committees. the road to survival (analysis of delays) and detection of critical links in care were used as the methods of analysis. the information obtained was triangulated. results: the 10 maternal deaths occurred in an urban area, and the women had received medical care from professionals at a health facility. the four types of delays-in recognizing the problem, in the timeliness of decisions and actions, in care/the logistics of referral, and in the quality of care-occurred with similar frequency in the 10 cases studied. the critical links in the prevention of maternal deaths were those related to deficiencies in the vertical and horizontal integration of the care process and the quality of care. conclusions: combining analysis methods made it possible to identify the deficiencies in care most related to maternal deaths. however, their use should be accompanied by other methods that make it possible to identify determinants that go beyond the context of service delivery. one documented lesson learned is the importance of the continuity and monitoring of interventions as a success factor in reducing maternal mortality.
Depósitos observados con larvas de Aedes aegypti durante el uso operacional del biolarvicida Bactivec Aedes aegypti larvae found in reservoirs during the operational use of Bactivec biolarvicide
Yalina Chang Camero,Jorge Lugo Mendosa,Greta Barceló Rodríguez,Jaime Martínez García
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2013,
Abstract: Introducción: la determinación de los sitios de cría de Aedes aegypti constituye un factor de importancia para la aplicación de estrategias de control. Objetivo: identificar los depósitos utilizados por Aedes aegypti durante el período de uso operacional del biolarvicida Bactivec en el municipio Mariel. Métodos: de mayo 2008-2009, durante el período operacional del biolarvicida Bactivec, se realizó la búsqueda de criaderos positivos al culícido en áreas urbanas y semiurbanas de los consejos populares Boca/Mojica/Henequén, Mariel, Sabana/Zayas, Quiebra Hacha y Caba as. Se identificaron todos los recipientes positivos al vector en las áreas en las que fueron colectados, se determinó el porcentaje de participación de cada tipo de recipiente en relación con el total de muestras positivas. Resultados: se identificaron 35 tipos de depósitos utilizados como sitio de cría del culícido. Los recipientes no útiles eliminables representaron el 54,28 %, los de almacenamiento de agua 14,29 % y los útiles 11,43 %; la presencia del vector del dengue en criaderos naturales y aguas contaminadas fue de 8,57 %. Conclusiones: los depósitos no útiles resultaron los más utilizados por el culícido para la puesta, seguido por los de almacenamiento de agua, los cuales se trataron con el biolarvicida. Se destaca la presencia de Aedes aegypti en aguas contaminadas, que también fueron tratadas con Bactivec. Introduction: the detection of breeding sites of Aedes aegypti is an important factor for the implementation of control strategies. Objective: to identify the reservoirs where Aedes aegypti mosquito was observed during the period of operational use of Bactivec larvicide in Mariel municipality. Methods: during the period of operational use of Bactivec biolarvicide from May 2008 to 2009, breeding sites positive for this mosquito were searched for in urban and semiurban areas of the people's councils Boca/Mojica/Henequen, Mariel, Sabana/Zayas, Quiebra Hacha y Cabanas. All the positive reservoirs were identified in those areas where they were collected and the percentage of involvement of each type of reservoir with respect to the total amount of positive samples was estimated. Results: thirty five types of reservoirs used as the breeding site of the mosquito were identified. The useless disposable reservoirs accounted for 54.28%, water storage reservoirs for 14.29 and the useful ones for 11.43 %. The presence of the dengue vector in natural breeding sites and in polluted waters reached 8.57 %. Conclusions: the useless reservoirs turned to be the most used by the Culicidae for egg-l
Bases de datos, motores de búsqueda e índices temáticos: herramientas fundamentales para el ejercicio médico
Jaime A. Castrillón-Estrada,Juan Camilo García Domínguez,Marco Anaya Taboada,Deisy Rodríguez Berdugo
Revista Salud Uninorte , 2008,
Abstract: Con la diseminación del Internet han cambiado las formas tradicionales de transmisión y adquisición del conocimiento en todas sus ramas; y la medicina, como una disciplina de constantes cambios, no ha sido ajena a esta tecnología. Tras el advenimiento de la informática, las ciencias biológicas y médicas han encontrado un medio eficiente para la globalización del conocimiento, lo cual ha mejorado el entrenamiento y la actualización de los estudiantes y profesionales de la medicina, y ha creado la necesidad de aumentar la eficiencia de estos medios de comunicación. Con el objetivo de facilitar el acceso a la información científica a través de medios informáticos han sido desarrolladas plataformas encargadas de recopilar la información en forma de bases de datos, las cuales pueden ser consultadas a través de otra tecnología emergente como los son los motores de búsqueda. Debido a que cada sitio Web tiene características específicas que le confieren ciertas fortalezas y debilidades, tanto el estudiante como el profesional médico deben reconocerlas, para así obtener el mayor provecho de su utilización.
Un nuevo enfoque quirúrgico realizado en la herniorrafía inguinal
López Rodríguez,Pedro; López Rodríguez,Felipe; Puentes Rizo,Elisa; González,Olga León; Ochoa,Félix; Cruz García,Nicolás; Strachan,Jaime;
Revista Cubana de Cirug?-a , 2004,
Abstract: the experience with the hernia repair technique, in which the posterior wall of the inguinal canal is strengthened with a fix band of the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle to produce a strong and physiologically active posterior wall is described in a retrospective study conducted at “enrique cabrera” general hospital, in havana city. a first cut-off of the first 56 patients operated on from may 2001 to may 2003, including both, that have been followed up, is presented. all the patients underwent ambulatory surgery with local anesthesia. no patient had postoperative pain and only one presented an early hematocele and late granuloma. recurrence has not been found. the operation is easy, it does not require any mesh and its results are equivalent to those reported with mesh
Clinical Practice Guidelines for intestinal occlusion. Guía de práctica clínica para la oclusión intestinal.
Rudis Miguel Monzón Rodríguez,Carlos Jaime Geroy Gómez,Francisco García Valdéz,Jorge Luis Ulloa Capestany
MediSur , 2009,
Abstract: Clinical Practice Guidelines for intestinal occlusion. This document includes the main aspects related with classification, physiopathology, clinical diagnosis, complementary examinations and therapy aimed at the post-operatory treatment. It includes assessment guidelines focused on the most important aspects to be accomplished. Guía de práctica clínica para el tratamiento de la oclusión intestinal. El documento revisa y actualiza los principales aspectos relacionados con su clasificación, fisiopatología, diagnóstico clínico, exámenes complementarios y terapéutica; dirigida al tratamiento posoperatorio. Concluye con su guía de evaluación, enfocada en los aspectos más importantes a cumplir.
Seguridad de la resonancia mágnetica en pacientes con neuroestimuladores medulares: Nuestra experiencia
Mesa-del-Castillo,C.; Vaswani,A.; Martín-García,V.; Rodríguez-Hernández,J. L.; Aguirre-Jaime,A.;
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola del Dolor , 2006,
Abstract: aims: over the past decade, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (mri) has been introduced as a safe, non-invasive routine clinical diagnostic tool. however, its use has been contraindicated in patients with implanted electronic devices, such as motor cortex and spinal cord neurostimulators. despite the rapid growth in neurostimulation technology and its clinical application, there have been few studies addressing the safety of performing mri procedures in patients with implanted neurostimulators. our hypothesis is that mri is a safe diagnostic technique in patients with implanted neurostimulators. the aim of our study is to offer some objective proof towards this point. methods: eight patients with implanted neurostimulators (itrell iii model 7425, medtronic) undergoing 9 mri procedures (1,5 t general electric sigma excite) in 2005 are presented, following the liem van dongen′s protocol, with a focus in the appearance of adverse effects, during and immediately after the imaging study. results: during the mri studies there were no overall adverse effects detected in any case, in those in which the scanning was performed on a location away from the site of the implanted neurostimulators, nor in those in which it was performed in the same anatomic region. once the mri study concluded, no patient reported any sensation of discomfort attributable to heating or the electromagnetic interaction of the mri with the neurostimulators. neither there was any failure in the neurostimulators rescheduling, except in one case in which it was impossible its reprogrammation once the study was completed. conclusions: in general, all these investigations indicate that in most cases mri can be performed safely in patients with implanted stimulators, following the liem van dongen′s protocol, but it seems that under some circumstances this recommendation is not completely reliable. in the case of our patient in which the neurostimulator was impossible to reschedule after the mri, this may h
Mice Deficient in CD38 Develop an Attenuated Form of Collagen Type II-Induced Arthritis
Jorge Postigo, Marcos Iglesias, Daniela Cerezo-Wallis, Antonio Rosal-Vela, Sonia García-Rodríguez, Mercedes Zubiaur, Jaime Sancho, Ramón Merino, Jesús Merino
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033534
Abstract: CD38, a type II transmembrane glycoprotein expressed in many cells of the immune system, is involved in cell signaling, migration and differentiation. Studies in CD38 deficient mice (CD38 KO mice) indicate that this molecule controls inflammatory immune responses, although its involvement in these responses depends on the disease model analyzed. Here, we explored the role of CD38 in the control of autoimmune responses using chicken collagen type II (col II) immunized C57BL/6-CD38 KO mice as a model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). We demonstrate that CD38 KO mice develop an attenuated CIA that is accompanied by a limited joint induction of IL-1β and IL-6 expression, by the lack of induction of IFNγ expression in the joints and by a reduction in the percentages of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells in the spleen. Immunized CD38 KO mice produce high levels of circulating IgG1 and low of IgG2a anti-col II antibodies in association with reduced percentages of Th1 cells in the draining lymph nodes. Altogether, our results show that CD38 participates in the pathogenesis of CIA controlling the number of iNKT cells and promoting Th1 inflammatory responses.
Efecto de la suplementación de lisina sobre la ganancia de peso y características cárnicas y de la canal en cerdos en iniciación
García Castillo,Ramón F; Malacara álvarez,Orlando E; Salinas Chavira,Jaime; Torres Hernández,Manuel; Fuentes Rodríguez,Jesús M; Kawas Garza,Jorge R;
Revista Científica , 2010,
Abstract: the effect of lysine supplementation in diets for growing pigs on weight gain, carcass and meat characteristics was evaluated. eighteen castrated pigs (yorkshire, hampshire, duroc y landrace) of 10.13 kg initial weight and 40 d of t2 = t1 + 0.285 kg of lysine / 100 kg of feed; and t3 = t1 + 0.569100 kg of feed. basal diet contained 20.81% cp and 3,460 mcal/kg of me. pigs were fed for 33 d. at the end of the feeding trial final weight, cross height (cm) and thoracic circumference (cm), and subcutaneous fat measured with ultrasound were recorded. for carcass and meat characteristics, four pigs per treatment selected at random were slaughtered. samples of rib, ham and shoulder from each carcass were analyzed for dm, cp, fat and ash. there were no differences (p>0.05) between treatments for weight gain, cross height, thoracic circumference, weight at sacrifice, hot and cold carcass yields, rib eye area and subcutaneous fat. the content of dm, cp, fat and ash was similar (p>0.05) among treatments. it is concluded that lysine as growth promotant of lean tissue was no reflected in weight gain, carcass characteristics or meat composition of the growing pigs.
Tumor carcinoide hepático difuso asociado a falla hepática: Reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura
García,Jairo; Valencia,William; Suárez,Yanette; Hani de Ardila,Albis; Alvarado Bestene,Jaime; Rodríguez,Alberto; Solano,Claudia; Ca?adas,Raúl; Hernández,Javier;
Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia , 2006,
Abstract: the carcinoid tumor can compromise the liver in a primary form (tchp) or with metastases of distant place. both presentations are generally solitary or multiple tumors but the presentation diffuse is very unusual. as well, there are few reports that relate these tumors with hepatic acute insufficiency.
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