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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5187 matches for " Jae-Nam Seo "
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Immunization with a Hemagglutinin-Derived Synthetic Peptide Formulated with a CpG-DNA-Liposome Complex Induced Protection against Lethal Influenza Virus Infection in Mice
Jae Won Rhee,Dongbum Kim,Byung Kwon Park,Sanghoon Kwon,Sunhee Cho,Ilseob Lee,Man-Seong Park,Jae-Nam Seo,Yong-Sun Kim,Hong Seok Choi,Younghee Lee,Hyung-Joo Kwon
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048750
Abstract: Whole-virus vaccines, including inactivated or live-attenuated influenza vaccines, have been conventionally developed and supported as a prophylaxis. These currently available virus-based influenza vaccines are widely used in the clinic, but the vaccine production takes a long time and a huge number of embryonated chicken eggs. To overcome the imperfection of egg-based influenza vaccines, epitope-based peptide vaccines have been studied as an alternative approach. Here, we formulated an efficacious peptide vaccine without carriers using phosphodiester CpG-DNA and a special liposome complex. Potential epitope peptides predicted from the hemagglutinin (HA) protein of the H5N1 A/Viet Nam/1203/2004 strain (NCBI database, AAW80717) were used to immunize mice along with phosphodiester CpG-DNA co-encapsulated in a phosphatidyl-β-oleoyl-γ-palmitoyl ethanolamine (DOPE):cholesterol hemisuccinate (CHEMS) complex (Lipoplex(O)) without carriers. We identified a B cell epitope peptide (hH5N1 HA233 epitope, 14 amino acids) that can potently induce epitope-specific antibodies. Furthermore, immunization with a complex of the B cell epitope and Lipoplex(O) completely protects mice challenged with a lethal dose of recombinant H5N1 virus. These results suggest that our improved peptide vaccine technology can be promptly applied to vaccine development against pandemic influenza. Furthermore our results suggest that potent epitopes, which cannot be easily found using proteins or a virus as an antigen, can be screened when we use a complex of peptide epitopes and Lipoplex(O).
Prevention and Therapy of Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Vaccination with TM4SF5 Epitope-CpG-DNA-Liposome Complex without Carriers
Sanghoon Kwon, Dongbum Kim, Byoung Kwon Park, Sunhee Cho, Kwang Dong Kim, Young-Eun Kim, Cheung-Seog Park, Hyun-Jong Ahn, Jae-Nam Seo, Kyung-Chan Choi, Doo-Sik Kim, Younghee Lee, Hyung-Joo Kwon
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033121
Abstract: Although peptide vaccines have been actively studied in various animal models, their efficacy in treatment is limited. To improve the efficacy of peptide vaccines, we previously formulated an efficacious peptide vaccine without carriers using the natural phosphodiester bond CpG-DNA and a special liposome complex (Lipoplex(O)). Here, we show that immunization of mice with a complex consisting of peptide and Lipoplex(O) without carriers significantly induces peptide-specific IgG2a production in a CD4+ cells- and Th1 differentiation-dependent manner. The transmembrane 4 superfamily member 5 protein (TM4SF5) has gained attention as a target for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) therapy because it induces uncontrolled growth of human HCC cells via the loss of contact inhibition. Monoclonal antibodies specific to an epitope of human TM4SF5 (hTM4SF5R2-3) can recognize native mouse TM4SF5 and induce functional effects on mouse cancer cells. Pre-immunization with a complex of the hTM4SF5R2-3 epitope and Lipoplex(O) had prophylactic effects against tumor formation by HCC cells implanted in an mouse tumor model. Furthermore, therapeutic effects were revealed regarding the growth of HCC when the vaccine was injected into mice after tumor formation. These results suggest that our improved peptide vaccine technology provides a novel prophylaxis measure as well as therapy for HCC patients with TM4SF5-positive tumors.
Robust People Tracking Using an Adaptive Sensor Fusion between a Laser Scanner and Video Camera
Yeong Nam Chae,Yeong-Jae Choi,Yong-Ho Seo,Hyun S. Yang
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/521383
Abstract:
(E)-N-[(E)-3-(4-Nitrophenyl)allylidene]naphthalen-1-amine
Kee Dal Nam,Joo Hwan Cha,Yong Seo Cho,Jae Kyun Lee
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2013, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536813006417
Abstract: In the title compound, C19H14N2O2, the dihedral angle between the mean planes of the 4-nitrophenyl ring and the naphthalene ring system is 12.79 (2)°. The imine group displays a C—C—N=C torsion angle of 41.0 (2)° and the C=N group has an E conformation. In the crystal, weak C—H...O hydrogen bonds link molecules into layers parallel to the b axis.
Impact of Pelvic Radiotherapy on Gut Microbiota of Gynecological Cancer Patients Revealed by Massive Pyrosequencing
Young-Do Nam, Hak Jae Kim, Jae-Gu Seo, Seung Wan Kang, Jin-Woo Bae
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082659
Abstract: Although pelvic irradiation is effective for the treatment of various cancer types, many patients who receive radiotherapy experience serious complications. Gut microbial dysbiosis was hypothesized to be related to the occurrence of radiation-induced complications in cancer patients. Given the lack of clinical or experimental data on the impact of radiation on gut microbiota, a prospective observational study of gut microbiota was performed in gynecological cancer patients receiving pelvic radiotherapy. In the current study, the overall composition and alteration of gut microbiota in cancer patients receiving radiation were investigated by 454 pyrosequencing. Gut microbial composition showed significant differences (P < 0.001) between cancer patients and healthy individuals. The numbers of species-level taxa were severely reduced after radiotherapy (P < 0.045), and the abundance of each community largely changed. In particular, the phyla Firmicutes and Fusobacterium were significantly decreased by 10% and increased by 3% after radiation therapy, respectively. In addition, overall gut microbial composition was gradually remolded after the full treatment course of pelvic radiotherapy. In this set of cancer patients, dysbiosis of the gut microbiota was linked to health status, and the gut microbiota was influenced by pelvic radiotherapy. Although further studies are needed to elucidate the relationship between dysbiosis and complications induced by pelvic radiotherapy, the current study may offer insights into the treatment of cancer patients suffering from complications after radiation therapy.
OASIS: Online Application for the Survival Analysis of Lifespan Assays Performed in Aging Research
Jae-Seong Yang, Hyun-Jun Nam, Mihwa Seo, Seong Kyu Han, Yonghwan Choi, Hong Gil Nam, Seung-Jae Lee, Sanguk Kim
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023525
Abstract: Background Aging is a fundamental biological process. Characterization of genetic and environmental factors that influence lifespan is a crucial step toward understanding the mechanisms of aging at the organism level. To capture the different effects of genetic and environmental factors on lifespan, appropriate statistical analyses are needed. Methodology/Principal Findings We developed an online application for survival analysis (OASIS) that helps conduct various novel statistical tasks involved in analyzing survival data in a user-friendly manner. OASIS provides standard survival analysis results including Kaplan-Meier estimates and mean/median survival time by taking censored survival data. OASIS also provides various statistical tests including comparison of mean survival time, overall survival curve, and survival rate at specific time point. To visualize survival data, OASIS generates survival and log cumulative hazard plots that enable researchers to easily interpret their experimental results. Furthermore, we provide statistical methods that can analyze variances among survival datasets. In addition, users can analyze proportional effects of risk factors on survival. Conclusions/Significance OASIS provides a platform that is essential to facilitate efficient statistical analyses of survival data in the field of aging research. Web application and a detailed description of algorithms are accessible from http://sbi.postech.ac.kr/oasis.
Alu and LINE-1 Hypomethylation Is Associated with HER2 Enriched Subtype of Breast Cancer
So Yeon Park, An Na Seo, Hae Yoen Jung, Jae Moon Gwak, Namhee Jung, Nam-Yun Cho, Gyeong Hoon Kang
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100429
Abstract: The changes in DNA methylation status in cancer cells are characterized by hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands and diffuse genomic hypomethylation. Alu and long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (LINE-1) are non-coding genomic repetitive sequences and methylation of these elements can be used as a surrogate marker for genome-wide methylation status. This study was designed to evaluate the changes of Alu and LINE-1 hypomethylation during breast cancer progression from normal to pre-invasive lesions and invasive breast cancer (IBC), and their relationship with characteristics of IBC. We analyzed the methylation status of Alu and LINE-1 in 145 cases of breast samples including normal breast tissue, atypical ductal hyperplasia/flat epithelial atypia (ADH/FEA), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and IBC, and another set of 129 cases of IBC by pyrosequencing. Alu methylation showed no significant changes during multistep progression of breast cancer, although it tended to decrease during the transition from DCIS to IBC. In contrast, LINE-1 methylation significantly decreased from normal to ADH/FEA, while it was similar in ADH/FEA, DCIS and IBC. In IBC, Alu hypomethylation correlated with negative estrogen receptor (ER) status, and LINE-1 hypomethylation was associated with negative ER status, ERBB2 (HER2) amplification and p53 overexpression. Alu and LINE-1 methylation status was significantly different between breast cancer subtypes, and the HER2 enriched subtype had lowest methylation levels. In survival analyses, low Alu methylation status tended to be associated with poor disease-free survival of the patients. Our findings suggest that LINE-1 hypomethylation is an early event and Alu hypomethylation is probably a late event during breast cancer progression, and prominent hypomethylation of Alu and LINE-1 in HER2 enriched subtype may be related to chromosomal instability of this specific subtype.
Korea’s Construction Business Informatization Overview and Future Plans  [PDF]
Myoung Bae Seo, Nam Gon Kim
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.37B003
Abstract: South Korea’s construction industry won orders worth USD 58 billion in 2011, and as such, it has achieved a remarkable growth. However, despite such an impressive quantitative growth, value-added quality growth has been very slow. Thus, the Ministry of Land, Transport and Marine Affairs (MLTM) is pushing ahead with the construction informatization initiative (Construction Continuous Acquisition & Life-cycle Support - CALS) in order to systematically manage a wide range of construction information by stage and to enhance the efficiency of construction costs. This study aims to review the country’s construction CALS to explore a construction development direction. 
Quality Evaluation of Panax ginseng Roots Using a Rapid Resolution LC-QTOF/MS-Based Metabolomics Approach
Dae-Young Lee,Jae Kwang Kim,Sabina Shrestha,Kyeong-Hwa Seo,Youn-Hyung Lee,Hyung-Jun Noh,Geum-Soog Kim,Yong-Bum Kim,Seung-Yu Kim,Nam-In Baek
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules181214849
Abstract: Korean ginseng ( Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) contains several types of ginsenosides, which are considered the major active medicinal components of ginseng. The types and quantities of ginsenosides found in ginseng may differ, depending on the location of cultivation, making it necessary to establish a reliable method for distinguishing cultivation locations of ginseng roots. P. ginseng roots produced in different regions of Korea, China, and Japan have been unintentionally confused in herbal markets owing to their complicated plant sources. PCA and PLS-DA using RRLC-QTOF/MS data was able to differentiate between ginsengs cultivated in Korea, China, and Japan. The chemical markers accountable for such variations were identified through a PCA loadings plot, tentatively identified by RRLC-QTOF/MS and partially verified by available reference standards. The classification result can be used to identify P. ginseng origin.
N-Terminal Truncated UCH-L1 Prevents Parkinson's Disease Associated Damage
Hee-Jung Kim, Hyun Jung Kim, Jae-Eun Jeong, Jeong Yeob Baek, Jaeho Jeong, Sun Kim, Young-Mee Kim, Youhwa Kim, Jin Han Nam, Sue Hee Huh, Jawon Seo, Byung Kwan Jin, Kong-Joo Lee
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099654
Abstract: Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) has been proposed as one of the Parkinson's disease (PD) related genes, but the possible molecular connection between UCH-L1 and PD is not well understood. In this study, we discovered an N-terminal 11 amino acid truncated variant UCH-L1 that we called NT-UCH-L1, in mouse brain tissue as well as in NCI-H157 lung cancer and SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell lines. In vivo experiments and hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) with tandem mass spectrometry (MS) studies showed that NT-UCH-L1 is readily aggregated and degraded, and has more flexible structure than UCH-L1. Post-translational modifications including monoubiquitination and disulfide crosslinking regulate the stability and cellular localization of NT-UCH-L1, as confirmed by mutational and proteomic studies. Stable expression of NT-UCH-L1 decreases cellular ROS levels and protects cells from H2O2, rotenone and CCCP-induced cell death. NT-UCH-L1-expressing transgenic mice are less susceptible to degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons seen in the MPTP mouse model of PD, in comparison to control animals. These results suggest that NT-UCH-L1 may have the potential to prevent neural damage in diseases like PD.
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