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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6042 matches for " JU Tianzhen "
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Contour Extraction of Skin Tumors Using Visual Attention and GVF-Snake Model  [PDF]
Li Ma, Tianzhen Su
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B099
Abstract:

Contour extraction of skin tumors accurately is an important task for further feature generation of their borders and sur-faces to early diagnose melanomas. An integrated approach, combining visual attention model and GVF-snake, is pro-posed in the paper to provide a general framework for locating tumor boundaries in case of noise and boundaries with large concavity. For any skin image, the visual attention model is implemented to locate the Region of Interests (ROIs) based on saliency maps. Then an algorithm called GVF-snake is utilized to iteratively drive an initial contour, deriving from the extracted ROIs, towards real boundary of skin tumors by minimizing an energy function. It is shown from ex-periments that the proposed approach exceeds in two aspects compared with other contour-deforming methods: 1) ini-tial contours generated from saliency maps are definitely located at neighboring regions of real boundaries of skin tu-mors to speed up converges of contour deformation and achieve higher accuracy; 2) the method is not sensitive to nois-es on skins and initial contours extracted.

Modified fiber qualities of the transgenic cotton expressing a silkworm fibroin gene
FeiFei Li,ShenJie Wu,FenNi Lü,TianZi Chen,Ming Ju,HaiHai Wang,YanJie Jiang,Jie Zhang,WangZhen Guo,TianZhen Zhang
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-009-0142-2
Abstract: A silkworm gene for fibroin was introduced into the upland cotton WC line by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. PCR detection for fibroin, nptII and gus genes, Kanamycin (Km)-resistance analysis and GUS-histochemical assay were conducted on 30 regenerated plants from 9 callus lines, and 17 positive plants were obtained by these 5 screening methods. By Km-resistance analysis and PCR for fibroin, 6 homozygous lines in T3 were obtained. Southern blot and Northern bolt demonstrated that the fibroin gene was inserted into the genome of these 6 lines, stably inherited and expressed. Compared to the control, the surface structure of mature fiber in the 6 lines was significantly distorted and an increased number of convolution was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fiber quality traits analysis indicated that fiber elongation of the 6 homozygous lines was all increased and fiber strength of 3 lines was enhanced. These results indicated that fibroin expression influenced cotton fiber structure and quality, suggesting that fibroin has great potential for improving cotton fiber quality by genetic engineering.
Volatility Analysis of Web News and Public Attitude by GARCH Model  [PDF]
Pinrui Yu, Tianzhen Liu, Qian Ding
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.38092
Abstract: GARCH (Generalized Auto-Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity) model proposed by Professor Engle is successful to analyze the volatility of stock price. In this paper GARCH model is used to analyze the volatility of web news events and public attitudes by the data coming from typical news events in famous web. The results show that the volatility of web news events and public attitudes are suitable to GARCH model by some adjusting and test of parameters.
Modified fiber qualities of the transgenic cotton ex-pressing a silkworm gene

LI FeiFei,WU ShenJie,,FenNi,CHEN TianZi,JU Ming,WANG HaiHai,JIANG YanJie,ZHANG Jie,GUO WangZhen &,ZHANG TianZhen,

科学通报(英文版) , 2009,
Abstract: A silkworm gene for fibroin was introduced into the upland cotton WC line by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. PCR detection for fibroin, nptII and gus genes, Kanamycin (Km)-resistance analysis and GUS-histochemical assay were conducted on 30 regenerated plants from 9 callus lines, and 17 positive plants were obtained by these 5 screening methods. By Km-resistance analysis and PCR for fibroin, 6 homozygous lines in T3 were obtained. Southern blot and Northern bolt demonstrated that the fibroin gene was inserted into the genome of these 6 lines, stably inherited and expressed. Compared to the control, the surface structure of mature fiber in the 6 lines was significantly distorted and an increased number of convolution was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fiber quality traits analysis indicated that fiber elongation of the 6 homozygous lines was all increased and fiber strength of 3 lines was enhanced. These results indicated that fibroin expression influenced cotton fiber structure and quality, suggesting that fibroin has great potential for improving cotton fiber quality by genetic engineering. Supported by National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2006AA100105), Science & Technology Pillar Program of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. BE2008310) and Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities (Grant No. B08025) Contributed equally to this work
Commercial production of transgenic Bt insect-resistant cotton varieties and the resistance management for bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hubner)
Tianzhen Zhang,Canming Tang
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/BF03182897
Abstract: There are currently three kinds of transgenic Bt insect-resistant cotton gerrnplasm lines, Shanxi 94-24, Zhongxin 94 and R19, in China. They showed high resistance to the neonate larvae of bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera). Transgenic Bt insect-resistant cotton varieties or hybrids have been bred using the three kinds of germplasm lines as parents. Our researches reveal that there exist different expressions in resistant level at different developmental stages in the three categories of germplasm lines. When neonate larvae are fed with leaves of cotton plant at the seeding stage with less than 10 leaves on the main stem, the mortality of the neonate larvae is 100%, but the resistance level will decline at later season. When Bt gene has been transferred to the cotton genome, it can be steadily transferred to the progeny, the level of resistance to bollworm keeps fundamentally uniform. Such insects as tobacco budworm (Heliothis virencens) in laboratory directive selection are very apt to produce resistance to the Bt insecticidal crystal protein. From the present crop system of cotton region in the Yangtze and Yellow River Valleys, and the expression characteristic of transgenic Bt resistant cotton, we suggest that the resistance to toxin protein in bollworm is not apt to be produced if the transgenic Bt insect-resistant cotton varieties are released and grown in the regions except in the Xinjiang cotton region. The managing strategies to delay or retard the resistance are discussed.
Would Rural Residents Will to Pay for Environmental Project? An Evidence in China  [PDF]
Xuyin Zhang, Ruimei Wang, Tianzhen Wu, Huan Song, Chuanfeng Liu
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.65050
Abstract: This research estimated Chinese rural residents’ willingness to pay for rural solid wastes recycling project. Dichotomous choice format contingent valuation method was employed to diverse rural residents’ preference. 4795 Households had been interviewed for collecting primary data, and had been estimated respondents’ will by logistic regression model. It indicated that the respondents would refuse to support solid wastes recycling project due to households’ income restriction. The mean annual WTP of rural residents were 23.41 Chinese Yuan per household. In conclusion the rural solid wastes recycling project is acceptable and accessible for implementation in Chinese rural area.
Detection and mapping of homologous and homoeologous segments in homoeologous groups of allotetraploid cotton by BAC-FISH
Kai Wang, Wangzhen Guo, Tianzhen Zhang
BMC Genomics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-8-178
Abstract: Homologous and homoeologous BACs were isolated by way of SSR marker-based selection and then used to develop BAC-FISH probes. Duplicated segments in homoeologous chromosomes were detected by FISH. The FISH and related linkage map results followed known reinforced the relationships of homoeologous chromosomes in allotetraploid cotton, and presented a useful approach for isolation of homoeologous loci or segments and for mapping of monomorphic loci. It is very important to find that the large duplicated segments (homologous BACs) do exist between homoeologous chromosomes, so the shot-gun approach for genome sequencing was unavailable for tetraploid cotton. However, without doubt, it will contain more information and promote the research for duplicated segments as well as the genome evolution in cotton.These findings and the analysis method by BAC-FISH demonstrated the powerful nature and wide use for the genome and genome evolutionary researches in cotton and other polyploidy species.Polyploidy is an evolutionary process whereby two or more genomes are brought together in the same nucleus, usually by hybridization followed by chromosome doubling [1]. Accordingly, most of these genomes contain duplicated chromosomes or chromosomal segments that reflect ancient or recent rounds of polyploidy. Therefore, investigations of the levels of diversity and patterns of duplicated genes and segments in polyploid plants can provide insights into the process of polyploidization and subsequent processes. When genes are duplicated as a consequence of polyploidization, they may continue to evolve at the same rate as they did in their diploid ancestors, or they may be subject to pressures that lead to differential rates of sequence evolution [2]. Ultimately, these duplicated sequences and their functions are maintained intact or undergo long-term evolutionary change via sequence elimination [3,4], sequence rearrangement [5], gene silencing [6], or acquisition of new function [7]. Most
Gene cloning and molecular breeding to improve fiber qualities in cotton
Wangzhen Guo,Jing Sun,Tianzhen Zhang
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2003, DOI: 10.1360/02wc0463
Abstract: Cotton fiber is one of known natural resources comprising the highest purity cellulose. It plays an important role worldwide in the textile industry. With the acceleration of spinning speeds and the improvement of the people’s living level, the demand of improving cotton fiber qualities is getting stronger and stronger. So, making clear the developmental model of fiber cell and elucidating systematically the molecular mechanisms of cotton fiber development and regulation will produce a great significance to make full use of cotton gene resources, raise cotton yield and improve fiber quality, and even develop man-made fiber. In the paper, the status of the gene cloning and the molecular breeding to improve cotton fiber quality were reviewed, the importance and potential of gene cloning related with cotton fiber quality were put forward and the proposal and prospect on fiber quality improvement were made. Using national resources available and through the creative exploration in corresponding research, some international leading patents in genes or markers linked with cotton fiber development having Chinese own intellectual property should be licensed quickly. And they can be used to improve cotton fiber quality in cotton breeding practice.
Chiral soliton model at finite temperature and density
Mao, Hong;Wei, Tianzhen;Jin, Jinshuang
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: In mean field approximation, we study a chiral soliton of the linear sigma model with two flavors at finite temperature and density. The stable soliton solutions are calculated with some appropriate boundary conditions. Energy and radius of the soliton are determined in a hot medium of constituent quarks. It is found that for $TT_c$, there is a sharp delocalization phase transition from hadron matter to quark matter coincident with the restoration of chiral symmetry. In the transition region, the thermodynamic properties show large discontinuities which is an indication for a first-order phase transition.
Favorable QTL Alleles for Yield and Its Components Identified by Association Mapping in Chinese Upland Cotton Cultivars
Hongxian Mei, Xiefei Zhu, Tianzhen Zhang
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082193
Abstract: Linkage disequilibrium based association mapping is a powerful tool for dissecting the genetic basis underlying complex traits. In this study, an association mapping panel consisting of 356 representative Upland cotton cultivars was constructed, evaluated in three environments and genotyped using 381 SSRs to detect molecular markers associated with lint yield and its components. The results showed that abundant phenotypic and moderate genetic diversities existed within this germplasm panel. The population could be divided into two subpopulations, and weak relatedness was detected between pair-wise accessions. LD decayed to the background (r2 = 0.1182, P≤0.01), r2 = 0.1 and r2 = 0.2 level within 12–13 cM, 17–18 cM and 3–4 cM, respectively, providing the potential for association mapping of agronomically important traits in Chinese Upland cotton. A total of 55 marker-trait associations were detected between 26 SSRs and seven lint yield traits, based on a mixed linear model (MLM) and Bonferroni correction (P≤0.05/145, ?log10P≥3.46). Of which 41 could be detected in more than one environment and 17 markers were simultaneously associated with two or more traits. Many associations were consistent with QTLs identified by linkage mapping in previous reports. Phenotypic values of alleles of each loci in 41 stably detected associations were compared, and 23 favorable alleles were identified. Population frequency of each favorable allele in historically released cultivar groups was also evaluated. The QTLs detected in this study will be helpful in further understanding the genetic basis of lint yield and its components, and the favorable alleles may facilitate future high-yield breeding by genomic selection in Upland cotton.
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