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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1481 matches for " JM Fayard "
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Production de soie et caractéristiques des glandes séricigènes de 13 races de ver à soie (Bombyx mori)
JM Fayard
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1978, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-10-2-259
Abstract:
Réduction de l'oxyde d'azote par la suie dans les produits de combustion Reduction of Nitric Oxyde by Soot in Combustion Products
De Soete G.,Fayard J.
Oil & Gas Science and Technology , 2006, DOI: 10.2516/ogst:1978044
Abstract: On a étudié dans un réacteur à lit fixe la réduction du NO par de la suie formée dans des flammes riches de mélanges éthane/oxygène/argon. Le mélange gazeux traversant le réacteur est de l'argon dopé avec du NO; dans certains cas ce mélange est enrichi d'hydrogène ou d'oxyde de carbone. En présence d'hydrogène ou d'oxyde de carbone, ces vitesses sont nettement plus grandes qu'avec la suie seule. La comparaison avec des vitesses réactionnelles obtenues sur des lits fixes composés d'autres matériaux solides, tels que l'alumine, montre que la réduction de l'oxyde d'azote se fait principalement par une réaction hétérogène avec l'hydrogène et l'oxyde de carbone catalysée par la suie. D'autres matériaux solides,tels que des oxydes réfractaires présentent une activité catalylique aussi importante que la suie. Cette observation fournit une nouvelle explication de l'effet connu de certains additifs sur la réduction de NO dans les flammes. Dans la seconde partie de l'étude, on mesure la réduction des oxydes d'azote dans les flammes fuligineuses de prémélange. De l'argon dopé par de l'oxyde d'azote est injecté dans les produits de combustion de ces flammes chargés de suie; l'introduction du NO est faite à différentes distances derrière le br leur, correspondant à différents niveaux de température des produits de combustion. La réduction fractionnelle des oxydes d'azote est mesurée en fonction de la concentration en suie, en hydrogène et en oxyde de carbone, en faisant varier la composition du mélange inflammable. Les résultats expérimentaux sont en bon accord avec la réduction calculée en se basant sur les informations cinétiques obtenues en lit fixe. The kinetics of nitric oxide réduction by soot collected from hydrocarbon flames is studied in a fixed-bed reactor. The gas flow traversing thé reactor is either argon with NO, or argon with hydrogen and NO, or argon with carbon monoxide and NO. In thé présence of either CO or H2, thé réduction rate of nitric oxide is several orders of magnitude higher than with soot clone. Comparison with réaction rates obtained with nonreducing bed packings, such as alumina, proves that thé réduction of NO is substantially produced by a heterogeneous réaction, with hydrogen or carbon monoxide acting as thé reducing agent. The rote played by soot is principally that of a cotalyst. Other solid particles (such as oxides) may produce such a réduction of NO with a catalytic efficiency as great as or even greater than that of soot. This conclusion casts new light on thé rote ployed by some flame additives in thé réduction of nitric oxide
Mécanisme de l'usure par polissage des cylindres de moteurs diesel Bore Polishing Wear Mechanism in Diesel Engine Cylinders
Ayel J.,Tahon G.,Fayard J. C.
Oil & Gas Science and Technology , 2006, DOI: 10.2516/ogst:1982026
Abstract: Une méthode rapide et économique d'évaluation des lubrifiants et des combustibles vis-à-vis de l'usure par polissage des cylindres de moteurs diesel suralimentés a été mise au point sur moteur monocylindre de laboratoire dans le cadre d'une convention de recherche Société Nationale Elf Aquitaine - Institut Fran ais du Pétrole (SNEA-IFP). Cette méthode référencée IFP-UP-4/80, permet également de juger de la tendance à la formation de dép ts et au gommage, de l'usure des segments et de la tendance à la consommation d'huile des lubrifiants. Elle est en bonne corrélation avec l'essai CEC-Ford Tornado et discrimine très bien les huiles de référence RL 47 et RL 48 du Conseil Européen de Coordination (CEC). Elle a permis l'étude du mécanisme de l'usure par polissage en recherchant l'influence de paramètres essentiels : - Constitution du lubrifiant : le phénomène est influencé par la nature de l'huile de base et par sa viscosité, par la quantité de polymères améliorant l'indice de viscosité et surtout par le choix des additifs détergents. En première approximation et pour des familles d'huiles homogènes, l'usure par polissage augmente lorsque la stabilité thermique de l'huile diminue. - Fonctionnement du moteur : le polissage cro t très vite avec la charge du moteur à partir d'un certain seuil, son évolution en fonction du temps, observée par cotation endoscopique, présente une allure caractéristique en S, le polissage commence du c té poussée et en haut du cylindre. - Constitution du combustible : l'augmentation de la teneur en soufre du gazole diminue fortement l'usure par polissage provoquée par une huile réputée mauvaise sur ce plan mais est sans effet sur une bonne huile. - Etat de surface du cylindre : le prépolissage de la chemise par pierrage extrêmement fin ne conduit pas aux mêmes phénomènes que ceux observés lorsque la chemise est polie in situ dans le moteur en fonctionnement. En particulier, l'usure des segments ainsi que les débits de gaz de soufflage, sont plus faibles qu'avec une chemise normale. Enfin, le mécanisme de l'usure par polissage par abrasion douce à deux et à trois corps est parfaitement confirmé par une exploration micrographique et une microanalyse des surfaces polies. A fast and economical method for evaluating lubricants and fuels in relation to the bore polishing wear of super charged diesel-engine cylinders has been developed using a single-cylinder laboratory engine within the framework of an Société Nationale Elf Aquitaine - Institut Fran ais du Pétrole (SNEA-lFP) research agreement. This method bears the reference IFP-UP-4/80
One blind and three targeted searches for (sub)millisecond pulsars
E. Davoust,G. Petit,T. Fayard
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117384
Abstract: We conducted one blind and three targeted searches for millisecond and submillisecond pulsars. The blind search was conducted within 3deg of the Galactic plane and at longitudes between 20 and 110deg. It takes 22073 pointings to cover this region, and 5487 different positions in the sky. The first targeted search was aimed at Galactic globular clusters, the second one at 24 bright polarized and pointlike radiosources with steep spectra, and the third at 65 faint polarized and pointlike radiosources. The observations were conducted at the large radiotelescope of Nancay Observatory, at a frequency near 1400 MHz. Two successive backends were used, first a VLBI S2 system, second a digital acquisition board and a PC with large storage capacity sampling the signal at 50 Mb/s on one bit, over a 24-MHz band and in one polarization. The bandwidth of acquisition of the second backend was later increased to 48 MHz and the sampling rate to 100 Mb/s. The survey used the three successive setups, with respective sensitivities of 3.5, 2.2, and 1.7 mJy. The targeted-search data were obtained with the third setup and reduced with a method based on the Hough transform, yielding a sensitivity of 0.9 mJy. The processing of the data was done in slightly differed time by soft-correlation in all cases. No new short-period millisecond pulsars were discovered in the different searches. To better understand the null result of the blind survey, we estimate the probability of detecting one or more short-period pulsars among a given Galactic population of synthetic pulsars with our setup: 25% for the actual incomplete survey and 79% if we had completed the whole survey with a uniform nominal sensitivity of 1.7 mJy. The alternative of surveying a smaller, presumably more densely populated, region with a higher sensitivity would have a low return and would be impractical at a transit instrument. (abridged)
Three-Body approach to the K^- d Scattering Length in Particle Basis
A. Bahaoui,C. Fayard,T. Mizutani,B. Saghai
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.66.057001
Abstract: We report on the first calculation of the scattering length A_{K^-d} based on a relativistic three-body approach where the two-body input amplitudes coupled to the Kbar N channels have been obtained with the chiral SU(3) constraint, but with isospin symmetry breaking effects taken into account. Results are compared with a recent calculation applying a similar set of two-body amplitudes,based on the fixed center approximation, considered as a good approximation for a loosely bound target, and for which we find significant deviations from the exact three-body results. Effects of the hyperon-nucleon interaction, and deuteron $D$-wave component are also evaluated.
Low energy Kbar N interactions and Faddeev calculation of the K- d scattering length in isospin and particle bases
A. Bahaoui,C. Fayard,T. Mizutani,B. Saghai
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.68.064001
Abstract: $\Kbar N$ interactions are investigated {\it via} an effective non-linear chiral meson-baryon Lagrangian. The adjustable parameters are determined by a fitting procedure on the $K^-p$ threshold branching ratios and total cross-section data for $p^{lab}_K\le$ 250 MeV/c. We produce predictions for the $\Sigma \pi$ mass spectrum, and scattering lenghts $a_{K^-p}$, $a_n(K^-n \to K^-n)$, $a_n0(\Kbar0 n \to \Kbar0 n)$, and $a_{ex}(K^-p \to \Kbar0 n)$. The $\Kbar N$ amplitudes thus obtained, as well as those for other two-body channels ($\pi N$, $NN$, and $YN$) are used as input to predict the scattering length $A_{K^-d}$, for which we have devised a relativistic version of the three-body Faddeev equations. Results for all two- and three-body coupled channels are reported both in isospin and particle bases. All available $\Kbar N$ data are well reproduced and our best results for the $K^-p$ and $K^-d$ scattering lenghts are $a_{K^-p} = (-0.90 + i 0.87) fm$ and $A_{K^-d} = (-1.80 + i 1.55) fm$.
Off-shell effects in the electromagnetic production of strangeness
T. Mizutani,C. Fayard,G. -H. Lamot,B. Saghai
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.58.75
Abstract: Previous approaches to the photo- and electro-production of strangeness off the proton, based upon effective hadronic Lagrangians, are extended here to incorporate the so called off-shell effects inherent to the fermions with spin >= 3/2. A formalism for intermediate-state, spin 3/2, nucleonic and hyperonic resonances is presented and applied to the processes $\gamma + p ---> K^{+} + \Lambda$, for $E_{\gamma}^{lab}$ <= 2.5 GeV, $e + p ---> e' + K^+ + \Lambda$, as well as the branching ratio for the crossed channel reaction $K^- + p ---> \gamma + \Lambda$, with stopped kaons. The sensitivity, from moderate to significant, of various observables to such effects are discussed.
Exotic atoms in two dimensions
Combescure Monique,Fayard Claude,Khare Avinash,Richard Jean-Marc
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: We study the behavior of energy levels in two dimensions for exotic atoms, i.e., when a long-range attractive potential is supplemented by a short-range interaction, and compare the results with these of the one- and three-dimensional cases. The energy shifts are well reproduced by a scattering length formula $ \delta{E}= A_0^2/\ln (a/R)$, where $a$ is the scattering length in the short-range potential, $A_0^2/(2\,\pi)$ the square of the wave function at the origin in the external potential, and $R$ is related to the derivative with respect to the energy of the solution that is regular at large distances.
Intensity correlations between reflected and transmitted speckle patterns
N. Fayard,A. Cazé,R. Pierrat,R. Carminati
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.033827
Abstract: We study theoretically the spatial correlations between the intensities measured at the input and output planes of a disordered scattering medium. We show that at large optical thicknesses, a long-range spatial correlation persists and takes negative values. For small optical thicknesses, short-range and long-range correlations coexist, with relative weights that depend on the optical thickness. These results may have direct implications for the control of wave transmission through complex media by wavefront shaping, thus finding applications in sensing, imaging and information transfer.
Results on CP Violation from the NA48 experiment at CERN
Lydia Iconomidou-Fayard,for the NA48 collaboration
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X02012569
Abstract: In this article the current status and latest results of the NA48 experiment at CERN are given. We present in more details the analysis performed for the Re(e'/e) measurement with the combined statistics accumulated during the 1998 and 1999 data periods. Reviewing the NA48 rare decay program, we select to underline the new results on the branching ratio and the A_v factor for the decay KL->pi0gg and the KL->pi+pi-e+e- CP violating decay. This article is the contribution to the Proceedings of the Lepton-Photon Conference held in Roma, July 23-29 2001.
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