Abstract:
In this paper, we study certain compact 4-manifolds with non-negative sectional curvature $K$. If $s$ is the scalar curvature and $W_+$ is the self-dual part of Weyl tensor, then it will be shown that there is no metric $g$ on $S^2 \times S^2$ with both (i) $K > 0$ and (ii) $ {1/6} s - W_+ \ge 0$. We also investigate other aspects of 4-manifolds with non-negative sectional curvature. One of our results implies a theorem of Hamilton: ``If a simply-connected, closed 4-manifold $M^4$ admits a metric $g$ of non-negative curvature operator, then $M^4$ is one of $S^4$, $\Bbb CP^2$ and $S^2 \times S^2$". Our method is different from Hamilton's and is much simpler. A new version of the second variational formula for minimal surfaces in 4-manifolds is proved.

Abstract:
Theorem A. Let $M^n$ denote a closed Riemannian manifold with nonpositive sectional curvature and let $\tilde M^n$ be the universal cover of $M^n$ with the lifted metric. Suppose that the universal cover $\tilde M^n$ contains no totally geodesic embedded Euclidean plane $\mathbb{R}^2$ (i.e., $M^n$ is a visibility manifold). Then Gromov's simplicial volume $\| M^n \|$ is non-zero. Consequently, $M^n$ is non-collapsible while keeping Ricci curvature bounded from below. More precisely, if $Ric_g \ge -(n-1)$, then $vol(M^n, g) \ge \frac{1}{(n-1)^n n!} \| M^n \| > 0. Theorem B. (Perelman) Let $M^3$ be a closed a-spherical 3-manifold ($K(\pi, 1)$-space) with the fundamental group $\Gamma$. Suppose that $\Gamma$ contains no subgroups isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}\oplus \mathbb{Z}$. Then $M^3$ is diffeomorphic to a compact quotient of real hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^3$, i.e., $M^3 \equiv \mathbb{H}^3/\Gamma$. Consequently, $MinVol(M^3) \ge {1/24}\| M^3 \| > 0$. Minimal volume and simplicial norm of all other compact 3-manifolds without boundary and {\it singular} spaces will also be discussed.

Abstract:
We will simplify the earlier proofs of Perelman's collapsing theorem of 3-manifolds given by Shioya-Yamaguchi and Morgan-Tian. Among other things, we use Perelman's semi-convex analysis of distance functions to construct the desired local Seifert fibration structure on collapsed 3-manifolds. The verification of Perelman's collapsing theorem is the last step of Perelman's proof of Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture on the classification of 3-manifolds. Our proof of Perelman's collapsing theorem is almost self-contained. We believe that our proof of this collapsing theorem is accessible to non-experts and advanced graduate students.

Abstract:
We will simplify earlier proofs of Perelman's collapsing theorem for 3-manifolds given by Shioya-Yamaguchi and Morgan-Tian. Among other things, we use Perelman's critical point theory (e.g., multiple conic singularity theory and his fibration theory) for Alexandrov spaces to construct the desired local Seifert fibration structure on collapsed 3-manifolds. The verification of Perelman's collapsing theorem is the last step of Perelman's proof of Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture on the classification of 3-manifolds. Our proof of Perelman's collapsing theorem is almost self-contained, accessible to non-experts and advanced graduate students. Perelman's collapsing theorem for 3-manifolds can be viewed as an extension of implicit function theorem

Abstract:
Let $M^{2n-1}$ be the smooth boundary of a bounded strongly pseudo-convex domain $\Omega$ in a complete Stein manifold $V^{2n}$. Then (1) For $n \ge 3$, $M^{2n-1}$ admits a pseudo-Eistein metric; (2) For $n \ge 2$, $M^{2n-1}$ admits a Fefferman metric of zero CR Q-curvature; and (3) for a compact strictly pseudoconvex CR embeddable 3-manifold $M^3$, its CR Paneitz operator $P$ is a closed operator.

Abstract:
A Lipschitz hypersurface is a hypersurface which locally is the graph of a Lipschitz function. A Lipschitz (or C^1) hypersurface is said to be Levi-flat if it is locally foliated by complex manifolds of complex dimension (n-1). We shall prove that there exist no Lipschitz Levi-flat hypersurfaces in CP^n with n >= 3. Our new estimates on the d-bar-Cauchy problems are different from the earlier Siu's integral kernal method.

Abstract:
In this paper, we study open complete metric spaces with non-negative curvature. Among other things, we establish an extension of Perelman's soul theorem for possibly singular spaces: "Let X be a complete, non-compact, finite dimensional Alexandrov space with non-negative curvature. Suppose that X has no boundary and has positive curvature on a non-empty open subset. Then X must be a contractible space". The proof of this result uses the detailed analysis of concavity of distance functions and Busemann functions on singular spaces with non-negative curvature. We will introduce a family of angular excess functions to measure convexity and extrinsic curvature of convex hypersurfaces in singular spaces. We also derive a new comparison for trapezoids in non-negatively curved spaces, which led to desired convexity estimates for the proof of our new soul theorem.

Abstract:
In this paper we discuss an extension of Perelman's comparison for quadrangles. Among applications of this new comparison theorem, we study the equidistance evolution of hypersurfaces in Alexandrov spaces with non-negative curvature. We show that, in certain cases, the equidistance evolution of hypersurfaces become totally convex relative to a bigger sub-domain. An optimal extension of 2nd variational formula for geodesics by Petrunin will be derived for the case of non-negative curvature. In addition, we also introduced the generalized second fundament forms for subsets in Alexandrov spaces. Using this new notion, we will propose an approach to study two open problems in Alexandrov geometry.

Abstract:
In this paper, we derive a partial result related to a question of Yau: "Does a simply-connected complete K\"ahler manifold M with negative sectional curvature admit a bounded non-constant holomorphic function?" Main Theorem. Let $M^{2n}$ be a simply-connected complete K\"ahler manifold M with negative sectional curvature $ \le -1 $ and $S_\infty(M)$ be the sphere at infinity of $M$. Then there is an explicit {\it bounded} contact form $\beta$ defined on the entire manifold $M^{2n}$. Consequently, the sphere $S_\infty(M)$ at infinity of M admits a {\it bounded} contact structure and a bounded pseudo-Hermitian metric in the sense of Tanaka-Webster. We also discuss several open modified problems of Calabi and Yau for Alexandrov spaces and CR-manifolds.