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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24030 matches for " JIANG Aiming "
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Timing and Spouting Height of Sand Boils Caused by Liquefaction during the 2010 Mw 6.9 Yushu Earthquake, Tibetan Plateau, China  [PDF]
Bing Yan, Aiming Lin
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2015.41002
Abstract: The 2010 Mw 6.9 Yushu earthquake produced a ~33-km-long co-seismic surface rupture zone along the pre-existing active Yushu Fault on China’s central Tibetan Plateau. Sand boils occurred along the tension cracks of the co-seismic surface rupture zone, and locally spouted up above the ground to coat the top of limestone blocks that had slid down from an adjacent ~300-m-high mountain slope. Based on our observations, the relations between the arrival times of P- and S-waves at the sand-boil location and the seismic rupture velocity, we conclude that 1) the sand boils occurred at least 18.24 s after the main shock; 2) it took at least 4.09 - 9.79 s after the formation of co-seismic surface rupture to generate liquefaction at the sand-boil location; 3) the spouting height of sand boils was at least 65 cm. Our findings help to clarify the relationships between the timing of lique-faction and the spouting height of sand boils during a large-magnitude earthquake.
Entoloma graphitipes, a new record of Entoloma from Hubei Province in China

王锋尖,潘 坤,江爱明
WANG Fengjian
,PAN Kun,JIANG Aiming

- , 2018,
Abstract: 在形态学研究和分子系统发育分析的基础上,报道了采自湖北省的粉褶菌属一个中国新记录种——石墨粉褶菌Entoloma graphitipes.该种的主要特征是子实体灰褐色,菌盖光滑或中心稍粗糙;菌褶短延生至深延生;菌柄光滑;孢子8.2~9.7×7.1~8.1 μm(平均9.0×7.6 μm),多角形,近等径.根据采集的材料对其进行了描述和绘图,并与相近种进行了比较和讨论.石墨粉褶菌的发现,不仅丰富了我国大型真菌的物种多样性,而且对粉褶菌属的系统分类与演化的深入研究具有重要意义.研究标本存放于汉江师范学院真菌标本室(HMHNU).
Virus-induced ER stress and the unfolded protein response
Lingrui Zhang,Aiming Wang
Frontiers in Plant Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00293
Abstract: The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) results in ER stress that triggers cytoprotective signaling pathways, termed the unfolded protein response (UPR), to restore and maintain homeostasis in the ER or to induce apoptosis if ER stress remains unmitigated. The UPR signaling network encompasses three core elements, i.e., PKR-like ER kinase (PERK), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), and inositol-requiring protein-1 (IRE1). Activation of these three branch pathways of the UPR leads to the translation arrest and degradation of misfolded proteins, the expression of ER molecular chaperones, and the expansion of the ER membrane to decrease the load of proteins and increase the protein-folding capacity in the ER. Recently, the essential roles of the UPR have been implicated in a number of mammalian diseases, particularly viral diseases. In virus-infected cells, the cellular translation machinery is hijacked by the infecting virus to produce large amounts of viral proteins, which inevitably perturbs ER homeostasis and causes ER stress. This review summarizes current knowledge about the UPR signaling pathways, highlights two identified UPR pathways in plants, and discuss progress in elucidating the UPR in virus-infected cells and its functional roles in viral infection.
The Influence of Tibetan Plateau on the Interannual Variability of Asian Monsoon
Wu Aiming,Ni Yunqi,
Wu Aiming
,Ni Yunqi

大气科学进展 , 1997,
Abstract: Forced by the realistic SST, an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) with 9 sigma levels in vertical and rhomboidal truncation at wave number 15 in the horizontal is run for 16 years with and without the Tibetan Pla-teau respectively (called TP and NTP experiment). The result simulated is used to investigate the influence of the Tibetan Plateau on the interannual variability of Asian monsoon. It is found that the interannual variability of Asian monsoon associated with El Nino / La Nina in NTP experiment is quite different from that in TP experiment. With the Tibetan Plateau included, the results are consistent with the observation very well. To a great extent, the anoma-lous variation of Asian monsoon during El Nino / La Nina period in observation is due to the existence of the Tibetan Plateau. Therefore, the topography of the Tibetan Plateau is an important factor to the interannual variabili-ty of Asian monsoon.
The Influence of Tibetan Plateau on the Interannual Variability of Atmospheric Circulation over Tropical Pacific
The Influence of Tibetan Plateau on the Interannual Variability of Atmospheric Circulation over Tropical Pacific

Wu Aiming,Ni Yunqi,
Wu Aiming
,Ni Yunqi

大气科学进展 , 1997,
Abstract: An atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) with 9 sigma levels in the vertical and rhomboidal trunction at wave number 15 in the horizontal is run for 10 years with and without the Tibetan Plateau respectively (called TP and NTP experiment). The result simulated is used to investigate the influence of the Tibetan Plateau on the interannual variability of atmospheric circulation over tropical Pacific. It is found that the spatial and temporal dis-tributions of the interannual variability of the wind field over tropical Pacific in TP experiment and those in NTP ex-periment agree with each other except for the intensity, and both of them are consistent with observations well. Fur-ther analysis shows that in El Nino period the Tibetan Plateau strengthens the intensity of El Nino event, while in La Nina period it weakens the intensity of La Nina
A Hybrid Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model and ENSO Prediction Study
Wu Aiming,Ni Yunqi,
Wu Aiming
,Ni Yunqi

大气科学进展 , 1999,
Abstract: A hybrid coupled ocean-tmosphere model is designed, which consists of a global AGCM and a simple anomaly ocean model in the tropical Pacific。 Retroactive experimental predictions in-itiated in each season from 1979 to 1994 are performed. Analyses indicate that: (1) The overall predictive capability of this model for SSTA over the central-eastern tropical Pacific can reach one year, and the error is not larger than 0.8?C. (2) The prediction skill depends greatly on the season when forecasts start. However, the phenomenon of SPB (spring prediction barrier) is not found in the model. (3) The ensemble forecast method can effectively improve prediction results. A new initialization scheme is discussed.
Coesite eclogite facies metamorphic tectonite: Evidence for ultrahigh pressure deformation
Zhongyan Zhao,Aiming Fang,Liangjun Yu
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2002, DOI: 10.1360/02tb9306
Abstract: An ultrahigh pressure ductile shear mélange crops out on the beach of Yangkou Bay near Qingdao City. The mélange is composed of weakly deformed blocks in a highly ductilly flow mylonites. Ultrahigh pressure metamorphic (UHPM) tectonite includes strongly deformed eclogite and mylonitized eclogite. Coesite occurs in the tectonite as both interstitial mineral and inclusions in garnet and omphacite, indicating that the deformation took place in the stability field of coesite (800–850°C, >30 GPa) in the upper mantle. Coesite is rounded or short prismatic grains with undulatory extinction, and often fractured, suggesting brittle deformation. Garnet is also characterized by brittle fractures and sometimes necked and slightly elongated. Omphacite is elongated, with long axis preferred orientation. Undulatory extinction, subgrains and dynamically recrystallized grains suggest plastic flow of omphacite. Ultrahigh pressure metamorphic tectonite was probably formed in the ductile shear zone during the early stage of exhumation of the ultrahigh pressure metamorphic rocks. Its kinematic indicators point to the transport direction of the UHPM slab during the early stage of exhumation.
Preservation of Fertility in Females Treated for Cancer
Yunhai Chuai, Xiaobin Xu, Aiming Wang
International Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Advancements of diagnosis and treatment have substantially improved cancer survival rates in the last few decades. The increasing number of survivors focuses attention on long-term effects caused by cancer treatment and its impact on quality of life. Ovarian failure is one of the major sequelae of cytotoxic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy in female children and reproductive-age women. Oncologists should address the patients about fertility preservation options before therapy. Embryo cryopreservation is the only well-established method for females in preserving fertility; however other strategies including ovarian suppression, ovarian transposition and cryopreservation of oocytes and ovarian tissue are still experimental. Patients need advice and to know which are the most practical options for them. This article reviews the available fertility preservation methods in women, and the related issues including normal physiology of the ovary, effect of anticancer therapy on fertility, role of the oncologist and ethics. We performed a MEDLINE search from 1971 to 2011 in a similar way as Jensen et al. 2011, using the following MeSH terms: antineoplastic agents; ovarian failure; premature; infertility, female; fertility preservation; child and cancer; reproductive technologies, assisted.
Intrauterine transplantation of autologous bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells followed by conception in a patient of severe intrauterine adhesions  [PDF]
Yong Zhao, Aiming Wang, Xiaorong Tang, Min Li, Ling Yan, Wei Shang, Meizhu Gao
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.33069

On a woman with severe intrauterine adhesions, hysteroscopy followed by cyclical hormone replacement therapy was tried for 5 months, for development of the endometrium. When this failed, autologous stem cells were tried as an alternative therapy. Adult autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells isolated from patient’s own bone marrow and were cultured and placed in the endometrial cavity under ultrasound guidance after curettage. Patient was then given cyclical hormonal therapy. Endometrium was assessed intermittently using ultrasound. Three months later, endometrium partly recovered with improved ultrasonic echo. This resulted in spontaneous pregnancy followed by confirmation of gestational sac, yolk sac, and primitive heart tube pulse on ultrasound. Autologous bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells could regenerate injured endometrium not responding to conventional treatment and can be used as an alternative in females with severe Asherman’s syndrome.

Response Process of Ocean to Atmospheric Forcing and Optimal Response Frequency in the CZ Ocean Model
Response Process of Oceanto AtmosphericForcing and Optimal Response Frequency in the CZ Ocean Model

Ni Yunqi,Zou Li,Wu Aiming,
Ni Yunqi
,Zou Li,Wu Aiming

大气科学进展 , 1996,
Abstract: Ocean response to atmospheric forcing in the CZ ocean model is analyzed. The results show that Nino 3 index from the CZ ocean model driven by linear composite of biennial, ENSO and even annual time scale wind stress anomalies is consistent well with composite of responding two or three components of observed Nino 3 index during the El Nino period while the La Nina phenomena cannot be reproduced by the linear composite. It implies that linear response process for ocean response to atmospheric forcing is dominated during the El Nino period while nonlinear response might be main process during the La Nina period Simulated results also suggest that optimal response frequency of the CZ ocean model is the frequency lower than annual variability and ocean response to the atmospheric forcing with annual time scale can give rise to incorrect signal-errors in the simulated SSTA field
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