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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 156190 matches for " JAVIER GODOY B "
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Competencias parentales percibidas y calidad de vida
URZúA M,ALFONSO; GODOY B,JAVIER; OCAYO T,KARLA;
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062011000400004
Abstract: introduction: comprehensive assessment measures in non-diseased population, requires the study of quality of life and factors related to it. objective: to analyze the relationship between self-reports of parental competencies and quality of life. methods: 1,130 chilean children and young between 8 and 18 years of public, subsidized and private school, answered the quality of life questionnaire kidscreen-52 and the test for parenting skills ecpp-h. results: we found differences in quality of life and perceived parental competences by sex and type of school. parental involvement in scholar issues and parental control are linked to various domains of quality of life, independent of age. conclusion: parental involvement in school issues promotes academic success and is perceived by children as positive in their assessment of well being. this information can be used for possible contingency plans in order to improve quality of life of children and adolescents.
Competencias parentales percibidas y calidad de vida Perceived parental competencies and quality of life
ALFONSO URZúA M,JAVIER GODOY B,KARLA OCAYO T
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción: La necesidad de incorporar medidas de evaluación integrales en población no enferma, amerita el estudio de la calidad de vida y factores relacionados a ésta. Objetivo: Bajo un dise o transversal, se describe y analiza la relación existente entre los auto-reportes de competencias parentales y calidad de vida. Método: Se evalúa a 1 130 ni os/as y adolescentes chilenos entre 8 y 18 a os de establecimientos públicos, subvencionados y privados, a través del cuestionario de Calidad de Vida KIDSCREEN-52 y el cuestionario de Competencias Parentales ECPP-h. Resultados: Se observan diferencias en las dimensiones de calidad de vida y en las competencias parentales percibidas dadas por el sexo y el tipo de establecimiento educacional. La implicancia escolar y el control parental se hallan vinculados a diversos dominios de la calidad de vida, independientemente del rango de edad. Conclusión: El involucramiento de los padres en asuntos escolares de ni os/as y adolescentes promueve el éxito escolar y es percibido por los menores como positivo en cuanto su evaluación de bienestar, aportando información que puede ser utilizada para posibles planes de intervención con el objeto de mejorar la calidad de vida de los ni os/as y adolescentes. Introduction: Comprehensive assessment measures in non-diseased population, requires the study of quality of life and factors related to it. Objective: To analyze the relationship between self-reports of parental competencies and quality of life. Methods: 1,130 chilean children and young between 8 and 18 years of public, subsidized and private school, answered the Quality of Life questionnaire KIDSCREEN-52 and the test for parenting skills ECPP-h. Results: We found differences in quality of life and perceived parental competences by sex and type of school. Parental involvement in scholar issues and parental control are linked to various domains of quality of life, independent of age. Conclusion: Parental involvement in school issues promotes academic success and is perceived by children as positive in their assessment of well being. This information can be used for possible contingency plans in order to improve quality of life of children and adolescents.
TUMOR DE CéLULAS GERMINALES
RODRíGUEZ P.,YOVANY; GODOY,JAVIER I.;
Revista Med , 2008,
Abstract: germ cell tumours are malignancies derived from primordial germ cells. they are classified as seminomatous and non seminomatous, the latter divided based on the cellular differentiation as embrionary germ cell, choriocarcinomas, yolk salk tumors and mature and inmature teratoma. they are the most frequent tumors in men between the ages of 20 and 35 and correspond to 90% of testicular tumors found as non-symptomatic hard painless testicular masses. their embryologic origin as well as their migration from the primordial gut toward the seminiferous tubules explains the emergence of gct in the mediastinum and retroperitoneum. in this review there is a description about embryologic, clinical and pathologic characteristics of the disease, as well as staging and treatment.
TUMOR DE CéLULAS GERMINALES TUMOR DE CéLULAS GERMINALES GERM CELL TUMOUR
YOVANY RODRíGUEZ P.,JAVIER I. GODOY
Revista Med , 2008,
Abstract: Los tumores de células germinales son neoplasias que se derivan de las células germinales primordiales. Histológicamente se clasifican como tumores seminomatosos o no seminomatosos, dividiéndose estos últimos, según la diferenciación celular, en carcinoma embrionario, coriocarcinomas, tumor del saco vitelino y teratoma maduro e inmaduro. Se trata de los carcinomas sólidos más frecuentes en varones entre 20 y 35 a os y corresponden al 90% de los tumores testiculares, cursando en testículo como una masa de consistencia dura, usualmente asintomática y no dolorosa. Su origen embrionario, así como la migración desde el intestino primordial hasta los túbulos seminíferos, explican la aparición de tumores de células germinales mediastinales y retroperitoneales. En la presente revisión se hace la descripción de las características embriológicas, patológicas y clínicas de la enfermedad, así como su estadificación y tratamiento. Os tumores de células germinais s o neoplasias derivadas das células germinais primordiais. Classificam-se como tumores seminomatosos ou n o seminomatosos, dividindo-se estes últimos, segundo a diferencia o celular, em carcinoma embrionário, coriocarcinomas, tumor do saco vitelino e teratoma maduro e imaturo. Trata-se dos carcinomas sólidos mais freqüentes em var es entre 20 e 35 anos e correspondem ao 90% dos tumores testiculares, cursando em testículo como uma massa de consistência dura, usualmente assintomática e n o dolorosa. Sua origem embriológica, bem como a migra o desde o intestino primordial até os túbulos seminíferos, explica a apari o de tumores de células germinais mediastinais e retroperitonais. Na presente revis o se faz a descri o das características embriológicas, patológicas e clínicas da doen a, bem como sua estadifi o e tratamento. Germ Cell Tumours are malignancies derived from primordial germ cells. They are classified as seminomatous and non seminomatous, the latter divided based on the cellular differentiation as Embrionary germ cell, Choriocarcinomas, Yolk salk tumors and mature and inmature teratoma. They are the most frequent tumors in men between the ages of 20 and 35 and correspond to 90% of testicular tumors found as non-symptomatic hard painless testicular masses. Their embryologic origin as well as their migration from the primordial gut toward the seminiferous tubules explains the emergence of GCT in the mediastinum and retroperitoneum. In this review there is a description about embryologic, clinical and pathologic characteristics of the disease, as well as staging and treatment.
Ense ando Geologia a los Ni os
Estanislao Godoy P-B.
Revista geológica de Chile , 2002,
Abstract:
Rabdomiólisis por spinning en nueve pacientes
Montero,Javier; Lovesio,Carlos; Godoy,María Victoria; Ruiz,Gustavo;
Medicina (Buenos Aires) , 2009,
Abstract: rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome that results from the destruction of the skeletal muscle. the one produced by exercise is observed after an intense physical effort. a form of high-intensity exercise called spinning or indoor cycling that involves using a stationary bicycle, has been exceptionally reported as a generating factor of muscular damage in the medical literature. a retrospective study was performed to assess the clinical presentation and the complications shown by nine patients who experienced rhabdomyolysis caused by indoor cycling. the prevailing symptoms were myalgias, asthenia, myoglobinuria and functional impotence of the lower limbs. all the patients showed significant muscular enzyme increases and the values of creatinephosphokinase ranged from 1650 to 165 000 iu/l. only one of the patients showed kidney failure and another patient showed hypocalcemia; both parameters standardized with treatment. no relationship has been found between the increase of muscular enzymes and the development of complications. the aim of this study is to present a series of cases of rhabdomyolysis caused by indoor cycling and to warn about the risks that this activity may involve.
Actividad biológica del suelo en dos bosques de Nothofagus del centro sur de Chile Biological activity of soils in two Nothofagus forest in south-central Chile
Yessica Rivas,Roberto Godoy,Eduardo Valenzuela,Javier Leiva
Gayana. Botanica , 2007,
Abstract: Los bosques templados prístinos del sur de Chile tienen un bajo ingreso de nitrógeno (N) vía depositación atmosférica, por lo que la productividad del ecosistema depende principalmente del reciclaje interno de nutrientes, contenido en la materia orgánica del suelo (MOS). Se postula que existen diferencias en la actividad biológica del suelo entre un bosque secundario de Nothofagus obliqua de la Depresión Intermedia en Chile, influenciado por la actividad agrícola-ganadera y condiciones microclimáticas templadas favorables para la descomposición de la MOS, al comparar con un bosque prístino de Nothofagus betuloides de la Cordillera de los Andes, con microclima extremo. El presente estudio compara la tasa de mineralización de carbono (C-min), N (N-min) y las actividades enzimáticas del suelo (deshidrogenasas y fosfatasa ácida), entre ambos bosques templados y su correlación con la temperatura del suelo. Las mediciones bimensuales se realizaron durante un ciclo estacional. MANOVA mostró que las variables estudiadas fueron significativamente diferentes entre los bosques (Wilk's Lambda, F 4; 55 = 20,2, p = 0,000) y durante los meses a través del período de estudio (Wilk's Lambda, F 76; 148 = 118,9, p = 0,000), siendo los menores valores para el bosque de N. betuloides. El comportamiento de las variables de actividad biológica con la temperatura del suelo fue diferente entre ambos ecosistemas. Los menores valores observados en el bosque de N. betuloides, se deberían a: las condiciones rigurosas del clima de monta a, características cuali - cuantitativas de la hojarasca y su velocidad de descomposición, que pueden restringir la actividad de la biota y en especial, los microorganismos del suelo. Sin embargo, la temperatura del suelo, única variable microclimática considerada, no puede predecir ó explicar toda la variación de las actividades biológicas del suelo en los bosques estudiados Pristine temperate forests in southern Chile receive low inputs of nitrogen (N) via atmospheric deposition, so tree growth and microbiological activity depend primarily on the internal recycling of nutrients present in the soil organic matter (SOM). Differences are expected in the biological activity of the soil between a secondary forest of Nothofagus obliqua of the Intermediate Depression in Chile, influenced by the activity agricultural-livestock production and microclimatic favorable conditions for the decomposition of the SOM, when comparing it with a pristine forest of Nothofagus betuloides of the Andes Mountain, with microclimate extreme. This study contrasts carbon minera
Rabdomiólisis por spinning en nueve pacientes Rhabdomyolysis caused by spinning in nine patients
Javier Montero,Carlos Lovesio,María Victoria Godoy,Gustavo Ruiz
Medicina (Buenos Aires) , 2009,
Abstract: La rabdomiólisis es un síndrome que resulta de la destrucción del músculo esquelético. Aquella producida por ejercicio se observa luego de un esfuerzo físico intenso. Un tipo de actividad física basado en el pedaleo sobre bicicleta fija llamado spinning o indoor cycling, que trae consigo los fundamentos teóricos del ciclismo sobre una bicicleta estática, ha sido descrito excepcionalmente como factor precipitante de rabdomiólisis. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo que evaluó la presentación clínica y complicaciones ocurridas en 9 pacientes que desarrollaron rabdomiólisis por pedaleo sobre bicicleta fija. Los síntomas predominantes fueron mialgias, astenia, eliminación de orinas oscuras e impotencia funcional de miembros inferiores. Todos presentaron elevaciones significativas de las enzimas musculares y los valores de creatinfosfoquinasa variaron entre 1.650 y 165 000 UI/l. Sólo un paciente presentó insuficiencia renal y otro hipocalcemia; ambos parámetros se normalizaron con el tratamiento instaurado. No se halló relación entre el aumento de enzimas musculares y la aparición de complicaciones. El objetivo del trabajo es presentar una serie de casos de rabdomiólisis por este deporte y alertar sobre el posible riesgo de dicha actividad. Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome that results from the destruction of the skeletal muscle. The one produced by exercise is observed after an intense physical effort. A form of high-intensity exercise called spinning or indoor cycling that involves using a stationary bicycle, has been exceptionally reported as a generating factor of muscular damage in the medical literature. A retrospective study was performed to assess the clinical presentation and the complications shown by nine patients who experienced rhabdomyolysis caused by indoor cycling. The prevailing symptoms were myalgias, asthenia, myoglobinuria and functional impotence of the lower limbs. All the patients showed significant muscular enzyme increases and the values of creatinephosphokinase ranged from 1650 to 165 000 IU/l. Only one of the patients showed kidney failure and another patient showed hypocalcemia; both parameters standardized with treatment. No relationship has been found between the increase of muscular enzymes and the development of complications. The aim of this study is to present a series of cases of rhabdomyolysis caused by indoor cycling and to warn about the risks that this activity may involve.
Tabelas de esperan?a de vida e fertilidade para Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em condi??es de laboratório e campo
GODOY, KARLLA B.;CIVIDANES, FRANCISCO J.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2002000100006
Abstract: in this study, the aphid lipaphis erysimi (kalt) was reared at different temperatures, under laboratory and field conditions, aiming to obtain age-specific life tables. in the laboratory, l. erysimi was fed on kale, brassica oleracea l. var. acephala, and kept in incubators adjusted to 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30oc, 14h photophase and 70±10% rh. the longest mean generation time (t) was observed at 15oc (23.86 days) and the shortest at 30oc (7.18 days), while the smallest net reproductive rate (r0) occurred at 15oc (4.30) and largest one at 25oc (38.29). for the temperatures of 15, 20, 25 and 30oc, the intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) and the finite rate of increase (l) were 0.06/1.06, 0.24/1.27, 0.28/1.33 and 0.23/1.25, respectively. the doubling time (dt) at 15, 20, 25 and 30oc were 11.55, 2.80, 2.47, and 3.01 days, respectively. under field conditions, the net reproductive rate (r0) of l. erysimi was larger in the winter (53.50) than in the summer (40.99), the same being observed for the mean generation time (t), which was 13.85 days in the winter and 7.57 days in the summer. the intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) and the finite rate of increase (l) were 0.29/1.34 and 0.40/1.63 for winter and summer, respectively. the doubling time (dt) observed for winter (2.39 days) was larger than the one observed for summer (1.41 days). the temperature affects longevity of l. erysimi and the best parameters of life table of fertility under laboratory conditions are obtained at 25°c. the data obtained in field conditions reinforced this finding. the daily fecundity was higher and longevity was smaller in the summer than in the winter, thus increasing the innate capacity of increasing in number and duplicating the population in a shorter period of time.
Exigências Térmicas e Previs?o de Picos Populacionais de Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) (Homoptera: Aphididae)
GODOY, KARLLA B;CIVIDANES, FRANCISCO J.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2001000300005
Abstract: laboratory and field experiments were conducted from october 1998 to august 1999, aiming to estimate the thermal requirements of lipaphis erysimi (kalt.). the development of the aphid was studied under laboratory conditions in kale (brassica oleracea l. var. acephala. using incubators adjusted to 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30oc, 14h photophase and 70±10% rh. the lower developmental thermal threshold found was 3.04°c and the thermal constant 132.21 degree-days. the prediction of adult occurrence in the field was done using the triangulation method; the populational peak was predicted to occur 0-1 day before the date it was actually observed in the field.
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