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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461424 matches for " J. X. de Carvalho "
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Quantum reflection: The invisible quantum barrier
J. X. de Carvalho,M. S. Hussein,Weibin Li
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.032906
Abstract: We construct the invisible quantum barrier which represents the phenomenon of quantum reflection using the available data. We use the Abel equation to invert the data. The resulting invisible quantum barrier is double-valued in both axes. We study this invisible barrier in the case of atom and Bose-Einstein Condensate reflection from a solid silicon surface. A time-dependent, one-spatial dimension Gross-Pitaevskii equation is solved for the BEC case. We found that the BEC behaves very similarly to the single atom except for size effects, which manifest themselves in a maximum in the reflectivity at small distances from the wall. The effect of the atom-atom interaction on the BEC reflection and correspondingly on the invisible barrier is found to be appreciable at low velocities and comparable to the finite size effect. The trapping of ultracold atom or BEC between two walls is discussed.
Deformed Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble description of Small-World networks
J. X. de Carvalho,Sarika Jalan,M. S. Hussein
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.056222
Abstract: The study of spectral behavior of networks has gained enthusiasm over the last few years. In particular, Random Matrix Theory (RMT) concepts have proven to be useful. In discussing transition from regular behavior to fully chaotic behavior it has been found that an extrapolation formula of the Brody type can be used. In the present paper we analyze the regular to chaotic behavior of Small World (SW) networks using an extension of the Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble. This RMT ensemble, coined the Deformed Gaussian Orthogonal Ensemble (DGOE), supplies a natural foundation of the Brody formula. SW networks follow GOE statistics till certain range of eigenvalues correlations depending upon the strength of random connections. We show that for these regimes of SW networks where spectral correlations do not follow GOE beyond certain range, DGOE statistics models the correlations very well. The analysis performed in this paper proves the utility of the DGOE in network physics, as much as it has been useful in other physical systems.
Disordered ensembles of random matrices
O. Bohigas,J. X. de Carvalho,M. P. Pato
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.77.011122
Abstract: It is shown that the families of generalized matrix ensembles recently considered which give rise to an orthogonal invariant stable L\'{e}vy ensemble can be generated by the simple procedure of dividing Gaussian matrices by a random variable. The nonergodicity of this kind of disordered ensembles is investigated. It is shown that the same procedure applied to random graphs gives rise to a family that interpolates between the Erd\"{o}s-Renyi and the scale free models.
The Invisible Quantum Barrier
J. X. de Carvalho,M. S. Hussein,Weibin Li
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.032906
Abstract: We construct the invisible quantum barrier which represents the phenomenon of quantum reflection using the available data. We use the Abel equation to invert the data. The resulting invisible quantum barrier is double-valued in both axes. We study this invisible barrier in the case of atom and Bose-Einstein Condensate reflection from a solid silicon surface. A time-dependent, one-spatial dimension Gross-Pitaevskii equation is solved for the BEC case. We found that the BEC behaves very similarly to the single atom except for size effects, which manifest themselves in a maximum in the reflectivity at small distances from the wall. The effect of the atom-atom interaction on the BEC reflection and correspondingly on the invisible barrier is found to be appreciable at low velocities and comparable to the finite size effect. The trapping of ultracold atoms or BEC between two walls is discussed.
Deformations of the Tracy-Widom distribution
O. Bohigas,J. X. de Carvalho,M. P. Pato
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.031117
Abstract: In random matrix theory (RMT), the Tracy-Widom (TW) distribution describes the behavior of the largest eigenvalue. We consider here two models in which TW undergoes transformations. In the first one disorder is introduced in the Gaussian ensembles by superimposing an external source of randomness. A competition between TW and a normal (Gaussian) distribution results, depending on the spreading of the disorder. The second model consists in removing at random a fraction of (correlated) eigenvalues of a random matrix. The usual formalism of Fredholm determinants extends naturally. A continuous transition from TW to the Weilbull distribution, characteristc of extreme values of an uncorrelated sequence, is obtained.
Phase diagram of a random-anisotropy mixed-spin Ising model
A. P. Vieira,J. X. de Carvalho,S. R. Salinas
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.63.184415
Abstract: We investigate the phase diagram of a mixed spin-1/2--spin-1 Ising system in the presence of quenched disordered anisotropy. We carry out a mean-field and a standard self-consistent Bethe--Peierls calculation. Depending on the amount of disorder, there appear novel transition lines and multicritical points. Also, we report some connections with a percolation problem and an exact result in one dimension.
Structure of trajectories of complex matrix eigenvalues in the Hermitian-non-Hermitian transition
O. Bohigas,J. X. De Carvalho,M. P. Pato
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.031118
Abstract: The statistical properties of trajectories of eigenvalues of Gaussian complex matrices whose Hermitian condition is progressively broken are investigated. It is shown how the ordering on the real axis of the real eigenvalues is reflected in the structure of the trajectories and also in the final distribution of the eigenvalues in the complex plane.
Symmetry Breaking Study with Random Matrix Ensembles
M. S. Hussein,J. X. de Carvalho,M. P. Pato,A. J. Sargeant
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1063/1.2915605
Abstract: A random matrix model to describe the coupling of $m$-fold symmetry is constructed. The particular threefold case is used to analyze data on eigenfrequencies of elastomechanical vibration of an anisotropic quartz block. It is suggested that such experimental/theoretical study may supply a powerful means to discern intrinsic symmetry of physical systems.
Perturbative Treatment of Symmetry Breaking Within Random Matrix Theory
J. X. de Carvalho,M. S. Hussein,M. P. Pato,A. J. Sargeant
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2008.05.035
Abstract: We discuss the applicability, within the Random Matrix Theory, of perturbative treatment of symmetry breaking to the experimental data on the flip symmetry breaking in quartz crystal. We found that the values of the parameter that measures this breaking are different for the spacing distribution as compared to those for the spectral rigidity. We consider both twofold and threefold symmetries. The latter was found to account better for the spectral rigidity than the former. Both cases, however, underestimate the experimental spectral rigidity at large L. This discrepancy can be resolved if an appropriate number of eigenfrequecies is considered to be missing in the sample. Our findings are relevant to isospin violation study in nuclei.
Level density for deformations of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble
A. C. Bertuola,J. X. de Carvalho,M. S. Hussein,M. P. Pato,A. J. Sargeant
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.71.036117
Abstract: Formulas are derived for the average level density of deformed, or transition, Gaussian orthogonal random matrix ensembles. After some general considerations about Gaussian ensembles we derive formulas for the average level density for (i) the transition from the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) to the Poisson ensemble and (ii) the transition from the GOE to $m$ GOEs.
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