Abstract:
The results of the authors’ own experimental studies on the Fe - N system, its standard state, binary alloys of iron with chromium, molybdenum, manganese, nickel, vanadium, silicon and carbon, as well as ternary alloys with chromium, have made it possible to work out the whole required complex of parameters of nitrogen interaction in liquid iron alloys, including the self-interaction parameters of nitrogen-nitrogen and nitrogen-alloying elements.

Abstract:
Purpose: of the study was to determine the physicochemical characteristics of thermodynamic equilibrium in the liquid metal-gas system, where the liquid metal was a liquid Fe-Ti alloy, and the reaction gas was always a mixture of nitrogen and argon with preset chemical composition.Design/methodology/approach: In the experimental studies, the levitation metal melting technique was used, which enabled, on the one hand, the liquid metal-gas thermodynamic system appropriate to the purpose to be fabricated and, on the other hand, precise measurements to be carried out within a wide nitrogen partial pressure range from 0.0005 to 0.070 atm and in the appropriate range of metal temperature variations (1973-2273 K). The solidification of a 1 g-mass sample at a rate higher than 1000 K/s assured the complete nitrogen fixation in the solidified sample compared to the liquid-state sample.Findings: It has been established in the study by experimentally measuring the nitrogen concentration in the liquid Fe-Ti alloy with varying titanium contents under hyperbaric conditions that the solubility of nitrogen in liquid Fe-Ti alloys increases with increasing partial pressure of nitrogen in the gaseous phase, and with increasing liquid metal temperature and titanium content of the metal.Research limitations/implications: The study has found that when the intensive parameters increase above the critical values, the non-metallic phase forming on the levitating metal drop surface is a titanium nitride film, as demonstrated by X-ray analysis. Such samples were eliminated from the characteristics of nitrogen solubility in the homogeneous metallic phase.Practical implications: The collected data on the thermodynamic quantities of the liquid Fe-Ti-N alloy has enriched the autonomous thermodynamic database containing information about liquid alloys of iron with nitrogen, which is being built at Czestochowa University of Technology.Originality/value: The developed formulas seem to be valuable, because - as the relevant literature indicates - the Fe-Ti system has not been examined so far under such extreme thermodynamic conditions.

Abstract:
Purpose: The paper presents experimental results of Pb (II) leaching from waste CRT funnel glass using solution of nitric acid (V) . This work focused on examining the impact of concentration and particle size on the leaching percentage of Pb (II) from funnel glass.Design/methodology/approach: Material for the investigation was crushed and sieved. Leaching was carried out using working solutions pfrom co repared ncentrated HNO3 and mechanical stirrer.Findings: The received results show the possibility of find the parameters of leaching that could remove the whole Pb(II) from funnel glass.Practical implications: Results after additional research can be applicate by glass industry.Originality/value: Worked out technologies can be used in glass recycling and production.

Abstract:
Purpose: This paper describes the dust arising during steelmaking processes.Design/methodology/approach: Steelmaking dusts may be a viable alternative for obtaining valuable and widely used metal which is zinc. On the other hand, heavy metals, it was as dangerous to the environment, and this in turn means that development of steelmaking dusts in the best possible way.Findings: The analysis of the formation of steelmaking dust.Research limitations/implications: Understanding the mechanism of steelmaking dusts will help to increase the participation of zinc recycling from wastes.Practical implications: Contained zinc in the dust can be recovered from the positive economic effect, and neutralization of hazardous waste to the desired environmental effect.Originality/value: Description of the mechanism of steelmaking dust, with particular emphasis on the distribution of zinc. The information is very important in the development of metal recovery technology from waste.

Abstract:
The velocity of perihelion rotation of Mercury's orbit relatively motionless space is computed. It is prove that it coincides with that calculated by the Newtonian interaction of the planets and of the compound model of the Sun’s rotation.

Abstract:
Ion beam deceleration properties of a newly developed low-energy ion beam implantation system were studied. The objective of this system was to produce general purpose low-energy (5 to 15 keV) implantations with high current beam of hundreds of μA level, providing the most wide implantation area possible and allowing continuously magnetic scanning of the beam over the sample(s). This paper describes the developed system installed in the high-current ion implanter at the Laboratory of Accelerators and Radiation Technologies of the Nuclear and Technological Cam-pus, Sacavém, Portugal (CTN).

Abstract:
If the augmented density of a spherical anisotropic system is assumed to be multiplicatively separable to functions of the potential and the radius, the radial function, which can be completely specified by the behavior of the anisotropy parameter alone, also fixes the anisotropic ratios of every higher-order velocity moment. It is inferred from this that the non-negativity of the distribution function necessarily limits the allowed behaviors of the radial function. This restriction is translated into the constraints on the behavior of the anisotropy parameter. We find that not all radial variations of the anisotropy parameter satisfy these constraints and thus that there exist anisotropy profiles that cannot be consistent with any separable augmented density.

Abstract:
This paper presents a set of new conditions on the augmented density of a spherical anisotropic system that is necessary for the underlying two-integral phase-space distribution function to be non-negative. In particular, it is shown that the partial derivatives of the Abel transformations of the augmented density must be non-negative. Applied for the separable augmented densities, this recovers the result of van Hese et al. (2011).

Abstract:
Under the separability assumption on the augmented density, a distribution function can be always constructed for a spherical population with the specified density and anisotropy profile. Then, a question arises, under what conditions the distribution constructed as such is non-negative everywhere in the entire accessible subvolume of the phase-space. We rediscover necessary conditions on the augmented density expressed with fractional calculus. The condition on the radius part R(r^2) -- whose logarithmic derivative is the anisotropy parameter -- is equivalent to R(1/w)/w being a completely monotonic function whereas the condition on the potential part is stated as its derivative up to the order not greater than 3/2-b being non-negative (where b is the central limiting value for the anisotropy parameter). We also derive the set of sufficient conditions on the separable augmented density for the non-negativity of the distribution, which generalizes the condition derived for the generalized Cuddeford system by Ciotti & Morganti to arbitrary separable systems. This is applied for the case when the anisotropy is parameterized by a monotonic function of the radius of Baes & Van Hese. The resulting criteria are found based on the complete monotonicity of generalized Mittag-Leffler functions.

Abstract:
An axially symmetric potential psi(R,z)=psi(r,theta) is completely separable if the ratio s:k is constant. Here r*s=d^2(r^2*psi)/dr/d(theta) and k=d^2(psi)/dR/dz. If beta=s/k, then the potential admits an integral of the form of I=(L^2+beta*v_z^2)/2+xi where xi is some function of positions determined by the potential psi. More generally, an axially symmetric potential respects the third axisymmetric integral of motion -- in addition to the classical integrals of the Hamiltonian and the axial component of the angular momentum -- if there exist three real constants a,b,c (not all simultaneously zero, a^2+b^2+c^2>0) such that a*s+b*h+c*k=0 where r*h=d^2(r*psi)/d(sigma)/d(tau) and (sigma,tau) is the parabolic coordinate in the meridional plane such that sigma^2=r+z and tau^2=r-z.